Dreska's Regulations of War

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Dreska’s Regulations of War

(Edited from the Continental Congress 1776 Articles of War)

(Will come into effect during times of national emergency)

REGULATIONS OF WAR

Resolved, That from and after the publication of the following regulations, in the respective military branches of the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska, the rules and articles by which the said armies have heretofore been governed, shall be, and they are, hereby repealed.

SECTION I

Reg. 1. That every officer who shall be retained in the army of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall, at the time of his acceptance of his commission, subscribe these rules and regulations.

Reg. 2. Any officer or soldier who shall behave himself with contempt or disrespect towards the generals, or other general officers of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, or shall speak words tending to his hurt or dishonor, shall be punished according to the nature of his offense, by the judgment of a court-martial.

Reg. 3. Any officer or soldier who shall begin, excite, cause or join, in any mutiny or sedition, in the troop, company or regiment to which he belongs, or in any other troop or company in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, or in any party, post, detachment or guard, on any pretence whatsoever shall suffer imprisonment, banishment , or such other punishment as by a court-martial shall be inflicted.

Reg. 4. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, who, being present at any mutiny or sedition, does not use his utmost endeavor to suppress the same, or coming to the knowledge of any intended mutiny, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his commanding officer, shall be punished by a court-martial with imprisonment, banishment, or otherwise, according to the nature of the offense.

Reg. 5. Any officer or soldier who shall strike his superior officer, or draw, or shall lift up any weapon, or offer any violence against him, being in the execution of his office, on any presence whatsoever, or shall disobey any lawful command of his superior officer, shall suffer, imprisonment, banishment , or such other punishment as shall, according to the nature of his offence, be inflicted upon him by the sentence of a court-martial. SECTION II Reg. 6. Every non-commissioned officer and soldier, who shall enlist himself in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall at the time of his so enlisting, or within six days afterwards, have had to have read the regulations for the military of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, and shall, be taken before the officer who enlisted him, or by the commanding officer of the troop or company into which he was enlisted, shall take the following oath, or affirmation, if conscientiously scrupulous about taking an oath: I affirm to be true to the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska, and to serve it honestly and faithfully against all shear enemies or opposers whatsoever; and to observe and obey the orders of the generals and officers set over me.

Which the officer who enlisted him is to give the enlisted man a certificate, signifying that the man enlisted, did take the said affirmation.

Reg. 7. After a non-commissioned officer or soldier shall have been duly enlisted and sworn, he shall not be dismissed of the service without a discharge in writing; and no discharge, granted to him, shall be allowed of as sufficient, which is not signed by a field-officer of the regiment into which he was enlisted, or commanding officer, where no field-officer of the regiment is in the same state.

SECTION III

Reg. 6. Every colonel or other field-officer commanding the regiment, troop, or company, and actually residing with it, may give furloughs to non-commissioned officers and soldiers, in such numbers, and for so long a time, as he shall judge to be most consistent with the good of the service; but, no non-commissioned officer or soldier shall, by leave of his captain, or inferior officer, commanding the troop or company (his field-officer not being present) be absent above twenty days in six months, nor shall more than two private men be absent at the same time from their troop or company, excepting some extraordinary occasion shall require it, of which occasion the field officer, present with, and commanding the regiment, is to be the judge.

Reg. 7. At every muster, the commanding officer of each regiment, troop, or company, there present, shall give to the commissary, certificates signed by himself, signifying how long such officers, who shall not appear at the said muster, have been absent, and the reason of their absence; in like manner, the commanding officer of every troop or company shall give certificates, signifying the reasons of the absence of the non-commissioned officers and private soldiers; which reasons, and time of absence, shall be inserted in the muster-rolls opposite to the names of the respective absent officers and soldiers: The said certificates shall, together with the muster-rolls, be remitted by the commissary to the nearest documentation office, as speedily as the distance of place will admit.

Reg. 8. Every officer who shall be convicted before a general court-martial of having signed a false certificate, relating to the absence of either officer or private soldier, shall be dishonorably discharged.

Reg. 9. Every officer who shall knowingly make a false muster of man or horse, and every officer or commissary who shall willingly sign, direct, or allow the signing of the muster-rolls, wherein such false muster is contained, shall, upon proof made thereof by two witnesses before a general court-martial, be dishonorably discharged, and shall be thereby utterly disabled to have or hold any office or employment in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy.

Reg. 10. Any commissary who shall be convicted of having taken money, or any other thing, by way of gratification, on the mustering any regiment, troop, or company, or on the signing the muster rolls, shall be removed from his office, and shall be thereby utterly disabled to have or hold any office or employment in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy.

Reg. 11. Any officer who shall presume to muster any person as a soldier, who is, at other times, a civilian, or who does not actually do his duty as a soldier, shall be deemed guilty of having made a false muster, and shall suffer accordingly.

SECTION IV

Reg. 12. Every officer who shall knowingly make a false return to either of the Generals of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, or to any of his superior officers authorized to call for such returns, of the state of the regiment, troop, company, or garrison, under his command, or of arms, ammunition, clothing, or other stores belonging to the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall, by a court-martial, be dishonorably discharged.

Reg. 13. The commanding officer of every regiment, troop, or independent company, or garrison of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall, at the beginning of every month, remit to the documentation office an exact return of the state of the regiment, troop, independent company, or garrison under his command, specifying the names of the officers not then residing at their posts, and the reason for, and time of, their absence: Whoever shall be convicted of having, through neglect or design, omitted the sending such returns, shall be punished according to the nature of his crime, by the judgment of a general court-martial.

SECTION V

Reg. 14. All officers and soldiers, who having been duly enlisted in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, having been convicted of desertion, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as by a court-martial shall be inflicted.

Reg. 15. Any non-commissioned officer or soldier, who shall, without leave from his commanding officer, absent himself from his troop or company, or from any detachment with which he shall be commanded, shall, upon being convicted thereof, be punished, according to the nature of his offence, at the discretion of a court-martial.

Reg. 16. No non-commissioned officer or soldier shall enlist himself in any other regiment, troop or company, without a regular discharge from the regiment, troop or company, in which he last served, on the penalty of being reputed a deserter, and suffering accordingly: And in case any officer shall, knowingly, receive and entertain such non-commissioned officer or soldier, or shall not, after his being discovered to be a deserter' immediately confine him, and give notice thereof to the corps in which he last served, he, the said officer so offending, shall, by a court-martial, be dishonorably discharged.

Reg. 17. Any officer or soldier convicted of having advised or persuaded any other officer or soldier to desert the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall suffer such punishment as shall be inflicted upon him by the sentence of a court-martial. SECTION VI Reg. 18. No officer or soldier shall presume to send a challenge to any other officer or soldier, to fight, if a commissioned officer, being subject to the penalty of being dishonorably discharged, if a non-commissioned officer or soldier, being subject to the penalty of suffering corporal punishment, at the discretion of a court-martial.

Reg. 19. If any commissioned or non-commissioned officer commanding a guard, shall, knowingly and willingly, super any person whatsoever to go forth to a fight, he shall be punished as a challenger: And likewise all seconds, promoters, and carriers of challenges, in order to fight, shall be deemed as principals, and be punished accordingly.

Reg. 20. All officers, under every circumstance, have power to part and quell all quarrels, frays, and disorders, though the persons concerned should belong to another regiment, troop or company; and either to order officers into arrest, or non-commissioned officers or soldiers to prison, till their proper superior officers shall be acquainted therewith; and whosoever shall refuse to obey such officer (though of an inferior rank) or shall draw his knife/sword upon him, shall be punished at the discretion of a general court-martial.

Reg. 21. If any officer or soldier shall find fault with another for refusing a challenge, shall himself be punished as a challenger; and all officers and soldiers are hereby cleared of any disgrace, or opinion of disadvantage, which might arise from their having refused to accept of challenges, as they will only have acted in obedience to the orders of Congress, and done their duty as good soldiers, who subject themselves to discipline.

SECTION VII

Reg. 22. Every officer commanding in quarters, garrisons, or on a march, shall keep good order, and, to the utmost of his power, redress all such abuses or disorders which may be committed by any officer or soldier under his command; if, upon complaint made to him of officers or soldiers beating, or otherwise ill-treating any person; of disturbing -~,a~ or markets, or of committing any kind of riots to the disquieting of the good people of the Stratocratic-Diarchy; he the said commander, who shall refuse or omit to see justice done on the offender or offenders, and reparation made to the party or parties injured, as far as part of the offenders pay shall enable him or them, shall, upon proof thereof, be punished, by a general court-martial, as if he himself had committed the crimes or disorders complained of.

SECTION VIII

Reg. 23. If any officer or soldier shall be accused of a capital crime, or of having used violence, or committed any offense against the persons or property of the good people of any of the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska, such as is punishable by the known laws of the land, the commanding officer and officers of every regiment, troop, or party, to which the person or persons so accused shall belong, are hereby required, upon application duly made by or in behalf of the party or parties injured, to use his utmost endeavors to deliver over such accused person or persons to the military justice; and likewise to be aiding and assisting to the officers of justice in apprehending and securing the person or persons so accused, in order to bring them to a trial. If any commanding officer or officers shall willfully neglect or shall refuse, upon the application aforementioned, to deliver over such accused person or persons to the military justice, or to be aiding and assisting to the officers of justice in apprehending such person or persons, the officer or officers so offending shall be dishonorably discharged.

SECTION IX

Reg. 24. If any officer shall think himself to be wronged by his colonel, or the commanding officer of the regiment, and shall, upon due application made to him, be refused to be redressed, he may complain to their commanding officer’s superior, or the general staff of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, in order to obtain justice, who is hereby required to examine into the said complaint, and, either by himself, or the board of war, to make report to the documentation department thereupon, in order to receive further directions.

Reg. 25. If any inferior officer or soldier shall think himself wronged by his captain, or other officer commanding the troop or company to which he belongs, he is to complain thereof to the commanding officer of the regiment, who is hereby required to summon a regimental court-martial, for the doing justice to the complainant; from which regimental court-martial either party may, if he thinks himself still aggrieved, appeal to a general court-martial; but if, upon a second hearing, the appeal shall appear to be vexatious and groundless, the person so appealing shall be punished at the discretion of the said general court-martial.

SECTION X

Reg. 26. Any commissioned officer, store-keeper, or commissary, shall be convicted at a general court-martial if having sold (without a proper order for that purpose) embezzled, misapplied, or willfully, or through neglect, suffered any of the provisions, arms, clothing, ammunition, or other military stores belonging to the Stratocratic-Diarchy, to be spoiled or damaged, the said officer, store-keeper, or commissary so offending, shall, at his own charge, make good the loss or damage, shall moreover forfeit all his pay, and be dismissed from the service.

Reg. 27. Any non-commissioned officer or soldier shall be convicted, at a regimental court-martial, if having sold, or deliberately, or through neglect, wasted the ammunition delivered out to him to be employed in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall, if a non-commissioned officer, be reduced to a private sentinel, and shall besides suffer corporal punishment in the same manner as a private sentinel so offending, at the discretion of a regimental court-martial.

Reg. 28. Every non-commissioned officer or soldier who shall be convicted at a court-martial having sold, lost or spoiled, through neglect, his horse, arms, clay or accoutrements shall undergo such weekly stoppages (not exceeding the half of his pay) as a court-martial shall judge sufficient for the loss or damage; and shall suffer imprisonment, or such other corporal punishment, as his crime shall deserve.

Reg. 30. Every officer who shall be convicted at a court-martial of having embezzled or misapplied any money with which he may have been entrusted for the payment of the men under his command, or for enlisting men into the service, if a commissioned officer, shall be cashiered and compelled to refund the money, if a non-commissioned officer, shall be reduced to serve in the ranks as a private soldier, be put under stoppages until the money be made good, and suffer such corporal punishment (not extending to life or limb) as the court-martial shall think fit.

Reg. 31. Every captain of a troop or company is charged with the arms, accoutrements, ammunition, clothing, or other warlike stores belonging to the troop or company under his command, which he is to be accountable for to his colonel, in case of their being lost, spoiled, or damaged, not by unavoidable accidents, or on actual service.

SECTION XI

Reg. 32. All non-commissioned officers and soldiers, who shall be found one mile from the camp, without leave, in writing, from their commanding officer, shall suffer such punishment as shall be inflicted upon them by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 33. No officer or soldier shall lie out of his quarters, garrison, or camp, without leave from his superior officer, upon penalty of being punished according to the nature of his offense, by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 34. Every non-commissioned officer and soldier shall retire to his quarters or tent upon the order of leisure; in default of which he shall be punished, according to the nature of his offense, by the commanding officer.

Reg. 35. No officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, shall fail of repairing, at the time fixed, to the place of parade of exercise, or other rendezvous appointed by his commanding officer, if not prevented by sickness, or some other evident necessity; or shall go from the said place of rendezvous, or from his guard, without leave from his commanding officer, before he shall be regularly dismissed or relieved, on the penalty of being punished according to the nature of his offense, by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 36. If any personnel should be found drunk on his guard, party, or other duty under ads, shall be dishonorably discharged for it; any non-commissioned officer or soldier so offending, shall suffer such corporal punishment as shall be inflicted by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 37. Whatever sentinel shall be found sleeping upon his post, or shall leave it before he shall be regularly relieved, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be inflicted by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 38. No soldier belonging to any regiment, troop, or company, shall hire another to do his duty for him, or be excused from duty, but in case of sickness, disability, or leave of absence; and every such soldier found guilty of hiring his duty, as also the party so hired to do another's duty, shall be punished at the next regimental court-martial. And every non-commissioned officer conniving at such hiring of duty as aforementioned, shall be reduced for it; and every commissioned officer, knowing and allowing of such ill-practices in the service, shall be punished by the judgment of a general court-martial.

Reg. 39. Any person, belonging to the forces employed in the service of the United States, who, by discharging of firearms, drawing of knives/swords, beating of drums, or by any other means whatsoever, shall occasion false alarms in camp, garrison, or quarters, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court-martial.

Reg. 40. Any officer or soldier who shall, without urgent necessity, or without the leave of his superior officer, quit his platoon or division, shall be punished, according to the nature of his offence, by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 41. No officer or soldier shall do violence to any person who brings provisions or other necessaries to the camp, garrison or quarters of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy employed in parts out of said territory, or shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as a court-martial shall direct.

Reg. 42. If any officer or soldier shall misbehave himself before the enemy, or shamefully abandon any post committed to his charge, or shall speak words inducing others to do the like, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as a court-martial shall direct.

Reg. 43. If any officer or soldier shall misbehave himself before the enemy, and run away, or shamefully abandon any fort, post or guard, which he or they shall be commanded to defend, or speak words inducing others to do the like; or who, after victory, shall quit his commanding officer, or post, to plunder and pillage: Every such offender, being duly convicted thereof, shall be reputed a disobeyer of military orders; and shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment, as, by a general court-martial, shall be inflicted on him.

Reg. 44. Any person, belonging to the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, who shall cast away his arms and ammunition, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court-martial.

Reg. 45. Any person, belonging to the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, who shall make known the watch-word to any person who is not entitled to receive it according to the rules and discipline of war, or shall presume to give a parole or watch-word different from what he received, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court-martial.

Reg. 46. All officers and soldiers are to behave themselves orderly in quarters, and on their march; and whosoever shall commit any waste or spoil, either in walks of trees, parks, warrens, fish-ponds, houses or gardens, cornfields, enclosures or meadows, or shall maliciously destroy any property whatsoever belonging to the good people of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, unless by order of the then generals of the forces of the aforementioned territory, to annoy rebels or other enemies in arms against said states, he or they shall be found guilty of offending herein, shall (besides such penalties as they are liable to by law) be punished according to the nature and degree of the offense, by the judgment of a regimental or general court-martial.

Reg. 47. Whosoever shall relieve the enemy with money, victuals, or ammunition, or shall knowingly harbour or protect an enemy, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as by a court-martial shall be inflicted.

Reg. 48. Whosoever shall be convicted of holding correspondence with, or giving intelligence to the enemy, either directly or indirectly, shall suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as by a court-martial shall be indicted.

Reg. 49. All public stores taken in the enemy's camp, towns, forts, or magazines, whether of artillery, ammunition, clothing, or provisions, shall be secured for the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy.

Reg. 50. If any officer or soldier shall leave his post or colors to go in search of plunder, he shall upon being convicted thereof before a general court-martial, suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as by a court-martial shall be inflicted.

Reg. 51. If any commander of any garrison, fortress, or post, shall be compelled by the officers or soldiers under his command, to give up to the enemy, or to abandon it, the commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers, or soldiers, who shall be convicted of having so offended, shall , suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be inflicted upon them by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 52. All persons whatsoever serving with the armies of the Stratocratic-Diarchy in the field are to be subject to orders, according to the rules and discipline of war.

Reg. 53. If upon marches, guards, or in quarters, different corps shall happen to join or do duty together, the eldest officer by commission there, on duty, or in quarters, shall command the whole, and give out orders for what is needful to the service; regard being always had to the several ranks of those corps, and the posts they usually occupy. And in like manner also, if any regiments, troops, or detachments of horse or foot shall happen to march with, or be encamped or quartered with any bodies or detachments of other troops in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, the eldest officer, without respect to corps, shall take upon him the command of the whole, and give the necessary orders to the service.

SECTION XII

Reg. 54. A general court-martial in the Stratocratic-Diarchy shall not consist of less than thirteen commissioned officers, and the president of such court-martial shall not be the commander in chief or commandant of the garrison where the offender shall be tried, nor be under the degree of a field officer.

Reg. 55. The members both of general and regimental courts-martial shall, when belonging to different corps, take the same rank which they hold in the army; but when courts-martial shall be composed of officers of one corps, they shall take their ranks according to the dates of the commissions, by which they are mustered in the said corps.

Reg. 56. The judge advocate general, or some person proxied by him, shall prosecute in the name of the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska; and in trials of offenders by general courts-martial, administer to each member the following oaths:

" You shall well and truly try and determine, according to your evidence, the matter now before you, between the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska, and the prisoners to be tried. You do affirm.”

" You A. B. do swear, that you will duly administer justice according to the rules and regulation for the better government of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy of Dreska, without partiality, favor, or affection; and if any doubt shall arise, which is not explained by the said regulations, according to your conscience, the zest of your understanding, and the custom of war in the like cases. And you do further affirm, that you will not divulge the sentence of the court, until it shall be approved of by the judge advocate general; neither will you, upon any account, at any time whatsoever, disclose or discover the vote or opinion of any particular member of the court-martial, unless required to give evidence thereof as a witness by a court of justice, in a due course of law. You do affirm."

And as soon as the said oath shall have been administered to the respective members, the president of the court shall administer to the judge-advocate, or person officiating as such, an oath in the following words:

"You A. B. do swear, that you' will not, upon any account, at any time whatsoever, disclose or discover the vote or opinion of any particular member of the court-martial, unless required to give evidence thereof, as a witness, by a court of justice, in a due Course of law. You do affirm."

Reg. 57. All the members of a court-martial are to behave with calmness and decency; and in the giving of their votes, are to begin with the youngest in commission.

Reg. 58. All persons who give evidence before a general court-martial, are to be examined upon oath; and no sentence of imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment as shall be inflicted upon them shall be given against any offender by any general court-martial, unless two-thirds of the officers present shall concur therein.

Reg. 59. All persons called to give evidence, in any cause, before a court-martial, who shall refuse to give evidence, shall be punished for such refusal, at the discretion of such court-martial: The oath to be administered in the following form, viz.

"You swear the evidence you shall give in the cause now an hearing, shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. You do affirm."

Reg. 60. No field-officer shall be tried by any person under the degree of a captain; nor shall any proceedings or trials be carried on excepting between the hours of 8:00am and of 3:00pm, except in cases which require an immediate example.

Reg. 61. No sentence of a general court-martial shall be put in execution, till after a report shall be made of the whole proceedings to the documentation office, or to the general(s) of the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, and their or his directions be signified thereupon.

Reg. 62. For the more equitable decision of disputes which may arise between officers and soldiers belonging to different corps, it is hereby directed, that the courts-martial shall be equally composed of officers belonging to the corps in which the parties in question do then serve; and that the presidents shall be taken by turns, beginning with that corps which shall be eldest in rank.

Reg. 63. The commissioned officers of every regiment may, by the appointment of their colonel or commanding officer, hold regimental courts martial for the enquiring into such disputes, or criminal matters, as may come before them, and for the inflicting corporal punishments for small offences, and shall give judgment by the majority of voices; but no sentence shall be executed till the commanding officer (not being a member of the court-martial) or the commandant of the garrison, shall have confirmed the same.

Reg. 64. No regimental court-martial shall consist of less than five officers, excepting in cases where that number cannot conveniently be assembled, when three may be sufficient; who are likewise to determine upon the sentence by the majority of voices; which sentence is to be confirmed by the commanding officer of the regiment, not being a member of the court-martial.

Reg. 65. Every officer commanding in any forts, barracks, or elsewhere, where the corps under his command consists of detachments from different regiments, or of independent companies, may assemble courts-martial for the trial of offenders in the same manner as if they were regimental, whose sentence is not to be executed till it shall be confirmed by the said commanding officer.

Reg. 66. No commissioned officer shall be dishonorably discharged, or dismissed from the service, excepting by an order from the documentation office, by the sentence of a general court-martial; but non-commissioned officers may be discharged as private soldiers, and, by the order of the colonel of the regiment, or by the sentence of a regimental court-martial, be reduced to private sentinels.

Reg. 67. No person whatever shall use menacing words, signs, or gestures, in the presence of a court-martial then sitting, or shall cause any disorder or riot, so as to disturb their proceedings, on the penalty of being punished at the discretion of the said court-martial.

Reg. 68. To the end that offenders may be brought to justice, it is hereby directed, that whenever any officer or soldier shall commit a crime deserving punishment, he shall, by his commanding officer, if an officer, be put in arrest; if a non-commissioned officer or soldier, be imprisoned till he shall be either tried by a court-martial, or shall be lawfully discharged by a proper authority.

Reg. 69. No officer or soldier who shall be put in arrest or imprisonment, shall continue in his confinement more than eight days, or till such time as a court-martial can be conveniently assembled.

Reg. 70. No officer commanding a guard, or provost-martial, shall refuse to receive or keep any prisoner committed to his charge, by any officer belonging to the forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy; which officer shall, at the same time, deliver an account in writing, signed by himself, of the crime with which the said prisoner is charged.

Reg. 71. No officer commanding a guard, or provost-martial, shall presume to release any prisoner committed to his charge without proper authority for so doing; nor shall he allow any prisoner to escape, on the penalty of being punished for it by the sentence of a court-martial.

Reg. 72. Every officer or provost-marshal to whose charge prisoners shall be committed, is hereby required, within twenty-four hours after such commitment, or as soon as he shall be relieved from his guard, to give in writing to the colonel of the regiment to whom the prisoner belongs (where the prisoner is confined upon the guard belonging to the said regiment, and that his offense only relates to the neglect of duty in his own corps) or to the commander, their names, their crimes, and the names of the officers who committed them, on the penalty of his being punished for his disobedience or neglect, at the discretion of a court-martial.

Reg. 73. And if any officer under arrest, shall leave his confinement before he is set at liberty by the officer who confined him, or by a superior power, he shall be dishonorably discharged for it.

Reg. 74. Whatsoever commissioned officer shall be convicted, before a general court-martial, of behaving in a scandalous, infamous manner, such as is unbecoming the character of an officer, shall be discharged from the service.

SECTION XIII

Reg. 75. When any commissioned officer shall happen to die or be killed in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, the major of the regiment, or the officer doing the major's duty in his absence, shall immediately secure all his effects, or equipage, then in camp or quarters; and shall, before the next regimental court-martial, make an inventory thereof, and forthwith transmit the same to the office of the board of war, to the end, that his executors may, after payment of his debts in quarters and interment, receive the overplus, if any be, to his or their use.

Reg. 76. When any non-commissioned officer or soldier shall happen to die, or to be killed in the service of the United States, the then commanding officer of the troop or company, shall, in the presence of two other commissioned officers, take an account of whatever effects he dies possessed of, above his regimental clothing, arms, and accoutrements, and transmit the same to the office of the board at war; which said effects are to be accounted for, and paid to the representative of such deceased non-commissioned officer or soldier. And in case any of the officers, so authorized to take care of the effects of dead officers and soldiers, should, before they shall have accounted to their representatives for the same, have occasion to leave the regiment, by preferment or otherwise, they shall, before they be permitted to quit the same, deposit in the hands of the commanding officer or of the agent of the regiment, all the effects of such deceased noncommissioned officers and soldiers, in order that the same may be secured for, and paid to, their respective representatives.

SECTION XIV

Reg. 77. All officers, gunners, drivers, or any other persons whatsoever, receiving pay or hire in the service of the artillery of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, shall be governed by the aforementioned rules and regulations, and shall be subject to be tried by courts-martial, in like manner with the officers and soldiers of the other troops in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy.

Reg. 78. For differences arising amongst themselves, or in matters relating solely to their own corps, the courts-martial may be composed of their own officers; but where a number sufficient of such officers cannot be assembled, or in matters wherein other corps are interested, the officers of artillery shall sit in courts-martial with the officers of the other corps, taking their rank according to the dates of their respective commissions, and no otherwise.

SECTION XV

Reg. 79. The officers and soldiers of any militia, or others of the like, being mustered by pay, shall, at all times, and in all places, when joined, or acting in conjunction with the regular forces of the Stratocratic-Diarchy, be governed by these rules and regulations of war, and shall be subject to be tried by courts-martial in like manner with the officers and soldiers in the regular forces, save only that such courts-martial shall be composed entirely of militia officers of the same provincial corps with the offender. SECTION XVI Reg. 80. The aforementioned regulations are to be read by every regiment, troop or company, mustered, or to be mustered in the service of the Stratocratic-Diarchy; and are to be duly observed and exactly obeyed by all officers and soldiers who are or shall be in the said service.

Reg. 81. The general(s) shall have full power of pardoning or mitigating any of the punishments ordered to be inflicted, for any of the offences mentioned in the above regulations; and every offender convicted as aforementioned, by any regimental court-martial, may be pardoned, or have his punishment mitigated by the colonel, or officer commanding the regiment.

Reg. 82. No person shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment, banishment, or such other punishment, except in the cases expressly mentioned in the above regulations, at the discretion of a court-martial. That every judge-advocate, or person officiating as such, at any general court-martial, do, and he is hereby required to transmit, with as much expedition as the opportunity of time and distance of place can admit, the original proceedings and sentence of such court-martial to the documentation office, which said original proceedings and sentence shall be carefully kept and preserved in said office, to the end that persons entitled thereto may be enabled, upon application to the said office, to obtain copies thereof. That the party tried by any general court-martial, shall be entitled to a copy of the sentence and proceedings of such court-martial, upon demand thereof made by himself, or by any other person or persons, on his behalf, whether such sentence be approved or not.

Reg. 83. The field officers of each and every regiment are to appoint some suitable person belonging to such regiment, to receive all such fines as may arise within the same, for any breach of any of the above regulations, and shall direct the same to be carefully and properly applied to the relief of such sick, wounded, or necessitous soldiers as belong to such regiment; and such person shall account with such officer for all fines received, and the application thereof.

Reg. 84. All crimes not capital, and all disorders and neglects which officers and soldiers may be guilty of, to the prejudice of good order and military discipline, though not mentioned in the above regulations of war, are to be taken awareness of by a general or regimental court-martial, according to the nature and degree of the offence, and be punished at their discretion.