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State of Sandus
| State of Sandus|
État de Sandus
For the People of Sandus
Pour le Peuple sande
Song of Seikilos
|Capital city||Quercus Candida|
|Largest city||Quercus Candida|
|Official language(s)||English, French, Latin|
|Official religion(s)||No official religion|
|Government||Socialist Classical Republic with an elective monarchy|
|- Sôgmô||Gaius Soergel Publicola|
|- Party Secretary||Adam von Friedeck|
|- Facilitator||Artemis Baca|
|- Type||- Unicameral, Direct Democratic|
|Established||26 May 2009 (founded)|
April 13th, 2011 (State established)
|National animal||Homarus Gammarus|
|Patron saint||Athena (goddess), Kateri Tekakwitha (saint)|
State of Sandus Web Portal
Sandus, officially the State of Sandus, (pronounced [sɑːndɔːs]) is a micronation that was created on 26 May 2009, by Gaius Soergel Publicola. The current government of Sandus is a classical republic led by the Sôgmô, who is the monarch of the state, along with the Citizens' Party of Sandus and the Council. The Founding Law of the current government was ratified on 13 April 2011 and, thus, created the monarchy that exists today. From 2011 until 2015, the State of Sandus evolved into a republican government by having three equal but separate branches of government. Sandus is a socialist country with a focus on a national philosophy comprised of elements of Buddhism, Socialism, and multiculturalism and pluralism. It has previously used two constructed languages, Sandum Latin and Sancta, though today Sandus's three official languages are English, French, and Latin. Sandus is known for its work in the foreign affairs sphere, where it is rather critical of conservatism, and its cultural work. Sandus has over 300 holidays and traditions associated with dozens of them.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Sandefreistikhan
- 1.2 People's State of Sandus
- 1.3 Barony of Sandus
- 1.4 Democratic People's Republic of Sandus
- 1.5 Kremlum Sandus
- 1.6 Territory of Sandus, St.Charlie
- 1.7 State of Sandus
- 2 Administrative divisions
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
The History of Sandus is one that has shaped the nation as it is today. In the beginning French culture began the state, however Roman culture began to permeate the nation before superseding the French culture as it was in the beginning of the state's independence. Today, a combination of many cultures and several past events have created a micro-culture for the state and its people.
The Grand Lamate of Sandefreistikhan seceded from la République de Trénois on 26 May 2009. The nation, during this time, was naïve of the functions of a state and its government and, though having three years prior experience in Trénois, a French, Native American and Tibetan-based micronation, the government's youth was depicted in its handling of various micronational and macronational incidents, one of them being the Neda War. Sandefreistikhan fought several wars during this time, including the Micronational War on Communism and the New Euro-Erusian War, thus narrowing its political ideology for what would become Sandus today. However, during this time, nearly all power was in the Grand Lama, though more power was delegated to the Politburo—the legislature—towards the end of its government's life. Sandefreistikhan, eventually, become a more Roman-based micronation, prompting a direct democracy to form in July 2009.
People's State of Sandus
The People's State of Sandus was that direct democratic state, founded in July 2009. It was a rather stable nation that was more based of Roman beliefs and ethics, and the first Sandum nation to adopt direct democracy. Its legislature was known as the National People's Congress and elected a Speaker of the House, who served as Executive and, during times of war, became the Dictator of Sandus. The position was only ever filled by Will Sörgel. However, after a day-long war with Pristinia, known as the Insola War, it became clear that various propaganda that Sandefreistikhan published during the New Euro-Erusian War would culminate in Sandus' wide-spread displeasure with certain members of the community, including Sandus' long time ally, Nemkhavia. This would later lead to pretences of a Civil War in November 2009, before the nation made a large, controversial change of government to a Barony.
Time of Troubles (2009)
In November 2009, the State began to self-destruct as the National People's Congress began to fall apart in its positions. A civil war broke out on 15 November 2009. The war lasted only 9 days and only one battle was fought, though it prompted Sandus consider major citizenship-control policies in the future. By 24 November, the nation had collapsed as the Dictator Will Sörgel assumed power in the absence of the rest of the National People's Congress members. The nation entered a short period of self-induced inactivity as it planned its next government.
Barony of Sandus
The Barony of Sandus' creation was some time after the civil war, and sometime before it was implemented. Sandus' momentous shift in policy under the creation of the Barony resulted in a short break down of relations with Sandus' premier ally, Erusia. On 21 December 2009, the Barony of Sandus was created, to the dismay and controversy of the community. However, by the end of the year, Sandus had grown to include its first citizen in the post-Civil War era. That citizen, Cameron Falby, decided to form the autonomous territory of New Scireland in January 2011. However, later that month, that same territory declared independence from Sandus, resulting in a controversial break-down of relations between Sandus and New Scireland and Sandus' difficult relations with several other nations, including Francisville and Landashir. By the end of the month, Sandus experienced a large growth of 3 citizens as the Baroness Consort and her family joined the nation and a détente between Sandus and Erusia was under-way. The problems with New Scireland would lead to months of reduced activity within Sandus, which would be even further emphasised by the departure of the Baroness Consort and her family from Sandus. These events would give rise to the April Political Revolution, where Sandus returned to its former political position and even returned farther Left than any past governments of Sandus.
The issues with New Scireland resulted in several harsh words to be exchanged, including the closest Sandus has ever been to a serious break down of relations to affect direct and indirect relations with the state. Sandus, at first, was not sure how to respond to the declaration of independence. Should Sandus try to restore New Scireland to the state, Sandus' relations with other nations may have been harmed and even more serious civil war may have been faught; however, if Sandus let New Scireland become independent, Sandus may be viewed as powerless to its own internal affairs. Baron Will Sörgel decided the latter, though he decided to bring Cameron Falby, the leader of New Scireland, to trial for treason. Falby accepted and the trial was under-way until the trial bogged down, before Sandus dropped the charges brought against Falby.
April Political Revolution
In April, the Baron abdicated in preference for a socialist republic. During this time, Sandus' first socialist constitution was drafted and the state became close allies with other socialist states, such as Erusia and Nemkhavia. This period of drafting the constitution would create the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus later in the month.
Democratic People's Republic of Sandus
The Democratic People's Republic of Sandus was Sandus' first hardline socialist state. It maintain very socialist policies, both domestic and foreign. The nation itself was subject to some controversy as it was a close ally of Erusia and both Will Sörgel and Robert Lethler where both allies and very close micronational friends. Sandus' government, however, consisted as a provisional measure until Sandus became larger and had a definite territory. It was consisted of a single chamber, the Revolutionary Council, and a higher tier of that chamber that served as the executives, the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Council. A Chairman of the Central Committee was elected, as well, who served as the nation's president. Sandus' political structure at the time caused a few laws to be passed and large amounts of public policy were carried out by the Central People's Government. However, it became difficult for the state to carry out its foreign policy, due to the Great Ideological Conflict.
Great Ideological Conflict
The Great Ideological Conflict was begun by the Intermicronational Conservative Alliance in April 2010. Sandus' socialist policy and culture prompted the state to respond to the ICA's "conflict against Communism". At first, Sandus was embattled in an ideological conflict with the ICA, and later Bradley of Dullahan. Despite most hostilities ending in June 2010, Sandus and the ICA member states were still at odds with each other, which prompted Sandus and several other socialist-bloc states to leave the OAM and, despite two of those socialist-bloc states rejoining the OAM, Sandus has refused to return to the OAM on any grounds. However, this time ended when Will Sörgel resigned as Chairman of the GUM, Erusia, Sandus' closest ally was disgraced, and Sörgel decided to order the destruction of the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus.
The Barony of Kremlum Sandus was created as a response to the destruction of Sandus. Its constitution was based of the Principality of Liechtenstein's and, although it created a government that was too large, it was one of Sandus' premier constitutions. And, because of Sandus' government becoming too large, this prompted the government to become inactive for a few months in the later parts of the 2010 year. However, it was during this time that Sandus' current national symbol, the Sovereign Eagle, became entrenched once more in the nation's symbolism and even became its own order. Along with this new order, Sandus began to expand and recreate its medal system to where it is today.
The Post Lethler Era is the time after Erusia was disgraced by an OAM report against him. It was a time of much uncertainty as the community was not sure of where to go or what to become. The community's very own state was on shaky terms as it ventured to three new sites and the administration expanded their power, all of which effected the foreign policy of Sandus.
Territory of Sandus, St.Charlie
The Territory of Sandus was created on 19 October 2010 after several months of inactivity from the Barony of Kremlum Sandus. The country at the time was proud and devoted to becoming more St.Charlian, however, after the first and only election of the governor of the territory, the country began to desire sovereignty once more and on 21 February 2011, Sandus declared independence from St.Charlie.
Time without a Government
Sandus began to create its new constitution by the means of the State Caucus that was set up in the Territorial Law, should Sandus have wished to return to being a sovereign state. The State Caucus was headed by Will Sörgel and was a provisional government. At first, a socialist republican constitution was created, however it was not ratified at the national referendum. Over the next few weeks, the Caucus decided if the state should become either a monarchy or a direct democratic state. This question was pushed to referendum, and the people unanimously chose monarchy. The new constitution was ratified on 13 April 2011.
State of Sandus
The State of Sandus was created on 13 April 2011, when the State Caucus ratified the new constitution. The first public policy enacted by the Sôgmô, Abenaki for chief, was to nationalise the national newspaper, Veritum Sandus, so that it became the national register of the nation as well. In April and May, Sandus was involved in diplomatic issues between itself and Zealandia where, eventually, the Sôgmô would create a policy of non-involvement. On 9 May, Sandus celebrated Remembrance Day and, on 26 May, Sandus celebrated its second anniversary. On 27 May 2011, the Sôgmô created the Collegio Sacerdae, Sandus' first cooperative, which is tasked with the education of philosophy, religion and politics in Sandus. By the intent of the law, the Collegio Sacerdae serves as Sandus' first and only centre of education. Currently, the Collegio Sacerdae is working on documenting a total collection of the Orphic Hymns and other sacred texts, as well as creating a code of the Sandum philosophy as it is commonly called. In the latter months of 2011, the Sôgmô created policies in foreign affairs so as to limit the State into an isolationist policy with its recognition and foreign communications. On 7 until 12 November, the Citizens' Communist Party of Sandus celebrated its first formal congress, which included hopes for a future constitution and more activity for the CCPS. The Sôgmô, as well, created the State's first major goal with the establishment of an agrarian economy in Sandus by 2015. The Sancta Calendar, which is based off both Gregorian and Romulan Calendars, was incorporated more into government as it superseded the Gregorian calendar in official capacities; the introduction of an 8-day administrative week also means that weekly goals are made by the Office of the Sôgmô.
However, with the departure of Blesbí from the State, the Sôgmô has declared hopes of a broad act to reconsolidate the Sandum state after Blesbí and its leader, André Sammut, leave the State formally on 20 March 2012. In his New Year's address, as well, the Sôgmô expressed hopes to begin work on a proto-agrarian economy for Sandus in the 2012 year as well as creating a broad law on citizenship, amending the Libera policy, drafting and enforcing new treaties in Foreign Affairs, reforming the Collegio Sacerdae to pursue academic research and discussion, and creating more cooperatives for the State such as the cooperativisation of the CCPS.
On the 3rd of January 2019, the Sôgmô released a long-awaited edition to the Constitutional Project, this first edition includes how the three branches of Sandum government work and the divisions of power, information on Sandus's command economy and its relationship with the Central People's Government (CPG), heir election process, and it also includes tables of Sandum Noble ranks, healdry, and decorations.
Sandus is divided into four provinces, which are loosely based on geography. Since Sandus follows the Sovereign Gradient Condominium Theory, most provinces do not have distinct borders but are rather considered "bounded territories." According to the theory, Sandum land extends out as a gradient from the citizen based on where they live and work and this land is seen as being shared in condominium with the macronation it is a part of. There are three provinces in North America and one in Europe.
While provinces theoretically have the power to have their own governments, led by a position that Sandum law calls a praetor, none do.
|Kremlum Sandus||26 May 2009||2||none|
|Further Sandus||24 January 2014||7||none|
|Sandus Europāi||3 September 2016||4||none|
|Quercus Candida||21 September 2017||5||none|
Government and politics
Sandus is an absolute monarchy with socialist rights and liberties embedded within its Founding Law. Ever since the foundation of Sandus, Sandum "philosophy", as it is called, has accepted the role of socialism and Buddhism within the state. The current government is created in recognition to the age-old leadership of the current Sôgmô. The current Founding Law was ratified on 14 April 2011.
The Sôgmô is the absolute monarch of the State. The Sôgmô is tasked with upholding the Sandum Philosophy, socialism, "Rights of Life" which have been embedded within the State since its founding, and the idea of a compassionate working for the betterment of society and all. In course of those goals, the Sôgmô maintains a constitutional obligation to uphold petitions directed at the government. The Sôgmô must hear all petitions brought to the state, as the right to petition the government is an unalienable right within Sandus per the Founding Law. The Sôgmô, however, is not obligated to issue a response or redress the issue in concern of the petition, thereby making a rather large loophole that has never been used. Despite this, the Sôgmô maintains complete loyalty from the Sandum populace. The word Sôgmô (/s'oʊg.ɛm'oʊ/) originates from Abenaki, meaning "Chief" or "King"; an alternative spelling is S8gm8.
Organisation and rights
Sandus has embraced a simple governmental organisation. It recognises that the absolute monarchy is not necessarily the best expression of socialist values and ethics; however, due to the size of the state and a referendum held by the provisional State Caucus, the State of Sandus has embraced the simplistic government of absolute monarchy. The small size of the government continues to maintain the democratic support and advice of the public at large in Sandus, whose population now numbers some five active citizens and seven residents. In this way, the simple and small size of the monarchy, whose position maintains the democratic will due to its "close" nature to the people, helps to defend and act as a vanguard for socialism in the State. Furthermore, democracy, in a sense that the people may express to the Sôgmô what they think and wish, is defended due to this small, "close" relationship between the people and Sôgmô. One right, as well, has been entrenched in the monarchy in the founding law of the State and that is the right to petition the government. In this sense, Sandus maintains an absolute monarchy with socialist values and law, whilst maintaining democracy and the people's democratic will.
In addition to this small and simple organisation, Sandus defends several rights and liberties of its citizens. As explained above, one of the most important rights is the right to petition the government. This right is used often and the interpretation of a "petition" is rather liberal and relaxed, meaning that even a single statement can be viewed as a petition. However, as Sandus is a socialist country, it also defends rights that are classically and historically known in Sandus as the "rights to life":
Article 4. The classic rights of the Sandum people and the right to petition the government for a redress of its function or in redress of its policies shall not be abridged.— Article 4 of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus
Article 5. The People of Sandus enjoy the right to life, including the right to work, the right to rest, the right to care in old age and illness, the right to housing, the right to education, the right to culture, the right to expression, the right to conscience, the right to protection from the state and the right to the inviolability of the home. Each citizen is equal before the law.— Article 5 of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus
The rights to life are socialist economic rights, such as the right to a job, rest and leisure and an education, which are meant to be maintained and expressed by the State. However, due to the nature of the State, the rights and their usage are kept within the State's powers. Therefore, the rights can not be used in one's macronational venture as, simply put, the State has no legitimacy or authority there. However, the rights may be used in one's micronational life, as the State maintains supremacy in that "world".
With the foundation of the Sandum state, Sandus quickly learned that it required its own foreign affairs policies. With the lack of recognition from both Sealand and Molossia, the former due to their status and the latter due to a term-limit policy for waiting one month and signing a physical treaty, Sandus adopted a basic policy for recognition in July 2009, two months after the independence of Sandefreistikhan. This policy stipulated that Sandus would recognise all states it came into contact with and recognition was not to be handed out according to declarations or treaties of recognition, but rather by the mere communication between Sandus and another state. Therefore, on the auspices of this policy, Sandus initially recognised all nations it came into contact with, such as Landashir, Erusia, St.Charlie, Nemkhavia, Pristinia and the Polaris Federation. It was, as well, at this time that Sandus was beginning to join the Grand Unified Micronational which thereby granted Sandus the capability to recognise all GUM member-states at that time, such as Flandrensis, New Europe and Finismund, and was a participant in the talks concerning the Rhodesian War conducted by the GUM. Sandus quickly became close political partners and allies with Erusia, entrenching itself in the socialist wing of the community and was further emphasised with the declaration of war by Pristinia in the Insola War, acting at the behest of New Europe.
Tensions with Erusia began to arise after the then-Speaker of the House of the People's State of Sandus Will Sörgel assumed control of Sandus and founded the first Barony of Sandus. With the first momentous era of major growth for Sandus under the Barony, including a further entrenchment of social ideas under the monarchy, relations did eventually become amiable again with Erusia but full relations did not resume until late that spring when the Barony gave birth to the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus. With the creation of the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus, Sandus became more and more involved in ideological disputes and arguments which culminated in a time known as the Great Ideological Conflict, which Sandus was a major participant of.
Later that summer, under the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus, Sandus created the 2010 amendment to the July 2009 foreign policy concerning recognition which stipulated that Sandus has the right to withdraw recognition of any state at any time. This amendment would become very disputed in the Summer of 2011, as Sandus began to utilise the amendment more and more in its foreign affairs. With the recreation of a sovereign Sandum state in March 2011, Sandus began to enforce its "realistic" policies at home and its recognition standards abroad. In January and February 2011, the Territory of Sandus began to show its foreign affairs side once more with the condemning of supporting the Linden administration in Zealandia. Over the chaotic period of January to March, Sandus worked to utilise laws from the Territory of Sandus into the secession of Sandus and began to utilise the State Caucus and democratic referenda into the creation of a constitution of Sandus. With the creation of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus, Sandus once more resumed its full foreign affairs responsibilities and sought to promote policies of socialism, realism and professionalism in the intermicronational community. This, however, conflicted with Zealandia and, later, Tiana and often caused disputes between both states. At the end of Summer 2011, Sandus was prepared to revoke recognition of Kozuc when both the 2009 policy and the 2010 amendment were put on hold, pending a later policy. In a momentous decision on 27 September 2011, the Sôgmô of Sandus resumed both the policy and the amendment and added another addendum to the policy which has become known as the 27/9 Foreign Affairs Policy Directive. Perhaps the most-cited contemporary policy in Sandum foreign affairs history, the directive seeks to isolate the State of Sandus from nations which will divert Sandum government attention to the state and redirect it back onto the State. This policy is often cited as the most important single policy for Sandus' Libera policy, meant for isolation and freedom in politics, defence and economy. This policy further stipulates that recognition of micronations will become more difficult to grant and serves to grant recognition only to St.Charlie, Renasia, Landashir, Egtavia, Austenasia, Nemkhavia, Flandrensis and GUM member-states.
With the coming of 2012, the policy will have to be further enforced with the GUM becoming a popular intermicronational organisation and it has most recently been used to enforce Sandus' professional standards with the office of the Sôgmô threatening to revoke recognition of several GUM member-states for violating Sandus' professionalism standards. It was also reformed so as to allow the Sôgmô temporary capabilities to show support for Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia's Theodorism under the prerogative of defending the state and its allies. It is on the office of the Sôgmô's goals for the year of 2012 to reform the policy once more, with the departure of Blesbí from the state. A list of current recognised macro- and micro-nations is currently being compiled by the Office of the Sôgmô.
Unlike many other micronations, the State of Sandus does not claim to have an economy. Rather, as a result of Realist policies originating from early 2011, the State has recognised that it must create an economy, in the future of the State. In the latter half of 2012, the Sôgmô declared goals for the State to organise and economy by 2015. He stated, as well, that this policy would be for an agrarian economy so as to follow the route of history beginning at the Neolithic Revolution with the founding of civilisations. Crafts may be used as well, including both tools and objects of artistic and religious value, to create a further expansion of the economy by 2015. Diplomatic discussions, with a common Commission for Mutual Economic Prosperity, began with Technocratic Renasia in early January and with discussions dating from late November. Renasia, which plans on creating a technocratic service economy, and Sandus, which plans on its agrarian economy, will continue discussion economic growth for Renasia's own economic goal of 2012 and Sandus' 2015 goal.
Sandus has a unique culture derived from a variety of multicultural sources yet all made uniquely “Sandum” thanks to Realism‘s Active Micronational Cultural Development Theory and the Sandum Philosophy’s Sancta category. Cultural development has often been a key priority of the State of Sandus and its efforts date back to times when cultural development in Sandus was a trend-like behaviour: the many pre-State of Sandus governments were often different cultural trends in Sandus, such as French culture under the first Barony of Sandus (December 2009 to April 2010).
In Sandus today, Sandum culture is becoming increasingly independent and unique, though Sandus still relies on multicultural backgrounds. The Armilustrium on XIX Octobro (19 October) is an example of this where an ancient Roman festival, originally intended to expiate the negativity of post-war troops, has been turned into a festival welcoming Autumn and Winter for a seasonal expiation of negativity in general — especially during the dark months. Multiple other festivals can be found here on the Sandus website and the Office of the Sôgmô publishes semi-monthly fliers for Sandum holidays — including State (governmental) holidays, Sancta (Sandum cultural) holidays, and “days of recognition” (holidays for specific causes). To include an entire list of Sandus’s cultural institutions would be difficult to accomplish, as there are still trends in the modern State of Sandus; however, a general cultural background can be given.
Sandus is, at its root, a Buddhist culture influenced in large part by ancient Western civilisations and by the struggles for social progress and national liberation from the 20th and 21st centuries. Sandum culture and Sandum arts are largely influenced by the Sandum Philosophy, though with cultural motifs found in classical and modern liberal societies. Certain political theories are also important in Sandus, such as Realism, Libera, and Philia. These political concepts are often combined with Sandum Philosophy to tell a unique story of Sandum culture…
"This is my nation, Sandus — a nation built on the idea that we all suffer in our lives and that, through common bonds and common love, we can all overcome that which causes our suffering. By building a strong collective of individuals, built upon common respect and love for our fellow citizens and for Sandus, we hope to build a better life for ourselves, our loved ones, and for those who come after us. In Sandus, we are all family, suffering together in this world; though we may suffer together, this does not mean that we can overcome it together — that we must do alone, but with the help of our Sandum family. Sandus is as much about the victory over suffering as it is about working to overcome it: the fact we exist is a testament to Sandus’s never-ending victory. With Realism, we know that a collective and united Socialist Sandus must seek our pragmatic solutions to its situation as a self-created nation-state and nation-project; with Libera, we vow to keep Sandus free and along the strong and powerful path of overcoming our suffering — both in our minds and in our societies — by Socialism; with Philia, we vow to seek pragmatic activities to keep developing Sandum culture as interdependent of other cultures. This is my nation, Sandus — a nation built on ending suffering by Socialism." -Sôgmô of Sandus
In terms of the arts, Sandum artwork is a cultural phenomenon being expanded and defined. While abstract visual artwork, often of landscapes or seascapes, and artwork without a point of focus has been the latest trend in Sandus, Sandum culture is still tremendously fluid as a self-created culture. Media is often important to Sandum culture, as well, as it includes the common parlance and phrases used here (“Ave, Sandum Citizens!“, “Sovereign People of Sandus“, or “Comrade Citizen“). In addition to parlance, media expresses Sandum culture in theory in defiance of the principle that micronational culture in practice is more difficult for micronations — though, Sandus has practised Sandum culture in the past, and plans on doing so in the future despite all odds. Under projects for leitourgía and for liaisons, Sandus working to continuously develop the Sandum culture, our nation-project, and the micropatriological background of our State. In the past, many cultural projects have produced a unique Sandum culture and have made Sandus into a culturally fulfilling micronation as it is today.
Music & Art
Sandus has over 300 national holidays, including cultural, religious, and political holidays. Holidays fall into three categories: State holidays, Sancta holidays, and “days of recognition.” State holidays are important holidays which are uniquely Sandum and celebrate historical events in Sandus. Sancta holidays are derived from various cultures and religious traditions. These include Tibetan Buddhist holidays, Roman festivals, and Christian holidays, to name a few. “Days of recognition” are political and social holidays that do not rank as important as State holidays and that serve a particular purpose. These include holidays like Start Your Own Country Day, Transgender Day of Remembrance and Resilience, Realism Day, and Revolutionaries’ Day.
State holidays include:
- 20 February: Day of Secession
- 13 April: Day of Foundation
- 1 May: Labour Day
- 9 May: Remembrance Day
- 26 May: Day of Creation, or Sandum Independence Day
- 7 November: National Day of Socialism
Some important Sancta holidays are:
- 1 January: Gregorian New Year
- January: Month of Peace
- Losar, or Tibetan Lunar New Year, occurs in January or February
- 1 March: Sancta New Year
- 1 April: Veneralia
- Week of 28 June: LGBTQ Pride Week
- 1 August: Lammas
- 19 October: the Armilustrium
- 28 November: Athena’s Day
- 17-23 December: Saturnalia
- 25 December: Christmas and Dies Natalis Solis Invicti
Sandus is a officially a secular country. Approximately 38% of Sandum citizens are Christians, while 43% are not religious, atheist, or secular humanists. 19% of Sandum citizens are Buddhists and some form of neopagan. Traditionally, however, Sandus is considered a Buddhist and Roman Neopagan country. Sandus was created in 2009 as a lamate, a micronation run by a Tibetan Buddhist scholar and monk not unlike the Bhutanese monarchy. From 2009 to 2012, Sandus was inspired by Roman culture (among others) and added many Roman holidays to its national calendar.
Since Sandus is a socialist country, all religion is organised under the state-run Collegium Sacerdotum, the Sandum cooperative dedicated to religion, philosophy, and culture.
Sandum media includes audio, visual, and printed media published in the State of Sandus. All of the media outlets are owned and operated by the State Media Cooperative.
To date, Sandum media includes Veritum Sandus, Channum Unum, the Voice of Sandus, Sacerdotium, and the Tellus Sibyl. The history of media in Sandus dates to mid to late 2009, when Sandus created its first newspaper in the form of a periodical image file and a Livestream channel was created.
|Media Name||Type of Media||Frequency||Publication Founded||Description|
|As needed||May 2010||The first periodical newspaper in Sandus eventually became Veritum Sandus (Sandum Latin: “Truth of Sandus”) in November 2009 and was moved to WordPress in that month; however, the first Veritum Sandus article dates from May 2010. Veritum Sandus has been used as the official register and journal of Sandum governments since its foundation, and continues to exist as the premier newspaper after a long period of having only one newspaper. Today, Sandus has four newspapers yet Veritum Sandus still remains the most important and most widely-read in Sandus for its national and international journalism. Veritum Sandus has been recognised as being one of the premier intermicronational newspapers in the micronational world, whose opinion editorials and articles on Sandum national news are both widely read and widely respected. As the national newspaper, Veritum Sandus is often at the vanguard of Sandus’s political, social, and cultural developments and is featured greatly in all Sandum national efforts.
Access Veritum Sandus by clicking here
|Channum Unum||Video/Audio||As needed||Early 2009||The first and only video channel in Sandus, Channum Unum (Sandum Latin: “Channel One”) was established in late 2009 as a Livestream channel. Channum Unum has had other, smaller channels on Livestream too: Partio, Festai, Alnôbak, Kanaka, and Norskemann. Partio was dedicated to broadcasting CPS Party news and Socialist music; Festai was dedicated to broadcasting marches for 9 May – Remembrance Day in Sandus; Alnôbak was dedicated to Native American music and information; Kanaka was dedicated to Hawai’ian, Polynesian, and other Pacific Islander culture, music, and information; and Norskemann was a temporary channel established to commemorate the 2011 Oslo and Utøya attacks. Though it no longer broadcasts on Livestream, Channum Unum still regularly releases videos on its YouTube channel. Due to a recent update to YouTube in late 2013, however, a new channel has been created specifically for Channum Unum.
Access Channum Unum by clicking here
|Voice of Sandus||Newspaper||As needed||May 2012||The first secondary newspaper in Sandus serving the CPS Party specifically, the Voice of Sandus is a newspaper interested on Party news, Socialist opinions, and the publication of revolutionary Socialist cultural and social work. It was established in May 2012. As the official journal of the Party, it publishes articles focused on Sandum politics of Libera, Realism, and Philia; regular and special articles; and revolutionary music for the State and Party.
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|As needed||September 2012||The official newspaper and journal of the Collegium Sacerdotum, Sacerdotium (Latin: “Office of Priests”) was created in September 2012 following the establishment of Voice of Sandus. Publishing works of micropatriological, academic, religious, philosophical, and cultural importance is the function of Sacerdotium. Despite being the second smallest and second youngest newspaper in Sandus, Sacerdotium attracts the most irregular visitors thanks to the broader Pagan, neo-Pagan, and Polytheist community that the Collegio is focused on.
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|Tellus Sibyl||Newspaper||Seasonal||October 2013||The youngest and smallest newspaper in Sandus, Tellus Sibyl is a periodical newspaper which reports on seasonal and harvest news from Tellus Agrarian Cooperative. Its publication is irregular and is often announced on Veritum Sandus.
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|Radio Patria||Audio||Bimonthly||2014||The newest addition to Sandum media, Radio Patria is Sandus’s first and only radio station. Broadcasting only on the internet through such sites as SoundCloud and through Channum Unum on YouTube, Radio Patria broadcasts at irregular times at least once every month. Broadcasts come in five segments: News, Music, Lesson or Interview, Events Coming Up, and sélection Française — a selection of the news and upcoming events made in Sandus’s second official language, French.|