Hjalsk language

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Hjalsk language
Hjalsk mal
Hjalskflag.png
Spoken inJarldom of Hjalvik
Nordic Confederation
FamilyIndo-European
Writing system(s)Hjalsk Latin, Hjalsk Futhark

The Hjalsk language, more commonly referred to as Hjalsk, is a North-Germanic constructed language used legally in the Jarldom of Hjalvik, and spoken by few Hjalsk citizens. It is not commonly spoken, although it is used for writing down laws, translating stories, placenames, ship names, and mottos and quotes. Hjalsk's vocabulary is very similar to Old Norse, but there are a few West Germanic influences.

Phonology

Vowels

Hjalsk has 12 unique vowels: /a/, /æ/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ɪ/, /i/, /ɔ/, /o/, /ø/, /u/, /y/, /ʏ/ and /ə/. Some are allophones of others and are not written in spelling.

Consonants

Hjalsk has around 22 consonants: /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /p/, /t/, /k/, /b/, /d/, /g/, /f/, /s/, /θ/, /x/, /h/, /l/, /ɾ/, /j/ and /ʋ/. Intervocalically, /f/ and /θ/ are pronounced as /v/ and /ð/ respectively. Although not official, /hr/, /hj/, /hl/ and /hv/ are allowed to be pronounced as /r̥/, /ç/, /ɬ/ and /ʍ/ respectively.

Orthography

Hjalsk Letter IPA
a /a/
æ /æ/
b /b/
d /d/
e /e/ in open syllables, /ɛ/ in closed and /ə/ in most endings.
f /f/, /v/ intervocalically.
g /g/. /x/ when followed by h
h /h/
i /i/ in open syllables, /ɪ/ in closed.
j /j/
k /k/
l /l/
m /m/
n /n/, rarely /ən/. /ŋ/ when followed by g
o /o/ in open syllables, /ɔ/ in closed.
ö /ø/
p /p/
r /ɾ/, /əɾ/ in some endings
s /s/
t /t/
u /u/
v /ʋ/, allowed to be pronounced /v/
x /ks/
y /y/ in open syllables, /ʏ/ in closed.
þ /θ/, /ð/ intervocalically

Example text

UDHR 1

   Alr menskr verar er gaburþr frjals ok jafn i verþ ok reghtar. Þeir er gagjöft meþ skyld ok invit ok þeir skald breyta mot anarr in en vegr af broþiræska

Lord's Prayer

   Var faþir, þu hve er in himini
   Heilaght er þin nefn
   Þin riki komr
   Þu vili gaverþa
   Sva a jörþ sva in himin
   Gefr os sja dag var dagligr brauþ
   Ok fyr-gefr þan hve sinþer viþ os
   Sva ve fyr-gef þan hve sinþer viþ os
   Leiþr os ike in freistni, men frjalsr os fra alr ilr
   (For þin er inn rik, inn vald ok dryþin for alr ævir)
   Amen