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Crown Court of Florenia

Crown Court of Florenia
Crown Court Florenia.png
Established 10 August 2014
Jurisdiction Kingdom of Florenia
Composition Nomination by Prime Minister, confirmation by Parliament, appointed by Monarch
Authorized by Judicial Act 2014
Term length At the Prime Minister's pleasure
Seats 3 (two Consuls)
Justice of the Crown Court
Currently Vacant
Since 10 August 2014

The Crown Court of Florenia is the court of general jurisdiction for the Kingdom of Florenia. The Court is responsible for hearing all criminal and civil cases brought up in the Kingdom either by the Government via the Ministry of Justice or a private citizen or organization. The Crown Court is presided over by one Justice, who hears all cases and presents verdicts. All verdicts are reviewed by two consuls of the court, who either approve the verdict and its sentences, or reject it. If both Consuls reject it, the two parties must work together in the presentation of a verdict. If only one consul opposes, the Justice is legally obligated to review his or her decision. The Justice and Consuls are nominated by the Prime Minister, approved by Parliament, and appointed by the Monarch. None of the positions have been filled yet.

The Crown Court was established by the Judicial Act 2014, which was passed by Parliament on August 10. The Act outlined the various functions of the court, as well as its general structure and terminology to be used. The Act describes two types of cases that may be heard by the court; civil and criminal. Criminal cases are suits brought up by a private individual or organization against another individual or organization or the government due to a breach of contract or non-criminal breach of Florenian law. Criminal cases are suits brought up by the government against an individual or organization due to a breach of Florenian law. Criminal cases are handled by the Ministry of Justice and its government minister, the Attorney General, who is the government's chief lawyer and legal adviser.

The Court is required to obey Florenian law when making decisions, and Acts of Parliament have been passed outlining criminal activity and sentencing. The Crime and Punishment Act 2014, passed with the Judicial Act, outlined over thirty crimes in the Kingdom and described the minimum and maximum sentences that may be given by the Justice of the Crown Court. The Justice of the Court is legally obligated to adhere to all restrictions in sentencing, procedure, and precedent set in place by Parliament.

CENTCOM

Joint Forces Central Command
Active 2014-present
Country Flag of Florenia.jpg Kingdom of Florenia
Allegiance Eran I
Branch Royal Army
Royal Navy
Type Joint Forces Command
Nickname CENTCOM
Commanders
Commander Major General Prince Henry
Deputy Commander Rear Admiral Prince Nathan

Current structure and incumbents

Name Offices
Executive
Eran I Monarch
The Prince Nathan Prime Minister
Foreign Minister
Member of Parliament for Ashany
The Prince Henry Minister of Defense
Minister of Environment
The Baroness of Plymouth Minister of Education
Judicial
Vacant Justice of the Crown Court
Vacant Consul of the Crown Court
Vacant Consul of the Crown Court

Demographics

Population

Florenia has a total population of thirteen, all of whom are eligible to vote in general elections upon reaching the age of ten. Only five of these thirteen are residents of the Kingdom, a status allowing them to vote in general elections as well as to vote for members of Parliament and stand for election for either post. All but one Florenian citizen have joined by their own accord; Florenian law dictates that any child born to a Florenian citizen is a Florenian citizen, and this clause has come into effect once. A majority of Florenia's citizens are under the age of sixteen years old, and the average age of Florenian citizens is twenty-three. All Florenian citizens live on the east coast of the United States.

Language

Although Florenia has no official language, English is the only commonly spoken language among Florenian citizens, and all Florenian legislation is written in English. Among Florenians, however, languages such as Hebrew, Spanish, French, and Latin are known and spoken by various Florenian individuals. Around 84% of Florenian citizens are native English speakers, around 8% are native Hebrew speakers, and 8% native Spanish speakers.

Climate

Florenia has a humid continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. Rainfall and snowfall are evenly divided among the months of the year, and yearly sunshine hours average 2,400. Summer is hot, humid and stormy throughout in the electorate, with average highs of 76 °F (24 °C). Although summers are sunny, summer thunderstorms often bring quick downpours and thunder and lighting. Winters are generally cool to cold, with average temperatures of 35 °F (1 °C). Early spring (April) is coolish and mid and late spring (May/early June) is warm to hot.

Climate data for Electorate of Ashany
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
2
(36)
7
(45)
13
(55)
19
(66)
23
(73)
26
(79)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
9
(48)
3
(37)
13.58
(56.44)
Daily mean °C (°F) -5
(23)
-3
(27)
1
(34)
7
(45)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
19
(66)
15
(59)
9
(48)
4
(39)
-2
(28)
7.92
(46.26)
Average low °C (°F) -11
(12)
-9
(16)
-5
(23)
0
(32)
6
(43)
11
(52)
14
(57)
13
(55)
9
(48)
3
(37)
-2
(28)
-7
(19)
12.6
(54.7)
Average Rainfall mm (inches) 86.1
(3.39)
88.4
(3.48)
110.7
(4.358)
107.4
(4.228)
116.8
(4.598)
114.8
(4.52)
125.2
(4.929)
119.1
(4.689)
116.6
(4.591)
121.2
(4.772)
110.7
(4.358)
102.6
(4.039)
1,319.6
(51.953)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)</span> 10 9 11 12 12 10 10 10 9 9 11 11 124
Average snowy days 4.9 3.4 2.8 0.8 0.7 3.1 15.7
[citation needed]
Cabinet of Florenia
Portfolio Minister
Cabinet ministers
Prime Minister
Foreign Minister
HRH The Prince Nathan MP
Minister of Defense
Minister of Environment
HRH The Prince Henry
Minister of Finance Vacant
Attorney General Vacant
Minister of Education The Rt Hon The Baroness of Plymouth

Legislation in Florenia

Legislation in Florenia is carried out via two primary modes. Acts of Parliament are passed by the Parliament of Florenia by majority vote and enter into law only after being granted royal assent by the Monarch. Royal decrees and letters patent are issued unilaterally by the Monarch, although they are limited by Parliamentary statute. On 25 November 2016 however, Eran of Florenia issued the November Declaration, which suspended Parliament and declared that his decrees would carry (in the interim) the authority of Acts of Parliament.

Acts of Parliament

  • Act 1, Constitution - assent on 9/5/2011
  • Act 2, Monthly Tax - assent on 10/23/2011
  • Act 3, Stein's Nobility - assent on 11/12/2011
  • Act 4, Honors and Knighthoods - assent on 11/27/2011
  • Act 5, Titiles and Styles - assent on 12/11/2011
  • Act 6, Elections of the Prime Minister - assent on 12/16/2011
  • Act 7, Deputy Prime Minister - assent on 12/19/2011
  • Act 8, Titles of Royals - assent on 12/20/2011
  • Act 9, Line of Succession - assent on 12/20/2011
  • Act 10, Ministries - assent on 12/20/2011
  • Act 11, Nobility - assent on 12/28/2011
  • Act 12, Royal Army - assent on 12/31/2011
  • Act 13, Royal Navy - assent on 1/1/2012
  • Act 14, Ilegal Drugs - assent on 1/1/2012
  • Act 15, Ministry of Education - assent on 1/2/2012
  • Act 16, Royal assent - assent on 4/28/2012

Under the terms of the Legislation Organization Act 2012, the convention regarding titles of Acts of Parliament was changed.

  • Act 17, Legislation Organization Act 2012 - assent on 6/10/2012
  • Act 18, Order of the Founder Act 2012 - assent on 6/10/2012
  • Act 19, Electorates Act 2012 - assent on 7/22/2012
  • Act 20, Parliament Act 2012 - assent on 7/22/2012
  • Act 21, Florenian National Order Act 2012 - assent on 8/10/2012
  • Act 22, College of Arms Act 2012 - assent on 8/11/2012
  • Act 23, Ministry of Defense Act 2012 - assent on 8/11/2012
  • Act 24, Peerage and Nobility Act 2012 - assent on 9/30/2012
  • Act 25, Crime and Punishment Act 2012 - assent on 9/30/2012
  • Act 26, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Act 2012 - assent on 9/30/2012
  • Act 27, Titles and Styles Act 2012 - assent on 10/24/2012
  • Act 28, Ministry of Finance Act 2012 - assent on 11/1/2012
  • Act 29, New Titles Act 2012 - assent on 11/24/2012
  • Act 30, Elections Act 2012 - assent on 12/22/2012
  • Act 31, Firearms Act 2013 - assent on 2/9/2013
  • Act 32, GUM Ratification Act 2013 - assent on 2/9/2013
  • Act 33, Cabinet Act 2013 - assent on 2/9/2013
  • Act 34, Title and Nobility Reform and Addition Act 2013 - assent on 9/2/2013
  • Act 35, Chivalric Reform Act 2013 - assent on 9/2/2013
  • Act 36, Environment Act 2013 - assent on 9/20/2013
  • Act 37, National Days Act 2013 - assent on 10/13/2013
  • Act 38, Property Act 2013 - assent on 11/9/2013
  • Act 39, Elections Act 2013 - assent on 12/18/2013
  • Act 40, Letters Patent Act 2014 - assent on 1/1/2014
  • Act 41, Flag of Florenia Act 2014 - assent on 1/19/2014
  • Act 42, Special Powers of the Monarch Act 2014 - assent on 6/24/2014
  • Act 43, Military Organization and Commissions Act 2014 - assent on 7/22/2014
  • Act 44, Judicial Act 2014 - assent on 8/10/2014
  • Act 45, Crime and Punishment 2014 - assent 8/10/2014
  • Act 46, Ministry of Justice Act 2014 - assent 8/10/2014
  • Act 47, Judicial Procedure and Precedence Act 2014 - assent on 8/10/2014
  • Act 48, Executive Orders Act 2014 - assent of 8/19/2014
  • Act 49, Armed Forces Orders Act 2014 - assent on 9/14/2014

Royal decrees

Under the terms of the November Declaration, Parliament was temporarily suspended and royal decrees became the preeminent mode of legislation.

  • Royal Decree of 23 December 2016 I
  • Royal Decree of 23 December 2016 II