Respubliko de Nova Kalifornio
Republic of Nova Kalifornio
Respubliko de Nova Kalifornio (Esperanto)
and largest city
|Other languages||English, Spanish|
|Ethnic groups |
|White, African, and Californio|
|Demonym(s)||Nova Kaliforniano, Novaj Kalifornianoj|
|Government||Unitary Parliamentary Republic|
• Universala Deklaro de Sendependeco
|1 October 2006|
|0.02 km2 (0.0077 sq mi)|
|(2022) 15 citizens|
|Currency||Nova Kalifornio Centoj|
|Time zone||Pacific Standard Time|
Nova Kalifornio, officially the Respubliko de Nova Kalifornio, is a North American micronation landlocked within San Bernardino County, Southern California. Nova Kalifornio is an Esperantist republic. It refers to itself as a “sovereign republic" since 2006.
The name, “Respubliko de Nova Kalifornio’ is the Esperanto translation for “Republic of New California.” However, it is always to be called “Nova Kalifornio,” regardless of the language.
Nova Kalifornio was founded on 1 October 2006 by the current Ĉefministro, Skott Guevara as a project to build an Esperantist nation and to create an egalitarian society.
Nova Kalifornio lies in the Mojave Desert of Southern California, approximately halfway between Los Angeles and Las Vegas. The nation has an area of approximately 4 acres, not counting external territorial claims in Antarctica and the Caribbean.
Nova Kalifornio experiences a borderline cool desert climate according to the Köppen climate classification. During the summer, temperatures are generally hot to very hot in the afternoon, but the high altitude and low humidity means temperature drop to a comfortable level at night. Nova Kalifornio has a typical Mojave Desert climate. Nova Kalifornio is one of the only places on Earth where Joshua trees grow natively.
Government and politics
Nova Kalifornio is a constitutional republic and unitary state, with the constitution providing provisions for a Reprezentantĉambro to serve as the legislative branch of government and is lead by the Ĉambrogvidanto. The Prezidanto acts as ceremonial head of state, and the Ĉefministro is the head of government and commander in chief. The roles of Ĉefministro and Ĉambrogvidanto are currently intertwined.
Nova Kalifornio’s economy is heavily reliant on the surrounding United States. The currency is the Nova Kalifornio Centoj, which is pegged to the US Dollar (NKC¢1 = USD$0.20).
The culture of Nova Kalifornio is generally based on that of the surrounding United States, with particular influences from the large Spanish-speaking population and that of the Mojave Desert and Southern California. Nova Kalifornio has a cultural focus on the Esperanto language and in egalitarianism.
Nova Kalifornio’s primary national symbol is its flag, which indicates three horizontal stripes of white, green, and red, with a white grizzly bear in the center and a red star at the upper right corner.
The national tree and flower are the Joshua Tree and the California poppy respectively. The national animal and the national bird are the grizzly bear and the roadrunner respectively.