User:Frix/Sandbox2

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of laws and statutes (The Constitution, Acts of Assembly and Princely Decrees) that are or have been active in Beacon City. They are in order of original enactment, but includes both the original and latest amended version.

Contents

The Constitution

Amended by:

  • First Amendment (Princely Reform)

Latest amended version

Preamble

We, the People of the Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards, represented by our Prince, declare the following as the fundamental law of the Principality, under which the freedom and sovereignty of our people will be protected.

Section I: The Prince of Beacon City

Article I. The Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards will be ruled by a Prince of Beacon City. This Prince will be the symbol and head of the Principality.

Article II. The Prince of Beacon City is the source of power in the Principality, and exercises their power according to this Constitution.

Article III. Upon the Prince of Beacon City’s death, abdication, or other relinquishment of the Princely Throne, it will be succeeded by an heir chosen by the Prince of Beacon City preceding their death, known as the Hereditary Prince of Beacon City. Should an heir have not been chosen, then the Princely Throne will be passed on through absolute primogeniture.

Article IV. The Prince of Beacon City gives sanction to laws, be they Acts of Assembly or Decree.

Article V. The Prince of Beacon City has the prerogative to declare war and make peace.

Article VI. The Prince of Beacon City has the prerogative to order pardon.

Article VII. The Prince of Beacon City has the prerogative to give and revoke citizenship.

Article VIII. The Prince of Beacon City has the prerogative to confer titles of rank, orders, other marks of honour, and their own duties.

Section II: The Municipal Assembly

Article I. There will be a Beaconite Municipal Assembly, consisting of a single house. Though all of its laws require the Prince of Beacon City’s ratification, it will function as the main legislative body of the Principality.

Article II. Members of the Assembly will be known as Assemblypersons (Assemblymen or Assemblywomen). They will be addressed with the title Assemblyperson.

Article III. The Municipal Assembly will be composed of the Prince of Beacon City and democratically chosen Assemblypersons sent by the people according to the Law of Election.

Article IV. The Prince of Beacon City may appoint more Assemblypersons so long as the Assembly does not increase in size by more than 50%.

Article V. The Assemblypersons will designate a Chief Minister, with a majority of all Assemblypersons’ support and the approval of the Prince of Beacon City. This may not be the Prince of Beacon City. The designation must precede all other business.

Article VI. The Chief Minister will hold certain powers as designated in Section III, and as given in law.

Article VII. A bill must receive a majority of votes to be signed into law as an Act of Assembly.

Article VIII. The Prince of Beacon City must ratify a bill for it to become law; the Prince of Beacon City also reserves the right to refuse to ratify it.

Article IX. The Municipal Assembly will serve a 105 day term. At the end of the term, the Municipal Assembly is dissolved and new elections are held.

Article X. The Municipal Assembly can be dissolved before the end of the term by either the Prince of Beacon City or a Motion of Early Dissolution.

Article XI. The Chief Minister can be removed from the Premiership before the end of the term by a Motion of No Confidence. The Chief Minister and their Ministers of State are removed from office as a result, and the Municipal Assembly must elect a new Chief Minister.

Article XII. The Assemblypersons will designate a Supreme Judge, with a supermajority of ⅔ and the approval of the Prince of Beacon City. This may not be the Prince of Beacon City.

Article XIII. The Supreme Judge will impartially interpret laws, including this Constitution, and apply them accordingly.

Section III: The Executive

Article I. The Chief Minister will lead the Cabinet, serving as a primus inter pares. The Cabinet is composed of the appointed Ministers of State and the Prince of Beacon City.

Article II. The Ministers of State will lead executive departments pertaining to certain issues.

Article III. The Cabinet will serve as an advisory body to the Prince of Beacon City.

Article IV. The Cabinet will conduct all affairs of state and manage foreign affairs, with the approval of the Municipal Assembly.

Section IV: Rights of Subjects

Article I. The conditions necessary for being a Beaconite subject will be determined by law.

Article II. All people are to be respected as individuals. Their right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness will, to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare, be the supreme consideration in legislation and in other governmental affairs.

Article III. All people are equal under the law and there will be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed or sex. No Beaconite subject will be arrested, detained, tried or punished, unless according to law.

Article IV. No Beaconite subject will be deprived of their right of being tried by the judges determined by law. The accused will enjoy the right to an impartial trial, the right to call upon witnesses and the right to examine the witnesses against them.

Article V. Beaconite subjects will, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.

Article VI. Beaconite subjects will, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.

Article VII. Every person will have the right of peaceful petition for the removal of public officials or the enactment, repeal or amendment of laws.

Article VIII. Beaconite subjects will have the right to choose their Municipal Assembly representatives.

Article IX. Universal adult suffrage is guaranteed with regard to the election of Assemblypersons. In all elections, secrecy of the ballot will not be violated. A voter will not be answerable, publicly or privately, for the choice they have made.

Section V: General Articles and Provisions

Article I. The state will be known officially as the Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards.

Article II. English will be the working language of the Principality.

Article III. When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a motion to that effect will be submitted to the Municipal Assembly. An Amendment requires a supermajority of ⅔ of all Assemblypersons’ support and the Prince of Beacon City’s approval to pass.

Signed

Prince James Reginald Frisch of Beacon City, Prince of Beacon City - 09/02/15

Countersigned

Thomas Cassidy, Former New Winterdownese Defence Minister and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Richard Hytholoday, Former New Winterdownese Culture Minister and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Susanoo Rusakova, Ruler of Novadal, Former New Winterdownese Municipal Assemblyman and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Original format

Preamble

We, the People of the Beaconite Empire, represented by our Emperor, declare the following as the fundamental law of the Empire, under which the freedom and sovereignty of our people will be protected.

Section I: The Emperor

Article I. The Beaconite Empire will be ruled by an Emperor. This Emperor will be the symbol and head of the Empire.

Article II. The Emperor is the source of power in the Empire, and exercises their power according to this Constitution.

Article III. Upon the Emperor’s death, abdication, or other relinquishment of the Imperial Throne, it will be succeeded by an heir chosen by the Emperor preceding their death, known as the Crown Prince. Should an heir have not been chosen, then the Imperial Throne will be passed on through absolute primogeniture.

Article IV. The Emperor gives sanction to laws, be they Acts of Assembly or Decree.

Article V. The Emperor has the prerogative to declare war and make peace.

Article VI. The Emperor has the prerogative to order pardon.

Article VII. The Emperor has the prerogative to give and revoke citizenship.

Article VIII. The Emperor has the prerogative to confer titles of rank, orders, other marks of honour, and their own duties.

Section II: The Imperial Assembly

Article I. There will be a Beaconite Imperial Assembly, consisting of a single house. Though all of its laws require the Emperor’s ratification, it will function as the main legislative body of the Empire.

Article II. Members of the Assembly will be known as Assemblypersons (Assemblymen or Assemblywomen). They will be addressed with the title Assemblyperson.

Article III. The Imperial Assembly will be composed of the Emperor and democratically chosen Assemblypersons sent by the people according to the Law of Election.

Article IV. The Emperor may appoint more Assemblypersons so long as the Assembly does not increase in size by more than 50%.

Article V. The Assemblypersons will designate a President of the Imperial Assembly, with a supermajority of ⅔ of all Assemblypersons’ support and the approval of the Emperor. This may not be the Emperor. The designation must precede all other business.

Article VI. The President of the Imperial Assembly will hold certain powers as designated in Section III, and as given in law.

Article VII. A bill must receive a majority of votes to be signed into law as an Act of Assembly.

Article VIII. The Emperor must ratify a bill for it to become law; the Emperor also reserves the right to refuse to ratify it.

Article IX. The Imperial Assembly will serve a 105 day term. At the end of the term, the Imperial Assembly is dissolved and new elections are held.

Article X. The Imperial Assembly can be dissolved before the end of the term by either the Emperor or a Motion of Early Dissolution.

Article XI. The President of the Imperial Assembly can be removed from the Presidency before the end of the term by a Motion of No Confidence. The President of the Imperial Assembly and their Ministers of State are removed from office as a result, and the Imperial Assembly must elect a new President of the Imperial Assembly.

Article XII. The Assemblypersons will designate a Supreme Judge, with a supermajority of ⅔ and the approval of the Emperor. This may not be the Emperor.

Article XIII. The Supreme Judge will impartially interpret laws, including this Constitution, and apply them accordingly.

Section III: The Executive

Article I. The President of the Imperial Assembly will lead the Cabinet, serving as a primus inter pares. The Cabinet is composed of the appointed Ministers of State and the Emperor.

Article II. The Ministers of State will lead executive departments pertaining to certain issues.

Article III. The Cabinet will serve as an advisory body to the Emperor.

Article IV. The Cabinet will conduct all affairs of state and manage foreign affairs, with the approval of the Imperial Assembly.

Section IV: Rights of Subjects

Article I. The conditions necessary for being a Beaconite subject will be determined by law.

Article II. All people are to be respected as individuals. Their right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness will, to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare, be the supreme consideration in legislation and in other governmental affairs.

Article III. All people are equal under the law and there will be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed or sex.

Article IV. No Beaconite subject will be arrested, detained, tried or punished, unless according to law.

Article V. No Beaconite subject will be deprived of their right of being tried by the judges determined by law. The accused will enjoy the right to an impartial trial, the right to call upon witnesses and the right to examine the witnesses against them.

Article VI. Beaconite subjects will, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.

Article VII. Beaconite subjects will, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.

Article VIII. Every person will have the right of peaceful petition for the removal of public officials or the enactment, repeal or amendment of laws.

Article IX. Beaconite subjects will have the right to choose their Imperial Assembly representatives. Universal adult suffrage is guaranteed with regard to the election of Assemblypersons. In all elections, secrecy of the ballot will not be violated. A voter will not be answerable, publicly or privately, for the choice they have made.

Section V: General Articles and Provisions

Article I. The state will be known officially as the Beaconite Empire.

Article II. English will be the working language of the Empire.

Article III. When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a motion to that effect will be submitted to the Imperial Assembly. An Amendment requires a supermajority of ⅔ of all Assemblypersons’ support and the Emperor’s approval to pass.

Signed

Emperor James Reginald Frisch of Beacon City, Beaconite Emperor - 09/02/15

Countersigned

Thomas Cassidy, Former New Winterdownese Defence Minister and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Richard Hytholoday, Former New Winterdownese Culture Minister and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Susanoo Rusakova, Ruler of Novadal, Former New Winterdownese Imperial Assemblyman and Beaconite Transition Council Member - 09/02/15

Princely Decrees of 22nd December, 2014

Amended by:

  • First Amendment (Princely Reform)
  • Dominions and Wards Act 2015 (Establishment)

Latest amended version

1. The Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards, as the successor state to New Winterdown, shall remain in the Würtige Empire, assuming the Empire has no issue with this.

2. All New Winterdownese legislatures and decision making bodies are to be disbanded, with all accompanying titles removed. Novadali titles and bodies are exempt from this and may continue to function regionally.

Original format

1. The Beaconite Empire, as the successor state to New Winterdown, shall remain in the Würtige Empire, assuming the Empire has no issue with this.

2. All New Winterdownese legislatures and decision making bodies are to be disbanded, with all accompanying titles removed. Novadali titles and bodies are exempt from this and may continue to function regionally.

3. The Region of New Winterdown shall become the Capital Region, and be known as the Capital Region of Beacon City.

4. The Region of Greater New Winterdown shall be known as the Region of New Winterdown.

5. The Regions of Civetia and Longbridges shall become Territories, and be known as Civetia Territory and Longbridges Territory respectively.

Princely Decrees of 3rd February, 2015

Amended by:

  • Dominions and Wards Act 2015 (Establishment)

Latest amended version

No longer in effect.

Original format

1. The Region of Zenorfivel will be created.

Princely Decrees of 23rd February, 2015

Amended by:

  • Decrees of 18th July, 2015
  • Many articles rendered no longer in effect by Princely Decrees of 8th March, 2015

Latest amended version

Section I

No longer in effect.

Section II

2. An office of Electoral Commissioner will be created. The Prince of Beacon City will hold the office by default but may defer it to another person.

Original format

Section I

1. These articles are to serve as the Law of Election.

2. Each Region will send one representative to the Beaconite Imperial Assembly. This representative will be elected by the Alternative Vote system.

3. The Emperor, as a member of the Imperial Assembly, is expected to represent the Capital Region's interests in the Imperial Assembly.

Section II

1. The first election to the Beaconite Imperial Assembly will begin at 7:00 AM UTC on the 10th of March, 2015. It will end at 7:00 AM UTC on the 13th of March, 2015.

2. An office of Electoral Commissioner will be created. The Emperor will hold the office by default but may defer it to another person.

3. The Electoral Commissioner will inform the public of the election prior to it taking place.

4. The Electoral Commissioner will be responsible for collecting votes and maintaining the secrecy of the ballot.

5. All candidates for the election must inform the Electoral Commissioner with 2 days notice to the election.

6. Candidates may give the Electoral Commissioner a description of themselves not exceeding 500 characters (with some leniency given at the Electoral Commissioner's discretion), to be provided on the ballot slip so as to inform voters of the candidates' political views and intentions.

Princely Decrees of 6th March, 2015

Amended by:

  • Dominions and Wards Act 2015 (Establishment)

Latest amended version

No longer in effect.

Original format

Section I

1. The Beaconite Empire comprises three types of administrative divisions: Regions, Territories, and the Capital Region.

2. The Capital Region is the seat of the Emperor and the government. It is administered directly by the government. The current Capital Region is Beacon City. Under the current Law of Election at the time of this decree, the Capital Region is represented in the Imperial Assembly by the Emperor.

3. The Regions are typically administered by the government, though they may be delegated powers the form of a Regional government. The current Regions are New Winterdown, Brooklawns, Novadal and Zenorfivel. Under the current Law of Election at the time of this decree, the Regions have one seat each in the Imperial Assembly.

4. The Territories are administered directly by the government. The current Territories are Longbridges and Civetia. Under the current Law of Election at the time of this decree, the Territories have no seats in the Imperial Assembly.

Section II

1. The Region of Novadal will be delegated a Regional government in the form of the Rulership of Novadal.

2. The Ruler of Novadal will be the absolute monarch in Novadal and have the power to create and implement laws concerning local symbols, local environmental issues and local culture.

3. The current Ruler of Novadal at the time of this decree is Susanoo Rusakova.

4. The Rulership lasts for life, and is passed on to an heir named by the Ruler preceding the Ruler’s death, abdication, or other relinquishment of the Rulership. Should an heir have not been chosen, then the Rulership will be passed on through absolute primogeniture.

5. The Regional government may change form at any point provided that the change takes place within Beaconite and Novadali law.

Princely Decrees of 8th March, 2015

Amended by:

  • Many articles rendered no longer in effect by Princely Decrees of 30th March, 2015

Latest amended version

No longer in effect.

Original format

1. In light of the lack of candidates who have nominated themselves, the first election to the Beaconite Imperial Assembly is postponed. It will begin at 7:00 AM UTC on the 7th of April, 2015. It will end at 7:00 AM UTC on the 10th of April, 2015.

2. The Electoral Commissioner will inform the public of the new election dates prior to it taking place.

Princely Decrees of 30th March, 2015

Amended by:

  • Many articles rendered no longer in effect by Princely Decrees of 26th July, 2015

Latest amended version

No longer in effect.

Original format

1. In light of the lack of candidates who have nominated themselves, the first election to the Beaconite Imperial Assembly is postponed until a suitable number of candidates stand for election. This number will be one candidate per Region, for a total minimum of four candidates.

2. The Electoral Commissioner will inform the public of the new election dates prior to it taking place.

Princely Decrees of 7th April, 2015

Latest amended version

1. The official flag of the Principality of Beacon City is to be a vertical triband, with the central band to be white and the two exterior bands to be black. In the centre of the central band, there is to be a brown torch, with red flames.

Original format

1. The official flag of the Beaconite Empire is to be a vertical triband, with the central band to be white and the two exterior bands to be black. In the centre of the central band, there is to be a brown torch, with red flames.

Princely Decrees of 26th July, 2015

Amended by:

  • First Amendment (Princely Reform)

Latest amended version

1. These articles will serve as the Law of Election.

2. The Municipal Assembly will become a direct democracy, where any citizen may choose to elect themselves to join the Municipal Assembly.

3. A citizen wishing to elect themselves to the Municipal Assembly must inform the Electoral Commissioner in order to be given a seat.

Original format

1. These articles will serve as the Law of Election.

2. The Imperial Assembly will become a direct democracy, where any citizen may choose to elect themselves to join the Imperial Assembly.

3. A citizen wishing to elect themselves to the Imperial Assembly must inform the Electoral Commissioner in order to be given a seat.

Political Parties and Caucuses Act 2015 (Establishment)

Amended by:

  • First Amendment (Princely Reform)
  • Citation Act 2016

Latest amended version

The following Bill concerns the official establishment of political parties and partisan government in the Principality, as well as additional provisions for parliamentary groupings of independents in the Municipal Assembly.

1. A group of two or more persons in the Principality, sharing certain views concerning the politics of the Principality, may found and organise themselves into a Political Party, under the condition that they notify the Electoral Commissioner of its creation.

2. A group of Assemblypersons who all share membership of the same Political Party may form a parliamentary grouping known as a Party Caucus.

3. A person in the Empire who wishes to partake in the governance of the Principality in the Assembly or elsewhere, but does not wish to join or found a Political Party, is considered an Independent politician.

4. Independent Assemblypersons of similar views, but not wishing to form a Political Party, may form a parliamentary grouping known as an Independent Caucus.

5. Alternatively, an Independent Assemblyperson may ask to join an existing Party Caucus.

6. A person may only be a member of a single Political Party.

7. A person may only be a member of a single Caucus.

Original format

The following Bill concerns the official establishment of political parties and partisan government in the Empire, as well as additional provisions for parliamentary groupings of independents in the Imperial Assembly.

1. A group of two or more persons in the Empire, sharing certain views concerning the politics of the Empire, may found and organise themselves into a Political Party, under the condition that they notify the Electoral Commissioner of its creation.

2. A group of Assemblypersons who all share membership of the same Political Party may form a parliamentary grouping known as a Party Caucus.

3. A person in the Empire who wishes to partake in the governance of the Empire in the Assembly or elsewhere, but does not wish to join or found a Political Party, is considered an Independent politician.

4. Independent Assemblypersons of similar views, but not wishing to form a Political Party, may form a parliamentary grouping known as an Independent Caucus.

5. Alternatively, an Independent Assemblyperson may ask to join an existing Party Caucus.

6. A person may only be a member of a single Political Party.

7. A person may only be a member of a single Caucus.

First Amendment (Princely Reform)

Amended by:

  • Citation Act 2016

The following Bill concerns the reform and restylisation of the Beaconite Empire into the Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards, including the full renaming of current bodies. This Bill additionally contains constitutional amendments (specified), meaning that it must be passed with a majority of two-thirds.

1. The Beaconite Empire will henceforth be known as the Principality of Beacon City and its Associated Dominions and Wards. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the Beaconite Empire, including Article XXXV of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly.

2. The Beaconite Emperor will henceforth be known as the Prince of Beacon City, or for a female the Princess of Beacon City. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the Beaconite Emperor, including Section I of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly.

3. The Beaconite Crown Prince will henceforth be known as the Hereditary Prince of Beacon City, or for a female the Hereditary Princess of Beacon City. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the Beaconite Crown Prince, including Section I of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly.

4. The Imperial Throne will henceforth be known as the Princely Throne. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the Imperial Throne, including Section I of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly.

5. The Beaconite Imperial Assembly will henceforth be known as the Beaconite Municipal Assembly. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the Beaconite Imperial Assembly, including Section II of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly.

6. Any other references to the Empire or something Imperial will henceforth be known as the Principality or something Municipal. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the something Imperial will be amended accordingly.

7. The President of the Imperial Assembly will henceforth be known as the Chief Minister of Beacon City. Any Acts, Decrees, and articles of the Beaconite Constitution in effect that make reference to the President of the Beaconite Imperial Assembly, including Section II of the Constitution, will be amended accordingly. In addition, the election for the Chief Minister will only require an election on a simple majority, rather than a supermajority.

Dominions and Wards Act 2015 (Establishment)

Amended by:

  • Citation Act 2016

Latest amended version

The following Bill concerns the reform of the administrative divisions of the Principality. The Bill removes the largely unnecessary distinction between Regions and Territories, merging them into Wards, and providing a separate avenue for devolution if necessary.

1. The current administrative division system of Regions, Territories and Capital Regions will be abolished and replaced with two types of administrative division, the Ward and the Dominion.

2. The area of the former Capital Region of Beacon City occupied by the Imperial Grounds will form the Imperial Ward. The adjective Imperial is used as homage to the history of Beacon City as an Empire.

3. The remaining area of the former Capital Region of Beacon City will form the Inner City Ward.

4. The area of the former Region of New Winterdown will form the Outer City Ward.

5. The area of the former Region of Brooklawns will form the Brooklawns Ward.

6. The area of the former Territory of Civetia will form the Civetian Ward.

7. The area of the former Territory of Longbridges will form the Longbridges Ward.

8. A Dominion will have a certain level of autonomy from the Principality, and be administered by a head of an autonomous government chosen under the Dominion's system of government.

9. The area of the previous Region of Novadal will form the Dominion of Novadal. The Dominion of Novadal will be an absolute monarchy headed by Susanoo Rusakova I, former Ruler of Novadal, who will maintain the title of Ruler.

10. The Ruler of Novadal will have the power to create and implement laws concerning local symbols, local environmental issues and local culture.

11. The Rulership of Novadal will last for life, and be passed on to an heir named by the Ruler preceding the Ruler’s death, abdication, or other relinquishment of the Rulership. Should an heir have not been chosen, then the Rulership will be passed on through absolute primogeniture.

National Symbols Act 2016

Latest amended version

The following Bill concerns national symbols that represent the Principality as a whole.

1. The national motto of the Principality will be “Terram, populum, lucem”.

2. The Patron Saint of the Principality will be St. Venerius the Hermit.

3. The national animal of the Principality will be the Mute Swan, also known as the Cygnus olor.

4. The national mythical animal of the Principality shall be the Ziz. as described in Jewish mythology.

5. The national beverage of the Principality shall be dandelion and burdock.

6. The national dish of the Principality shall be the Beacon sarnie. This is a sandwich containing bacon and curry sauce.