Meiguo

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Meiguo / Měiguó

美国
Meiguo Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Chinese:中华人民共和国美国特别行政区
Chinese romanisation:Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Měiguó Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Sovereign stateChina
Establishment25 November 2019
Administrative centreCentral District
Official languages
Simplified Chinese
English alphabet
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a socialist republic
• Chief Executive
Ronnie Miller
• Chief Secretary
Jared Paquette
LegislatureLegislative Council
Area
• Total
0.13 km2 (0.050 sq mi)
Population
• 2019 census
3
HDI (2017) 0.947
very high
CurrencyUnited States dollar (de-facto) (USD)
Time zoneUTC-05:00 (EST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
AbbreviationME


Meiguo or Měiguó, officially the Meiguo Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (MESAR), is a self-proclaimed special administrative region (commonly referred to as a Micronation) located within the United States of America.

The SAR was created by Pro-China activists in the United States amidst the Hong Kong Crisis in 2019, as a form of demonstration against American involvement in the crisis. As a self-proclaimed special administrative region, Meiguo maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems".

There are no official claims of sovereignty over American territory. Only the land owned/inhabited by citizens of the Meiguo claim it as part of the SAR.

Etymology

The name of the territory comes from the Chinese word for America. Meiguo, literally means "beautiful" (mei) "country" (guo).

History

The Meiguo SAR was established on 25 November, 2019.

Government and politics

Meiguo is a self-declared special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government.

The regional government is composed of three branches:

  • Executive: The Chief Executive is responsible for enforcing regional law can force reconsideration of legislation, and appoints Executive Council members and principal officials. Acting with the Executive Council, the Chief Executive-in-Council can propose new bills, issue subordinate legislation, and has authority to dissolve the legislature. In states of emergency or public danger, the Chief Executive-in-Council is further empowered to enact any regulation necessary to restore public order.
  • Legislature: The unicameral Legislative Council enacts regional law, approves budgets, and has the power to impeach a sitting Chief Executive.
  • Judiciary: The Court of Final Appeal and lower courts interpret laws and overturn those inconsistent with the Basic Law. Judges are appointed by the Chief Executive on the advice of a recommendation commission.

The Chief Executive is the head of government and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms. The Legislative Council appoints the Chief Executive, as opposed to other SARs where the Central People's Government appoints the Chief Executive.

The Legislative Council is composed of representatives of each district, each serving a four year term. All popularly elected members are chosen by simple plurality, but can be appointed by the Chief Executive on the creation of a new district.

Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Meiguo is treated as a separate jurisdiction. Its judicial system is based on common law, continuing the legal tradition established during American rule.

Administrative divisions

The territory currently has one district.

Administrative Division Foundation Area Pop. Macronation District Officer
Central 25 November 2019 33 acres 3 United States Ronnie Miller (AMS)

National holidays

Date Name Notes
1 January New Years Day The start of a new year.
22 April Birthday of Vladimir Lenin Celebrating the birth of Vladimir Lenin, creator of the ideas collectively known as Leninism.
28 April Workers' Memorial Day Day of remembrance and action for workers killed, disabled, injured or made unwell by their work.
1 May International Workers' Day Celebration of the laborers and the working classes.
5 May Birthday of Karl Marx Celebrating the birth of Karl Marx; a contributor to advancing humanity forward.
9 May Victory Day Holiday that commemorates the surrender of Nazism.
1 July CPC Founding Day Formation of 1st National Congress in July 1921.
1 August People's Liberation Army (PLA) Day Anniversary of the Nanchang Uprising on August 1, 1927.
1 October National Day Commemorating the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
25 November Meiguo SAR Founding Day Day of the creation of the Meiguo Special Administrative Region.
Fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving Holiday Day of feasting.
25 December Christmas Day Gift-giving, family/social gatherings, and feasting.
26 December Birthday of Mao Zedong Celebrating the birth of Chairman Mao Zedong, founding father of the People's Republic of China.

See also