Constitution of the Norfolk Empire

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This is the Constitution of the Norfolk Empire, adopted on 25 June 2019.

Constitution

Title

Constitution of the Norfolk Empire

Preamble

We, the citizens of the Norfolk Empire, having solemnly resolved to constitute the Norfolk Empire into a Semi-Parliamentary Monarchy and to secure to all its citizen's justice, liberty, freedom, and equality.

This provided constitution is the law of the land and will guide the citizens of the Norfolk Empire and the status of it shall be kept like that for the existence of the Norfolk Empire or this provided constitution. This constitution will be followed by all citizens living in the Norfolk Empire.

In our constituent Parliament this twenty-fifth day of June 2019, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

Article I

1,1

Legislative powers herein distributed shall be vested in the Royal Family and a Parliament of the Norfolk Empire, which shall consist of a House of Commons.

1,2

The House of Commons shall be composed of representative chosen every third month by the people of the subdivisions of the Norfolk Empire, and the electors in each subdivision shall have the qualifications essential for electors of the most numerous branch of the subdivision legislature, if one is created by the head of the subdivision. No citizen shall be a Member of Parliament who shall not have attained to the age of ten years, and been a citizen of the United States with a valid citizenship certificate, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that subdivision in which he shall be elected. The House of Commons and the Office of the Prime Minister shall have elections every two months with no term limits. The Royal Family and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the valid citizens of the union, which may be included within this union, will be taxed one single Norish Valora, which is equivalent to five United States Dollar or around seven to six Canadian Dollars. Thirty percent of that five United States Dollar will be given to a charity of the person be taxed choice, which is around one United States Dollar and sixty-sixty United States Cents. That charitable portion of the tax leaves about three United States Dollars and thirty-four United States Cents. That amount of money will be collected by the sitting Emperor of the Norfolk Empire and it shall be distributed to the current departments or projects of the Government equally. This tax will be a monthly tax and if a citizen can not pay taxes or refuses to do so, the citizen can do a project assigned to him or her by the Royal Family in a set time period. The number of Members of Parliament shall not exceed one for three citizens, but each subdivision shall have at least one Member of Parliament. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any subdivision, the sitting Emperor of the Royal Family shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. The House of Commons shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment of the Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire.

1,3

The times, places and manner of holding elections for Members of Parliament, shall be prescribed by the Duke and Duchess of the subdivision. The Parliament shall assemble at least once in every month.

1,4

Each political party shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each political party may provide. Each political party may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member. Each political party shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either political party on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. None of the political parties in the union, during the session of Parliament, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than four days, nor to any other place than that in which the multiple parties shall be sitting.

1,5

The sitting Members of Parliament shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid by the Royal Family. No sitting Member of Parliament shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the current Royal Family or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time.

1,6

All bills for raising revenue and taxes shall be debated in the House of Commons, the only House of Parliament, and then be either approved or denied by the Prime Minister the Royal Family, as all normal bills would. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Commons, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the sitting Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire; if he or she approve he or she shall sign it, but if not, he or she shall return it, with his objections to that House of Commons in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. When the Prime Minister approves the bill, then it will be given to the Royal Family to further debate and be approved or disapproved. If a bill is disapproved by the Royal Family, it will be sent back to the House of Commons. If after such reconsideration two thirds of the House of Commons shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, it will go the Prime Minister and the whole process will repeat until the bill has been approved by the Royal Family or it was dropped by the Members of Parliament who wrote the bill. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Prime Minister or the Royal Family within fifteen days after it shall have been presented to both of those offices, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he or she had signed the bill. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the House of Commons may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire and the Royal Family; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him or her, or being disapproved by him or her, shall be re-passed by two thirds of the House of Commons, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

1,7

The Parliament shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the Norfolk Empire, coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures, define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the waters of the Norfolk Empire, and offenses against the law of other macronations and micronations, promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries, provide for calling forth the military execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasion, and to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the Norfolk Empire, or in any department or officer thereof. With the list of powers above, this would allow the Parliament to have forty percent of the government’s power. The Royal Family shall have the power to regulate commerce with foreign macronations and micronations, and among the subdivisions, establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the Norfolk Empire, provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current currency of the Norfolk Empire, establish post offices and post roads, declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water, provide and maintain a navy, make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces, provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the military, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the Norfolk Empire, reserving to the subdivisions respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Parliament, and exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such subdivision as may, by cession of particular subdivision, the acceptance of Parliament, become the seat of the government of the Norfolk Empire, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Duke and Duchess of the subdivision in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings. With the list of powers above, this would allow the Royal Family to have sixty percent of the government’s power.

1,8

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken and the Royal Family has approved the Parliament can take that responsibility. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any subdivision. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one subdivision over those of another, nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one subdivision, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. Members of the direct Royal Family, such as the Emperor, Empress, Prince, or Princess can run for a seat in the House of Commons or the Office of the Prime Minister. Duke and Duchesses of subdivisions are allowed to run for a seat in the House of Commons.

1,9

No subdivision shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, grant letters of marque and reprisal, coin money, emit bills of credit, pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility without permission from the Royal Family. No subdivision shall, without the consent of the Parliament, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection laws. No state shall, without the consent of Parliament, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another subdivision, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

Article II

2,1

The semi-executive power shall be vested in a Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire. He or she shall hold his or her office during the term of two months, and, together with the Deputy Prime Minister, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows: The citizens of the Norfolk Empire will vote between multiple candidates of their choice for the Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire. After the voting session has concluded, the Emperor, which is the head of the Royal Family, will announce the winner of the election based on if a candidate has more than fifty percent of the votes. If that candidate has more than fifty percent of the votes, they will win the election. If the candidate does not have more than fifty percent of the votes, there will be a second round of election between that candidate and the second most popular candidate. After that, then the Emperor will announce the next Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire. The Royal Family may determine the time that the first and second voting session will be begin and end and what day it will be on. No person except a citizen of the Norfolk Empire, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of the Prime Minister, neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of ten years. In case of the removal of the Prime Minister from office, or of his or her death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Deputy Prime Minister, and the Royal Family may provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister declaring what officer shall then act as the Prime Minister, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a Prime Minister shall be elected. The new Prime Minister would then choose his or her own Deputy Prime Minister. The Prime Minister shall, at stated times, receive for his or her services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he or she shall have been elected, and he or she shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the Norfolk Empire or any of the subdivisions. Before he or she enters on the execution of his or her office, he or she shall take the following oath or affirmation:--"I, (full name), do swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Imperial Majesty Emperor Jason Norfolk I, his heirs and successors, according to law."

2,2

The Royal Family shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the Norfolk Empire, when called into the actual service of the Norfolk Empire. The Prime Minister shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Royal Family, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the House of Commons present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Royal Family, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the High Court, and all other officers of the Norfolk Empire, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Parliament may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the Prime Minister alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments. The Prime Minister can only do the listed objectives above with the permission of the Royal Family, as they would usually do those things.

2,3

He or she shall from time to time give to the Parliament information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he or she shall judge necessary and expedient; he or she may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the House of Commons, with permission from the Royal Family, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he or she may adjourn them to such time as he or she shall think proper; he or she shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he or she shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the Norfolk Empire.

2,4

The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and all civil officers of the Norfolk Empire, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours.

Article III

3,1

The judicial power of the Norfolk Empire, shall be vested in one High Court, the Royal Family, and in such inferior courts as Parliament may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the high and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

3,2

The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the Norfolk Empire, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;--to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;--to controversies to which the Norfolk Empire shall be a party;--to controversies between two or more subdivisions;--between a subdivision and citizens of another subdivision;--between citizens of different subdivisions;--between citizens of the same subdivisions claiming lands under grants of different subdivisions, and between a subdivision, or the citizens thereof, and foreign macronations and micronations, citizens or subjects. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a subdivision shall be a party, the High Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the HighCourt shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Parliament shall make. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any subdivision, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Parliament may by law have directed.

3,3

Treason against the Norfolk Empire, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. The Royal Family and the Prime Minister shall have the power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

Article IV

4,1

Full faith and credit shall be given in each subdivision to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other subdivision. And the Parliament may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

4,2

The citizens of each subdivision shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the subdivisions. A person charged in any subdivision with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another subdivision, shall on demand of the executive authority of the subdivision from which he or she fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the subdivision having jurisdiction of the crime. No person held to service or labor in one subdivision, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.

4,3

New subdivisions may be admitted by the Royal Family into the Norfolk Empire; but no new subdivisions shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other subdivision; nor any subdivision be formed by the junction of two or more subdivisions, or parts of subdivisions, without the consent of the Royal Family and Duke and Duchess of the subdivision concerned as well as of the Parliament. The Parliament shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the Norfolk Empire; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the Norfolk Empire, or of any particular subdivision.

4,4

The Norfolk Empire shall guarantee to every state, but not other subdivisions, in this union a republican form of government.

Article V

5,1

The House of Commons, whenever two thirds of the house shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the House of Commons, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Parliament. The Prime Minister and the Royal Family will have to approve the amendment before it is officially added to the constitution of the Norfolk Empire.

Article VI

6,1

This Constitution, and the laws of the Norfolk Empire which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the Norfolk, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every subdivision shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any subdivision to the contrary notwithstanding. The sitting Members of Parliament before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, if one is started by the Duke or Duchess of that subdivision, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the Norfolk Empire and of the subdivisions, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the Norfolk Empire.

Article VII

7,1

The ratification of the Royal Family members, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the subdivisions so ratifying the same.

7,2

Each time a new Prime Minister is elected, they will sign this Constitution of the Norfolk Empire.

Article VIII

8,1

Parliament, the Prime Minister, or the Royal Family shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Article IX

9,1

Citizens of the Norfolk Empire shall not have the right to bear arms.

9,2

The only citizens of the Norfolk Empire that shall be allowed to bear arms are members of the Military that have permission to use their weapons in battle, but they shall not be allowed to physically own a firearm.

Article X

10,1

No soldier shall, in time of peace be allowed to conquer a residence, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by the Royal Family.

Article XI

11,1

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, residences, documents, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by an oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized with permission by the Royal Family and any sort of Intelligence organization supported by the government.

Article XII

12,1

No citizen shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the military, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any citizen be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Article XIII

13,1

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the subdivision and settlement wherein the crime shall have been committed, which settlement shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him or her, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his or her favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his or her defense.

Article XIV

14,1

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed 5 Norish Valoraj, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the Norfolk Empire, than according to the rules of the common law.

Article XV

15,1

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Article XVI

16,1

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Article XVII

17,1

The powers not delegated to the Norfolk Empire by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the subdivisions, are reserved to the subdivisions respectively, or to the people.

Article XVIII

18,1

The judicial power of the Norfolk Empire shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the Norfolk Empire by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign macronation or micronation.

Article XIX

19,1

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, shall never exist within the Norfolk Empire, or any territory that is subject to their jurisdiction.

19,2

Parliament shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Article XX

20,1

All persons born or naturalized in the Norfolk Empire, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the Norfolk Empire and of the subdivision wherein they reside. No subdivision shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the Norfolk Empire, nor shall any subdivision deprive any citizen of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

20,2

Members of Parliament shall be apportioned among the subdivisions according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each subdivision. But when the right to vote at any election for the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of the Norfolk Empire, Members of Parliament, the executive and judicial officers of a subdivision, or the members of the legislature thereof, if one is called, is denied to any of the male and female inhabitants of such subdivision, being ten years of age, and citizens of the Norfolk Empire, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male and female citizens ten years of age in such subdivision.

20,3

No person shall be a Member of Parliament, or hold any office, civil or military, under the Norfolk Empire, or under any subdivision, who, having previously taken an oath, as a Member of Parliament, or as an officer of the Norfolk Empire, or as a member of any subdivision legislature, if one is called, or as an executive or judicial officer of any subdivision, to support the Constitution of the Norfolk Empire, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Parliament may by a vote of two-thirds of the House of Commons, remove such disability.

20,4

The validity of the public debt of the Norfolk Empire, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the Norfolk Empire nor any subdivision shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the Norfolk Empire. But all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

20,5

The Parliament shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Article XXI

21,1

The right of citizens of the Norfolk Empire to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the Norfolk Empire or by any subdivision on account of race, color, sex, or previous condition of servitude.

21,2

The Parliament shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Article XXII

22,1

The manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors, also known as Alcohol, within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the Norfolk Empire and all subdivisions subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited until a citizen has reached the age of fourty-two.

22,2

The Parliament and subdivisions of the Norfolk Empire shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Article XXIII

23,1

The terms of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, and Members of Parliament shall end at noon on the first day of every two months, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin, if they have not been re-elected.

Article XXIV

24,1

The right of citizens of the Norfolk Empire to vote in any primary or other election for Prime Minister or Deputy Prime Minister, or for Member of Parliament, shall not be denied or abridged by the Norfolk Empire or any subdivision by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

24,2

The Parliament shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Article XXV

25,1

Whenever the Deputy Prime Minister and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Parliament may by law provide, transmit to the Speaker of the House of Commons their written declaration that the Prime Minister is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his or her office, the Deputy Prime Minister shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting Prime Minister. Thereafter, when the Prime Minister transmits to the Speaker of the House of Commons his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Deputy Prime Minister and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Parliament may by law provide, transmit within four days to the Speaker of the House of Commons their written declaration that the Prime Minister is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Parliament shall decide the issue, assembling within seventy-two hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Parliament, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Parliament is not in session, within twenty-one days after Parliament is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of the House of Commmons that the Prime Minister is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his or her office, the Deputy Prime Minister shall continue to discharge the same as Acting Prime Minister; otherwise, the Prime Minister shall resume the powers and duties of his or her office.

Article XXVI

26,1

The right of citizens of the Norfolk Empire, who are ten years of age or older, to vote, shall not be denied or abridged by the Norfolk Empire or any subdivision on account of age.

26,2

The Parliament shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Article XXVII

27,1

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Members of Parliament, shall take effect, until an election of the Members of Parliament shall have intervened.

Article XXVIII

28,1

The manufacture, sale, or transportation of the Marijuana drug is recreationally and medically legal for all citizens of the Norfolk Empire who have attained the age of twenty-two.

28,2

There shall be a special tax on the sale of the recreational use of the Marijuana drug. For each kilogram of the recreational Marijuana drug, one single Norish Valora will be added as a tax to the Federal Government.

Article XXIX

29,1

The right of any voting citizen, not depending on the political party that they have been accepted as a member of, can vote for any political parties candidates in Primaries and General for the election of any public office, such the Prime Minister or a seat in the House of Commons for a Member of Parliament.

Article XXX

30,1

The right to marry your own sex or change your gender cannot be infringed on by the government.

Signatures

Signed, HRH Prince Cooper Norfolk I HIM Emperor Jason Norfolk I