Republic of East Caicos

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Other traditional mottos  
'Republic of East Caicos
Flag of East Caicos.png
Flag
Civil Flag of East Caicos.png
Civil Flag
Caicossian COA.png
Coat of arms

Motto
Unity is Our Strengh
Anthem
"Our Blessed Island"
East Location.PNG
Capital
and largest city
Jacksonville
DemonymEast Caicosian
Official languageEnglish
Official religionSecularism

GovernmentPresidential republic with direct democracy
- PresidentSamuel Benjamin Bakker
- Prime MinisterFay Baker

LegislatureHouse of Representatives

Established13 January 2017

Area claimed90.6 km2
Population35
CurrencyUSD$

The "Republic of East Caicos" commonly known as East Caicos,is a tongue-in-cheek micronation that was founded in 2016 by the grondskeeper Samuel Benjamin Bakker as an "political simulation". It claims to be an independent sovereign state but has received no recognition from world governments and for this reason is often referred to as a micronation.

To the west, it is separated from Middle Caicos by Lorimer Creek, a narrow passage that can accommodate only small boats. To the south is South Caicos. East Caicos has no inhabitants.

History

Though the island was populated by the Taino Indians 500 years ago and was once the home of a 19th-century sisal plantation and a thriving cattle industry, East Caicos Island is currently uninhabited The cave paintings, the ruins of the town of Jacksonville and abandoned railroad are the only remnants of its former inhabitants. In 2004 a marine archeology expedition found the wreckage of a ship off the island. Both the Enterprize and Trouvadore, illegal Spanish slavers, had gone down in this area, in 1837 and 1841, respectively. One hundred-ninety-two captive Africans survived the Trouvadore sinking and were helped by British colonists to resettle as free persons, mostly on Grand Turk Island, with 24 taken to Nassau.

Geography

A beach in East Caicos

East Caicos belongs to the South Caicos and East Caicos District. has an area of 90.6 km2 (35.0 sq mi) within the high water mark, and of 182.0 km2 (70 sq mi) within the shoreline. The difference between the two values is not accounted for as land area. The island is covered by ponds, lakes, swamps and mangroves inhabited by flamingos, wild ducks and pigeons.

The highest point in the Turks and Caicos Archipelago is East Caicos’ Flamingo Hill with an elevation of 156 feet. Savannas stretch across the island’s north side. The north west of the island hosts a cave system that was once used to mine bat guano. Petroglyphs found there are evidence of the island's earliest settlers.