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2.5–3.5 million (ancestry)
|Regions with significant populations|
Czech (28.1%) · Turkish (27.5%) · Arabic (24.9%)
Bahá'í, Christianity and Islam
Fyrinians (Czech: Fyrinijci, feminine: Fyrinijky; Turkish: Fyriniler; Arabic: الشعب الفيريني al-shaʻb al-Fyrīnī), also known as Fyrinian people, are people and a nation identified with the micronation of Fyrinia, whose connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Fyrinians, several or all of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their Fyrinian identity. Fyrinia is a multilingual and multicultural society, home to people of many different ethnicities and religions. Therefore, many Fyrinians do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance to Fyrinia. Mostly of Slavic, Turkic and Semitic origin, Fyrinians are predominantly descendants of Czechs, Turks and Arabs living in the area of current Fyrinia between 1741 and 1895, however, there are also Fyrinians of other descent.
In the 1880s and 1890s, formerly rival ethnic groups in the area of Fyrinia experienced mutual reconciliation and unification. In 1894, three biggest ethnic groups — i.e. Czechs, Turks and Arabs — proclaimed themselves an united nation. Since then, Fyrinia has been home to this nation. Due to the Second World War and communist regime in Czechoslovakia, many Fyrinians escaped to abroad. Currently, there are ca. 1.3 million Fyrinians in the world; 600 thousand Fyrinians live in Fyrinia, while approximately 700 thousand Fyrinians live in abroad. Fyrinians are also multilingual nation. Their main languages are Czech, Turkish and Arabic. Czech is the first language for about 28 per cent of Fyrinians, as well as Turkish, while Arabic being the first language for nearly 25 per cent. Over 15 per cent of Fyrinians is bilingual in these languages. 4 per cent of the nation is native in different languages, especially German and Slovak.
Although ethnicities are largelly mixed up nowadays, there are still wings of the nation visible. In 2019, the largest self-reported ethnic origin was Czech (accounting for 31.3% of the population), followed by Turkish (29.2%) and Arab (26.5%). Other ethnic origins or mixed origins make up about 13 per cent of Fyrinians.
As a part of the Habsburg Empire, present area of Fyrinia faced a large immigration waves of Turks. After the Battle of Mohács, the Habsburg Empire lost control over the area and Fyrinia became an enclave of the Ottoman Empire. That caused a withdraw of Czech and German population from the area, however, in 1741, Fyrinia was conquered by the Habsburg Empire. The Ottoman Empire stripped all claims over the territory after a peace treaty with the Habsburg Empire. However, Turkish, and in that time also Arab population, which came to Fyrinia during the Ottoman rule, stayed in Fyrinia. The Habsburg Empire later started massive Czechization and Germanization of the population.
Czechs later became one out of three main rival ethnic groups settling in Fyrinia. They settled mainly in present-day Lipno Governorate, on the south of the area, and the city of and surroundings of České Budějovice. Arabs settled in the north-eastern area of the area, and Turks in the west. The only point where those three ethnicities settled together was Kirilmaz, respectively cities and villages which later formed Kirilmaz. Those settlements were economically dependent on each other, which led to deeper communications between them and their inhabitants. This large rapprochement started in late 1870s and continued to 1890s.
Since 1870s, Fyrinia saw national unification trends growing. This led to a common identification with Fyrinia. In 1893, Kirilmaz councillours decided to start a petition, which would decide about the unification of the nation. This petition later became known as a contract called Fyrinian National Reconciliation. Signed by more than 45,000 signatories (7% of the population), it caused an unification of rival ethnicities in Fyrinia. In 1895, 61 per cent of the population identified as Fyrinian, followed by Czechs with 33 per cent, and Austrians (Germans) with 6 per cent.
During world wars and the communist regime, many Fyrinians escaped from Fyrinia, especially to Austria, Germany, Greece and Turkey. Many Fyrinians lost their citizenship by this, however, they can use the right of return, and gain a citizenship and move to Fyrinia, if they prove at least one of their great-grandparents was born in Fyrinia. If they can not prove this, they are able to ask for a citizenship as every other foreigner. As of 2019, 9.9 per cent of the population of Fyrinia were Fyrinian repatriates, i.e. people identified as Fyrinian born in abroad.
Fyrinians are very ethnically diversed nation today. Although majority of Fyrinians are mixed and they have at least one descendant of all Czech, Turkish and Arab origin, there are still wings of the nation. There is also a high number of people who identify as Fyrinian and are naturalized Fyrinian citizens, but their ancestry is fully Turkish. Those people today form approximately 2 per cent of the population of Fyrinia. There are also many people, especially in the Czech Republic and Turkey, who are descendants of Fyrinian immigrants, but they don't identify as Fyrinian.
|Ancestries of Fyrinians|