Political structure of the Reĝlando de la Glaciaj Homoj

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This article is part of the series on
'Administrative divisions of Reĝlando de la Glaciaj Homoj

Dependencies

Dépendances Autonome d'Outre-Mer

Cantons
Others in Overseas Territories of Reĝlando de la Glaciaj Homoj

Overseas territory
The Duchy of Oroluk Atoll
Territory of Lunna Holm

Governmental Structure

The King is the Head of State and the Mayor of the Palace is the Head of Government. The Mayor of the Palace is elected every two years. 

The Glacian Parliament is made up of two houses; The upper house, The House of Lords, which is made up of Dukes, Counts and Barons of each Canton and the lower house, The House of Clans is made up of one person voted from each major clan within the 5 Cantons. The Lord Speaker is elected by the members of the House of Lords and is expected to be politically impartial. The Speaker of the House of Clans is voted by the leading party of the House of Clans and is supposed to be politically impartial

Glacians are subject to two legal jurisdictions: the canton and federal levels. The instruments of this system at the federal level, known as civic rights (civitana rajtoj, droits civiques), include the right to submit a constitutional initiative and a referendum, both of which may overturn parliamentary decisions.

By calling a federal referendum, a group of citizens may challenge a law passed by Parliament, if they gather 50,000 signatures against the law within 100 days. If so, a national vote is scheduled where voters decide by a simple majority whether to accept or reject the law. Any 3 of the 5 cantons together can also call a referendum on a federal law.

Similarly, the federal constitutional initiative allows citizens to put a constitutional amendment to a national vote, if 100,000 voters sign the proposed amendment within 18 months. Parliament can supplement the proposed amendment with a counter-proposal, and then voters must indicate a preference on the ballot in case both proposals are accepted. Constitutional amendments, whether introduced by initiative or in Parliament, must be accepted by a double majority of the national popular vote and the cantonal popular votes.

The Duchy of Oroluk Atoll has home rule within the Kingdom. Any federal laws that are passed in the kingdom apply to the Duchy but the Duchy can create its own laws governing the atolls. The Duchy can apply to veto any federal level law without needing other cantons to sign onto the motion. The Duchy just needs half of its population to sign a petition.

Regions

The Three Regions of the Kingdom are: Région du Roi (is Deception Island)
Région du duché (is the Duchy of Oroluk Atoll)
Région d'outre-mer (includes the DAOM)

Dependencies

Dépendances Autonome d'Outre-Mer (DAOM) is the collective name for the territories of the island not in the Antarctic Ocean minus Oroluk Atoll that belong to The Reĝlando de la Glaciaj Homoj.

The current Governor-General of DAOM is His Royal Highness King Jakob Boncœur

List of Dependencies

Oeno Island
Lunna Holm

Cantons