Parliament of Caudonia

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to: navigation, search
Parliament of Caudonia
Pairlament o Caudonie
4th Parliament
Type
Type
HousesLegislative Assembly
History
Founded5 July 2019
New session started
14 March 2020
Leadership
Monarch
William I
since 5 July 2019
Speaker
Archibald Sinclair, Liberal Party
since 20 September 2020
Prime Minister
Oliver Tato, 
Social Democratic

since 20 September
Leader of the Opposition
Julia HidalgoCaudonian Front
since 20 September
Structure
Seats19
Caudonian Parliament Diagram (April 2020).svg
Legislative Assembly political groups
Government:


Opposition:

  •      Caudonian Front (Official Opposition) (3+3)
    •      Monarchist Party (2) - Coalition agreement
    •      Independence Party (1) - Confidence and Supply

Crossbenchers:

  •      Moderate Populist Party (2)
Elections
Legislative Assembly voting system
Party-list proportional representation
Legislative Assembly last election
March 2020
Legislative Assembly next election
September 2020
Meeting place
Discord

The Parliament of Caudonia (Scots: Pairlament o Caudonie) is the unicameral legislature of Caudonia. It consists of the Monarch and a house known as the Legislative Assembly.


The Parliament is closely linked to the executive. The Government of Caudonia comprises a prime minister (head of government) and other ministers. In accordance with the principle of responsible government these individuals are always drawn from the Parliament and are held accountable to it.

Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process in Caudonia. The Monarch has the power to write and propose bills to the parliament, and to grant royal assent to bills.

History

The Parliament of Caudonia was established on 5 July 2019 as the lower house of the bicameral parliament. It follows a Westminster system model. This Westminster system can be traced back to the early parliaments of England in the 13th century.

Between 12 October 2019 and 2 January 2020, Parliament had an upper house known as the Legislative Council. It consisted of five members appointed by the Prince. It was short lived and only saw one member appointed to the house. On 2 January 2020, following the Prince's announcement of constitutional reform, it was abolished.

Composition

The Parliament of Caudonia consists of two parts: The Monarch and the Legislative Assembly.

Monarch

The Monarch, formally known as the Prince-in-Parliament, is the highest member in Parliament. Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process. He has the power to write and propose bills, and grant royal assent to bill in order to make them law.

Legislative Assembly

The Legislative Assembly consists of 19 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) who are elected through a proportional representation system.

Currently serving Members of Parliament in Caudonia.
Title Name CS Party MP since Notes
Rt. Hon Andrew West SDP 23/9/19 Prime minister, Leader of the Social Democrats
Rt. Hon Ned Fram CF 23/9/19 Leader of the Opposition, Leader of the Caudonian Front


Shadow Minister for Internal Affairs

Hon. Malcom Conner PSL 23/9/19 Deputy Prime Minister, Leader of the Scots


Minister of Education and Culture

Rt. Hon Archibald Sinclair CU 23/9/19 Speaker, Leader of the Christian Union
Hon Gabriel Sebastian CF 23/9/19 Elected for his first term as part of the CF,and for his second term as leader of the AFC, which has since merged back into the CF, vice president of the Caudonian Front.


Shadow Minister for External Affairs and Education and Culture

Hon Caden Mesanko CF 23/9/19 Serving under Caudonian law as 'underage but responsible'


Shadow Minister for Energy and Development

Rt. Hon Oliver P Tato SDP 23/9/19 Deputy leader of the Social Democrats
Hon Bill Smish SDP 23/9/19 Elected as part of the Co-operative Party
Hon. Yákov Szydłowski PSL 14/3/20
Hon Joy Baldacchino CF 2/2/20 First female MP in Caudonia. Switched from Socdems to the Caudonian Front shortly after the March 2020 election.
Rt. Hon Maximilian von Schroeder CF 23/9/19
Rt Hon Alexander Plotonia SDP 23/9/19
Hon Duncan ? CU 14/3/20
Hon Violette ? SDP 14/3/20
Hon Nicholas Randouler CF 16/4/20
Hon Maele ? SDP 14/3/20

Passage of legislation

Before any law is passed, it is first introduced in one of the two houses as a draft known as a bill. Once all members present have had a chance to read the bill, the Parliament may decide if it wants to recommend any revisions to the bill or vote on it. Once a vote has been decided on, a bill must receive approval from a majority of MPs. Once a bill has been approved by Parliament, it is passed to the Prince who will either grant or deny royal assent.