Parliament of Queensland

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Parliament of Queensland
13th Parliament
Logo of Parliament Queensland.png
Type
Type
HousesHouse of Commons
House of Lords
Leadership
Benedikte X of Queensland
since 19 February 2021
Lord Speaker
Dame Patsy Victoria
since 15 January 2021
Commons Speaker
Sir Folke B.H. Gustaf
since 15 July 2021
Sir Paul Gordon, Queensland National Liberal Party
since 8 July 2022
Sir Denis Bridgwater, Queenslandian Conservation and Democracy Party
since 8 July 2022
Structure
SeatsHouse of Lords: 10
House of Commons: 22
Queenslandian Parliament 2022 (Sir P.D. Gordon 1).svg
House of Commons political groups
Speaker
  Speaker: 1 setats
HM Government
  QNLP: 8 seat
Other Government
  QGN: 5 seat
HM Most Loyal Opposition
  CDP: 7 seats
Other opposition
  QRC: 1 seats
  QDU: 1 seats
Queenslandian Parliament 2021 (House of Lords 1).svg
House of Lords political groups
Speaker
  Speaker: 1 setats
Representative of the Monarch
  Representative of the Monarch: 1 seats
Lords Spiritual
  Bishop: 1 seats
HM Government
  CDP: 1 seats
Other Government
  QRC: 1 seats
  QDU: 1 seats
HM Most Loyal Opposition
  QGN: 1 seat
Other opposition
  QNLP: 1 seat
  Independent: 3 seat
Elections
House of Commons last election
1-6 July 2022
Meeting place
National Parliament Building
Vesteralen, Edinburgh
Queensland

The Parliament of the Kingdom of Queensland is the supreme legislative body of the Kingdom of Queensland, the Crown dependencies. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the Queensland. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the sovereign (Crown-in-Parliament), the House of Lords, and the House of Commons (the primary chamber). Parliament is also tasked with enforcing the laws that it passes. The political party or party coalition that controls the majority of seats in the Commons chooses the national executive for the country, the prime minister of the Queensland. The prime minister and their cabinet wield the executive powers for the entire country but must possess the confidence of Parliament to remain in office. Because of this it is not unusual for Parliament to hold elections more frequently than the required 250 Days. Both houses of Parliament meet in separate chambers at the National Parliament Building in the Edinburgh City, one of the inner boroughs of the Government of city, Queensland.

The House of Lords includes two different types of members: the Lords Spiritual, From the prestigious faculty in Queensland; and the Lords Temporal, consisting mainly of life peers, appointed by the sovereign and of 12 hereditary peers, sitting either by virtue of holding a royal office, or by being elected by their fellow hereditary peers. Prior to the opening of the Supreme Court in October 2018, the House of Lords also performed a judicial role through the Law Lords.

The House of Commons is an elected chamber with elections to 45 single-member constituencies held at least every 250 days under the first-past-the-post system. By constitutional convention, all government ministers, including prime minister, are members of the House of Commons or, less commonly, the House of Lords and are thereby accountable to the respective branches of the legislature. Most cabinet ministers are from the Commons, whilst junior ministers can be from either house.

In theory, the Queensland's supreme legislative power is officially vested in the Crown-in-Parliament. However, the Crown normally acts on the advice of the prime minister, and the powers of the House of Lords are limited to only delaying legislation; thus power is de facto vested in the House of Commons and the prime minister. Legally the monarch of the Kingdom of Queensland is where Parliament bases its authority off of since Parliament is not ordained by a prewritten constitution like that of the United Kingdom, France or the United States.