Neuvas Chronos Estalis
The Nuevas Chronos Estalis or NCE (literally "New Time") is the official system of time keeping in New Scientopia, a nation that is unique in its calendar, which is a product of its culture, and deals with trying to make time measuring a constant affair, as opposed to the fluctuating months found in the Gregorian calendar. Quantizing months comes at a price, with days having to be changed, and even minutes being turned into something radically different. This obviously, was a chronological overthrowing of sorts. Along side this unique oddness, it also has another quirk shared by very few other micronational calendars. Being purely secular, the New Scientopian calendar sets out a new set of holidays. While some other nations do have non-Christian national holidays, none have the same set of holidays as are celebrated within New Scientopian borders.
The minute becomes the "Siderbeat"
The regular, twenty four hour day, it has been well noted for many years, is in fact slightly off in its day. Instead, the true, Sidereal day falls, not to twenty four hours, but twenty three hours, fifty six minutes and four point one seconds. This is obviously not a nice, round number. Now, one way of making this make sense it to take Swatch's old concept of dividing the day into a certain number of equal pieces, in their case, one thousand. Extending this idea to the sidereal day, to get the siderbeat, we find that one siderbeat is roughly eighty six point two seconds, or one minute, twenty six point two seconds.
To accommodate the quantized months, one must change the notion of the day. Three hundred and sixty five only separates into either five, seventy three day months or seventy three months each only five days long. However, if one edits the day to being only half an earths rotation, five hundred siderbeats (*@500), one can then find that there are seven hundred and thirty days in a year, and that these then easily separate into ten months, each with seventy three days. Each day is hence forty three thousand and eighty two point zero five seconds, or eleven hours, fifty eight minutes and two point zero five seconds.
Ten day week
With this new number of months a year, ten, it seems only rational to break the week down into ten days too, and while the month is not made up of a set number of weeks, it year is, seventy three of them. This actually means that the Scientopia week is less than the Gregorian calendars week, but means the months are longer.
Days and Months
The days of the week of the Scientopian calendar are all named after famous or influential physicists. In order these are; Bohrdi (Bor-dee), named for Niels Bohr, made famous for his work on the principle of complementarity, his liquid drop model of the nucleus, his model of the atom, his shell model of the electron orbits of atoms, his identification of uranium-235 as the isotope of uranium responsible for fission and his work on the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum physics, which he successfully defended many times against a barrage of tests by Einstein. Kakunui (Car-koo-new-ee), named for Michio Kaku, made famous by his books, including "Hyperspace" and "Physics of the Impossible". He has made a significant contribution to string theory, especially in his work on string field theory. Schroedingerdi (sh-roe-dinge-er-dee) is named for Erwin Schroedinger, made famous by his iconic thought experiment, "Schroedinger's Cat". He made large contributions to quantum physics with his wave equation, and, in a less recognized manner, he made good ground in the study of colorimetry and colour perception Plancknui (Plan-we), named for Max Planck, the father of quantum physics, made famous by his pivotal work on solving the ultraviolet catastrophe. Rutherfordi (Rue-the-for-dee), named for Ernest Rutherford, made famous for his work on radioactivity, and his discovery of the atomic nucleus. Heisenbergnui (High-sen-berg-new-ee) named for Werner Heisenberg, made famous by his work in quantum mechanics and his legendary uncertainty principle. Dysondi (Dice-on-dee) named for Freeman Dyson, made famous by his hypothetical ideas, most notably the dyson sphere, and for his work in pure mathematics, which include among other examples, the Dyson operator and Dyson series. Feynmanui (Fine-ma-new-ee) named for Richard Feynman, made famous by his work in quantum physics and Feynman diagrams, and whos multitude of work was simply to large to place here. Fermidi (Firm-ee-dee) named for Enrico Fermi, made famous by his prediction of the existence of the neutrino, his production of new elements by means of neutron bombardment. Paulinui (Pow-lee-new-ee) named for Wolfgang Pauli, made famous by his Pauli exclusion principle, and his work on spin theory.
And the months are all named after attributes considered beneficial in the average Scientopian citizen; Eruditus from the word for Knowledge or knowledgable; Provectus from the word for advancing or advancement; Accendus from the word to shine, or to illuminate; Perceptus from the word to learn or to perceive; Lacertus, from the word for strength or to be strong; Causus from the word reason; Pariterus, from the word for together or loyalty; Scientus from the word science, or truth; Spiritus from the word life, or to be lively and Libertus from the word liberty, or to be liberal/liberated.
In Scientopia, there are two separate years at any one time, one going from 1543, the year that started the scientific revolution with Nicolaus Copernicus publishing his piece "On the revolution of the heavenly spheres", making the beginning in Scientopia what is known as as "Deionecrum, initio epochum abs", making the first year piece, at the time of writing, 466. The second starts at 1859, with Darwins publishing of the Origin of Species, and creating the beginning of the Scientopian period "Deionecrum, Fineum epocum abs", making the second time piece, at the time of writing, 150. This makes the year 150-466.
The current date and time
- @270.1, 72 Plancknui, Causus, 150-466