Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands
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Musical Anthem: I am what I am
|Type of entity:||Micronation|
|Location:||Coral Sea Islands|
|Area claimed:||Coral Sea Island Territory|
|Membership:||Gay & Lesbian people|
|Date of foundation:||14 June 2004|
|Date Dissolved||17 November 2017|
|Leadership:||Emperor Dale I|
(Dale Parker Anderson)
|Purported organisational structure:||Constitutional Monarchy|
On 14 June 2004, the group claimed the Coral Sea Island Territory and seceded from Australia after sailing to the largest island in the group and raising the rainbow flag there. One of the group's members, Dale Parker Anderson (born 1965), was declared Emperor, as Dale I. The "secession" was staged in protest at a decision to ban same-sex marriage made by the Australian federal parliament.
Since 2005 the Australian group has reportedly been embroiled in internal disputes and secessions by various factions. These include two American-based groups, the Gay and Lesbian Commonwealth Kingdom, headed by Jaix Broox, and the Unified Gay Tribe, led by Bill Freeman and Enrique Pérez, and the German based Gay Homeland Foundation led by Victor Zimmermann. Since none of these groups claims the territory of the Coral Sea Islands, their organisational nature, is unclear.
The kingdom's claims were not recognised by any state, and as no permanent settlement had been established, the Coral Sea Islands remain uninhabited.
On the 17 February 2017, the Kingdom was dissolved in response to Australians voting in a referendum to legalise same sex marriage.
- "Mini-states Down Under are sure they can secede", by Nick Squires, The Daily Telegraph (UK), 24 February 2005.
- "If at first you don't secede...", by Mark Dapin, The Sydney Morning Herald - Good Weekend, 12 February 2005, pp 47–50