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Fourth World is a term which is used to denote several completely different things.
- Fourth World is used to refer to ethnic and minority groups who are not represented by a nation-state — see Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.
- In the mythology of the Hopi, the current world is the Fourth World, and the coming age is the Fifth World.
The term Fourth World also refers to a "lost" world or sub-population subjected to social exclusion in global society. Sociologist Manuel Castells originally coined the term.
Fourth World follows the progression First World, Second World and Third World, which forms a distinct hierarchy of categories for nation-state status. However, unlike these categories Fourth World denotes nations without states. This sense emphasizes the non-recognition or exclusion of often ethnically or religiously defined groups from the political and economic world system. Examples of Fourth World nations include the Roma worldwide, pre-WWI Ashkenazi in the region of the Pale of Settlement, Kurds and Palestinians in the Middle East, and many Native American/First Nations groups throughout the Americas.
In common speech among certain groups, the term Fourth World also refers to various independence or secessionist movements, to medium- to large-sized nations without fully-recognised states. While these nations need to have substantial territory compared to micronations, they need not be ancient, or part of any established international governmental organisations.
- HMRD Cesidio Tallini. (2009). The Fifth World: Micronationalism on Steroids. CreateSpace. ISBN 1448663539
- Fourth World Journal
- Fourth World Center for the Study of Indigenous Law and Politics at University of Colorado at Denver
- Fourth World: Nations without a State - Nadesan Satyendra
|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Fourth World. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with MicroWiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|