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Kingdom of Sorrenia

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{{Infobox nation
|name = Kingdom of Sorrenia (English)<br>Tiarnas Sorrenya (Cumbric)<br>
The '''Kingdom of Sorrenia''' ([[w:Cumbric|Cumbric]]: ''Tiarnas Sorrenya''), also occasionally known as the '''New Kingdom of Northumbria''' is a micronation claiming sovereignty over all of [[w:Northern England|Northern England]]. Founded in 2013 as the [[Sorrenian Federation]], the Kingdom now claims almost 29,000&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup> of land which is divided into nineteen counties. The entirety of Sorrenia's claim is located in [[w:Great Britain|Great Britain]], and is part of one contiguous mass.
== Etymology ==
{{Main|Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova}}
Sorrenia's direct predecessor was the [[Kozlova|Democratic People's Republic of Kozlova]], founded in June of 2012. The idea of micronationalism was first introduced to the founders of Sorrenia by [[Rilgar Ompastre]], a friend from school who had earlier founded [[Dalton]], which later became [[Dradelia]].
Martin Aquinas, Dominik of Kozlova, and Lewis Wild, were enthused by the idea, and founded Kozlova together. Intended to be a communist nation, Kozlova was nevertheless generally dismissive of soviet-style politics, and open to multi-party elections.
Kozlova saw an immediate burst of activity, and reached a population of ten citizens. By the end of 2012 however, Kozlova had entered into a period of inactivity. This was exacerbated when Lewis Wild left, founding [[Yavaria]]; Dominik followed suit, leaving micronationalism altogether. Kozlova entered into a period of dormancy, while several ex-Kozlovans took the opportunity to secede, founding anti-Kozlovan micronations.
By the summer of 2013, the remaining Kozlovan rump state entered into negotiations with the rebel micronations, who collectively agreed to disband their micronations and form a new one. This new micronation, named Sorrenia, was to retain an egalitarian and multi-party ethos, while abandoning references to communism. The Sorrenian Federation was officially created in November of 2013.
=== Sorrenian Federation ===
{{Main|Sorrenian Federation}}
=== War of the Sorrenian Succession ===
{{Main|War of the Sorrenian Succession}}
[[File:Warofsorreniansuccession.png|thumb|Map of the [[War of the Sorrenian Succession#Battles|War of Succession Battles]] <br> <small> Gold: [[New Monarchists]] victory <br> Red: [[Socialist League]] victory <br> Blue: [[Dradelia|Dradelian]] victory <br> Brown: [[Kingdom of Morgannwg|Morgannwgydd]] victory <br> Grey: Inconclusive result </small>]]
After several years of hiatus, a group of leftists located in [[Bowburn]] and [[Sherburn]] formed the [[Socialist League of Sorrenia|Socialist League]], with the explicit intention of overthrowing the State of Sorrenia and reforming the Federation. [[Adam Scargill]] emerged as a leader of the League, with [[Harold Wanton]] leading the Sherburn contingent. Only a small number of the League however had participated in the Sorrenian Federation, and most were new to micronationalism altogether.
The League saw great success, first pushing State troops from southern Sorrenia, after which they attacked Durham, seizing the historic capital of [[Levaria]]. As the League saw successes in the south and east however, a disparate number of groups began to organise in the north and west; fearful of a return to socialism, conservatives, monarchists, and centrists coalesced around [[King Ronald I]], who hoped to establish a new monarchy in Sorrenia.
The two groups first met each other in [[Bernicia]], where they fought over a store of armaments. Led by [[Michael Disraeli]] and [[Phillip Pompeia]], the [[Royal Army of Sorrenia|Royal Army]] defeated the socialists, securing a major victory.
Just two days after the League took it, they lost Levaria and Durham to the monarchists. In response, Scargill and Wanton established a siege from the south and west. After hours of combat, the socialists were pushed all the way back to their stronghold of Bowburn. Scargill announced a general rout, hoping to retreat to the east and reform; Wanton however secretly negotiated an amnesty deal with the royalists, and the Sherburn contingent of the League surrendered.
Scargill and the remnants of the League retreated to Horden, where they were beset upon by the [[Dradelian National Army]]. Close to defeat, the Socialists were ironically saved by an invasion of Dradelia by the Sorrenian Royal Army. The DNA turned to face the royalists to the north, but were soundly defeated, resulting in the incorporation of Dradelia once again into Sorrenia.
In response, the [[Kingdom of Morgannwg]] launched a surprise attack on Sorrenia from the south, seizing Bowburn and [[Ertawa]]. The Royal Army speedily departed to Ertawa, where they met Morgannwgydd forces in Brancepeth, once again securing a victory. The Morgannwgydd defeat at Brancepeth, followed up by a defeat in Eryn Galen, led to the incorporation of Morgannwg (renamed [[Amon Lasgalen]]) into Sorrenia.
On the fourth of April, 2018, Ronald I announced a complete and total victory, and was crowned [[Sorrenian Monarchy|King of Sorrenia and Dradelia, Amon Lasgalen, Morgannwg, and Duke of Creton]], birthing the Kingdom of Sorrenia.
The War of the Sorrenian Succession had a lasting impact on Sorrenia. Ronald's successes allowed him to create a powerful monarchy with many executive and legislative powers, far beyond what the moderates within his coalition intended. Many leading Sorrenian politicians, such as Harold Wanton, Michael Disraeli, Phillip Pompeia, Llewelyn Lawton, and others, took part in the War, and engrained political divisions emerged from the dissatisfaction of the socialists and Dradelian nationalists with the result.
=== Foundations and the Great Expansion ===
{{Main|Great Expansion}}
The Kingdom's early period was marked by the construction of a new [[Sorrenian Constitution]], attempts to address continued insurgency in Dradelia, and early elections for the [[King's Council of Sorrenia|King's Council]]. Though it was clear King Ronald was to play some political role, his coalition that won the War of Succession contained many moderates and centrists who envisaged a constitutional monarchy with strict limitations on the king's power. Others, including Ronald himself, wished to vest most executive power within the King himself.
The [[Sorrenian General Election, April 2018|April 2018 election]] resulted in a [[New Monarchists|New Monarchist]]-[[Christian Alliance|Old Monarchist]] coalition government, happy to formalise a system granting Ronald a wide array of powers. For the first month however, power arrangements were largely ad hoc, with few institutions' rules adequately laid out. It was not until the 5th of June that the new constitution was ratified.
The new constitution was controversial on two counts. Firstly, it angered many centrists and moderates by granting the monarch significant executive and legislative powers. King Ronald was given the power to raise and alter taxes, seize private goods, act as a supreme adjudicator in legal matters, create and disband subsidiary organisations, and veto decisions made by the newly created [[Papal Directorate]] (the King also received a permanent seat in Sorrenia's unicameral legislature). This Directorate was the second controversy; Ronald took the decision to designate [[w:Roman Catholicism|Roman Catholicism]] as the new state religion of Sorrenia, despite the nation's history of secularism and large population of [[w:Anglicanism|Anglicans]] and non-believers. An ecclesiastical court named the Papal Directorate was established, with the power to implement new policies related to social and moral matters. The constitution caused most moderates to abandon the New Monarchists, most of whom joined the [[NDLP]].
By the [[Sorrenian General Election, June 2018|June 2018 election]], Richard Brooker - head of the Old Monarchists - began to envisage a massive extension in Sorrenia's territorial claim, matched with a reimagination of the Sorrenian project altogether. Brooker is generally attributed with the introduction of [[Northumbrianism]] into Sorrenian politics, a school of cultural theory emphasising the distinct history of northern England and Sorrenia's connection to this unique history and culture.
Brooker introduced his idea through a number of conversations with the king, who was quickly convinced. Together they formed the ''Cuthbert Council'', consisting also of [[Michael Disraeli]], [[Peter Otterson]], [[Mark Rawlton]] and eventually Republican leader [[Martin Aquinas]]. Concerned that the immediate publication of their ideas would lead to outright dismissal, the Council collaborated to introduce the ideas into their respective parties.
After the June election, Brooker introduced their plans to the King's Council; the proposal was controversial, with many Republican and NDLP figures calling for a new election, as the Great Expansion had not been contained within the government's manifesto. After several days of debate and whipping, the bill narrowly passed, and Brooker was tasked with drawing the new territorial boundaries.
The Great Expansion remains Sorrenia's most radical endeavour to date. Previously, Sorrenia's territorial claim stood at 140km<sup>2</sup>; afterwards, it stood at 28,000km<sup>2</sup> - this would make Sorrenia the 11<sup>th</sup> largest micronation in the world, larger than 54 macronational countries. The Expansion also involved a doubling of the number of representatives in the King's Council, and the incorporation of [[Hortania]], a micronation to Sorrenia's south. The Expansion also involved an abandonment of all non-contiguous claims, such as [[Gran Pais]]. Though controversial at the time, the Great Expansion is now lauded as a great success; Northumbrianism is now accepted in some form by all major parties, and Sorrenia itself has seen a marked departure from emphasis on its micronational characteristics, towards an emphasis on its cultural and historical connection to Northumbria.
=== July 2018 - November 2018: Monarchist Dominance ===
=== November 2018 - November 2019: NDLP Surge ===
=== November 2019 - January 2020: The Tumultuous Months ===
== Geography ==
| 1x New Monarchists <br> 1x The Republicans <br> 1x Christian Alliance
|[[File:Bowburn Flag.png|100px|border]]
|[[File:Durham Crest.gif|75px|border]]
|[[South Durham]]
| 1x 2x New Monarchists <br> 1x NDLP
|[[Great Derwent]]
| 2x 1x New Monarchists
|[[File:ESC Flag.png|100px|border]]
|[[File:Dradelian Emblem.png|75px|border]]
| 1x DRF<br> 1x Communist
| 5x 6x The Republicans <br> 4x 2x NDLP
|[[File:Flag of Northumberland.svg.png|100px|border]]
| 2x The Republicans <br> 1x New MonarchistsNDLP
|colspan= "13" style="text-align:center; background:#bfd7ff;"| '''Tees Area'''
| 1x 5x The Republicans <br> 1x New Monarchists<br> 1x NDLP
|colspan= "13" style="text-align:center; background:#bfd7ff;"| '''Yorkshire Area'''
| 3x HNP 4x NDLP <br> 2x NDLP 3x HNP <br> 1x The Republicans
| 1x 2x The Republicans<br> New Monarchists
| 2x 4x New Monarchists <br> 1x 3x NDLP
|colspan= "13" style="text-align:center; background:#bfd7ff;"| '''North-west Area'''
| 3x Christian Alliance <br> 2x NDLP
== Education ==
Almost all educational tasks are undertaken by the [[w:Department for Education|British Department for Education]], who operate many primary and secondary schools throughout the area. Sorrenia also has a proud tradition of many prominent universities, many of which are world-renowned for their teaching and research capabilities.
[[w:Durham University|Durham University]] is one of the oldest in England. It has become a core part of Durham, as the many students bring both investment opportunities and changing demographics to the region.
Leeds hosts Northern England has a total of three universities, with its largest - the rich academic history. [[w:Durham University of Leeds|Durham University of Leeds]] - offering education is the third oldest university in England, and the seventh oldest in the United Kingdom. Since receiving its royal charcter in 1837, the university has been one of the most prestigious faculties of higher learning in the world, and has completely transformed the city of Durham due to over 30,000 the influx of studentsand academics.
Newcastle hosts two universitiesIn 1904, the red brick [[w:University of Leeds|University of Leeds]] was founded, and though granted a charter only in 1963, with its largest - [[w:Newcastle University|Newcastle University]] - attaining specialist status traces its history back to the School of Medicine and Surgery, established in subjects such as 1834. The [[w:DentistryUniversity of Hull|dentistryUniversity of Hull]]was founded in 1927 as University College Hull, receiving a charter in 1954.
The 1960s saw an emergence of many universities throughout the United Kingdom. In Northern England, one saw the establishment of the [[w:University of York |University of York]] (1963), [[w:Newcastle University|Newcastle University]] (1963) and [[w:Lancaster University|York Lancaster University]] regularly ranks in (1964). With the top ten passage of British the [[w:Further and Higher Education Act 1992|Further and Higher Education Act 1992]], many polytechnics were converted into universities. Like Durham, it has transformed a small historic English city into a including [[w:Leeds Beckett University|Leeds Beckett University]] (1992), [[w:College TownNorthumbria University|College townNorthumbria University]]. The city now also hosts (1992), the more recent [[w:University of Sunderland|University of Sunderland]] (1992), [[w:Teesside University|Teesside University]] (1992), [[w:York St John University|York St John University]](2006) and [[w:Leeds Trinity University|Leeds Trinity University]] (2012).
[[wMany Sorrenian universities retain a prestigious academic record:Durham, Lancaster University|Lancaster University]] has recently propelled itself to and York consistently rank in the top ten of British universities. It is also noteworthy for its alumni, which includes cultural icons such as while Durham and York are members of the [[w:James MayRussell Group|James MayRussell Group]]alongside Newcastle and Leeds.
Other than The sole micronational faculty of higher learning present in Sorrenia is the most noteworthy[[University of Sorrenia]]. Located in Durham, Sunderlandthe university also offers online teaching, Hullpredominantly on the arts and humanities. The university also offers an introductory course to the history, Middlesbrough, Bradford culture and Cumbria all host universities. Four political institutions of the Kingdom of Sorrenia's universities are also members and the Sorrenian people. The course does not confer a degree, but is required to become a Sorrenian citizen (with an exception granted to citizens of the [[w:Russell GroupUnited Kingdom|Russell GroupUnited Kingdom]], a group and the [[w:Republic of Ireland|Republic of British universities known for their world-leading researchIreland]]).
== Military ==
{{Sorrenia Navbox}}
[[Category:Micronations]] [[Category:Kingdom of Sorrenia]] [[Category:Sorrenia]][[Category:Monarchies]] [[Category:British micronations]] [[Category:Founded in 2013]]

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