Parliament of Caudonia
|Parliament of Caudonia |
Pairlament o Caudonie
House of Assembly
|Founded||5 July 2019|
New session started
|24 April 2021|
since 5 July 2019
Anthony Birch, Social Democratic Party
since 24 April 2021
Robert Smith, Social Democratic Party
since 24 April 2021
Leader of the Opposition
since 30 May 2021
House of Assembly political groups
House of Assembly voting system
|Party-list proportional representation|
House of Assembly last election
House of Assembly next election
|August 2021 or sooner|
The Parliament is closely linked to the executive. The Government of Caudonia comprises a prime minister (head of government) and other ministers. In accordance with the principle of responsible government these individuals are always drawn from Parliament and held accountable to it.
Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process in Caudonia. The Monarch has the power to write and propose bills to the parliament, and to grant royal assent to bills.
The Parliament of Caudonia is consciously modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary representation, developed in the United Kingdom. This system can be traced back to the "Model Parliament" of 1295.
Over the centuries, parliaments progressively limited the power of the monarchy. The Bill of Rights 1688 from England established Parliament's role in law-making, taxation, and supply. Among its provisions, the Bill confirmed absolute freedom of speech in Parliament (see parliamentary privilege). Caudonia has adopted some of these provisions for its system of government.
The first upper house, known as the Legislative Council, was established on 12 October 2019. It consisted of five members appointed by the Prince. It was short lived and only saw one member appointed. On 2 January 2020, following the Prince's announcement of constitutional reform, it was abolished. A second upper house, known as the Senate, was established following the fifth constitutional amendment coming into force on 24 May 2020. This amendment also renamed the Legislative Assembly to House of Assembly.
The Senate is not currently being used as there is not much demand for it.
The Monarch, formally known as the Prince-in-Parliament, is the highest member in Parliament. Unlike most other constitutional monarchies, the Monarch paricipates in the legislative process. He has the power to write and propose bills, and grant princely assent to bill in order to make them law.
House of Assembly
The House of Assembly was established as the sole house of Parliament in 2019. It currently consists of 15 Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs), elected to a four month term. Parliamentary elections use a party-list proportional representation system. These MHAs assemble to represent the people, pass laws and supervise the work of government. Members also form select committees, appointed to deal with particular areas or issues.
The Senate was established following the fifth constitutional amendment coming into force on 24 May 2020. It is currently not in use.
Terms of Parliament
A term of Parliament in Caudonia may not last more than four months.
List of terms of Parliament
Parliament is currently in its 8th term.
|1st Parliament||July 2019||First Social Democratic|
|2nd Parliament||October 2019||First Populist Conservative|
|3rd Parliament||November 2019||Second Social Democratic|
|4th Parliament||March 2020||Third Social Democratic (in coalition)|
|5th Parliament||May 2020||First Caudonian Front (in coalition)|
|6th Parliament||September 2020||Fourth Social Democratic (in coalition)|
|7th Parliament||January 2021||First National (in coalition)|
|8th Parliament||April 2021||Fifth Social Democratic (in coalition)|
Passage of legislation
Before any law is passed, it is first introduced in one of the two houses as a draft known as a bill. Once all members present have had a chance to read the bill, the Parliament may decide if it wants to recommend any revisions to the bill or vote on it. Once a vote has been decided on, a bill must receive approval from a majority of MPs. Once a bill has been approved by Parliament, it is passed to the Prince who will either grant or deny royal assent.