Glodok

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Glodok City State
草埔城國
Chháu-po͘ Siâⁿ-kok
Negara Kota Golodog

Flag of Glodok
Flag
Anthem: "No Victory Without Fighting"
爱拼才会赢
Ài-piàⁿ-chhím Hōe-iâⁿ
Location of Glodok
StatusDisputed
Capital
and largest city
Glodok (city-state)
Official languagesChinese, Sundanese, English
Official scriptsHàn-jī, Latin
Ethnic groups88.9% Chinese
9.1% Indonesians
2.3 others
Religion75% Buddhism
12% Christianity
10% Islam
10% others
DemonymGlodokan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
N/A
N/A
N/A
LegislatureParliament
Independence
• N/A
N/A
Area
• Total
0.93 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Population
• Census
27,371
• Density
10.39/km2 (26.9/sq mi)
CurrencyGlodok dollar (GDD)
Time zoneGST (UTC+7)
Drives on theleft
Calling code62
Internet TLD.gd

Glodok (Chinese: 草埔; pinyin: Cǎobù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-po͘; Sundanese: Golodog), officially Glodok City State (Chinese: 草埔; pinyin: Cǎobù Chéngguó; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-po͘ Siâⁿ-kok; Sundanese: Negara Kota Golodog), is a enclaved sovereign city-state and microstate located within the city of Jakarta, completely surrounded by Indonesia.

Etymology

The word Glodok came from the Sundanese word "Golodog", meaning entrance to a house, as Sunda Kalapa (Jakarta) is the gateway to the ancient Sundanese Kingdom. It was also thought that the name came from the "grojok grojok" sound that water makes coming out of a waterspout in the yard of the City Hall (Stadhuis), now the Jakarta Museum. A waterspout was built on this site in 1743 and was used for daily needs such as a watering hole for horses.

The official name of the modern state is the "Glodok City State" (Chinese: 草埔; pinyin: Cǎobù Chéngguó; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-po͘ Siâⁿ-kok; Sundanese: Negara Kota Golodog). The Chinese name of the city-state is 草埔 (pinyin: Cǎobù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-po͘).

History

Early

In Batavia (now Jakarta), Dutch East India Company created commercial opportunities which attracted immigrants from many areas of what is now Indonesia. This economic activity also lured thousands of Chinese people to Java. Swift immigration challenged the city's limited infrastructure and created burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations.

Glodok and Jakarta Riots

On 9 October 1740, 5,000 Chinese were massacred and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were ghettoized in Glodok outside the city walls. In 1998, Glodok was badly scarred during rioting. Because some "Pribumi" Indonesians accused Chinese Indonesians of hoarding the nation's wealth, and because of the large concentration of Chinese Indonesians residing there, Glodok suffered severe violence during the Jakarta Riots of May 1998.

Independence

Government and politics

Foreign relations and security

Geography

Climate

Economy

Demographics

Languages

Religion

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Culture

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Sport