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President of Hokoan
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|President of the Republic of Hokoan|
Hok-ôan Kiōng-hô-kok Chóng-thóng
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||5 years; renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Wellington Lee|
The President of the Republic of Hokoan (Chinese: 福湾共和国总统) is the country's head of state. Hokoan has a parliamentary system of government in which the presidency is mostly ceremonial and the executive powers are in practice exercised by the Prime Minister of Hokoan. The current president is Wellington Lee (Hokoan's first president), who was chosen by the Parliament of Hokoan.
The President holds office for five years, and can be elected for a maximum of two terms. Unless a candidate runs unopposed, the President is directly elected by the people. the President acts as a representative of Hokoan and guardian of the constitution. The President's official residence is the Government House in Longmen, Hokoan.
Constitutional position and role
The President is the head of state of Hokoan. The executive authority of the country is vested in the President and exercisable by him or her or by the Cabinet or any minister authorised by the Cabinet. However, the Cabinet is vested with the "general direction and control of the Government," and in most cases the President is bound to exercise his powers in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. The President only exercises limited powers in his or her personal discretion to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves it did not accumulate and to approve changes to key appointments.
As a component of the legislature together with Parliament, the President is also jointly vested with the legislative power of Hokoan. The President's primary role in the exercise of legislative power to make laws is assenting to bills passed by Parliament. As he or she exercises this constitutional function in accordance with Cabinet's advice and not in his or her personal discretion except in certain circumstances, in general he or she may not refuse to assent to bills that Parliament has validly passed. The President usually opens each Parliamentary session with an address drafted by the Cabinet setting out the Government's agenda for the session, and may address Parliament and send messages to it.
The powers of the President of Hokoan are divided into those which the President may exercise in his or her own discretion, and those he or she must exercise in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet of Hokoan or of a Minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet.
The Constitution confers on the President certain executive functions to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves that it did not accumulate. Thus, a guarantee may only be given or a loan raised by the Government if the President concurs, and his or her approval is also needed for budgets of specified statutory boards and Government companies that draw on their past reserves.
The President is also empowered to approve changes to key civil service positions, such as the Chief Justice, the Attorney-General, the chairman and members of the Public Service Commission, the Chief of Armed Forces and the Commissioner of Police. He or she also appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her personal judgement, is likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs.
List of presidents of the Republic of Hokoan
|№||President||Prior office||Start of term||End of term||Days||Election|
(born 2 March 1944)
|No prior public office||3 February 2014||Incumbent||6 years, 229 days||Elected by Parliament|
Republic of Hokoan
Administrative divisions | Constitution | Elections | Foreign relations | Government (Cabinet of Hokoan • Prime Minister) | Human rights | Parliament (House of Representatives) | Law | Military | Police | Political parties | President