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Republic of Brändholm
| Republic of Brändholm (english) |
Brändholm Tasavalta (finnish)
Republiken Brändholm (swedish)
Republiek Brandholm (dutch)
Rabulbiek Brandhalm (julholmese)
Respubliko de Brandholmo (esperanto)
Todellinen Vapaus on neljässä saaressa
Sann frihet är i fyra öar
True Freedom is in four islands
Frihet vi omfamna dig
Vapauden voimme omaksua
Freedom we embrace you
|Capital city|| Olympia (de jure)|
Serdesia (de facto)
|Official language(s)||English, Dutch, Finnish, Swedish ,Julholmese ,Esperanto|
|Government||Direct Democracy under Constitutional republic|
|- Chancellor||Sam Bakker (last)|
|- President||Shady Morsi (last)|
|- Congressmen||Anouar Ladas (last)|
|Established||21 December, 2014|
|Currency||Euro (de facto) |
Brandholmer Kron (de jurre)
|Time zone||UTC +7|
|Patron saint||Saint Peter|
Brändholm (Also referred as Brandholm), officially the Republic of Brändholm, was a Nordic island country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. omprises four main landmasses – that of the Julhom, Inre Julholmskläppen, Yttre Julholmskläppen and Brändholm, And 5 skerries with forms the Territory of Kivientä and Serdesia an extraterritorial enclave in The Netherlands The Republic was replaced with the State of Brändholm
As of 2015, Brändholm's population, is 72, with the majority concentrated in extraterritorial area,Brändholm was a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital of Serdesia, local governments in 3 provinceis The de facto capital of the Republic is Serdesia, due to the fact that it maintains strong political and military control over the region
In the last time of the republic. Various disputes with the government and parties with separate from other party. Also due a lack of some citizens the republic collapsed as a result. Julholm declared independence from Brandholm the remnants of the republic formed the State of Brändholm
History of Aland
The Åland Islands formed part of the territory ceded to Russia by Sweden under the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in September 1809. As a result, along with all other parts of Finland, they became part of the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland.
During this process, Sweden failed to secure a provision that the islands not be fortified. The issue was important not only for Sweden but also for the United Kingdom, which was concerned that a military presence on the islands could threaten Britain's military and commercial interests.
In 1832, Russia started to fortify the islands with the great fortress of Bomarsund. A combined British and French force of warships and marines captured and destroyed the fortress in 1854 as part of the campaign in the Baltic during the Crimean War. The 1856 Treaty of Paris demilitarized the entire Åland Islands archipelago.
During the Finnish Civil War, in 1918, Swedish troops intervened as a peacekeeping force between the Russian troops stationed on the islands and "White" and "Red" Finnish troops who came from Finland over the frozen sea. (Historians point out that Sweden may have in reality planned to occupy the islands.) Within weeks, the Swedish troops gave way to German troops who occupied Åland by request of the "White" (conservative) Senate of Finland.
After 1917 the residents of the islands worked towards having them ceded to Sweden. In 1919 a petition for secession from Finland and integration with Sweden was signed by 96.4% of the voters on the islands, with over 95% in favour, although serious questions later arose regarding this extraordinarily high figure. Swedish nationalist sentiments had grown strong particularly as a result of the anti-Swedish tendencies in Finland and Finnish nationalism fueled by Finland's struggle to retain its autonomy and resistance against Russification. The conflict between the Swedish-speaking minority and the Finnish-speaking majority on the mainland, prominent in Finish politics since the 1840s, contributed to the apprehension of Åland population about its future in Finland.
Finland, however, declined to cede the islands and instead offered them an autonomous status. Nevertheless the residents did not approve the offer, and the dispute over the islands was submitted to the League of Nations. The latter decided that Finland should retain sovereignty over the province but that the Åland Islands should be made an autonomous territory. Thus Finland was obliged to ensure the residents of the Åland Islands the right to maintain the Swedish language, as well as their own culture and local traditions. At the same time, an international treaty established the neutral status of Åland, prohibiting the placing of military installations or forces on the islands.
In the course of the 20th century, increasing numbers of the islanders have perceived Finnish sovereignty as benevolent and even beneficial. The combination of disappointment about insufficient support from Sweden in the League of Nations, Swedish disrespect for Åland's demilitarized status in the 1930s, and some feelings of a shared destiny with Finland during and after World War II has changed the islanders' perception of Åland's relation to Finland from "a Swedish province in Finnish possession" to "an autonomous part of Finland". The islanders enjoyed safety at sea during World War II, as their merchant fleet sailed for both the Allied countries and Germany. Consequently Åland shipping was not generally attacked as each side rarely knew which cargo was being carried to whom.
Finland marked the 150th anniversary of demilitarisation of the Åland Islands by issuing a high-value commemorative coin, the €5 150th Anniversary of Demilitarisation of Åland Islands commemorative coin, minted in 2006. The obverse depicts a pine tree, very typical in the Åland Islands. The reverse design features a boat's stern and rudder, with a dove perched on the tiller, a symbol of 150 years of peace.
History of Föglö
In the Middle Ages Föglö was a relatively densely populated area, because of its location along the route from Sweden to Finland and the Baltic coast. Ships made a stopover in Föglö. Later, as with larger ships dangers was that did not stop prematurely, reduced the importance of this island.
Brändholm is a private island owned by Lars "Dat" Vikensen, and soon Soldania was formed by Lars "Dat" Vikensen,Originally as an art project and a free community like Ladonia but it was based on the Holy Roman Empire Soon, Lars claimed Gripö and surrounding islands as main claim Despite. Brändholm was proclaimed as Imperial City of the Empire Lars did more research into this and found the Republic of Molossia. He got inspiredby these two micronations and wanted to make The Empire had wars such as the Gripönese Wars a war between the United Principalities and The Self Kingdom of Gripö The empire was absolute and the empire was inactive It dissolved in 2010
Soon after the fall of Soldania Brändholm became a principality located in the island of Brandholm. It was created in 2013 following the fall of Soldania.and was the first incarnation of a serious Brändholmer state The capital of the state was Brandfors the prince was Wim I In 2014 the Principality has been disbanded due lack of inactivty and the disappearance of the prince
Brändholm was declared on 21 November 2014 as an independent state claiming Brändholm and Jutholm, 2 islands in Aland. During the first two weeks of existence, the Republic was inactive and was dissolved
Around 2015, Brändholm was re-established and a socialist government was instaled transformed into the Socialist People's Democratic Republic of Brändholm. with was established by Sam Bakker Shady Morsi and Wessel de Wekker during this era, having a marxist-leninist ideology However more people joined the Republic and demanded democratisation to avoid a civil war
Sam started The Democratisation of Brändholm making Brändholm a Direct Parliamentary Democracy and Shady was elected as president
On 24 January the Government of Brändholm decided to annex the remnants of Serdesia a former micronation with has been transformed into an extraterritorial enclave, On 29 January The republic started to claim Yttre Julholmskläppen
In the last time of the republic. Various disputes and disagreements within the government and parties with separate from other party. Also due a lack of some citizens the republic collapsed Julholm declared independence from Brandholm the remnants of the republic formed the State of Brändholm
The Government of Brändholm taked place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic and of a multi-party system. The President of Brändholm was the head of state, leaded the foreign policy, and was the Commander-in-chief of the Defense Forces. The Prime Minister of Brändholm was the head of government; executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Brändholm, and the government had limited rights to amend or extend legislation. The president had the power of veto over parliamentary decisions although it can be overrun by the parliament.
The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Judiciary consists of two systems, regular courts and administrative courts, headed by the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court, respectively. Administrative courts process cases where official decisions are contested. There is no "Constitutional Court" - the constitutionality of a law can be contested only as applied to an individual court case.
Though Brändholm has a primarily parliamentary system, the president has some notable powers. The foreign policy is led by the president, "in co-operation" with the cabinet, and the same applies to matters concerning national security. The main executive power lies in the cabinet headed by the prime minister.
Brändholmese enjoy individual and political freedoms, and suffrage is universal at 13;