Paddy Roy Bates

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Prince Roy of Sealand
Bates in 1970
1st Prince of Sealand
Reign2 September 1967 - 9 October 2012
PredecessorMonarchy established
SuccessorMichael I
Born29 August 1921
Ealing, England, UK
Died9 October 2012(2012-10-09) (aged 91)
Leigh-on-Sea, England, UK
Patrick Roy Bates

Patrick "Paddy" Roy Bates (1921 - 2012) was a former British pirate radio broadcaster and founder of the Principality of Sealand, styling himself H.R.H. Prince Roy, The Prince of Sealand. Alongside Kevin Baugh of Molossia and Prince Leonard of Hutt River Province, he is considered one of the founding fathers of modern micronationalism.

Bates served in the British Army, rising to the rank of Major. He then became a fisherman before moving into pirate radio.

In 1965 he ousted Radio City staff who had occupied Knock John Tower, a Maunsell Sea Fort (a World War II British anti-aircraft defence platform) in the Thames estuary. From there he ran Radio Essex from 1965 to 1966. The station changed its name in October, 1966 to Britain's Better Music Station (BBMS), shortly before going off the air on Christmas Day of 1966.

After being convicted of violating British broadcasting law, Bates moved his operation to the nearby Roughs Tower, another Maunsell Fort further out beyond the then boundary of the United Kingdom's territorial waters. Roughs Tower had earlier been claimed by Jack Moore and his daughter for Ronan O'Rahilly of Radio Caroline. On learning that Bates had set up there, O'Rahilly sent men to land on the tower, but their boat was driven off with petrol bombs and (according to O'Rahilly's men) gunfire. The radio station never began broadcasting from the new location, but Bates nonetheless decided to stay, and proclaimed Roughs Tower to be the Principality of Sealand in 1967.

Upon retirement, his eldest son Prince Michael was made Prince Regent of Sealand. Bates passed away on 9 October 2012 after suffering from Alzheimer's for several years.

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