User:Swena/TheodianWordlist

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Basically, how this works, is that lexemes listed in a higher derivational caste are used in lieu of those in lower ones. The reason for this is so that I can use multiple sources for words easily, and to help me avoid changing all of the lexemes so often. I'm not trying to make an IAL, but I am using a lot of internationalisms; this is because I'll feel less likely to change them arbitraily, since they're so widely used.

Schematic

A priori lexemes systematically generated from a set of rules.

Color words
Universal colour-syllable: tbd ('Kyl' for now). When reduplicated, means 'colour'. 

Lum
-∞%: p
-%: k
±%: '
+%: h
+∞%: r
* Lum letters need more thought. 

Hue
0 aa
60 e
120 o
180 i
240 u
300 a
Ø yy

Sat
0%: _
~50%: h
100%: _

Examples
red: Kyl'aa
grey: Kyl'yy
black: Kylpyy
white: Kylryy
lightcyan: Kylhi
desaturateddarkmagenta: Kyltah
brown: Kylte
bark-coloured: Kylteh
grellow: 'yKyl'o tyKyl'e
tan: Kylheh
colour: Kylkyl
Numbers
WITHOUT NUMERICAL CASE:  
As cool as the idea of numerical case is, it also reserves a ridiculous number of lexemes for numbers, thus making it a difficult system to incorporate into the language.  As well, inflecting position into each number somewhat detaches the language from the notation, in which 0's must be specified anyway.  The following is a simplification of the numeral system, having most CV words with only y vowels be numbers.  Only leading zeros may be omitted.  Commas are still spoken.  

Digits:  
1 k
2 n
3 f
4 j
5 t
6 m
7 c
8 l
9 b
ᘔ q
Ɛ s
0 w
The digits were changed from the numcase version so as to avoid the orthographical irregularity of having 'x' occur in an onset.  

Comma:  yy
Other:  y

Example:  230,000 = nyfywy'yy

WITH NUMERICAL CASE:  
Position is inflected into each number, and zeros can be omitted.  
Format:  Digit-Grosses-Digit-Twelves-Digit-Ones-Digit-Comma

Digits:  
1 '
2 q
3 f
4 r
5 k
6 m
7 h
8 j
9 b
ᘔ x
Ɛ c
0 w

Comma:  yy
Grosses:  e
Twelves:  y
Ones:  o

Example:  230,000 = qefy'yy
Pronouns

Endonyms

Terms referring to a country/culture/religion/etc are derived from the language of the referenced community.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		ORIGIN		SOURCE LANG	NOTES

'Airih		Irish		Irish		English		As cool as 'Erjy would be, English is the dominant language there
'Axtaara	Andorran	Andorra		Catalan		based on local pronunciation;  otherwise, you'd have expected 'Yxtory
'Inklih		English		English		English		can refer specifically to 'England'
'Italjano	Italian		Italiano	Italian
'Kahtejano	Spanish		Castellano	Spanish
Fraxse		French		français	French		used 'français' instead of 'France' to get an extra syllable;  otherwise, 's' wouldn't have been pronounceable, except as an 'h'.
Hax'in		South-Korean	한인		Korean
Kalatli'	WestGreenlandic	kalaallit	Kalaallit
Kanetjyx	Canadian	Canadian	English		Canadian English
Kepekwah	Quebecan	Québécois	French
Koljy		Korean		고려		Korean		couldn't find anything particularly neutral, so I just took the name of Goryeo
Kuwa		Cuban		Cuba		Spanish		Cuban dialect
Kytyla		Catalan		català		Catalan
Letsyper'	Luxembourgish	Lëtzebuerg	Luxembourgish
Lihtyxstaix	Liechtenstein	Liechtenstein	German
Meciko		Mexican		México		Spanish		dialect of México, DF
Meriky		America		America		English		American English
Netyr		Netherlandish	Neder		Dutch
Nihox		Japanese	Nihon		Japanese
Norsyy		Norwegian	Norske		Bokmål		used 'Norske' for an extra syllable
Pelki		Belgian		België+Belgique	Dutch + French	combined Dutch and French spellings, since the two languages are about equipresent (a little more Dutch, though)
Prasju		Brazilian	Brasil		Portuguese
Pritih		British		British		English
Purtukal	Portuguese	português	Portuguese
Rasijy		Russian		Россия		Russian
Safje'		USSR-ian	cовет		Russian
Saxmarino	San-Marinese	San Marino	Italian
Sfexskyy	Swedish		Svensk		Swedish
Sfitsy		Swiss		~		All 4		sort of blended the German, French, and Italian words
Skaatih		Scottish	Scottish	English		Scottish English
Taaitsyy	German		Deutsche	German		used 'Deutsche' instead of 'Deutsch' to get an extra syllable;  otherwise, there'd be no way to get the 'tsch' in there.
Taxsky		Danish		Danske		Danish		used 'Danske' for an extra syllable
Tsjosyx		North-Korean	조선		Korean
Tsjoxwex	Han Chinese	中文		Mandarin	used '中文' as a kind of short for '中国文化'
Welsyy		Welsh		Welsh		English		As cool as Kymrai' would be, English is the dominant language there

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		ORIGIN		SOURCE LANG	NOTES

Inherently meaningful

All terms generated by onomatopoeia, iconism, etc.

Echomimeticism

Mimicking sounds; otherwise known as 'onomatopoeia'. See here for a multilingual list: Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias. See here for a comprehensive list of animal sounds in individual languages (using Wikipedia's 'Languages' frame): List of animal sounds.

Kinemimeticism

Mimicking actions.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH

'Y'		burp
'Yply		speech
Foh		blow
Lele		lick
Momo		kiss
Numu		eat
Qymy		gnaw
Syyku		drink

THEODIAN	ENGLISH

Ideophones

Inherently meaningful lexemes; phonosemantic.

Filters

These are filters which should be applied to the below sections, so that the language doesn't end up with too many simple words (which would be complicated to learn) or too many compound words (which would be unwieldly). These filters are not applied to the above sections.

Simple semantemes

The following is a list of meanings. These meanings must each be matched with a simple word from the sections below.
These meanings should be the more commonly used meanings in speech. "Speech", here, will probably largely be defined by English speech.

Compound semantemes

The following is a list of meanings. These meanings must each be matched with a compound word from the sections below.

Internationalisms

Terms adopted across various sprachbunds. Sprachbunds with higher populations are preferred. Lexemes in this section are attempts at creating as neutral a form as possible for each word, within, of course, the restraints of Theodian phonology. Also, the numbers given for each Sprachbund are an approximate number of native speakers, not total speakers.
There's a decent list here, but some are European, not global: La plej disvastigitaj internaciaj vortoj

Global

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

'A'lety		athlete
'Alpaka		alpaca
'Anasa		pineapple
'Antena		antenna
'Atox		atom
'Interne'	Internet
'Ixspe'tor	inspector
'Ixterfju	interview	?
'Oke		okay
'Olimpja'	Olympics
'Operasjox	operation
'Ospital	hospital
Fantu		fondue
Fasismy		fascism
Filtyr		filter
Fisy		visa
Foto		photograph
*Fox		telephone
Fupaal		soccer
Harmoni		harmony
Hotel		hotel
Kaaloni		colony
Kaameti		comedy
Kaamjunismy	Communism
Kaaritaar	corridor
Kafe		coffee
Kaipyl		cable
Kaleri		gallery
Kapitalismy	capitalism	?
Kar		car		actually used more than 'auto'
Karasyy		garage
Kasy		gas
Katemi		academy
Kenerator	generator
Kexkru		kangaroo
Kliniky		clinic
Koly		cola
Kopi		copy		?
Korila		gorilla
Koxpjutyr	computer
Kupaax		coupon
Laky		lacquer
Lampy		lamp		?
Lisensyy	license
Listy		list		~
Marmele'	marmalade	~
Martsalix	margarine
Masasi		massage
Masix		machine
Medal		medal
Mesasi		message
Mete		mayday, help
Metro		*railway
Mikrofox	microphone
Mikroskou'	microscope
Motyr		motor
# 'Azoty	nitrogen	accepted
# Nitrosex	nitrogen	preferred
Nitrazo'	nitrogen	Blend of two internationalisms
Noty		note
Noxbyr		number
Nymy		name		~
Pa'terja	bacteria
Palasty		ballast
Palkox		balcony
Palox		balloon
Par		bar, pub
Parpar		barbarian
Partisy		political party	three major variations:  *parti, *partia, *partito
Pasar		bazaar
Pateri		battery
Paxky		bank
Paxpu		bamboo
Paxte'		band-aid
Pepi		baby		~
Petal		pedal
Pexsix		benzine		beats out petrol and gasoline!
Pikini		bikini
Pistol'		gun
Piskoi'		biscuit		?
Pitsa		pizza
Pjolosi		biology		near-omnipresent outside of far-east Eurasia
Poli'		politics	From "Politbüro"
PoliKliniky	polyclinic
Polisja		police
Porty		port
Pjuro		bureau		From "Politbüro" (the average form of this word actually has a [y])
Pusy		bus
Ratijo		radio
Retsyystyr	musical register
Robo'		robot
Salaty		salad
Sandaly		sandal
Sartiny		sardine
Satax		Satan, devil, demon
Sekoxty		second (time)
Sekretar	secretary
Si'nal		signal
Skextry		center		?
Skyyrty		skirt		?
Spama		spam
Stesjox		station		?
Sukyr		sugar
Taamaty		tomato
Takysi		taxi
Tapaky		tobacco		~
Tarify		tariff
Tato		tattoo
Taxky		tank
*Tele		television
Tenih		tennis
Testy		test
Ti'tator	dictator
Timy		team		?  |  largely a mix of /tim/, /ekip/, and /kamand/;  /tim/ wins out
Tiploma		diploma
Tox		tone
Tra'tor		tractor
Traxspor'	transport	?
Tsake'		jacket
Tsinsy		jeans
Tsirafy		giraffe
Tsixmasti'	gymnastics
Tsubili		jubilee		?
Tsunami		tsunami
Tsuxkyl		jungle		?
Tsweklaty	chocolate
Tupa		tuba
Tupy		tube
Turpiny		turbine

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Western

~ 1.5 bil

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Kemi		chemistry
Konomi		economy
Lixkwistiky	linguistics
Ma'ne'		magnet
Panana		banana
Persox		person
Se'sjox		section
Sekretar	secret		Derived from "secretary"
Sekretarja'	secretariat	A surprising number of non-European languages have words starting in /s/ for this.
Sekretari	secretary	A surprising number of non-European languages have words starting in /s/ for this.
Spor'		sport
Ta'tiky		tactics
Tastiky		fantastic
Tejorjy		theory
Tityl		title		~
Tire'tor	director
Tsasmine	jasmine

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Far-eastern

~ 1.5 bil
Special condition: Must be in both Mandarin and at least two major non-closely-related languages.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		MANDARIN	NOTES

Tau		tao, dharma	道 (dào)

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		MANDARIN	NOTES

Indian

~ 1.4 bil

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Many		human		also common to Germanic languages (this lexeme can be considered to beat out those of Sprachbunds of up to ~1.9bil native speakers or so)
Skory		score!		originally from English, now ubiquitous across the sub-continent (this lexeme can be considered to beat out those of Sprachbunds of up to ~1.7bil native speakers or so)

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Famous / infamous terms

Terms that are so (in)famous, that they're likely to be understood even if they aren't actually used in the language(s) of the interlocutor.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		ORIGIN		SOURCE LANG
Fjuryr		leader		Führer		German
Klasnyh		transparency	гла́сность	Russian
Prehtex'	president	president	English
Rajc		kingdom		Reich		German
Stax		-land, country	-stan		Iranian languages
Syfje'		council		Сове́т		Russian
Syjuh		union		Сою́з		Russian

//CV// reduplicates

For the most common lexemes used by infants, with more common words having easier phonemes. These definitions will be decided by cross-referencing various lists in languages I know well (English, Spanish, French). These will be compared with comparable words in nearby languages, for the purposes of increasing the number cognates Theodian shares with them without hindering the design-goals of the language.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

//CV// nonreduplicates

For the most common lexemes in general, with more common words having easier phonemes. These definitions will be decided by cross-referencing various lists in languages I know well (English, Spanish, French). These will be compared with comparable words in nearby languages, for the purposes of increasing the number cognates Theodian shares with them without hindering the design-goals of the language.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Scientific vocab

Calque all scientific vocab into Theodian. If there's no lexeme in Theodian capable of filling in the calque, borrow the scientific word. All scientific vocabulary comes from Interlingua.

New base lexemes
THEODIAN	INTERLINGUA	NOTES

THEODIAN	INTERLINGUA	NOTES
Compounds
THEODIAN	INTERLINGUA	NOTES

THEODIAN	INTERLINGUA	NOTES

Compounds

Multilingual calques

Compounds that are shared as a calque between several different languages, especially across a sprachbund or religious community.

A priori compounds and monolingual calques

Compounds that are either created a priori or calqued from a single language.

False cognates

False cognates shared between at least 3 different speech communities, preferably with minimal inter-influence. See here for a list: False cognates across languages. The hope here is that at least some of these words might have some inherent meaning.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

# 'Aki		girl		Bikol, Blackfoot, Even, Korean
'Amy		be		English, Etruscan, Sumerian
# 'Axta		thou		Arabic, Japanese, Malay
'Eky		egg		Arabic (Egyptian), English, Luganda
# 'U		and		Arabic (Tunisian), Armenian, Middle Persian, Kurmanji
# 'Ito		it		English, Russian, Tagalog
Fwely		to fall		Bengali, English, Hebrew
# Hai		yes		Cantonese, English, Japanese
Ka'		cut		English, Finnish, Vietnamese
Kyytix		kitten, cat	English, Indonesian, Tagalog
Ma		but		Dutch, Italian, Vietnamese
Matje		death		Arabic, Indonesian, Spanish
Mirar		look		Egyptian, Japanese, Spanish
Pa'		bad		Armenian, English, Persian
Per		house		Coptic, Etruscan, Hittite
# Poja		boy		English, Finnish, Japanese
Pyysi		cat, kitten	English, Samoan, Turkish
Qjaaky		neck		German, Hungarian, Spanish
# Te		of		Aramaic, Latin, Mandarin

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		NOTES

Religionisms

Terms important to important religions

Christian

~ 2.2 bil

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

Hailuja		hooray		הַלְּלוּיָהּ		Hebrew		the Theodian meaning differs somewhat from the Hebrew one

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

Muslim

~ 1.8 bil

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

'Ablu		servant		عبد		Arabic
'Acira		hereafter	الآخرة		Arabic
'Aclar'		morality	أخلاق		Arabic
'Adaby		etiquette	أدب		Arabic
'Adyl		justice		عدل		Arabic
'Alamix		everything	عالمين		Arabic
'Alimy		scholar		عالِم		Arabic
'Aja'		sign		آية		Arabic
'Akrida		tenet		عقيدة		Arabic
'Akryl		intellect	عقل		Arabic
'Amana		will		أمانة		Arabic
'Amix		Amen		آمين		Arabic
'Aulja		friend		أولياء		Arabic
'Arlah		deity, god	الله‎		Arabic
'Asryl		origin		أصل		Arabic
'Axfal		loot		أنفال		Arabic
'Axsral		help		أنصار		Arabic
'Iclasyy	sincerity	الإخلاص		Arabic
'Ir'ta'		feudalism	اقطاع		Arabic
Bir		piety		البر		Arabic
Srilar'		bridge		الصراط		Arabic

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

Dharmic

Specifically, Hindu and Buddhist terms, preferring the former's in a dispute.

Total: x > 1.6 bil
Hinduism: ~ 1.1 bil
Buddhism: x > 500 mil

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

'Yhixsa		non-violence	अहिंसा		Sanskrit

THEODIAN        ENGLISH         SOURCE          ORIGIN          NOTES

Native words

Words coined by Theodian speakers, in formal or an informal Theodian.

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		SOURCE		ORIGIN		NOTES

Fjotija		Theodia		þēod + ia	Saxon + Latin
Spraky		speak		ſpræc		Old English

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		SOURCE		ORIGIN		NOTES

Other words

For all other lexemes: derive them from the nearest significant language community or from pre-existing Theodian words. All words in the Holman-Swadesh list, the Leipzig–Jakarta list, and the Dolgopolsky list will be created first, just to get them out of the way. After that, the 2,800 words from the New General Service List will be created. Before these lexemes are derived, go back through all other lists, and phonologically ban all rare and non-extant (but otherwise theoretically possible) consonant clusters apart from those in the the nearest significant language community, simplifying lexemes that may have had them (but keeping the original in a comment, in case the consonant cluster is re-introduced at a later point). All a priori lexemes in this section will have consonant-clusters coïnciding with their meanings (consonant-cluster meanings are determined lexical analysis of the other tiers).

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		SOURCE		ORIGIN		NOTES

THEODIAN	ENGLISH		SOURCE		ORIGIN		NOTES