User:Lukewalker

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Free City of Seacoln
Flag of Seacoln
Flag
Coat of arms of Seacoln
Coat of arms
Motto: "Civitatem E Mare"
The City from the Sea
Anthem: "Hymn to Seacoln"
Government logo
Seacoln.gov logo.png
Proposed seasteading location for Seacoln in Dogger Bank
Proposed seasteading location for Seacoln in Dogger Bank
Proposed planning map of the floating structures of Seacoln
Proposed planning map of the floating structures of Seacoln
StatusFloating city-state project
CapitalSeacoln
(city-state)
Government HQYork, United Kingdom
Official languages • English
 • Sign Language
Ethnic groupsNo official statistics
DemonymSeacolnite
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Ryan Bourne
Luke Walker
LegislatureLegislative Council
Formation
• Established
31 May 2020
Population
• Citizenship estimate
N/A
CurrencySeacoln pound (SCP; £)
Time zone(UTC+0)
• Summer (DST)
 (UTC+1)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+44
Internet TLD.sc

Seacoln, officially the Free City of Seacoln, is a proposed independent sovereign city-state claiming a parcel of Dogger Bank in the North Sea, where it hoped to build floating structures to create a seasteading settlement. It is commonly referred to as a micronation and/or a political project by external observers. Its nearest neighour is the United Kingdom to the west and southwest, with further neighbours including the Nordic countries to the east and northeast. The city planning proposes 112 inhabited seasteading platforms, including a densely populated grassland platform for nature reserve as instructed by Seacoln's greening policy. Seacoln has been nicknamed as the "New Venice", attributed by the design proposal of floating structures which creates a large number of canals throughout the city.

Inspired by the Seasteading Institute's Floating City Project, the proposed city-state was established as a provisional government on 31 May 2020, headquartered in York, to create a sustainable eco-friendly seasteading project-nation in the North Sea in response to climate change, such as global warming. The floating micronation proposed to locate a floating city in the North Sea, ideally anchored in Dogger Bank. The government of Seacoln claimed that doing so would have several advantages by placing it within the international legal framework and making it easier to engineer and easier for people and equipment to reach. The constitution soon was adopted on 15 June 2020, in which the proposed city-state was named "Seacoln", a republic with a ceremonial mayor as head of state.

It is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The lawmaking body, the Legislative Council serves as both levels of local and national legislatures. The Mayor of State serves as the largely ceremonial head of state, but with some important powers and duties. The head of government is the Chancellor, who is elected by the Legislative Council and appointed by the Mayor of State; the Chancellor in turn appoints cabinet members.

Seacoln is a multicultural society encompassing a wide variety of cultures and religions. It is is often referred to as the "rainbow micronation" to describe the proposed its multicultural diversity. Seacoln's economy is based on the Nordic model, which comprises the economic and social policies as well as typical cultural practices common to the Nordic countries. It includes a comprehensive welfare state and multi-level collective bargaining based on the economic foundations of free-market capitalism, with a high percentage of the workforce unionised.

History

Prehistory - the North Sea

North Sea has provided waterway access for commerce and conquest. Many areas have access to the North Sea because of its long coastline and the European rivers that empty into it.[1] The British Isles had been protected from invasion by the North Sea waters[1] until the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 CE. The Romans established organised ports, which increased shipping, and began sustained trade.[2] When the Romans abandoned Britain in 410, the Germanic Angles, Saxons, and Jutes began the next great migration across the North Sea during the Migration Period. They made successive invasions of the island.[3]

The Viking Age began in 793 with the attack on Lindisfarne; for the next quarter-millennium the Vikings ruled the North Sea. In their superior longships, they raided, traded, and established colonies and outposts along the coasts of the sea. From the Middle Ages through the 15th century, the northern European coastal ports exported domestic goods, dyes, linen, salt, metal goods and wine. The Scandinavian and Baltic areas shipped grain, fish, naval necessities, and timber. In turn the North Sea countries imported high-grade cloths, spices, and fruits from the Mediterranean region.[4] Commerce during this era was mainly conducted by maritime trade due to underdeveloped roadways.[4]

In the 13th century the Hanseatic League, though centred on the Baltic Sea, started to control most of the trade through important members and outposts on the North Sea.[5] The League lost its dominance in the 16th century, as neighbouring states took control of former Hanseatic cities and outposts. Their internal conflict prevented effective cooperation and defence.[6] As the League lost control of its maritime cities, new trade routes emerged that provided Europe with Asian, American, and African goods.[7][8]

The 17th century Dutch Golden Age during which Dutch herring, cod and whale fisheries reached an all time high[4] saw Dutch power at its zenith.[9][10] Important overseas colonies, a vast merchant marine, powerful navy and large profits made the Dutch the main challengers to an ambitious England. This rivalry led to the first three Anglo-Dutch Wars between 1652 and 1673, which ended with Dutch victories.[10] After the Glorious Revolution in 1688, the Dutch prince William ascended to the English throne. With unified leadership, commercial, military, and political power began to shift from Amsterdam to London.[11] The British did not face a challenge to their dominance of the North Sea until the 20th century.[12]

German cruiser SMS Blücher sinks in the Battle of Dogger Bank on 25 January 1915.

Tensions in the North Sea were again heightened in 1904 by the Dogger Bank incident. During the Russo-Japanese War, several ships of the Russian Baltic Fleet, which was on its way to the Far East, mistook British fishing boats for Japanese ships and fired on them, and then upon each other, near the Dogger Bank, nearly causing Britain to enter the war on the side of Japan.

During the First World War, Great Britain's Grand Fleet and Germany's Kaiserliche Marine faced each other in the North Sea,[13] which became the main theatre of the war for surface action.[13] Britain's larger fleet and North Sea Mine Barrage were able to establish an effective blockade for most of the war, which restricted the Central Powers' access to many crucial resources.[14] Major battles included the Battle of Heligoland Bight,[15] the Battle of the Dogger Bank,[16] and the Battle of Jutland.[16] World War I also brought the first extensive use of submarine warfare, and a number of submarine actions occurred in the North Sea.[17]

The Second World War also saw action in the North Sea,[18] though it was restricted more to aircraft reconnaissance, and action by fighter/bomber aircraft, submarines, and smaller vessels such as minesweepers and torpedo boats.[19]

In the aftermath of the war, hundreds of thousands of tons of chemical weapons were disposed of by being dumped in the North Sea.[20]

Free City of Seacoln

The flag raising in York, at the Government of Seacoln headquarters, was performed by Luke Walker and some of his associates on the same day the micronation was proclaimed. Walker is a member of the British Labour Party, which bases its values on democratic socialism, social democracy and trade unionism.

Government and politics

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Britannica
  2. Cuyvers, Luc (1986). The Strait of Dover. BRILL. p. 2. ISBN 9789024732524. https://books.google.com/books?id=WBX6rrR20zYC&pg=PA2. 
  3. Green, Dennis Howard (2003). The Continental Saxons from the Migration Period to the Tenth Century: An Ethnographic Perspective. Frank Siegmund. Boydell Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 9781843830269. https://books.google.com/?id=MThYNoTutLkC&pg=PA49. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  5. Lewis, H. D.; Ross, Archibald; Runyan, Timothy J. (1985). European Naval and Maritime History, 300–1500. Indiana University Press. p. 128. ISBN 9780253320827. https://books.google.com/?id=OzIRDbARyWIC&pg=PA128. 
  6. Hansen, Mogens Herman (2000). A Comparative Study of Thirty City-state Cultures: An Investigation. Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. p. 305. ISBN 9788778761774. https://books.google.com/?id=8qvY8pxVxcwC&pg=PA305. 
  7. Køppen, Adolph Ludvig; Karl Spruner von Merz (1854). The World in the Middle Ages. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 179. OCLC 3621972. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_4bujwAigzEgC. 
  8. Ripley, George R; Charles Anderson Dana (1869). The New American Cyclopædia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge. New York: D. Appleton. p. 540. https://books.google.com/?id=2AAoAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA539. 
  9. Cook, Harold John (2007). Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the Dutch Golden Age. Yale University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-300-11796-7. https://books.google.com/?id=haiG4P79gysC&pg=PA7. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Findlay, Ronald; Kevin H. O'Rourke (2007). Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium. Princeton University Press. p. 187 and 238. ISBN 9780691118543. https://archive.org/details/powerplentytrade00rona. 
  11. MacDonald, Scott (2004). A History of Credit and Power in the Western World. Albert L. Gastmann. Transaction Publishers. pp. 122–127, 134. ISBN 978-0-7658-0833-2. https://books.google.com/?id=5wlngm9J29kC&pg=PA134. 
  12. Sondhaus, Lawrence (2001). Naval Warfare, 1815–1914. New York: Routledge. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-415-21478-0. https://books.google.com/?id=TKXn0IQBKCcC&pg=PA183. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Halpern, Paul G. (1994). A naval history of World War I. Ontario: Routledge. pp. 29, 180. ISBN 978-1-85728-498-0. https://books.google.com/?id=6hwb6ovvYCcC&printsec=frontcover. 
  14. Tucker, Spencer (September 2005) [2005]. World War I: Encyclopedia. Priscilla Mary Roberts. New York, USA: ABC-CLIO. pp. 836–838. ISBN 978-1-85109-420-2. https://books.google.com/?id=B1cMtKQP3P8C&pg=RA2-PA836. 
  15. Osborne, Eric W. (2006). The Battle of Heligoland Bight. London: Indiana University Press. p. Introduction. ISBN 978-0-253-34742-8. https://books.google.com/?id=4IcGeprPmDkC&printsec=frontcover. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Sondhaus, Lawrence (2004). Navies in Modern World History. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 190–193, 256. ISBN 978-1-86189-202-7. https://books.google.com/?id=Ka-1eQRnXMUC&printsec=frontcover. 
  17. Tucker, Spencer; Priscilla Mary Roberts (September 2005) [2005]. World War I: Encyclopedia. London: ABC-CLIO. pp. 165, 203, 312. ISBN 9781851094202. https://books.google.com/?id=B1cMtKQP3P8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=World+War+I:+Encyclopedia. 
  18. Frank, Hans (15 October 2007) [2007]. German S-Boats in Action in the Second World War: In the Second World War. Naval Institute Press. pp. 12–30. ISBN 9781591143093. https://books.google.com/?id=lGDxkiWKa-IC&pg=PA12. 
  19. "Atlantic, WW2, U-boats, convoys, OA, OB, SL, HX, HG, Halifax, RCN ..." Naval-History.net. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
  20. Kaffka, Alexander V. (1996). Sea-dumped Chemical Weapons: Aspects, Problems, and Solutions. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Scientific Affairs Division. New York, USA: Springer. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-7923-4090-4. https://books.google.com/?id=TGJ5qp7QrgMC&pg=PA49. 

External links

 • Official website