Politics of Caudonia
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Caudonia is a principality governed under a semi-constitutional monarchy. It has a form of mixed constitution in which political power is shared by the monarch and a democratically elected parliament. There is a multi-party system and a form of representative democracy in which the prime minister and head of government is responsible to parliament. However, the Prince of Caudonia is head of state and exercises considerable political powers.
The executive power is exercised by the government, on behalf of and by the consent of the monarch. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament and the Council of State (when parliament is dissolved or suspended). The judiciary is mostly independent of the other branches of government, but the monarch has some power over it.
The monarchy is hereditary. Following legislative elections, the monarch appoints a prime minister as the head of government, guided by strict convention that the prime minister should be the member of parliament most likely to be able to form a government with the support of that house. In practice, this means that the leader of the political party with an absolute majority of seats in the Parliament is chosen to be the prime minister. If no party has an absolute majority, the leader of the largest party is given the first opportunity to form a coalition. If a coalition cannot be formed, the leader of the majority party can form a minority government. The government consists the prime minister and other ministers chosen by them. These ministers make up the cabinet.
Prince William I is the current head of state. His constitutional powers include the power to veto any bill at his discretion as well as the dissolution of parliament.
The Government of Caudonia contains a number of departments. These are typically led by a government minister. He or she may also be supported by a number of junior Ministers at their discretion.
The Prince's involvement in legislation consists in a right to take initiatives in the form of government bills and in the right to veto parliamentary proposals. The Prince has the power to enact royal decrees. Emergency decrees are possible when the security and welfare of the country is at stake. The Prince has the right to convene and adjourn parliament and, for serious reasons, to adjourn it for 3 months or to dissolve it.
The Parliament of Caudonia is a unicameral legislature consisting of 17 members. Members of Parliament are elected for a four-month term by proportional representation.
The Judiciary of Caudonia is made up of the Council of State, High Court, Court of Appeal, Princely Court, and the various county courts.
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Micronational organization participation
Caudonia does not take part in any micronational organizations.