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| Republic of Glastieve |
Glory to the Independent
|Capital city||None, but the central government uses the Haven Road Centre (in the UK)|
|Official language(s)||None, but English used for administrative purposes|
|Official religion(s)||State secularism|
Glastieven mythology (as a cultural tradition rather than a belief system)
|Government||Democratic republic led by the Cabinet of Glastieve|
|- Executive Councillors||Tom McMillan|
|- Last election||- 1 January 2018|
|Established||23 February 2017: Founding of the Glastieve Cultural Association|
1 January 2018: Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Glastieve
Pound Sterling (GBP)
|Time zone||Glastieven Standard Time (GST; UTC-2 in winter and UTC-1 in summer)|
|National sport||Undertale (unofficial)|
|National dish||State Ice Cream (unofficial; triple scoop or triple cone with with mint chocolate chip, vanilla and honeycomb|
Glastieve, officially the Republic of Glastieve, is a micronation-state on the Atlantic Archipelago in north-west Europe, with its non-contiguous territory considered by the wider international community to make up an integral part of the United Kingdom. Divided into three constituencies, each of which has a distinct culture and history, the first Glastieven constituency, Acteriendia, first began to create the Glastieven nation in 2017 with the Glastieve Cultural Association and declared independence in January 2018. Chartersvill and ? joined between August and September of the same year, bringing with them their own histories and traditions.
The central government is led by the Cabinet of Glastieve, which is the legislature and delegates some executive power to the bureaucratic Government of Glastieve. Each of the three constituencies is governed by a constituency council, which is known by a different name (Acteriendia's council is actually the Stannary Convocation of Devon) and which has the power to pass secondary legislation. The judiciary is independent and at present consists of a single court, the Central Court, which is known within Glastieve as the Murus. All citizens are automatically members of the General Assembly, which convenes once a year to perform democratic functions.
Glastieve has a traditional secessionist foreign policy, and the only non-UN members it recognises are Austenasia, Palestine and the Sahrawi Republic. The government encourages citizens to participate in the wider micronational movement, and Glastieve itself is sometimes recognised as part of the MicroWiki sector, where it wields a degree of soft power. Glastieven contributions to the community include the economic Glastieven Model, the micropatrological theory of New Secessionism and the international journalism of The Glastieven, and other projects still in development include MicroNews, Glory to the Independent and the Intermicronational Association.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 See also
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
The movement for Glastieven independence was led by Acteriendia, a cultural group based in the city of Exeter that first emerged in 2014 and became involved with the creation of Glastieve in 2017 with the foundation of the Glastieve Cultural Association. The post-independence Glastieven nation blended the cultural tradition transmitted by Acteriendia with the English and Celtic identity of Dartmoor, which in the Medieval and Early Modern periods had legal and legislative autonomy through the stannary law and the Stannary Convocation of Devon.
In 2017, members of Superstructure Acteriendia founded the Glastieve Cultural Association as a nation-building project to restore the cultural group to the standards of an alleged golden age in the period of Classical Acteriendia; when the Superstructure collapsed, the cultural group was rebuilt around the GCA, becoming Glastieven Acteriendia. Shortly before the GCA collapsed, its membership voted in a referendum to declare independence from the UK as a Republic of Glastieve, and the Glastieve Planning Board was formed to effect this referendum result.
Initially, the Planning Board hoped to create a republic based on the constituencies model, and representatives of Chartersvill joined the Board to help achieve this. However, shortly after independence, the new government dropped these plans and instead focussed on linking Glastieve to the history of its territory and to the history of Acteriendia. In August and September 2018, the constituencies model was revived, and both Chartersvill and a new constituency called ? joined Glastieve, bringing with them new pre-independence histories that the government agreed to give equal precedence to Acteriendia's.
Glastieve has a common law system based on English law with some references to Scots law. Governed under an uncodified constitution, there is no supreme law in Glastieve, although works on aspects of the constitution, such as William Allen's unfinished Law of Glastieve or government white papers, are sometimes referenced as authoritative. In addition, the Public Administration Act is sometimes viewed as a constitutional document, although it can be amended by the Cabinet like any other Act and only governs the interactions between various branches of government.
Legislation is not the only source of law in Glastieve, as customs and conventions can also be binding provided that they do not contradict statute law. The traditional customs of cultural groups that become consituencies are also recognised as consuetudinary law. In order to ensure calm relations with the United Kingdom, the Murus also recognises under this principle the law of the UK as Glastieven law except where it comes into conflict with legislation or custom; it is held that as the law of the UK was recognised as binding by the pre-Glasteiven cultural groups that became constituencies (opinio juris), it makes up part of the same consuetudinary law.
According to the government's Communications and Logistics Executive, there are five sources of law that the Murus would be expected to consider, in the following order of precedence:
- Primary legislation, enacted by the Cabinet of Glastieve;
- Secondary legislation, enacted by constituency councils (in Acteriendia, this includes the English stannary law);
- Case law, which refers to the precedent set by previous decisions made by the Murus;
- Constitutional conventions, which it was established in Campbell vs McMillan can be derived from the GCA; and
- General customs, which includes the consuetudinary law of cultural groups before they became constituencies and any laws of the United Kingdom.
The Central Court of Glastieve, known in formal and informal contexts as the Murus, is the supreme court in Glastieve and hears both criminal and civil cases either at its venue at Irishman's Wall or over Facebook Messenger. At present, the Central Court is the only judicial tribunal in Glastieve, although it has been proposed that constituencies could choose to establish their own courts with a right of appeal to the Central Court and judges appointed by the constituency councils.
Glastieve has a market economy based on a modified version of the Glastieven Model, an economic system for micronation-states first proposed in April 2017. The currency of Glastieve is the Luach, a name which dates back to February 2017 and means "value" in the Irish language. Both private sector companies and state-run enterprises exist in Glastieve, although state-run enterprises are generally used only to finance the Government or to finance the import of goods that would otherwise cost Pounds Sterling into the Luach-based domestic economy. All private companies in Glastieve describe themselves as either partnerships, individual ventures or workers' co-operatives, although as each only has between one and three staff members, the only practical difference is in whether or not they are able to sell shares. The economy of Glastieve incorporates all three sectors: the extraction of raw materials (primary) through tin and clay extraction, manufacturing (secondary) through the working of extracted tin and the production and sale of some food products and jewellery, and services (tertiary) through a wide variety of services paid for in Luach.
The market economy of Glastieve is broadly describable as a market socialist system, although can also be considered a micronational adaptation of capitalism that incorporates the left-wing views held by the vast majority of ECs. The the majority of companies are simply individual venturers or partnerships where all "workers" involved own the means of production and equally share profits, although there is also stock exchange (the Crockern Tor Stock Exchange), where some of these businesses are listed. Bonds are traded on the same exchange, and there is a private-sector casino. There are other examples of what can appear to be a discordant blending of the two systems that results from the small scale of the micronation, the desire to emulate the economy of the United Kingdom, and the peculiarities of the Glastieven Model. Support for systems that mix left-wing and right-wing ideas to create a functional (that is, not merely simulated) market economy in a micronation is sometimes referred to as Glastievenism.
Exports and trade
Market and currency
Interpreted through the lens of the Glastieven Model, the Glastieven economy can be divided into four sectors: the three pillars, and the reliant sector. The first pillar represents the market value of the Luach, with a key feature of the economy being the free-floating value of the currency (as opposed to its being assigned such a random or desired value, as is a common practice in other micronation-states). The Government's role in helping to maintain this value is to promote reciprocity in the economy by adjusting public service salaries and levying taxes to ensure that citizens spend all that they receive. The second pillar of the strategy relates to supply-and-demand: the underlying basis of the Glastieven economy is that the Luach's value derives from its usefulness as a unit of account and medium of exchange for transactions that would ordinarily be both gift-based and reciprocal. The third pillar of the economy is the state's interaction with the wider British economy, through investment and fundraising events.
The reliant sector is an umbrella term for other transactions that take place in Luach, including the buying and selling of goods imported from the United Kingdom or the exchange of financial securities, such as stocks or bonds. The value assigned to the Luach through the first and second pillars and the introduction of assets into the economy that would cost Pounds Sterling facilitated by the third pillar allow for the reliant sector to exist. Primary industry in Glastieve, such as tin mining, generally contributes to the third pillar and not to the domestic economy, although on the occasions where Glastieven-made goods are sold using Luach rather than Punds Sterling this is included in the reliant sector, as the fact of the Luach having sufficient practical value to be considered a reasonable payment for these goods is still due to the first and second pillars.
As a micronation-state without international recognition, Glastieve has no country-code top-level domain and unlike some other micronations does not use a substitute ccTLD, such as .gl (Greenland) or .gs (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands); Government guidelines advise that businesses should aim to use neutral TLDs, such as .net, .com or .org, and should try to have their own web domain. The Government itself and The Glastieven, a newspaper, both follow these guidelines and use www.glastieve.org and theglastieven.com. Other companies, such as the Isotoniae Corporation, however, use free website builders that force the site to have domains such as .wixsite.com or .wordpress.org, including for internationally-facing sites like that of the Crockern Tor Stock Exchange.
The government owns and moderates two chatrooms for Glastieven use on Facebook Messenger, the Glastieven Lounge and the Grassy Hillside Club (Glasteive is a combination of the Anglicised placename elements glass and tieve, which are derived from the Irish glas and taobh that together mean grassy hillside). The Club is loosely-regulated, but in the Lounge the use of standard English is required. Theoretically, non-citizens are allowed to be members of these chatrooms, but on the rare occasions where citizens have had their citizenship rescinded this has coincided with a ban from the chatrooms. Internally, the government has a Slack workspace used for discussion and official communications.
Glastieven culture is a blend of that native to the region of Dartmoor before independence and the cultural group Acteriendia, which has existed in some form since 2014.
William Crossing (1847-1928), Eden Phillpots (1862-1960) and Beatrice Chase (1874-1955)
Glastieven mythology, which came to Glastieve through Acteriendia, is older than the cultural group itself, with an early version of the BHH Cycle from which the rest developed having first developed in a recognisable form some time in 2012. Since independence, the Acteriendian mythological tradition has started to absorb and be influenced by the otherwise largely distinct folklore associated with the region of Dartmoor.