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|— Vəlāyat of Nedlando-Khorașan —|
|Founded||18 February 2013|
|- Vali||Robert Ștefănescu|
|Population (15 August 2017)|
Carpathia (Romanian: Carpatia, Romanian IPA: [kar' pa.tja]), is a vəlāyat and department of Nedlando-Khorașan, and a former Paravian federal state. It claims four houses in Brașov county under a government claiming independence from the government of Romania. However, since it cannot control most of the territory it claims under the Government, it is commonly known as a micronation. It has a population of 13, based on estimated demographic figures.
It is a directorial republic, with the Government of Carpathia acting as a collective head of state, and the unicameral National Constituent Assembly being the legislative one. The region is divided in municipalities (Romanian: comune), with various levels of devolution from the Regional Government.
The foundation date of Carpathia as a republic is 18 February 2013, later becoming a monarchy on 12 May 2013, although the current state of it as an alternative government has begun on 30 December 2015, with the official foundation of the Regional Parliament of Carpathia. The next month, on 21 January 2016, Carpathia became independent through a Declaration of Independence signed by 57 MPs.
The name of the region comes from the name of the mountains encompassing it; the Carpathians, a mountain range in Central Europe.
The earliest micronational entity related to Carpathia was the Social Liberal Republic of Romania, which was founded in August 2012, in the current capital city of Carpathia. There is little information about its existence, apart from the few mentions of it.
The first Republic
One of the predecessors of today's Carpathia, the Federal Republic of South-Eastern Carpathians, was founded on 18 February 2013, claiming roughly the same territory as the current Regional Government of Carpathia. A Declaration of Independence was signed by the self-proclaimed President, on the same day.
As the name tells, it was a federal republic ruled by a Federal President, being divided in two Federal States: Carpathians, where the capital Neue Kronstadt was located, and Prut, a tiny spot of land along the river dividing Romania and Moldova, and lacking any further administrative divisions.
It was largely unknown to the wider micronational community, and was largely isolated, as it had no relations with any other micronation.
On 12 May 2013, the Federal Republic of South-Eastern Carpathians became the Federal Kingdom of South-Eastern Carpathians, with the head of state becoming the King. It has proved to be one of the most fruitful timespans in Carpathia's history, as it entered the larger micronational community and began to establish diplomatic relations with multiple nations across it, such as Ashukovo and Akebar. Moreover, a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation was forged by Carpathia and Akebar in September, developing the relationship between the two nations.
However, in December 2013, it became a republic again, while preparing for accession in Ashukovo, thus reverting to its older system of governance.
The second Republic and Ashukovo
In December 2013, Carpathia became a republic again, as it was a requirement for joining Ashukovo. For a short time, before joining the Federation, it was ruled by a President, shortly after becoming a Governor. As a state within Ashukovo, it was entitled to 2 members in Ashukovo's Parliament, and was represented by the Federal Government of Ashukovo in various micronational organisations, such as the GUM.
However, in early 2014, Carpathia's status in the Federation was downgraded to being a Federal Territory, enjoying less autonomy from Ashukovo's Federal Government, under the name of Federal Territory of Neue Kronstadt, with the capital in the eponymous city. Shortly after, it fell into inactivity, although it is reported that Carpathia may have been claimed by Ashukovo until its demise in late 2014.
In December 2015, Carpathia was re-founded, this time as a Regional Government, an alternative government claiming sovereignty (previously, full fiscal autonomy) from Romania's central government. However, since it cannot control most of the territory it claims, and its claimed state is not recognised, it is generally considered a micronation. It is ruled by the Government of Carpathia, which acts as a collective head of state. The Prime Minister, as is the whole Cabinet, is responsible to the legislature, the Regional Parliament of Carpathia. On 21 January 2016, Carpathia became independent through a declaration of independence signed by 57 MPs and countersigned by the prime minister on the same day.
Carpathia's controlled territory, the Special Administrative Region of Brașov, has a surface area of 900 square metres, is located in the Brașov Depression within the Curvature Carpathians, with an altitude of 550 metres above the sea level.
However, Carpathia's claimed territory is more diverse geographically, having a surface area of around 2000 square kilometres, with altitudes ranging from 500 metres above the sea level in the northern areas of the region, to 1954 metres above the sea level, in the Ciucaș peak of the Curvature Carpathians, and is bordered and crossed by the Olt, one of Romania's major rivers.
|Flag||Coat of arms||Name||Capital||Population||Beg||Official language|
As most of Romania, Carpathia has a continental climate, with temperature amplitudes often crossing the threshold of 50 degrees Celsius, each year. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Romania was recorded in the northern part of Carpathia, at Bod (-38.5 degrees Celsius), on 25 January 1942. The highest temperature ever recorded in the region was recorded in the same village, on 9 September 1946 (+37.2 degrees Celsius).
The administrative system of Carpathia is not different from the one used in the rest of Romania: the region is divided in municipalities (locally called comune), which usually compose the eponymous villages, towns or cities, but can also include other, usually smaller, settlements. However, in addition to the municipalities, a Special Administrative Region, being the territory controlled by the Regional Government of Carpathia, is located in the central part of the region, acting as a de facto capital for Carpathia.
Carpathia's economy is generally developed, especially in its claimed territories, its main sectors being industry and services, with agriculture being not developed. As per the Second Amendment to the Charter of Rights and Liberties of Carpathia, the region has a market economy, the right to found an enterprise being enshrined in law. However, the right to social protection is also encompassed in the Second Amendment, enabling citizens in need to receive discounts to taxes, payments, food or shelter. The minimum wage in Carpathia is identical to Romania's overall minimum wage: 1050 lei gross a month.
Carpathia's culture is very similar to the culture in the rest of Romania, and it uses the same language as the aforementioned country, Romanian. Except to a few regional differences, Carpathia's culture can be considered as being identical to Romania's one.
Symbols and holidays
The symbols of Carpathia, as well as its holidays, are decided by the Second Amendment to the Charter of Rights and Liberties, and central statutes. While holidays in Carpathia are identical to those in other parts of Romania, except the Establishment Day (18 February) and Parliament Day (30 December), the national symbols are the regional flag and the regional anthem, the provisional one being Ode to Joy, as well as other symbols mentioned in the Second Amendment.
As per the Constitution, the right to free speech and thought is guaranteed. However, Carpathia-specific media is not developed, but media channels in other parts of Romania operate in Carpathia too, with some local newspapers in the capital city. Since the Charter guarantees the right to free speech, any citizen has a right to found a newspaper or any other media channel.
List of newspapers
- Gazeta Carpatiei (owned by Stefanescu)
- Carpatia Nouă (owned by the former leaders of the Liberal Party of Carpathia)
- Socialismul în Carpatia (owned by the former leaders of the Social Democratic Party)
- Carpatia Național Liberală (owned by the former leaders of the National Liberal Party)