Founding Law of the State of Sandus

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Founding Law of the State of Sandus
Founding Law 2011.PNG
Created March–April 2011
Ratified 13 April 2011
Authors State Caucus of Sandus

The Founding Law of the State of Sandus is the original basic law that established and prescribed the original principles and organisation of the State of Sandus. Ratified on 13 April 2011 by the provisional State Caucus of Sandus, the Founding Law established the State of Sandus, the country's current constitutional regime. Divided into ten articles, the Founding Law prescribes Sandus's principles, the basis of its sovereignty and legitimate power, rights afforded to citizens, the organisation of the country's economy and society, and the basis of its diplomatic relations with other micronations.

Though the Founding Law is a basic law, Sandus has no written constitution. The Founding Law, the official interpretation of the document says, is broadly worded so that over the years convention, laws, and other state plans have significantly developed the country's unwritten constitution. For example, though Article 3 prescribes that "all power is to the Sôgmô," since September 2011 the position has been held accountable by annual elections that determine the Sôgmô's legitimacy and, thus, popular mandate to govern.

Preamble

In the Truth and Teachings of the Three Jewels and the Benedictions of All the Gods!

We, the People of Sandus, finding strength in their resolution for the expression of their sovereign will, provide within this Founding Law of the State a government of our people. The Sovereign People of this State, compelled by the creation of a sovereign state that is instrumental to the welfare of its people, prescribe to their government the same rights the people themselves have prescribed amongst each other.

Among these, the right to life and the right to petition the government for the expression of their sovereign will, the People do so provide to this government and to themselves, by the hand of them. In the benedictions of the Gods, the Three Jewels and the People, this State and Government of these People is formed on their blessings:

Article 1

The State of Sandus is a sovereign state founded on the basis of the sovereignty of the people under the power of the Sôgmô. The maintenance and order of the socialist society and people's rights of the function of the state is based upon the equal rights of citizens and the socialist society of the People of Sandus. Major matters of the State are submitted to national referendum, wherein all Sandum people may vote.

Article 2

The people conform to the belief of socialism, in line with the philosophy of the Sandum society.

Article 3

All power is performed by the expression of the Sôgmô, who is the sole holder of the People's power. All power is to the Sôgmô.

Article 4

The classic rights of the Sandum people and the right to petition the government for a redress of its function or in redress of its policies shall not be abridged.

Article 5

The People of Sandus enjoy the right to life, including the right to work, the right to rest, the right to care in old age and illness, the right to housing, the right to education, the right to culture, the right to expression, the right to conscience, the right to protection from the state and the right to the inviolability of the home. Each citizen is equal before the law.

Article 6

The People of Sandus are organised amongst cooperatives created by and amongst the people. These cooperatives are the means of production of the State. The rules and objectives of the cooperatives are laid down in the law and organisations' rules. Income is found on the basis of labour; from each according to their ability and to each according to their need and work. Ownership of the person, except for the ownership of the land of the People, is universal unto them. Social improvement and wealth is found on the labour of the people, free from exploitation. The People of Sandus shall create and found in the law security for the health and living of the People and represent the cooperatives to secure their production and the distribution of their profits amongst the workers. The People of Sandus take proactive steps to secure and promote the welfare of science, agriculture, health and the environment, in the best interests of present and future generations.

Article 7

The society of Sandus is based upon the alliance of the sovereign people united as workers, farmers and intellectuals. The People of Sandus shall provide opportunities for the expression and welfare of the people equally, protect the safety and health of the people, provide for the modernisation of cooperatives and labour, provide a uniform education system that is open and free to all, provide for planned development of the state and its activities according to and in preparation of society’s needs, and provide for the protection of culture and the people's weal for their education and welfare.

Article 8

The People of Sandus pursue policies of peace and cooperation with foreign states in accordance with socialism and the People's society and shall promote and strengthen comradry amongst socialist states. The People pursue policy to strengthen the state abroad, strengthen the people and socialism abroad, support the struggles of peoples who pursue national liberation and social progress, and prevent instances of aggression and war. The People shall engage in relations with other state which are prepared to observe the sovereignty of other states and their peoples, promote peaceful and mutual discourse and cooperation between states, respect the inviolability of frontiers and the territorial integrity of state, demonstrate respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and agree to make the necessary provisions for the fulfillment of obligations arisen from principles and rules of international law.

Article 9

The Sôgmô carries out the necessary policies of the state and shall publish all policies and is the premier representative of the people and the vanguard of the People.

Article 10

This Founding Law shall be affirmed by the State Caucus of Sandus by a majority vote and shall be enacted immediately. This founding law shall be the supreme law of the land, and may be amended by the Sôgmô and thus ratified by a majority of the People.