Monarch

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Types of government

A monarch is the person who heads a monarchy, a form of government in which a nation's sovereignty is vested in an individual, sometimes with political powers exercised by that person. Monarchs may be autocrats, as in absolute monarchy, or ceremonial heads of state with little to no power, or may possess a level of power anywher in between. A legally bound monarch is known as a constitutional monarch.

Most states only have a single monarch at any given time, although a regent may rule when the monarch is a minor, not present or debilitated. Two monarchs have ruled simultaneously in some countries, as in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta or the joint sovereignty of spouses or relatives (e.g. William and Mary of Kingdom of England and Scotland, Peter and Ivan of Russia & Charles and Joanna of Castile.).

Titles

Monarchs have various titles - king or queen, prince or princess (eg. Sovereign Prince of Monaco), emperor or empress (eg. Emperor of Japan, Emperor of India), or even duke or grand duke (e.g. Grand Duke of Luxembourg). Many monarchs are distinguished by titles and styles. They often take part in certain ceremonies, such as a coronation.

Succession and government types

Monarchies are associated with political or hereditary rule. Most monarchs, both historically and in the present day, have been born and brought up within a royal family over a period of time. This is known as a dynasty, and this upbringing usually involves training for future duties. Different systems of succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture and agnatic seniority (Salic law). Whilst traditionally most monarch have been male, female monarchs have ruled in antiquity. The term "queen regnant" refers to a ruling monarch, while a "queen consort" refers to the wife of a reigning king.

Some monarchies are non-hereditary. In an elective monarchy, the monarch is elected but otherwise serves as any other monarch. Historical examples of elective monarchy include the Holy Roman Emperors (chosen by prince-electors but often coming from the same dynasty) and the free election of kings of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Modern examples include the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, who serves as Sovereign of the Vatican City State and is elected to a life term by the College of Cardinals.

Monarchies have existed throughout the world, although in recent centuries many states have abolished the monarchy and becomes republics. Advocacy of republics is called "Republicanism", while advocacy of monarchies is called "Monarchism". The principal advantage of a hereditary monarchy is the immediate continuity of leadership, with a usually short interregnum (as seen in the classic phrase "The King is dead. Long live the King!"). Form of governments may be hereditary without being considered monarchies, such as that of family dictatorships or political families, which are present in many democracies.

List of current micronational Monarchs

Note: Please add a name in alphabetical order and only if you have a picture to attach.

Picture Style Name Country Reign start
Adam.jpg His Majesty King Adam I Kingdom of Überstadt 14 November 2011
EmperorOfAdammia.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I Empire of Adammia 13 April 2013
FullSizeRender.jpg His Royal Majesty King Bilal I Kingdom of Shorewell 18 May 2016
Christopher vikesland.jpg His Royal Majesty King Christopher Kingdom of Vikesland 1 July 2005
PrinceEphraim.jpg His Royal Majesty Prince Ephraim Royal State of Khazar 10 March 2009
Coat.jpg His Royal Majesty King Heath Kingdom of Morkskovia 14 December 2008
ICJA.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Jonathan I Empire of Austenasia
Saint Luke and Amager
20 January 2013
James I Catan.jpg His Royal Majesty King James I Kingdom of Catan 12 March 2010
HRH The Grand Duke Joseph.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Joseph I Grand Duchy of Natal 4 January 2014
Coat of Arms of Nathaniel Greene.svg.png His Grace Kyle, King in Hesslin Confederation of Flevelt 9 June 2016
PrinceLeonardSovereign.jpg His Royal Highness Prince Leonard Hutt River Province 21 April 1970
Maarten flandrensis 005.jpg His Serene Majesty Prince Maarten Principality of Arkel 1 July 2009
Nachington.jpg His Royal Highness King Nachington Kingdom of Dranoria 5 April 2011
Niels flandrensis.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Niels Grand Duchy of Flandrensis 4 September 2008
Photo of Patrick I.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Patrick I Empire of Paravia 29 November 2014
StephanusAbelden.jpg His Imperial and Royal Exalted Majesty Stephen I & II Abeldane Empire and the Commonwealth realms 24 March 2014
Quentin port.jpg His Royal & Imperial Majesty King Quentin of Wyvern Kingdom of Wyvern 27 October 2009
11229897 795876033867854 2404623100094356539 n.jpg His Serene Higness Prince Vincent Principality of Hélianthis 1 June 2013
JW.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Wilary I Grand Duchy of Prsänëa 1 May 2009 - 31 May 2010,
18 July 2012
William Hartman-Peters 2010.png His Imperial and Royal Majesty William I North American Confederation 27 May 2015
King William SP 1.jpg His Majesty William the Founder Kingdom of New Anglia 1 January 2012
12788394 1133283756712230 584801807 o.jpg His Imperial and Royal Majesty Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia Karnia-Ruthenia 19 November 2014

See also