State of Greater Soldeu
| State of Greater Soldeu |
Estat del Gran Soldeu (Catalan)
État du Grand Soldeu (French)
|Pyrenees, southwest Europe |
|Official language(s)||Catalan, French|
|Government||Unitary Presidential Republic|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|Time zone||Central European Time|
|National dish||Crema Catalana|
|National animal||Brown Bear|
|Patron saint||Our Lady of Meritxell|
Map of Greater Soldeu
Government and Politics
|Picture||Name||Term start||Term end||Notes|
Soldeu has a unicameral legislature called the General Council. The Council is rather unique in that three Catholic Bishops are granted an immediate seat on the Council, as are three representatives of the Soldeun Military.
The National Union Party dominates politics in Soldeu, with 19 seats in the Council. The party is closely intertwined with the military and the church, who are often used to skew electoral results in favour of the party.
Soldeu consists of six populated parishes and four unpopulated national parks.
El Pas de la Casa
|Grau Roig National Park||0||45.2|
|Independence National Park||0||30|
|Soldeu National Park||0||12.3|
|Royal National Park||0||45.8|
Soldeu consists predominantly of rugged mountains, which form part of the eastern Pyrenees mountain range. From the mountains in the north, three valleys flow into a larger valley, in which all of Soldeu's major settlements are located.
The southern mountains of Grau Roig are perhaps the hardest to access, and are dotted by many lakes and small rivers.
Notable rivers include the Riu d'Incles, which flows through Incles and Soldeu; the Riu de la Coma, which flows through Ransol; and the Riu de la Vall del Riu, which flows through El Vilar in Canillo.
Significant lakes include the Estany Primer de Juclar and the Estany Segon de Juclar, both of which are located close to the northern French border; and the Estany de l'Illa, found on the southern Andorran border.
Soldeu has an alpine climate; the high elevation of the Pyrenees means there is, on average, more snow during winter, lower humidity, and slightly cooler summers - although temperatures can still comfortably exceed 20 degrees Celsius.
Precipitation is heaviest during spring and summer - May, June and August are usually the rainiest months. Precipitation is lower in the winter, subject to the influence of fronts from the Atlantic.
|Climate data for the nearby Andorra La Vella (Roc de Sant Pere), elevation: 1,075m (1971–2000, extremes 1934–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.0
|Average high °C (°F)||6.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.2
|Average low °C (°F)||-2.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−15.0
|Average Precipitation mm (inches)||53.1
Each of Soldeu's towns possess at least one active ski resort, and the population of a Soldeun town can more than triple during peak times. Roughly 85% of Soldeu's GDP is comprised of tourism-related industries.
Although levels of tourism are lower during the summer months, many still visit the country, enticed by the many hiking walks available, of varying difficulties.
Other than the principle industry of tourism, Soldeu has continued the Andorran practice of acting as a Free port; taxes are extremely low, attracting specialist secondary sector businesses. Soldeu also lacks custom duties, and does not tax Alcohol.
Soldeu's sole bank is the Grand Central Bank, a government institution tasked with managing the state's money supply, interest rates and reserves. The international Bank of Akebar also operates commercially.
Of the nine recognised towns and villages within Soldeu, Canillo is the largest, with a population of 4826; El Pas de la Casa, located on the Soldeun-French border is the second largest town, with a population of 2996.
The town of Soldeu - for which the nation is named - is only the third largest settlement, with a population of 1007.
Soldeu's small population is centred around the CG-2, a road running from El Pas de la Casa to the Andorran capital of Andorra la Vella. Its four national parks, which make up the majority of land in Soldeu lack permanent populations.
Soldeu is a multilingual country, with Catalan, French and Spanish being widely spoken - the prior two are official languages. English is also spoken, due to the large number of tourists, to varying degrees.
Soldeu is a heavily Catholic country, of which some 88% are Catholics. Soldeu is also an officially Catholic country; clericalism plays a significant role in Soldeu, and the ruling government often intertwine it with nationalist rhetoric.
Public transport consists of several bus services connecting the various towns of Soldeu together; buses also run to Andorra la Vella. There are also long-distance coach services from Andorra la Vella to Barcelona and Toulouse, through which Soldeuns can reach Spain and France.