Micronations.wiki costs £160 per year to keep online.
Since we are unable to run advertisements, we ask that any users who are able to do so
make a contribution so that Microwiki may continue to survive and thrive. Thank you!
Basically, how this works, is that lexemes listed in a higher derivational caste are used in lieu of those in lower ones. The reason for this is so that I can use multiple sources for words easily, and to help me avoid changing all of the lexemes so often. I'm not trying to make an IAL, but I am using a lot of internationalisms; this is because I'll feel less likely to change them arbitraily, since they're so widely used.
- 1 Schematic
- 2 Endonyms
- 3 Inherently meaningful
- 4 Filters
- 5 Internationalisms
- 6 Famous / infamous terms
- 7 //CV// reduplicates
- 8 //CV// nonreduplicates
- 9 Scientific vocab
- 10 Compounds
- 11 False cognates
- 12 Religionisms
- 13 Native words
- 14 Other words
A priori lexemes systematically generated from a set of rules.
- Color words
Universal colour-syllable: tbd ('Kyl' for now). When reduplicated, means 'colour'. Lum -∞%: p -%: k ±%: ' +%: h +∞%: r * Lum letters need more thought. Hue 0 aa 60 e 120 o 180 i 240 u 300 a Ø yy Sat 0%: _ ~50%: h 100%: _ Examples red: Kyl'aa grey: Kyl'yy black: Kylpyy white: Kylryy lightcyan: Kylhi desaturateddarkmagenta: Kyltah brown: Kylte bark-coloured: Kylteh grellow: 'yKyl'o tyKyl'e tan: Kylheh colour: Kylkyl
WITHOUT NUMERICAL CASE: As cool as the idea of numerical case is, it also reserves a ridiculous number of lexemes for numbers, thus making it a difficult system to incorporate into the language. As well, inflecting position into each number somewhat detaches the language from the notation, in which 0's must be specified anyway. The following is a simplification of the numeral system, having most CV words with only y vowels be numbers. Only leading zeros may be omitted. Commas are still spoken. Digits: 1 k 2 n 3 f 4 j 5 t 6 m 7 c 8 l 9 b ᘔ q Ɛ s 0 w The digits were changed from the numcase version so as to avoid the orthographical irregularity of having 'x' occur in an onset. Comma: yy Other: y Example: 230,000 = nyfywy'yy WITH NUMERICAL CASE: Position is inflected into each number, and zeros can be omitted. Format: Digit-Grosses-Digit-Twelves-Digit-Ones-Digit-Comma Digits: 1 ' 2 q 3 f 4 r 5 k 6 m 7 h 8 j 9 b ᘔ x Ɛ c 0 w Comma: yy Grosses: e Twelves: y Ones: o Example: 230,000 = qefy'yy
Terms referring to a country/culture/religion/etc are derived from the language of the referenced community.
THEODIAN ENGLISH ORIGIN SOURCE LANG NOTES 'Airih Irish Irish English As cool as 'Erjy would be, English is the dominant language there 'Axtaara Andorran Andorra Catalan based on local pronunciation; otherwise, you'd have expected 'Yxtory 'Inklih English English English can refer specifically to 'England' 'Italjano Italian Italiano Italian 'Kahtejano Spanish Castellano Spanish Fraxse French français French used 'français' instead of 'France' to get an extra syllable; otherwise, 's' wouldn't have been pronounceable, except as an 'h'. Hax'in South-Korean 한인 Korean Kalatli' WestGreenlandic kalaallit Kalaallit Kanetjyx Canadian Canadian English Canadian English Kepekwah Quebecan Québécois French Koljy Korean 고려 Korean couldn't find anything particularly neutral, so I just took the name of Goryeo Kuwa Cuban Cuba Spanish Cuban dialect Kytyla Catalan català Catalan Letsyper' Luxembourgish Lëtzebuerg Luxembourgish Lihtyxstaix Liechtenstein Liechtenstein German Meciko Mexican México Spanish dialect of México, DF Meriky America America English American English Netyr Netherlandish Neder Dutch Nihox Japanese Nihon Japanese Norsyy Norwegian Norske Bokmål used 'Norske' for an extra syllable Pelki Belgian België+Belgique Dutch + French combined Dutch and French spellings, since the two languages are about equipresent (a little more Dutch, though) Prasju Brazilian Brasil Portuguese Pritih British British English Purtukal Portuguese português Portuguese Rasijy Russian Россия Russian Safje' USSR-ian cовет Russian Saxmarino San-Marinese San Marino Italian Sfexskyy Swedish Svensk Swedish Sfitsy Swiss ~ All 4 sort of blended the German, French, and Italian words Skaatih Scottish Scottish English Scottish English Taaitsyy German Deutsche German used 'Deutsche' instead of 'Deutsch' to get an extra syllable; otherwise, there'd be no way to get the 'tsch' in there. Taxsky Danish Danske Danish used 'Danske' for an extra syllable Tsjosyx North-Korean 조선 Korean Tsjoxwex Han Chinese 中文 Mandarin used '中文' as a kind of short for '中国文化' Welsyy Welsh Welsh English As cool as Kymrai' would be, English is the dominant language there THEODIAN ENGLISH ORIGIN SOURCE LANG NOTES
All terms generated by onomatopoeia, iconism, etc.
Mimicking sounds; otherwise known as 'onomatopoeia'. See here for a multilingual list: Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias. See here for a comprehensive list of animal sounds in individual languages (using Wikipedia's 'Languages' frame): List of animal sounds.
THEODIAN ENGLISH 'Y' burp 'Yply speech Foh blow Lele lick Momo kiss Numu eat Qymy gnaw Syyku drink THEODIAN ENGLISH
Inherently meaningful lexemes; phonosemantic.
These are filters which should be applied to the below sections, so that the language doesn't end up with too many simple words (which would be complicated to learn) or too many compound words (which would be unwieldly). These filters are not applied to the above sections.
The following is a list of meanings. These meanings must each be matched with a simple word from the sections below.
These meanings should be the more commonly used meanings in speech. "Speech", here, will probably largely be defined by English speech.
The following is a list of meanings. These meanings must each be matched with a compound word from the sections below.
Terms adopted across various sprachbunds. Sprachbunds with higher populations are preferred. Lexemes in this section are attempts at creating as neutral a form as possible for each word, within, of course, the restraints of Theodian phonology. Also, the numbers given for each Sprachbund are an approximate number of native speakers, not total speakers.
There's a decent list here, but some are European, not global: La plej disvastigitaj internaciaj vortoj
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES 'A'lety athlete 'Alpaka alpaca 'Anasa pineapple 'Antena antenna 'Atox atom 'Interne' Internet 'Ixspe'tor inspector 'Ixterfju interview ? 'Oke okay 'Olimpja' Olympics 'Operasjox operation 'Ospital hospital Fantu fondue Fasismy fascism Filtyr filter Fisy visa Foto photograph *Fox telephone Fupaal soccer Harmoni harmony Hotel hotel Kaaloni colony Kaameti comedy Kaamjunismy Communism Kaaritaar corridor Kafe coffee Kaipyl cable Kaleri gallery Kapitalismy capitalism ? Kar car actually used more than 'auto' Karasyy garage Kasy gas Katemi academy Kenerator generator Kexkru kangaroo Kliniky clinic Koly cola Kopi copy ? Korila gorilla Koxpjutyr computer Kupaax coupon Laky lacquer Lampy lamp ? Lisensyy license Listy list ~ Marmele' marmalade ~ Martsalix margarine Masasi massage Masix machine Medal medal Mesasi message Mete mayday, help Metro *railway Mikrofox microphone Mikroskou' microscope Motyr motor # 'Azoty nitrogen accepted # Nitrosex nitrogen preferred Nitrazo' nitrogen Blend of two internationalisms Noty note Noxbyr number Nymy name ~ Pa'terja bacteria Palasty ballast Palkox balcony Palox balloon Par bar, pub Parpar barbarian Partisy political party three major variations: *parti, *partia, *partito Pasar bazaar Pateri battery Paxky bank Paxpu bamboo Paxte' band-aid Pepi baby ~ Petal pedal Pexsix benzine beats out petrol and gasoline! Pikini bikini Pistol' gun Piskoi' biscuit ? Pitsa pizza Pjolosi biology near-omnipresent outside of far-east Eurasia Poli' politics From "Politbüro" PoliKliniky polyclinic Polisja police Porty port Pjuro bureau From "Politbüro" (the average form of this word actually has a [y]) Pusy bus Ratijo radio Retsyystyr musical register Robo' robot Salaty salad Sandaly sandal Sartiny sardine Satax Satan, devil, demon Sekoxty second (time) Sekretar secretary Si'nal signal Skextry center ? Skyyrty skirt ? Spama spam Stesjox station ? Sukyr sugar Taamaty tomato Takysi taxi Tapaky tobacco ~ Tarify tariff Tato tattoo Taxky tank *Tele television Tenih tennis Testy test Ti'tator dictator Timy team ? | largely a mix of /tim/, /ekip/, and /kamand/; /tim/ wins out Tiploma diploma Tox tone Tra'tor tractor Traxspor' transport ? Tsake' jacket Tsinsy jeans Tsirafy giraffe Tsixmasti' gymnastics Tsubili jubilee ? Tsunami tsunami Tsuxkyl jungle ? Tsweklaty chocolate Tupa tuba Tupy tube Turpiny turbine THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
~ 1.5 bil
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES Kemi chemistry Konomi economy Lixkwistiky linguistics Ma'ne' magnet Panana banana Persox person Se'sjox section Sekretar secret Derived from "secretary" Sekretarja' secretariat A surprising number of non-European languages have words starting in /s/ for this. Sekretari secretary A surprising number of non-European languages have words starting in /s/ for this. Spor' sport Ta'tiky tactics Tastiky fantastic Tejorjy theory Tityl title ~ Tire'tor director Tsasmine jasmine THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
~ 1.5 bil
Special condition: Must be in both Mandarin and at least two major non-closely-related languages.
THEODIAN ENGLISH MANDARIN NOTES Tau tao, dharma 道 (dào) THEODIAN ENGLISH MANDARIN NOTES
~ 1.4 bil
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES Many human also common to Germanic languages (this lexeme can be considered to beat out those of Sprachbunds of up to ~1.9bil native speakers or so) Skory score! originally from English, now ubiquitous across the sub-continent (this lexeme can be considered to beat out those of Sprachbunds of up to ~1.7bil native speakers or so) THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
Famous / infamous terms
Terms that are so (in)famous, that they're likely to be understood even if they aren't actually used in the language(s) of the interlocutor.
THEODIAN ENGLISH ORIGIN SOURCE LANG Fjuryr leader Führer German Klasnyh transparency гла́сность Russian Prehtex' president president English Rajc kingdom Reich German Stax -land, country -stan Iranian languages Syfje' council Сове́т Russian Syjuh union Сою́з Russian
For the most common lexemes used by infants, with more common words having easier phonemes. These definitions will be decided by cross-referencing various lists in languages I know well (English, Spanish, French). These will be compared with comparable words in nearby languages, for the purposes of increasing the number cognates Theodian shares with them without hindering the design-goals of the language.
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
For the most common lexemes in general, with more common words having easier phonemes. These definitions will be decided by cross-referencing various lists in languages I know well (English, Spanish, French). These will be compared with comparable words in nearby languages, for the purposes of increasing the number cognates Theodian shares with them without hindering the design-goals of the language.
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
Calque all scientific vocab into Theodian. If there's no lexeme in Theodian capable of filling in the calque, borrow the scientific word. All scientific vocabulary comes from Interlingua.
- New base lexemes
THEODIAN INTERLINGUA NOTES THEODIAN INTERLINGUA NOTES
THEODIAN INTERLINGUA NOTES THEODIAN INTERLINGUA NOTES
Compounds that are shared as a calque between several different languages, especially across a sprachbund or religious community.
A priori compounds and monolingual calques
Compounds that are either created a priori or calqued from a single language.
False cognates shared between at least 3 different speech communities, preferably with minimal inter-influence. See here for a list: False cognates across languages. The hope here is that at least some of these words might have some inherent meaning.
THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES # 'Aki girl Bikol, Blackfoot, Even, Korean 'Amy be English, Etruscan, Sumerian # 'Axta thou Arabic, Japanese, Malay 'Eky egg Arabic (Egyptian), English, Luganda # 'U and Arabic (Tunisian), Armenian, Middle Persian, Kurmanji # 'Ito it English, Russian, Tagalog Fwely to fall Bengali, English, Hebrew # Hai yes Cantonese, English, Japanese Ka' cut English, Finnish, Vietnamese Kyytix kitten, cat English, Indonesian, Tagalog Ma but Dutch, Italian, Vietnamese Matje death Arabic, Indonesian, Spanish Mirar look Egyptian, Japanese, Spanish Pa' bad Armenian, English, Persian Per house Coptic, Etruscan, Hittite # Poja boy English, Finnish, Japanese Pyysi cat, kitten English, Samoan, Turkish Qjaaky neck German, Hungarian, Spanish # Te of Aramaic, Latin, Mandarin THEODIAN ENGLISH NOTES
Terms important to important religions
~ 2.2 bil
THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES Hailuja hooray הַלְּלוּיָהּ Hebrew the Theodian meaning differs somewhat from the Hebrew one THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES
~ 1.8 bil
THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES 'Ablu servant عبد Arabic 'Acira hereafter الآخرة Arabic 'Aclar' morality أخلاق Arabic 'Adaby etiquette أدب Arabic 'Adyl justice عدل Arabic 'Alamix everything عالمين Arabic 'Alimy scholar عالِم Arabic 'Aja' sign آية Arabic 'Akrida tenet عقيدة Arabic 'Akryl intellect عقل Arabic 'Amana will أمانة Arabic 'Amix Amen آمين Arabic 'Aulja friend أولياء Arabic 'Arlah deity, god الله Arabic 'Asryl origin أصل Arabic 'Axfal loot أنفال Arabic 'Axsral help أنصار Arabic 'Iclasyy sincerity الإخلاص Arabic 'Ir'ta' feudalism اقطاع Arabic Bir piety البر Arabic Srilar' bridge الصراط Arabic THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES
Specifically, Hindu and Buddhist terms, preferring the former's in a dispute.
Total: x > 1.6 bil
Hinduism: ~ 1.1 bil
Buddhism: x > 500 mil
THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES 'Yhixsa non-violence अहिंसा Sanskrit THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES
Words coined by Theodian speakers, in formal or an informal Theodian.
THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES Fjotija Theodia þēod + ia Saxon + Latin Spraky speak ſpræc Old English THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES
For all other lexemes: derive them from the nearest significant language community or from pre-existing Theodian words. All words in the Holman-Swadesh list, the Leipzig–Jakarta list, and the Dolgopolsky list will be created first, just to get them out of the way. After that, the 2,800 words from the New General Service List will be created. Before these lexemes are derived, go back through all other lists, and phonologically ban all rare and non-extant (but otherwise theoretically possible) consonant clusters apart from those in the the nearest significant language community, simplifying lexemes that may have had them (but keeping the original in a comment, in case the consonant cluster is re-introduced at a later point). All a priori lexemes in this section will have consonant-clusters coïnciding with their meanings (consonant-cluster meanings are determined lexical analysis of the other tiers).
THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES THEODIAN ENGLISH SOURCE ORIGIN NOTES