Alfea-Glozhenia

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Alfea-Glozhenia
Alfie-Glozhenie (Dutch)
Arms of Alfea-Glozhenia.png
Flag
Anthem: "Alfea-Glozhenia is Gezegend"
(English: " Alfea-Glozhenia is Blessed")
Location in Antartica
Location in Antartica
Constituent states of Alfea-Glozhenia
Constituent states of Alfea-Glozhenia
CapitalAnabon (de facto)[a]
Official languages • Dutch
 • Dutch Sign Language
 • English
DemonymAlfea-Glozhenian
GovernmentConstitutional dual monarchy
• King
Richard
Rosalie Mastdijk
Shady Morsi
Marcilino Vermeer
LegislatureGeneral Estates
Establishment
• Declared
19 August 2019
Area
• Total
4,020 km2 (1,550 sq mi)
Population
• Estimate
134
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zone(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
 (UTC+2)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+31 (Anabon)
Internet TLD.jb
.eu

Alfea-Glozhenia, officially the Confederation of Alfea-Glozhenia is a self proclaimed independent nation located in Antartica that claims Alfeus Island and Glozhenia with a territorial enclave in the Netherlands. The country is far isolated from any other nation, and the closest nation is Britain.

Alfea-Glozhenia consistes of two monarchies (Alfea and Glozhenia), and one autonomous region directly under control of the King: the Prinicipality of Okupirani, Its ruled by the House of Wietmarschen, altough its a non-hereditary and in case the King resigns or dies. the Crown Council will elect a new monarch, Foreign and military affairs came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective kingdoms .

The 310 m long in west-southwest to east-northeast direction is one of the smallest self proclaimed nations, and 120 m wide rocky island lying off the north coast of Smith Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.

Etymology

Alfeus is “named after the ocean fishing trawler Alfeus of the Bulgarian company Ocean Fisheries – Burgas whose ships operated in the waters of South Georgia, Kerguelen, the South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula from 1970 to the early 1990s. The Bulgarian fishermen, along with those of the Soviet Union, Poland and East Germany are the pioneers of modern Antarctic fishing industry.

Bulgarian early mapping in 2009. Named after the settlement of Glozhene and the homonymous Glozhene Monastery in northern Bulgaria. the suffix -hia was added soon


History

The islands were discovered by the British mariner William Smith in 1819. Although it has been postulated that Dutch mariner Dirck Gerritsz in 1599 or Spanish Admiral Gabriel de Castilla in 1603 might have sighted the South Shetlands, or North or South American sealers might have visited the archipelago before Smith, there is insufficient historical evidence to sustain such assertions. Smith's discovery, by contrast, was well documented and had wider historical implications beyond its geographic significance.[2]

Chilean scientists have claimed that Amerinds visited the islands, due to stone artifacts recovered from bottom-sampling operations in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, and Discovery Bay, Greenwich Island;[3] however, the artifacts — two arrowheads — were later found to have been planted.[4][5] In 1818 Juan Pedro de Aguirre obtained permission from the Buenos Aires authorities to establish a base for sealing on "some of the uninhabited islands near the South Pole".[6]

Captain William Smith in the British merchant brig Williams, while sailing to Valparaíso, Chile in 1819 deviated from his route south of Cape Horn, and on 19 February sighted Williams Point, the northeast extremity of Livingston Island. Thus Livingston Island became the first land ever discovered farther than 60° south. Smith revisited the South Shetlands, landed on King George Island on 16 October 1819, and claimed possession for Britain.

Meanwhile, the Spanish Navy ship San Telmo sank in September 1819 whilst trying to go through the Drake Passage. Parts of her presumed wreckage were found months later by sealers on the north coast of Livingston Island. The crew of San Telmo, led by brigadier Rosendo Porlier, is believed to be the first known humans to land in Antarctica.[7]

From December 1819 to January 1820, the islands were surveyed and mapped by Lieutenant Edward Bransfield on board the Williams, which had been chartered by the Royal Navy.

On 15 November 1819 the United States agent in Valparaíso, Jeremy Robinson, informed the US Secretary of State John Quincy Adams of Smith's discovery and Bransfield's forthcoming mission, and suggested dispatching a US Navy ship to explore the islands where "new sources of wealth, power and happiness would be disclosed and science itself be benefited thereby."

The discovery of the islands attracted British and American sealers. The first sealing ship to operate in the area was the brig Espirito Santo, chartered by British merchants in Buenos Aires. The ship arrived at Rugged Island off Livingston Island, where its British crew landed on Christmas Day 1819, and claimed the islands for King George III. A narrative of the events was published by the brig's master, Joseph Herring, in the July 1820 edition of the Imperial Magazine. The Espirito Santo was followed from the Falkland Islands by the American brig Hersilia, commanded by Captain James Sheffield (with second mate Nathaniel Palmer), the first US sealer in the South Shetlands.

The first wintering over in Antarctica took place on the South Shetlands, when at the end of the 1820–21 summer season eleven British men from the ship Lord Melville failed to leave King George Island, and survived the winter to be rescued at the beginning of the next season.

Having circumnavigated the Antarctic continent, the Russian Antarctic expedition of Fabian von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev arrived at the South Shetlands in January 1821. The Russians surveyed the islands and named them, landing on both King George Island and Elephant Island. While sailing between Deception and Livingston islands, Bellingshausen was visited by Nathaniel Palmer, master of the American brig Hero, who informed him of the activities of dozens of American and British sealing ships in the area.

The name "New South Britain" was used briefly, but was soon changed to South Shetland Islands (in reference to the Shetland Islands in the north of Scotland). The name South Shetland Islands is now established in international usage. Both island groups lie at similar distances from the equator, but the South Shetlands are much colder. (See § Climate.)

Seal hunting and whaling was conducted on the islands during the 19th and early 20th century. The sealing era lasted from 1820 to 1908 during which time 197 vessels are recorded visiting the islands.[8] Twelve of those vessels were wrecked. Relics of the sealing era include iron try-pots, hut ruins and inscriptions.

Beginning in 1908, the islands were governed as part of the Falkland Islands Dependency, but they have only been permanently occupied by humans since the establishment of a scientific research station in 1944. The archipelago, together with the nearby Antarctic Peninsula and South Georgia Island, is an increasingly popular tourist destination during the southern summer.

Independence

File:Independence declaration.png
The original independence declaration of Alfeus )

Alfeus declared independence, A Declaration of Independence was sent via a letter to Stuart Doubleday the Administrator of the British Antarctic Territory

In keeping with its expanded borders, Shady Morsi became the first Grandmaster of the Republic and citizens of a short lived project known as Javaburg and Linquenda joined Alfeus the republic and Shady Morsi became more simulationist oriented

Alfea-Glozhenia

Alfea-Glozhenia was inaugurated on 23 September 2020 by merging the Republic of Alfeus and the Republic of Glozhenia factors in the constitutional changes were instablility of Glozhenia and inactivity in Alfeus and had many other causes.

To secure the monarchy, Shady Morsu began negotiations for a compromise with the Glozhenian nobility, to ensure their support. Morsi resigned as Grandmaster of Alfeus and became the State Minister of Glozhenia On 25 September 2020 the king approved, enacted and published the new laws which gave officially birth to the Dual Monarchy.

Geography

Alfeus Island is located at Coordinates: 62°52′12.4″S 62°18′53″W, which is 660 m northwest of Cape Smith, 3.7 km east-northeast of Delyan Point and 1.06 km east-southeast of Barlow Island. The island hosts no research stations or camps, and is seldom visited by scientists or mountaineers. The first detailed topographic mapping of the island was made by the Antarctic Place-names Commission and the Military Geographic Service of the Bulgarian Army and published in 2009 in both English and Bulgarian.


Climate

The climate is cloudy and humid all year round and very strong westerly winds blow at all seasons. Some of the sunniest weather is associated with outbreaks of very cold weather from the south in late winter and spring. Mean summer temperatures are only about 1.5 °C (34.7 °F) and those in winter are about −5 °C (23 °F). The effect of the ocean tends to keep summer temperatures low and prevent winter temperatures from falling as low as they do inland to the south.

Ecology

Government

The Republic of Alfeus Island is a noble republic, the title Grandmaster is equivalent to the title of grand duke in monarchical states The Constitution of the Republic of Alfeus Islands was approved It greatly strengthened the authority of the executive in relation to the General Estates who has an advisory role It has the power to propose laws to the Grandmaster and his cabinet. It cannot pass or enforce laws, which are powers reserved for the Grandmaster.

Although in theory, the country is an absolute monarchy, in practice major policy decisions are made outside these formal governmental structures and not solely by the Grandmaster.

Executive

The Grandmaster combines legislative, executive, and judicial functions and royal decrees form the basis of the country's legislation. The Grandmaster is also the prime minister, and presides over the his cabinet and the General Estates Decisions are, to a large extent, made on the basis of consultation among the General Estates . All citizens of full age have a right to attend, meet, and petition the Grandmaster directly through the general estates

Judictional

The Supreme Court of Alfea is the highest court in Alfea It has jurisdiction over all civil and criminal matters triable in the judicial system, and is the supreme court of appeal in these cases. It has jurisdiction to review the law, and to certify questions of law, to determine miscarriages of justice.

The Court does not have jurisdiction over cases involving claims against administrators or public bodies, which fall within the jurisdiction of administrative courts, for which the Council of State acts as the supreme court of appeal; nor over cases involving constitutional issues, which fall within the jurisdiction of the Grandmaster; nor over cases involving disputes about which of these courts has jurisdiction, which are heard by the Jurisdictional Disputes Tribunal. Collectively, these four courts form the topmost tier of the Alfean court system.

Administrative divisions

Alfea-Glozhenia consists of 2 constituent states, the largest of which is the Kingdom of Alfea. These states were once independent micronations and were joining the Confederation through treaties of personal union and ultimately, joining the Confederation with the commitment to submit to his suzerainty. These associated states have a high degree of autonomy

Foreign relations

Alfean foreign policy has long been created by its leaders with the intention of finding ways to resolve domestic issues, sharing national values with others, and fostering peace and cooperation. However the Republic of Alfeus refuses to sign millitary alliances due to the fact that Alfeus is neutral

Recognised; no relations

Assosiated States

Diplomatic Relations

Population

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religion

Culture

Media

Sport

Holidays

Public services

Education

Health

Transportation

Constituent states of Alfea-Glozhenia
Flag Coat of arms State State
code
Capital Citizens Area (km2) Official language(s) Head of
state
Head of
government
Flag of Alfeus Island.png Emblem of Alfeus Island.png
Kingdom of
Alfea
ALF Leapthrough
84
1 km²
English. Dutch King
Richard
State Minister
Marcelino Vermeer
Flag of Glozhenia.png 40px
Kingdom of
Glozhenia
GLZ Barakov
26
1km2
English,Dutch,Bulgarian King
Richard
State Minister
Shady Morsi
  1. Alfeus does not have an official capital, but Anabon is the seat of the government.