Parliament of Queensland

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Parliament of the
Kingdom of Queensland
11th Parliament
Logo of Parliament Queensland.png
Type
Type
Bicameralism
Houses2
Term limits
250 Days
History
FoundedMarch 16, 2016 (2016-03-16)
Leadership
Lord Speaker
Dame Patsy L. Victoria, 
Queensland National Liberal Party
since 15 January 2021
Commons Speaker
Sir Albert W. John
Conservation and Democracy Party
since 17 January 2021
Sir Gustaf F. Ingrid
Conservation and Democracy Party
since 7 January 2021
Sir Smith A. Arthur
Queensland National Liberal Party
since 7 January 2021
Structure
Seats48 MPs
Queenslandi Parliament 2021 (Gustaf 1).svg
Political groups
HM Government:
  CDP: 25 seats
HM Loyal Opposition:
  QNLP: 23 seat
Presiding officer:
  :1 seat
Elections
First past the post
Last election
4-6 January 2021
Next election
11 -13 September 0721
Meeting place
National Parliament Building,Edinburgh City,Kingdom of Queensland

The Parliament of the Kingdom of Queensland is the supreme legislative body of the Kingdom of Queensland, the Crown dependencies. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the Queensland. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the sovereign (Crown-in-Parliament), the House of Lords, and the House of Commons (the primary chamber). Parliament is also tasked with enforcing the laws that it passes. The political party or party coalition that controls the majority of seats in the Commons chooses the national executive for the country, the prime minister of the Queensland. The prime minister and their cabinet wield the executive powers for the entire country but must possess the confidence of Parliament to remain in office. Because of this it is not unusual for Parliament to hold elections more frequently than the required 250 Days. Both houses of Parliament meet in separate chambers at the National Parliament Building in the Edinburgh City, one of the inner boroughs of the Government of city, Queensland.

The House of Lords includes two different types of members: the Lords Spiritual, From the prestigious faculty in Queensland; and the Lords Temporal, consisting mainly of life peers, appointed by the sovereign and of 12 hereditary peers, sitting either by virtue of holding a royal office, or by being elected by their fellow hereditary peers. Prior to the opening of the Supreme Court in October 2018, the House of Lords also performed a judicial role through the Law Lords.

The House of Commons is an elected chamber with elections to 45 single-member constituencies held at least every 250 days under the first-past-the-post system. By constitutional convention, all government ministers, including prime minister, are members of the House of Commons or, less commonly, the House of Lords and are thereby accountable to the respective branches of the legislature. Most cabinet ministers are from the Commons, whilst junior ministers can be from either house.

In theory, the Queensland's supreme legislative power is officially vested in the Crown-in-Parliament. However, the Crown normally acts on the advice of the prime minister, and the powers of the House of Lords are limited to only delaying legislation; thus power is de facto vested in the House of Commons and the prime minister. Legally the monarch of the Kingdom of Queensland is where Parliament bases its authority off of since Parliament is not ordained by a prewritten constitution like that of the United Kingdom, France or the United States.