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Confederation of the Antarctica's Elain of Atilnia
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|Antarctica's Elain of Atilnia (eng) |
Elaine d'Atilnie de l'Antarctique (fr)
Antarktis Elaine von Atilnia (de)
|Anthem of ASEA |
|Capital||Official: None |
De facto: King George Island
|Official language||English, French, German |
Regional: Russian, Japanese
|Official religion||Secular state|
|Government||Federal directorial Republic with semi-direct democracy system|
|-Federal Council||Xavier Pravaz (President) |
Mattia De Gaetano
|-Secretary of State||Catherine Monin|
|- Upper house||- Senate of States|
|- Lower house||- National Council|
|- Foundation||21st Decembar 2006|
|- Dissolution||2nd September 2012|
|- Re-established||21st Decembar 2016|
|Population||48 registered citizens|
|Currency||Antarctic Dollar |
(De Facto: US Dollar)
|Time zone||UTC-4, UTC-3, UTC+0, UTC+3|
|Drives on the||right|
Antarctica's Elain of Atilnia, after the re-establishment officially Confederation of the Antarctica's Elain of Atilnia, often referred to as "ASEA", is an autonomous nation-like entity which claims to be a sovereign state, but is commonly known as a micronation.
It is located in Antarctica and claims territory in Queen Maud Land, Ellsworth Land and Antarctic Peninsula.
ASEA was firstly founded in 2006 and dissolved in 2012. In 2016, former members of the original government (the then ministers of environment Giovanni Verdini and of foreign affairs Marie Bonnard) decided to give new life to the nation, together with some friends met at the University of Wien.
The purpose of the project is to bring together young enthusiasts who believe in the ideals of direct democracy and environmental sustainability at the base of the new ASEA.
The Federal Constitution adopted in 2016 is the legal foundation of the modern state, and replaced the old one adopted in 2006.
It outlines basic and political rights of individuals and citizen participation in public affairs, divides the powers between the Federal Government and the 3 States and defines federal jurisdiction and authority.
There are three main governing bodies on the federal level: the bicameral parliament (legislative), the Federal Council (executive) and the National Court (judicial).
The Elainian Parliament consists of two houses: the Senate of States which has 9 representatives (3 from each state) who are the Governor and 2 elected representatives, and the National Council, which consists of 50 members who are elected under a system of proportional representation.
Members of both houses serve for 4 years and only serve as members of parliament part-time.
When both houses are in joint session, they are known collectively as the Federal Assembly. Through referendums, citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament and through initiatives, introduce amendments to the federal constitution, thus making ASEA a direct democracy, which was the aim of its founders.
The Federal Council constitutes the federal government, directs the federal administration and serves as collective Head of State and of Government.
It is a collegial body of seven members, elected for a four-year mandate by the Federal Assembly which also exercises oversight over the Council.
The President of the Federation is elected by the Assembly from among the seven members, traditionally in rotation and for a one-year term; the President chairs the government and assumes representative functions. However, the president is a primus inter pares (first among equals) with no additional powers, and remains the head of a department within the administration.
The federal constitution defines a system of direct democracy. The instruments of this system at the federal level, known as popular rights, include the right to submit a federal initiative and a referendum, both of which may overturn parliamentary decisions.
By calling a federal referendum, a group of citizens may challenge a law passed by parliament within 100 days. If so, a national vote is scheduled where voters decide by a simple majority whether to accept or reject the law. Also a single State can also call a constitutional referendum on a federal law, if its Assembly requires it with a vote.
Similarly, the federal constitutional initiative allows citizens to put a constitutional amendment to a national vote. The Federal Council and the Federal Assembly can supplement the proposed amendment with a counter-proposal, and then voters must indicate a preference on the ballot in case both proposals are accepted. Constitutional amendments, whether introduced by initiative or in parliament, must be accepted by a double majority of the national popular vote.
Antarktisgemeinde is a public, non-secret ballot voting system operating by majority rule, which constitutes the basic system of the ASEA's direct democracy.
It is designed on the basis of the operation of small settlements present in Antarctica, as the stations, which have a very small population.
Each settlement member of ASEA has the right has the right to form its own Antarktisgemeinde, which is composed of every citizen with voting rights.
This assembly is each community's sovereign governing body, and may elect a representative in relations with other bodies (a sort of mayor, but with no special powers).
These representatives are sent, when required, to form the Assembly of each state.
The 2016 Constitution provides that communities with more than 200 citizens entitled to vote, shall be required to establish a community council with elected members (at least 10 council members) which will appoint a community representative with the same functions as the Antarktisgemeinde's one.
It is important to note that in the ASEA philosophy there are no men in command (such as mayors or presidents) but all choices are made collectively, and expressed through a temporary representative.