Parliament of Caudonia

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Parliament of Caudonia
Pairlament o Caudonie
6th Parliament
Type
Type
HousesSenate
House of Assembly
History
Founded5 July 2019
New session started
19 September 2020
Leadership
Monarch
William I
since 5 July 2019
Speaker
Archibald Sinclair, Liberal Party
since 19 September 2020
Prime Minister
Oliver Tato, 
Social Democratic

since 19 September 2020
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats19
Caudonian parliament october 8 2020.png
House of Assembly political groups
Government:

Opposition:

Other Opposition:

Elections
House of Assembly voting system
Party-list proportional representation
House of Assembly last election
September 2020
House of Assembly next election
September 2020
Meeting place
Discord

The Parliament of Caudonia (Scots: Pairlament o Caudonie) is the bicameral legislature of Caudonia, consisting of the Prince of Caudonia, the Senate, and the House of Assembly.

The Parliament is closely linked to the executive. The Government of Caudonia comprises a prime minister (head of government) and other ministers. In accordance with the principle of responsible government these individuals are always drawn from Parliament and held accountable to it.

Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process in Caudonia. The Monarch has the power to write and propose bills to the parliament, and to grant royal assent to bills.

History

Westminster model

The Parliament of Caudonia is consciously modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary representation, developed in the United Kingdom. This system can be traced back to the "Model Parliament" of 1295.

Over the centuries, parliaments progressively limited the power of the monarchy. The Bill of Rights 1688 from England established Parliament's role in law-making, taxation, and supply. Among its provisions, the Bill confirmed absolute freedom of speech in Parliament (see parliamentary privilege). Caudonia has adopted some of these provisions for its system of government.

Establishment

The Parliament of Caudonia was created by the Constitution of Caudonia, which was ratified on 5 July 2019. It established a unicameral legislature with one house known as the Legislative Assembly.

Upper houses

The first upper house, known as the Legislative Council, was established on 12 October 2019. It consisted of five members appointed by the Prince. It was short lived and only saw one member appointed. On 2 January 2020, following the Prince's announcement of constitutional reform, it was abolished. A second upper house, known as the Senate, was established following the fifth constitutional amendment coming into force on 24 May 2020. This amendment also renamed the Legislative Assembly to House of Assembly.

The Senate is not currently being used as there is not much demand for it.

Monarch

The Monarch, formally known as the Prince-in-Parliament, is the highest member in Parliament. Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process. He has the power to write and propose bills, and grant princely assent to bill in order to make them law.

Houses

House of Assembly

The House of Assembly was established as the sole house of Parliament in 2019. It currently consists of 19 Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs), elected to a four month term. Parliamentary elections use a party-list proportional representation system. These MHAs assemble to represent the people, pass laws and supervise the work of government. Members also form select committees, appointed to deal with particular areas or issues.

Senate

The Senate was established following the fifth constitutional amendment coming into force on 24 May 2020. It is currently not in use.

Terms of Parliament

A term of Parliament in Caudonia may not last more than four months.

List of terms of Parliament

Parliament is currently in its 6th term.

Term Elected in Government
1st Parliament July 2019 First Social Democratic
2nd Parliament October 2019 First Populist Conservative
3rd Parliament November 2019 Second Social Democratic
4th Parliament March 2020 Third Social Democratic (in coalition)
5th Parliament May 2020 First Caudonian Front (in coalition)
6th Parliament September 2020 Fourth Social Democratic (in coalition)

Passage of legislation

Before any law is passed, it is first introduced in one of the two houses as a draft known as a bill. Once all members present have had a chance to read the bill, the Parliament may decide if it wants to recommend any revisions to the bill or vote on it. Once a vote has been decided on, a bill must receive approval from a majority of MPs. Once a bill has been approved by Parliament, it is passed to the Prince who will either grant or deny royal assent.