Republic of New Westphalia

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White and blue, with a yellow sun on top
Flag
Coat of arms containing shield, royal standard and crown, held by lion and a saint
Emblem
Anthem: 
National Anthem of New Westphalia by Matthew Chilelli

Map showcasing the approximate location of the UK embassy
Capital Kandieden
Official languages English
Demonym(s) New Westphalian
Government Unitary republic
• President
Daniel Morris
Legislature New Westphalian Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Declaration of Independence
1 August 2013
Population
• Estimate
1
Currency New Westphalian Mark (NWP)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time
Date format dd-mm-yyyy;
Driving side right
Calling code +44

The Republic of New Westphalia (DE: Die Republik Neuwestfalen, FR: La République de Nouvelle Westphalie, ES: La República de Nueva Westfalia) or New Westphalia is a sovereign micronation located within the Geographical British Isles. New Westphalia was formed by the merging of two nations, Draega and Strathy in 2013, with The Most Serene Republic of Trystansburg joining in late August of 2013. Between 2014 and 2015 NW entered a period of inactivity as it's government was New Westphalia holds a territorial claim in the British Isles.

The New Westphalian Republic was formed by the merger of Draega and Strathy, after talks between Sir Daniel Morris of Draega and Rev. James H. Whittle of Strathy. Both parties agreed to form a nation built on the principles of sovereignty as laid down in the Peace of Westphalia, the treaty that brought an end to the Thirty Years War. Unlike most nations formed by the merger of two previously separate nations, New Westphalia is a unitary republic, with a single legislature, the Assembly of New Westphalia, governing all territories. The head of Government is the Chancellor of the Assembly with the head of State being the President of the Republic of New Westphalia.

The Republic of New Westphalia strives to promote the ideals of a non-ideologically centred, modern republic.

History of New Westphalia

Given its young age, the history of New Westphalia is made up almost entirely of the history of it's constituent countries. Both Draega and Strathy have long, colourful histories, dating back as far as 2009. However, in mid 2013, both nations, with very little past interactions, were experiencing hard times, with populations falling and interest in the two nations at an all time low. Following negotiations between the governments of both Strathy and Draega, the formation of New Westphalia in their places was agreed upon.

History of Draega

The Dictatorship of Dorzhabad

'Dorzhabad' was founded on 15 January 2010, after long preparations for independence since September 2009 as Daniel Morris created the nation to show that one person could gather people together and make 'something great'. By the summer of 2010, he had gathered more than 20 citizens for the new Microstate, some from abroad. Founded as a dictatorship, during May 2010 the nation transitioned to a Republic, with Morris as 'Premier'.

The Parliamentary Republic of Dorzhabad

On 15 November 2010, Dorzhabad transferred control over their military and foreign affairs to the Empire of Austenasia, becoming an Austenasian Protectorate. Before the end of the Year, Premier Morris was voted into the Office of the Vice-Secretary General of the Antarctic Micronational Union going into a successful administration with Maarten Van Arkel, the later S-G of the AMU, affecting heavily the tide of certain decisions such as on the large scale constitution ratifications.

Flag of the Dorzhabadic Republic

On the 10th of January 2011, Dorzhabad began to transition into a Parliamentary Republic following technical faults within the administration and regional tensions with Preissland's governor and the Preisser National Party, The Parliamentary Republic of Dorzhabad almost became 'part' of the Empire of Austenasia as a town, however technical problems had been cleared and Preissland moved closer towards a state of calm, with Prime Minister Morris residing in his 3rd term as Dorzhabad's Head of State.

The Union of Draegan Republics

The formal unification of Draegan (A conlang of Morris') Speaking States into a politically and administratively integrated nation-state officially occurred on 1 January 2012 at the Praetorian Hall. Representatives of the 5 Draegan states gathered there to proclaim a singular government in the form quite similar to the United States of America, and micronationally like the Nemkhav Federation. Unofficially, the transition of most of the Draegan-speaking populations into a federated organization of states occurred over nearly a month of experimentation. The initial separation of Dorzhabad's administrative sections began with the Independence of Bissantria, where it adopted a 6 day term of experimentation with the Bissantrian SSR, a Soviet Socialist Republic, the first communist regime to become affiliated with Dorzhabad in close quarters. On 27 December 2011, the symbols and flag of the Draegan Republics were decided, the varied republic badges and flags were designed by Daniel Morris, at this time being still Dorzhabad's Prime Minister

Dorzhabad became a member state of the Union of Draegan Republics in January 2012, and was dissolved as a member of the Union upon the withdrawal of Morris from politics in June later that year. Upon Morris Returning to the Microwiki sphere in early 2013, the UDR's democracy was short lived, the population of Draega had deteriorated into only 3 residents and population of the Draegan territories, even the UDR's AMU membership was in dire need of re evaluating, as Morris (as delegate) had been unable to participate in many of the Antarctic Union's calls and numerous decisions of the course of his hiatus. The UDR existed for over one year. The Union of Draegan Republics was an Austenasian Protectorate until 31 May 2012, the Austenasian Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence represented the UDR internationally and were responsible for its foreign affairs and defence, respectively.

The High Kingdom of Draega

However in early 2013, the UDR hit an all-time low. The President was the sole official. Noticing that the Activity of the Union was placed entirely on The President's shoulders, forming into a government that gave the best and most effective single body control over its territory seemed the most prominent option. The Idea of a Kingdom was relevant at this stage, after taking council will close allies and foreign advisors, the High Kingdom was born. The name 'Draega' was invented to best harness the new individuality of this new united state as a single sovereign nation, aswell as encompassing the conlang created a year before.

The Communist Peoples' Republic of Strathy contacted the High Kingdom to discuss a merger in July 2013, these negotiations were the founding talks leading to the founding of the Republic.

History of Strathy

The Holy Strathan Empire

Strathy was founded in July of 2009, by the then Emperor, James I as an internet based nation, stemming from a NationStates project he had set up. However with his emerging left wing ideas and reading of Marxism, Whittle and the people of Strathy slowly began to reject the idea of a monarchy and imperialism. In November of 2009, the United Socialist States of Strathy were born.

The U.S.S.S.

With the fall of the Holy Empire and the reformation to the U.S.S.S., Strathy once again saw Whittle as its leader. During this period, Strathy's activity remained mostly dedicated to NationStates, with little activity on other forums. Strathy would remain as the U.S.S.S. up until early 2011. During this time, Strathy also saw it's first non-virtual citizens begin taking part. In early 2011, the U.S.S.S. was dismantled and turned into the Communist People's Republic of Strathy, it's final incarnation.

The C.P.R.S. and Independence

Flag of the C.P.R.S.
Shortly after The U.S.S.S. was reformed once more into the Communist People’s Republic of Strathy (The C.P.R.S.) James H Whittle was re-elected into the new position of People’s Commissar. By this time, Strathy had citizens outwith the simulator. Mr. Whittle even drew up a draft manifesto for the growing nation. At this point, Strathy started to flourish on the internet and it began to become more serious. It was around this point that Strathy began to grow more and more into the real world.

During the month of May, 2011, The People’s Commissar became more interested in full, sovereign micronationalism and began to read further into the subject. Inspired by the likes of Sealand and Molossia, he began to draw up a constitution, redraft the manifesto and began structuring a government. On top of this, a website was launched. Finally, on May 16th 2011, People’s Commissar, James H Whittle, declared Strathy an independent and sovereign micronation.

The International Community

During Strathy’s early days, it was decided to make friends on the international stage. This began with Strathy joining the U.M – a micronational version of the United Nations. During the initial period that Strathy was involved, Strathy showed that it was willing to get stuck in to the affairs of The U.M.. The People’s Commissar was elected to represent Strathy at the U.M. and to act as an international ambassador. Since then, he has created treaties with many nations all over the world, most significantly, with The People’s Republic of Podjistan. The U.M. has grown since Strathy joined and has helped Strathy to find her way into the mess of international relations.

More Recently The U.M. was reformed into The Coalition of International Micro-States (C.I.M.S.). The organisation had at its height around about 90 member states. The People's Commissar held the, somewhat unusual, role of Co General Secretary with Mr. Trystan Cline of Trystansburg shortly before the dissolution of the organisation.

Decline of Strathy

In the middle of 2013, it was becoming clear that Strathy was no longer a real contender for power or prowess in the micronational world, her diplomacy left by the roadside and her population disinterested. Strathy engaged in preliminary talks with Mr. Sebastian Linden of Francisville with regards to becoming a Canton within the Federal Republic. However after discussions with Sir Morris of The High Kingdom of Draega, Strathy agreed to enter into talks regarding a merger of the two nations.

Negotiations for the Merger of Nations

On the 30th of July 2013, Sir Daniel of the High Kingdom of Draega made a public statement via the MicroGroup facebook page, announcing that it was not intended for Draega to continue as an independent micronation and that it was looking to become a part of something larger. The intention originally was to join a federation, with preliminary discussions already being opened between Draega and The Federal Republic of Lostisland. The C.P.R.S. was in a similar situation, however having made no public announcement and was, itself, involved in preliminary discussions with Federal Republic of Francisville.

Having seen the statement by Sir Daniel, The Strathan Government got in touch with the Draegan Government regarding a possible merger of the two nations. It was concluded that forming a new, Unitary State from the remains of the two constituent countries would allow greater scope for creativity when founding the state and would allow greater freedoms to incorporate the various cultures.

With preliminary discussions between the two parties going well, the two governments agreed to meet via Skype to begin negotiations and discussions as to the details of the new nation. During these discussions, it was agreed that the nation should be founded on the principles of sovereignty as laid down in the Peace of Westphalia. Over the next few Skype meetings, the Republic of New Westphalia was born.

The decision to form a unitary state rather than a Federation or joining an existing federation has attracted criticism and skepticism from outside, with some warning that it is likely to fail. Both founders of New Westphalia have remained confident that the path taken was the right choice, and having weighed up the benefits and drawbacks of such a system, it was decided that the accepted course of action was the best.

The Result of the negotiations was the XXII Articles of the Merger of Nations, which can be found here:

Merger of Nations

This document is regarded as the basis for the foundation of the Republic of New Westphalia, with all subsequent Acts of Assembly stemming from or relating to it in some way.

Trsystansburg Joins the Union

Flag of the Most Serene Republic of Trystansburg
In late August of 2013, The Most Serene Republic of Trystansburg - represented by The Rt. Hon. Rev. Trystan Cline OWS - entered into negotiations with the Republic of New Westphalia with a view to becoming part of the Republic. Discussions lasted a number of hours, well into the night in British New Westphalia, however Trystansburg and the Republic of New Westphalia reached an agreement that would bring Trystansburg into the Republic of New Westphalia. Given Trystansburg's position in the Union, in the United States and several thousand miles from the rest of the country, Trystansburg would be granted a certain degree of autonomy within the union. This would be by an Act of Assembly upon the formal foundation of the Republic.

Trsytansburg was formed on NationStates by The Rt. Hon. Trystan Cline as the Republic of Trystonia, however was reformed shortly after into the Most Serene Republic of Trystansburg. Situated in Colorado, Trystansburg lays claim to various sites within the State of Colorado with it's capital city Béni Ville de l'Olympisme et Sophie being situated within the city of Colorado Springs. Trystansburg has a population of five citizens, all of whom are residents.

Trystansburg unofficially joined the Republic on 21st of August 2013, however only was united officially on the 11th of March 2014 by the Act of the Union of the Most Serene Republic of Trystansburg and the Republic of New Westphalia (MMXIV)

The Peace of Westphalia

Main Article: Peace of Westphalia

The Peace of Westphalia was a series of treaties, signed between May and October of 1648, which saw an end to the Thirty Years' War within the Holy Roman Empire and the Eighty Years' War between the Spanish Empire and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognising the Independence of the Dutch Republic. The two major treaties that make up the Peace of Westphalia were; "The Treaty of Münster" which concerned the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of France with their respective allies, and "The Treaty of Osnabrück" concerning The Holy Roman Empire and the Swedish Empire and their allies respectively.

Ratification of the Peace of Münster (Gerard ter Borch, Münster, 1648)
The Treaties are largely considered responsible for creating a new system of political order in central Europe, which would come to be known as Westphalian Sovereignty. Westphalian Sovereignty was based on the idea of a sovereign state, ruled over by its own sovereign government. It also established a prejudice against the interfering in the business of other nations, and was brought in a new age where sovereignty was prized over empires.

The Treaties and the Peace of Westphalia soon became integral parts in the constitutional law of the Holy Roman Empire and are some of the earliest bases for international law regarding sovereignty of nations and has contributed towards the creation of international law in general. Whilst the treaties did not bring about a long lasting peace in Europe, as hoped, they created an international basis for national self-determination.

Founding a new nation on the Peace of Westphalia

With the peace of Westphalia being the earliest recognised standard set for national self determination and the prizing of sovereignty over empires, it seemed the best basis on which to found a new nation. The idea was proposed by Mr. Morris of Draega during the negotiations regarding the Merger of Nations, and was agreed upon soon after. Westphalian sovereignty seemed the perfect basis for micronations; the prizing of self-determination above all else, the prejudice against interference in the affairs of other nations, and so on.

In honour of the decision to base the constitutional laws and founding documents on the principles of Westphalian sovereignty, Sir Daniel further proposed that the nation be called the Republic of New Westphalia, which was also agreed on. With that, New Westphalia was born.

Politics of New Westphalia

Having been formed from the remains of a socialist state and a former kingdom, New Westphalia has an interesting mix of political ideals. It was, however, agreed during the initial discussions regarding the foundation of the New Westphalian Republic that it should strive to be a non-ideologically centred, modern republic. The supreme power of the New Westphalian Head of State is vested in the President of New Westphalia, who is elected by a popular vote.

The Government is made up of a unicameral legislative body, known as the New Westphalian Assembly. The executive branch, the Chancellery of New Westphalia, is made up of Chancellors for various Departments of State. The Head of Government, appointed by the President from the winning party after each general election, is known as the Chancellor for the Assembly.

The President of New Westphalia

The President of New Westphalia is the nation's Head of State, with whom all the supreme powers of head of state are trusted. The President is elected by a nationwide popular vote, using a single transferable vote system. It is the duty of the President to represent the state on all occasions, to speak on behalf of the government when required and to pass bills into law.
Swearing-in Ceremony of President Morris in 2018

The President also acts as the speaker of the Assembly, keeping order during debates, however he may not interfere with the legislative process in the Assembly or participate in debates. All bills passed through the Assembly must be signed into law by the President, who reserves the right to reject bills; should the President reject bills, he is required to address the Assembly and advise on why it has been rejected. The bill may then be voted on again, if passed by a straight majority it may go to the President who can reject it one further time. If it is passed by a majority greater than two thirds, it must be signed into law.

The President is sworn into office as the Guardian of New Westphalia and its constitution, the President is required to reject a bill if it is deemed unconstitutional. The President is also responsible for appointing a Chancellor of the Assembly. They may choose any party leader to form a government, but usually it is the leader of the party with the most seats in the Assembly. The President will then invite the new Chancellor of the Assembly to form a government, this allows the newly chosen Head of Government to appoint chancellors to make up his cabinet.

Presidents of The Republic of New Westphalia

Portrait Name Party Term of Office Notes Government
I Dan Morris NW Flag.jpg His Excellency, The Rt. Hon. Sir Daniel Morris New Westphalian National Party 19 August 2013 - 31 August 2014 Appointed to office. Appointed Whittle as Chancellor of the Assembly to form a Provisional Government. The First New Westphalian Government.
II Dan Morris NW Flag.jpg His Excellency, The Rt. Hon. Sir Daniel Morris New Westphalian National Party 31 August 2014 - 17 July 2015 Second Term The Second New Westphalian Government.
II Dan Morris NW Flag.jpg His Excellency, The Rt. Hon. Sir Daniel Morris New Westphalian National Party 16 December 2018 - Present Third Term The Fourth New Westphalian Government.

The New Westphalian Assembly

The New Westphalian Assembly is the name given to the Unicameral legislative body of the Republic of New Westphalia. It has the power to debate on and pass bills and laws pertaining to the governing of the Republic. It's power stems directly from the President of New Westphalia, who signs all bills into law. The New Westphalian Assembly is made up of Archons - members elected from their constituencies. Each Archon is elected to their seats during the General Elections, which happen at the same time as the Presidential Elections, and are elected in a single transferable vote system.

The word "Archon" is taken from Greek, the plural being Archons or Archontes, meaning "ruler" or "lord". In ancient Greece, the chief magistrate of various city states was granted the title "Archon", however throughout Greek history, the word has been used in a more general sense, to mean any kind of leader, magistrate and, sometimes, representative.

All members of the executive branch of New Westphalia's government are Archontes. Most Archons are members of political parties, the party holding the most seats in the Assembly is said to be "in power", it is generally from this party that the President will select his Chancellor of the Assembly. Meetings of the Assembly are chaired by the President, who assumes the role of an impartial Presiding Officer, keeping an eye on debates and ensuring that Assembly procedure is followed at all times.

Current Makeup of the New Westphalian Senate

Party Term of Office Constituency Senator
New Westphalian National Party 31 August 2014 - Present Kandieden City (KC) N/A
The Labour Party 31 August 2014 - Present Winter Palace (WP) N/A

The Senate of New Westphalia

The Executive Branch of New Westphalia's Government known as the Kandieden Senate and is made up of a number of Senators, appointed by and whose meetings are chaired by, the Speaker of the Senate, the Head of Government. Each Chancellor represents a different Department of State and are responsible for the running of their department in line with government policy. Chancellors are also expected to introduce and advocate policies specific for their department. Chancellors may choose to appoint Ministers, who are responsible for running certain sections of their department, for example the Department of State for Home Affairs may wish to appoint a Minister for Education. These junior Ministers also sit on the cabinet, but may be appointed only with the approval of the Chancellor for the Assembly. The Chancellery is responsible for the day to day running of state affairs.

Geography and Territorial Claims

The Republic of New Westphalia is considered to be a territorial micronation, in it's existence in 2013, New Westphalia held the claims of it's three predecessor nations, Draega, Strathy and Trystansburg. Territories were centred around these claims in Cambridgshire in England, Glasgow and Isle of Fara in Scotland and Colorado Springs in the U.S.A. New Westphalia also held territorial claims to Coronation Island in Antarctica. Each constituent country has its own capital city, however all were governed centrally by the previous 'Assembly of New Westphalia' in the capital city of Kandieden.

The Winter Palace Constituency is considered the successor to the Strathan portion of New Westphalia. Strathy being the co founder of NW, was used as a provisional capital after President Morris' Presidency was resigned previous to 2018. The Winter Palace is not considered a State in New Westphalia, however is kept in official lists as a constituency, despite having no elected officials.

During the 2018 revival of the Republic, the city of Kandieden was moved to Huntingdon in the United Kingdom upon the dissolving of Draega. Much of the constituencies including Draega, Trystansburg and Strathy were given up during the hiatus before the revival, Kandieden and the Winter Palace are the only New Westphalian Territories.

Culture

Due to the diversity of New Westphalia, and its founding cultures, New Westphalia had a great mix of histories and traditions from the two constituent countries which melded together to create a unique New Westphalian blend. From Strathy, New Westphalia gained cultural traits of Strathy's Scottish heritage, with the language, food, drink and traditional dress of Scotland being prevalent among Strathans. From Draega, New Westphalia gained traits of English and Germanic traditions and languages, with the Dreagan language being a language unique to Dreaga.

During the revival of 2018, New Westphalia had taken it's earlier identity to become more clean cut, taking away it's early bicultural meld and revamping much of it's image. It has been described as feeling 'modern' and 'western' as a culture.

Language

The Republic of New Westphalia, being founded upon the remains of two, culturally distinct micronations (Strathy and Draega), had adopted the regional dialects of each, including Scots Gaelic.. Other languages such as Spanish and French were spoken in Trystansburg (One of NW's previous states). Both founding nations however, being from the British Isles, recognised British English as one of their national languages, with English being adopted as the only official language of the Republic of New Westphalia, there are no plans to adopt any other language.

New Westphalia no longer recognise Scots as a regional language of the Republic, given that it was spoken nearly fluently by all Strathans. Whilst Scots was recognised as a regional language, it was not given official language status, as such there were no official procedures for translating official documents into Scots. Other minority languages such as Gàidhlig and Draegan were not recognised and with the revival of New Westphalia in 2018, the Strathan and Draegan languages native to the areas were never brought even unofficially to the new revision.

Currently the state only uses English as its official language for publishing documents and news. English is spoken fluently by 100% of the New Westphalian population.