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Parliament of Caudonia
|Parliament of Caudonia |
Pairlament o Caudonie
|Founded||5 July 2019|
New session started
|14 March 2020|
since 5 July 2019
Archibald Sinclair, Liberal Party
since 20 September 2020
since 20 September
Leader of the Opposition
Legislative Assembly political groups
Legislative Assembly voting system
|Party-list proportional representation|
Legislative Assembly last election
Legislative Assembly next election
The Parliament is closely linked to the executive. The Government of Caudonia comprises a prime minister (head of government) and other ministers. In accordance with the principle of responsible government these individuals are always drawn from the Parliament and are held accountable to it.
Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process in Caudonia. The Monarch has the power to write and propose bills to the parliament, and to grant royal assent to bills.
The Parliament of Caudonia was established on 5 July 2019 as the lower house of the bicameral parliament. It follows a Westminster system model. This Westminster system can be traced back to the early parliaments of England in the 13th century.
Between 12 October 2019 and 2 January 2020, Parliament had an upper house known as the Legislative Council. It consisted of five members appointed by the Prince. It was short lived and only saw one member appointed to the house. On 2 January 2020, following the Prince's announcement of constitutional reform, it was abolished.
The Parliament of Caudonia consists of two parts: The Monarch and the Legislative Assembly.
The Monarch, formally known as the Prince-in-Parliament, is the highest member in Parliament. Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process. He has the power to write and propose bills, and grant royal assent to bill in order to make them law.
|Rt. Hon||Andrew West||✔||SDP||23/9/19||Prime minister, Leader of the Social Democrats|
|Rt. Hon||Ned Fram||✔||CF||23/9/19||Leader of the Opposition, Leader of the Caudonian Front
|Hon.||Malcom Conner||PSL||23/9/19||Deputy Prime Minister, Leader of the Scots
|Rt. Hon||Archibald Sinclair||✔||CU||23/9/19||Speaker, Leader of the Christian Union|
|Hon||Gabriel Sebastian||CF||23/9/19||Elected for his first term as part of the CF,and for his second term as leader of the AFC, which has since merged back into the CF, vice president of the Caudonian Front.
|Hon||Caden Mesanko||CF||23/9/19||Serving under Caudonian law as 'underage but responsible'
|Rt. Hon||Oliver P Tato||✔||SDP||23/9/19||Deputy leader of the Social Democrats|
|Hon||Bill Smish||SDP||23/9/19||Elected as part of the Co-operative Party|
|Hon||Joy Baldacchino||CF||2/2/20||First female MP in Caudonia. Switched from Socdems to the Caudonian Front shortly after the March 2020 election.|
|Rt. Hon||Maximilian von Schroeder||✔||CF||23/9/19|
|Rt Hon||Alexander Plotonia||✔||SDP||23/9/19|
Passage of legislation
Before any law is passed, it is first introduced in one of the two houses as a draft known as a bill. Once all members present have had a chance to read the bill, the Parliament may decide if it wants to recommend any revisions to the bill or vote on it. Once a vote has been decided on, a bill must receive approval from a majority of MPs. Once a bill has been approved by Parliament, it is passed to the Prince who will either grant or deny royal assent.