Republic of St. John

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Republic of St. John
Republik St. John
圣约翰共和国
Shèng Yuēhàn Gònghéguó


2013–2015

Flag of Saint John (last).png
Flag (last)
National Emblem of Saint John (last).png
Emblem (last)

Motto
Free and independent community (April - July 2015)
Anthem
Fugue in G minor, BWV 542 (April - July 2015)
Indonesia
Capital city Vredesstad
Largest city Bunaken
Official language(s) English
Indonesian
Standard Chinese
Official religion(s) Christianity
Short name St. John
Demonym St. Johnian
Government Federal republic
- Chairman (then President) William Timothy
- Prime Minister Indra H.
Legislature House of Representatives (proposed)
Established 20 December 2013
Disestablished 14 July 2015
Population 27 2014 estimate
Currency None (de jure)
Indonesian rupiah (de facto)
United States dollar (formerly)
Time zone various (UTC+7 to +8)
National sport Association football
National drink Coffee
National animal Domestic cat
Patron saint St. John the Apostle

St. John (simplified Chinese: 圣约翰), officialy the Republic of St. John (Indonesian: Republik St. John; simplified Chinese: 圣约翰共和国; pinyin: Shèng Yuēhàn Gònghéguó), was a micronation located in Indonesia. Vredesstad is the capital city of St. John. Neighboring countries of St. John are Al Rasyid Darussalam and Indokistan.

The St. John government was a federal republic with the Chairman (formerly President) as the head of state and the head of government, assisted by Prime Minister. St. John has declared its establishment since 20 December 2013 as the successor of the Republic of New Santos. In April 2015, the government of St. John went inactive, which caused the dissolution of St. John on 14 July 2015.

History

Santos and William Ranger

The history of St. John has gone back since the founding of the United States of Santos (which later changed its name into the Federal Republic of Santos), which established on 6 June 2011. A few months later, Santos turned inactive in the end of 2011 when the government of Los Bay Petros and Indokistan declared an embargo to Santos. [1]

On April 30, 2012, the Kingdom of William Ranger was founded by William Timothy as the official replacement of the inactive Federal Republic of Santos. William Timothy later declared himself as William Ranger. William Ranger stood for a year before it was finally disbanded due to inactivity. On 7 April 2013, the Republic of New Santos was established as an attempt to reinstate the government of the Federal Republic of Santos. However, the attempt was a failure and New Santos were dissolved one month after its establishment.

Early history of St. John

A street in the city of Vredesstad, the capital of St. John

On 20 December 2013, six months after the dissolution of the Republic of New Santos, William Timothy proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of St. John. Four days later, the St. Johnian government briefly became inactive until 5 January 2014.

In February 2014, the capital of St. John moved from Vredesstad to Williamgrad. In May 2014, Vredesstad and several small provinces were merged into one province. This led to the capital of St. John moved back to Vredesstad.

In April 2014, St. John joined the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) as an observer. On 5 June 2014, the government of St. John caused a religious conflict in the AIM Quorum. This causes the status of St. John as an observer at AIM was revoked and the diplomatic relations between St. John and Indokistan stopped.

Later history of St. John

On June 6 2014, St. John underwent a political and governmental reform, which changed the system of government from presidential system to the federal system. The provincial administration system was replaced by an administrative republic and the title of the head of state "President" was replaced with a new title named "Chairman". The day was celebrated by St. Johnian as "Reformation Day".

On October 2014, St. John established a puppet state named Pyeonghwaloun. After the founding of Pyeonghwaloun, several puppet states were established by St. John, namely Nightingale, Shima, and Torishima. All these puppet states were short-lived and dispersed because of the lack of support from the St. Johnian government, although Pyeonghwaloun was once re-established into an independent state.

In April 2015, the St. Johnian government became inactive for two months. After a period of inactivity, William Timothy, the Chairman of St. John declared the dissolution of the Republic of St. John on 14 July 2015.

Government and politics

Gedung Kuning, the official residence of the Chairman

St. John originally was a presidential republican government with no political party. However, since 6 June 2014, St. John became a federal government with a single-party system due to a major political and governmental reform.

St. John was led by the Chairman (formerly President) as head of state and head of government, and the Chairman was assisted by a Prime Minister. The Chairman usually serves throughout his life and will be directly elected by St. Johnian if he resigns or he passed away. The Prime Minister is usually appointed by the Chairman and he serves throughout his life or he is terminated by the Chairman. Throughout the history of St. John, William Timothy was the only Chairman of St. John and Indra H. was the only Prime Minister who served officially.

St. John was the one of few micronations that does not have a legislative organ, though there was a proposal of the House of Representatives made by Chairman William, but the attempt was ultimately abandoned.

Foreign relations

St. John is the one of founding members of IMS

St. John had close diplomatic relations with several micronations; Nido was the first nation to recognize the sovereignty of St. John. The event occurred on December 2013. Since then, the number of micronations who have opened diplomatic relations with St. John had been growing since that time.

St. John was the founding member of the International Micronational Society (IMS) along with Shima on 19 December 2014. St. John was also the member of MASA and an observer member of the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) until the status was revoked in 5 June 2014. St. John engaged in several territorial disputes with its neighbours: with the Sultanate of Al Rasyid Darussalam over a region in Manado. St. John also involved in the 2014 Malindo Conflict, where St. John declared embargo to Malindo.

Administrative division

As in 2015, St. John consists of three administrative republics. Republics are subdivided into a city, then subdivided into district (Indonesian: distrik). District is the lowest administrative government in St. John.

Flag Name of City Capital Population (2014 estimate)
30px Republic of Vredesstad Vredesstad 21
30px Republic of Kolongan Williamgrad 5
30px Republic of Manado Tikala 1

Divisions of St. John prior to June 2014

Prior to the governmental reform that occured on 6 June 2014, St. John administratively consists of five administrative provinces, three of . The republics are subdivided into cities. Cities is the lowest level of government administration in St. John.

State Capital Population (May 2014 estimate)
United Provinces of Three Provinces
(Vredesstad)
Vredesstad 1
Klabat Klabat 5
Kolongan Williamgrad 0
Sentul Sentul Raya 0
Megapolitan Matraman 0

Geography and climate

An artificial lake in Williamgrad

Located near the equator, St. John has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Mountainous areas receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year.

St. John highest point is located in the Republic of Kolongan with an elevation of 153 metres (501.9 feet) above sea level and St. John lowest point is located in unnamed area in the Republic of Manado with an elevation of sea level. St. John has several of water areas scattered across its territories, like an unnamed lake in Williamgrad and Bunaken Beach in Manado.

Demographics

According to the 2014 estimate, the registered population of St. John was 27, with 25.9% of the population lives in the territory of St. John. The people of St. John are culturally diverse, composed of 37% Batak, 25.9% Minahasan, with small populations of Javanese and Indonesian Chinese.

Religion

Sermon on the Mount by Carl Bloch. Christianity became the official religion in St. John since 2014

According to a 2014 estimate, almost all St. Johnian are Christian, with small populations adhere Islam. Under state law, St. John only recognizes Christianity as an official religion and other religions are prohibited in the St. John. Nevertheless, there are some small population in St. John, who still adheres to Islam.

See also

References