Autonomous Republic of Europa

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Autonomous Republic of Europa
Drapeau néo-europa.jpgBlasonEuropa.png

Motto
Solidarité, Environnement, Equité (French for Solidarity, Environment, Equity
Anthem
[delà de nos couleurs]
Iles eparses de l'ocean Indien.svg.png
Capital cityL-Ride
Official language(s)French, Esperanto, LSF,
Official religion(s)None
Short nameEuropa
DemonymEuropian (Europien)
GovernmentPeople's Chamber
- Co-RegentsGlenn Of Europa & Paul-Antoine Longnieux
LegislatureGreat Council
Area claimed3135.7 km2
Population8 (as of 2020 census)
CurrencyEy
This nation is a member of the MicroFrancophonie

Official website (in french)

Europa, officially the Autonomous Republic of Europa, is a micronation created the 27th June 2017 by Glenn Of Europa, which claims the islands of Europa, Bassas of India and the North part of the Kerguelen Islands.

Its goal is to become the best democracy in the world.

Etymology

The name Europa come from the first territorial claim made by Glenn Of Europa on the Foundation Day (27th June 2017). But the island's name origin came after the boat's name which discovered the island for the first time, on 24th December 1774.

History

About the island itself

Even if the island was surely discovered before, it was in 1774 that the British boat Europa officially located it. It was from this event that the newly-discovered territory was named. But during the annexation of Madagascar to the French Colonial Empire, Europa became a french possession.

Despite of his isolated and dry atmosphere, several briefs attempts of colonisation happened from the XIXth century. Until 1949, date of a continual human presence on the island, the history is made of a succession of installation more or less lenghty. The first arrival of french settlers begin in 1880. They inserted especially goats but decided to leave the inhospitable island. In 1903, a people's group lived thanks to fishing and to the picking up of bird's and turtle's eggs. On 1910, a fisherman and hunter's community settled on Europa. Thanks to this period, the territory owe the bring of the sisal's cultivation (Agave sisalana). On 1923, some guy named Dr. Poisson berthed on the island, whitout any living soul.

The building of a meteorological station on 1949 (automated today) was accompanied by a human presence every year. The territorial claims from the Malagasy Governement caused a military arrival who relieved itself all year long, with the aim of insure the french sovereignty. This system still remains today.

None vestige of the island's old buildings are persistant today (as ovens, clothes horse, cisterns...) excepted a cemetery, where several peoples, whose two colonies'womens of 1910.

About the Republic

The Autonomous Republic of Europa is born in 27th June 2017.

Informally founded in a first time by Glenn of Europa the 12th Avril 2017, this latter create his flag the same day. The micronation's territory was hasardly chosen on Google Earth: "Some mouse scroll wheel movements and the island of Europa introduce itself before me, I had a real firm favorite for this island". During a meal at the parent's house of his childhood friend, Glenn naturally talk about his project to his best Isaac.

Isaac was enthousiastic at the projet's idea. Make a more simple Republic, more rightful and mainly, very democratic! The project shall, eventually, reach his aim : « become the best demcocray of the world ».

The independance and the Europian sovereignty was fully proclaimed the 27th June 2017 and the atoll of Bassas da India was claimed the 31th Mars 2020.

The Provisional Governement was dissolved on 25th June 2020. This event begins the First Europian Republic and the Constitution was revised the next day.

After the failed attempt of "coup d'état" by Isaac Bidot, Glenn Of Europa replaced him by Paul-Antoine Longnieux, who was, previously, a National Representative.

Politics and government

There is two governing bodies :

- The People's Chamber

- The Great Council

The People's Chamber take responsibility for public laws and the Great Council is living off the "crucial" laws.

Law and order

According to the Constitution of the 29th December 2019 :

- Article 1. There are 4 types of courts in the Unbowed Republic of Europa: - The Criminal Court (which deals with all crimes: murder, rape, drug trafficking, robbery). - The Social Affairs Court (which handles cases of placement of children or teenagers, divorce, etc.), expulsion...) - The Financial Court (which deals with debt, non-payment of taxes, pension, etc.) food, shops...) - The Crime Court (which deals with all crimes such as: serious violence, theft, harassment). And above that is the High Court, which intervenes to try cases that don't make it through the courts. cited above: Criminal Court, Social Court, Business Court Financial. The High Court also intervenes when defendants appeal several times against the decision. The accused may appeal a maximum of two times to the court concerned, after which they may request a review of their case and a retrial in the High Court.

- Article 2. The High Court shall protect the Constitution, observe whether all laws issued are valid with the values of the Constitution. The High Court may also sue members of the organs of power (Council of Nine, House of the People) and also their Secretaries, the National Representatives, the Territorial Collectivity. The High course is composed of five Prosecutors and may not exceed that number. These five Prosecutors shall together judge all trials.

- Article 3. The persons having the majority shall be chosen by lot to serve as juries, the number of whom is and may not be less than three. exceed the number of 10.

- Article 4. The Unsubjected Republic of Europa may adopt the laws of France when the latter has not yet done so. of legislation necessary to judge or decide a case. The French law fills the European law when it is necessary.

- Article 5. Any sentence proclaimed in a court or in the High Court of Europa and its Republic shall not be subject to any penalty. can be lowered. Any remission of sentence, whether conditional or for good conduct, may not be implemented in our republic. Dura lex, sed lex - The law is hard, but it is the law.

- Article 6. Any "horrible" crime judged by the Criminal Court or the High Court. Can have as consequence: Imprisonment in Europa's only Closed Prison, for a sentence decided by the Court... of Criminal Cases or by the High Court (depending on the seriousness of the crime) + an additional sentence of 20 years. Anyone who has committed a "horrible" crime will have their European nationality withdrawn at the end of their sentence. and will be extradited back to his home country. With no possibility for that person to come back to the soil of our nation.

- Article 7. The Community Police shall arrest any person who has committed a crime or misdemeanour. It ensures that sending the accused to European justice. It ensures the tranquillity of our nation and its people.

- Article 8. Any person arrested for a crime shall be held in custody for 48 hours. The Community Police will take care of the interrogation. And present her before the judge of the Criminal Court.

- Article 9. Any person who has committed a crime shall automatically be brought before the judge of the: Tribunal for Criminal Matters. Nasty. Depending on the seriousness of the offence, the offender may be given a suspended sentence or a firm sentence with a maximum penalty of of six years. He or she may have certain obligations upon release from prison, such as psychological counselling, or have curfews...

- Article 10. The role of Europa's justice system is to prevent as much as possible any individual from committing a crime, generally the justice system gives as a sanction fines. Ranging from 50Ey (25€) to 1 000 000Ey (500 000€) at the maximum.

- Article 11. There are three types of prisons in the nation: - Closed Carceral Institution - Open Carceral Establishment - Carceral Institution For Minors

- Article 12. Everyone is presumed innocent until proven guilty. Any violence against accused, are intolerable and will be prosecuted.

- Article 13. Any person who verbally or physically uses characters or behaviour as a means of Homophobic or LGBTophobic will be prosecuted every time.

Foreign relations

- Principality of Aigues-Mortes

- Republic of Padrhom

- Principality of Beremagne

- Republic of Jailavera

- Principality of Vandewal

- Hope Kingdom

- Independant State of Nova-Troie

- Luminor Empire

- Principality of Ferthroy

- United Principalities of Lochaber and Glencoe

- Anthophilian Principality

Military

According to the Constitution of 29th December 2019:

- Article 1. The Republic of Europa has as its sole defence the gendarmes of the TAAF, we put the security of our Republic in their hands. There are no European armies or Europian military armaments on the island.

- Article 2. We are nonviolent, our republic manages its internal protection policy only. We delegate external security to the French Republic.

- Article 3. The Constitution formally forbids all persons of the government of our republic to interfere in the politics and affairs of other countries and micronations of the world. Furthermore, our Republic may serve as a referee between two nations in an official match between two countries or Micronations with differences.

- Article 4. Europa being neutral, it is therefore impossible for it and its government to participate in a war or start a war of his own free will. No country or Micronations of the world cannot go to war with the Unsubmissive Republic of Europa. It is important to respect our neutrality.

Geography

The territorial claims consists in :

- Europa Island, which is a part of the archipelago Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean. Its area is 28km². It was claimed at the Foundation Day, the 27th June 2017.

- The Atoll Bassas da India, located in the Mozambique canal, measuring 0,200km².

- The North part of Kerguelen Islands (the south part is claimed by the Jailaverian President, Leopold Deuff)

Culture and media

The sole europian media is the Youtube channel of the Republic.

External links

[website of the Unbowed Republic of Europa (fr)