Republic of St. John

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Republic of St. John
Republik St. John (Indonesian)

Flag of St. John.png
Flag
Coat of arms of St. John.png
Coat of arms

Motto
Persaudaraan, Nasionalisme, Persatuan (Indonesian)
(English: "Fraternity, Nationalism, Unity")
National ideology: Williamism
Anthem
Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a
Audio.png
St. John location.png
Area claimed by St. John shown in red and blue
Capital city Vredesstad
Largest city Williamgrad
Official language(s) Indonesian
English
Official religion(s) Christianity
Short name St. John
Demonym St. Johnian
Government Presidential republic
- President William Timothy
- Prime Minister Indra H.
Legislature House of Representatives
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - 0
Established 6 June 2011 (Establishment of Santos)
20 December 2013 (Establishment of St. John)
20 December 2017 (Re-establishment of St. John)
Area claimed 0.3266 km² (32.66 ha)
Population 2 (2018 census)
Currency None (de jure)
Indonesian rupiah (de facto)
Time zone various (UTC+7:30 to +8)
National sport Football
National animal Eagle
Patron saint St. John the Evangelist

St. John (/snt ɒn/), officialy the Republic of St. John (Indonesian: Republik St. John), is a geopolitical entity commonly referred to as a micronation which was founded on 20 December 2013. St. John is a presidential republic with the President as the head of state and head of government, assisted by a cabinet of ministers led by the Prime Minister. The territory of St. John consists of two administrative provinces located in Indonesia. The largest province by land area is Bergstraat, which comprise about sixty eight percent of land area.

Throughout its history, St. John is the fourth incarnation of the micronation project created by William Timothy since 2011. St. John trace its roots back since the founding of the Federal Republic of Santos. After Santos became inactive, Santos were replaced replaced by the Kingdom of William Ranger. After William Ranger changed its form of government and name into New Santos, the nation were dissolved on May 2013. In December 2013, the establishment of the Republic of St. John were announced until one and half year later St. John went inactive on July 2015. On 20 December 2017, St. John were re-established by the former leaders of St. John.[1] [2]

History

Pre-St. John era

The history of St. John has gone back since the founding of the United States of Santos (later renamed the Federal Republic of Santos) by William Timothy which established on 6 June 2011. The nation gained attention of most of Indonesian micronations and later joined Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM). In December 2011, the Los Bay Petrosian government and Indokistani government declared an embargo to Santos due to "disrespectful acts and plagiarism made by [the government of Santos]". This caused the Santos government to be inactive. [3] [4]

On 30 April 2012, the Kingdom of William Ranger was founded as de jure successor of the inactive Santosian government. William, the former President of Santos, declared himself as the King of William Ranger. William Ranger existed for a year before it was finally replaced by the Republic of New Santos on 7 April 2013. New Santos was established as an attempt to restore the government of the Federal Republic of Santos. However, the attempt was ultimately a failure and New Santos were dissolved one month after its establishment.

1st Republic era (2013 - 2015)

Williamgrad, the capital of St. John during February to March 2014

On 20 December 2013, six months after the dissolution of the Republic of New Santos, William Timothy proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of St. John and set Vredesstad as the capital of St. John. In February 2014, the capital of St. John moved from Vredesstad to Williamgrad. In the end of March 2014, Vredesstad and several small provinces were merged into one province. This led to the capital of St. John moved back to Vredesstad. In April 2014, St. John joined the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) as an observer. On 5 June 2014, the government of St. John started a religious debate in the AIM Quorum that caused St. John membership as an observer at AIM was revoked and the diplomatic relations between St. John and Indokistan ended.

On June 6 2014, St. John underwent a political and governmental reform, which changed the system of government from presidential system to the federal system. The provincial administration system was replaced by an administrative republic and the title of the head of state "President" was replaced with a new title named "Chairman".

On October 2014, St. John established a puppet state named Pyeonghwaloun. After the founding of Pyeonghwaloun, several puppet states were established by St. John, namely Nightingale, Hiroshi (Shima), and Torishima. All these puppet states were short-lived and dispersed because of the lack of support from the St. Johnian government, although Pyeonghwaloun later re-established as an independent state. In April 2015, the St. Johnian government became inactive for two months. After a period of inactivity, William Timothy, the Chairman of St. John declared the dissolution of St. John on 14 July 2015.

2nd Republic era (2017 - present)

On 20 December 2017, William Timothy, the former Chairman of St. John and Indra H., the former Prime Minister of Santos, proclaimed the re-establishment of the Republic of St. John on Vredesstad.[5] On 23 January 2018, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.9 struck Vredesstad and several micronations located on western Java. There was no damage nor any casualties or injuries in Vredesstad. [6] On 19 June 2018, the government of St. John decided to change the time zone of Vredesstad from UTC+7:0 to UTC+07:30, effective 20 June 2018. As of July 2018, there is no official explanation given regarding the time zone change. [7]

Government and politics

St. John is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. Although the power held by the government, the sovereignty of St. John is both held by the government and the people. St. John is led by a president, the head of state and government. The president is assisted by a cabinet of ministers chaired by the prime minister. According to the constitution, the president may serves of five-year terms and can and be elected again. The President is elected directly by the people, while the prime minister is usually appointed by the president.

The legislative organ of St. John is House of Representatives (Indonesian: Rumah Perwakilan) which serves as the legislative branch of the government. The members are usually appointed by the President. As of 2018, the only political party in St. John that still active is the National Development Party (formerly called the Williamist Party) founded in 2014 and reorganized in 2017, making St. John technically a one-party state. The party holds the ideology of Williamism, the official ideology of St. John.

=== Administrative division ===' Administratively, St. John consists of 2 provinces, each had a local government and headed by a governor. The provinces are divided into cities, then again subdivided into districts. District is the lowest administrative government in St. John.

Flag Province Area (in ha) Capital Numbers of cities Population (2017)
Flag of Vredesstad.png Province of Vredesstad 10.52 Vredesstad 2 1
Flag of Bergstraat.png Province of Bergstraat 22.26 Walerua 4 1

Foreign affairs

St. John had close diplomatic relations with several micronations; Nido was the first nation to recognize the sovereignty of St. John. The event occurred on December 2013. Since then, the number of micronations who have opened diplomatic relations with St. John had been growing since that time.

St. John was the founding member of the short-lived International Micronational Society along with Shima on 19 December 2014. St. John was also the member of MASA and was once an observer member of the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) until the status was revoked in June 2014. St. John also involved in the 2014 Malindo Conflict, where St. John declared embargo to Malindo subsequent to the conflict.

Geography and climate

Satellite location of St. John (not to scale)

St. John has a total of two landlocked territories with each respectively located in Java and Sulawesi. About eighty percent of St. John is densely populated and full. As a result, St. John does not have enough land for regional development. The highest point of St. John is located in Walerua with an elevation of 153 metres (502 feet) above sea level and the lowest point is located in the district of South Vredesstad, Vredesstad with an elevation of 20 metres (66 feet) above sea level. St. John has several of water areas scattered across its territories, such as Lake Williamgrad in Williamgrad and Lake Vredesstad in Vredesstad.

Situated near of the equator, St. John has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Mountainous areas especially in Bergstraat receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year.

Demographics

Year Population
2013 1
2014 ±20
2015 ±27
2017 2

As of 2018, there are only two registered citizen of St. John. The society of St. John is culturally diverse, while it is linguistically homogeneous. Fifty percent of St. John population consists of Minahasan descent and the rest fifty percent of St. John population is composed of Javanese people.

Religion

The official religion in St. John is Christianity. According to the law, religion has a limit. Only Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Minahasan traditional belief are permitted in St. John. According to 2018 census, all residents of St. John embraced legal religions, 50% adheres Christianity while the rest 50% are adhering Islam.

There is no official Christian cdenomination in St. John, but the government itself gives freedom to all St. Johnian to choose their own denominations except for some denominations that are considered "perverting" by the government.

Culture

St. John shares its traditional culture with Indonesia. but both nation have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since St. John were established in 2014. The cultures of St. John are a hybrid blend of various sources, incorporating elements of Indonesian and Western culture.

Art and literature

The art of St. John is, generally speaking, art made by the citizens of St. John. St. John arts has several influence of Western arts and Indonesian arts. St. John art is work of arts made by St. Johnian artist, or influenced by St. Johnian culture.

St. John literature is literature written by citizens of St. John. St. John literature is usually written on either Indonesian or English, though some are written in French. St. John literature is infulenced by French literature, Indonesian literature and Hebrew literature.

Cuisine

St. Johnian cuisine is the cooking tradition of St. John. St. Johnian cuisine is known for its rich variations in spices, and Western-influenced food. Rice is the main staple food and is served with meat. Spices (notably chili), fish and chicken are the crucial ingredients of St. Johnian cuisine. The district of New Vredesstad in Vredesstad is known as a popular culinary tourism centre of St. John.

Public holidays

Date English name Indonesian name 2018 dates 2019 dates
1 January New Year's Day Hari Tahun Baru 1 January 1 January
6 January Epiphany Epifani - 6 January
March–April Good Friday Jumat Agung 30 March 19 April
March–April Easter / Resurrection Sunday Paskah / Minggu Kebangkitan 1 April 21 April
5 April Flag Day Hari Bendera 5 April 5 April
May–June Feast of the Ascension of Jesus Christ Hari Kenaikan Yesus Kristus 10 May 30 May
May–June Pentecost Pentakosta 20 May 9 June
May–June Trinity Sunday Minggu Tritunggal 27 May 16 June
7 July Thanksgiving Day Hari Pengucapan Syukur 7 July -
September-October Feasts of Trumpets Hari Raya Sangkakala 9-11 September 29 September - 1 October
September-October Day of Atonement Hari Penebusan 18-19 September 8-9 October
20 December Foundation Day Hari Pendirian 20 December 20 December
25 December Christmas Natal 25 December 25 December
27 December Feast of St. John the Evangelist Hari Raya Santo Yohanes Penginjil 27 December 27 December

See also

References

  1. "About Us". Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  2. http://stjohnmcn.blogspot.co.id/p/questions.html "FAQ"]. Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  3. "LBP and Indokistan Embargoes Santos". The Indokistan Times. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. "President's statement to embargo Santos". - Los Bay Petros TV YouTube channel
  5. "History of St. John". Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  6. "Earthquake has occurred in Vredesstad" - SJNC. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  7. "Vredesstad to implement a new time zone" - SJNC. Retrieved 2018-06-21.

External links

Government websites

General websites