Republic of Caisancho/zh
This article is a subpage translation.
Republic of Caisancho
|Anthem: 美麗島 (The Beautiful Island)|
|Official languages||Mandarin, Taiwanese|
|Recognised regional languages||Hokkien|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic|
• Chief Executive
|Legislature||Parliament of Caisancho|
|3 March 2021|
|0.1 km2 (0.039 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
|HDI (2021)||▲ 0.916|
|Currency||New Taiwan Dollar (NT$) (NTD)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (Taipei Standard Time)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+8 (not observed)|
|Date format||yyyy-mm-dd |
|Internet TLD||.csc, .外傘頂洲|
Republic of Caisancho is a micronation independent in 2021. The main island is attached to the southwest corner of Taiwan Island. It is located in the waters between Penghu, Taiwan and Chiayi, Taiwan. It covers an area of about 1,000 hectares and is covered by streams from neighboring countries. It is about 14 kilometers away from Dongshi Township, Chiayi County, Taiwan.
The term "外傘頂洲" comes from the outline of the island, which is named for the umbrella-shaped sandbanks trending northeast-southwest. It can also be called Waisanding Sandbank or Waisandingshan. In the English translation, it is called Caisancho during the Japanese governance of Caisancho. And now the "Caisancho" is translate to "Waisanding Zhou" or "Wai-san-ting-Chou".
清日時期 Caisancho under Qing and Japanese rule(1878-1945)
The initial territory of Caisancho appeared in the Qing Dynasty 1878 (the fourth year of Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty) "臺灣前後山輿圖 Taiwan Front and Back Mountain Map", the same location on the map is named "象苓汕Xianglingshan", and the rest are only marked with Sandbanks. It is estimated to be the earliest prototype of Caisancho. In 1894, the Qing Dynasty was defeated in the Sino-Japanese War. The following year, the Shimonoseki Treaty was signed, which permanently ceded Taiwan Island, the Penghu Islands and the islands affiliated to Taiwan and Penghu. In the same year, it briefly became the territory of a democratic nation under the independence of the Republic of Formosa, and then opened its outer umbrella. During the Japanese governance of Caisancho, the third year after the cession of 1898 (Meiji 31st year), the name, territory and jurisdiction of "Caisancho" began in the "明治版二萬分之一臺灣堡圖 Meiji Edition One-20,000th Taiwan Fort Map" Appears, the northern part of the island is called Tongshanzhou (統汕洲/トーセンスー), the south is called Caisancho (外傘頂洲/ガイサンチョスー), and the southern part of Caisancho is today The name of the country.
In the early 1920s, the island body of Sasaki Island, located in the northern part of Tongshan and Caisancho Group, was formed. During this period, the sandbanks along the southwest coast of Taiwan were registered in the topographic map drawn by the Governor's Mansion one by one. In 1924 (Thirteenth year of the Taisho year), the topographic map of the Land Survey Department of the Empire of Japan began to show the name of Sasaki Island (佐々木島/サーサーキーシーマー) and the main building of the Caisancho Island, the port tower lighthouse.
華據時期 Caisancho under Republic of China rule(1945-2021)
1945年第二次世界大戰結束，中華民國於同年9月1日軍事接管屬於中國戰區的臺灣及附屬島嶼，開啟中華民國佔據時期。1947年(民國三十六年)在國民政府接收佐佐木島後將其改稱為「海豐島」，而外傘頂洲與統汕洲維持舊名。 1960年代海豐島因改建離島工業區而消失。 1980年代統汕洲於中華民國經建版地圖開始改名(一說誤植)統山洲地名北遷，並獨立出箔子寮汕(經建版地圖表示為箔子寮仙，推測同為誤植)。
At the end of World War II in 1945, the Republic of China military took over Taiwan and its affiliated islands that belonged to the Chinese theater on September 1 of the same year, starting the period of the Republic of China's occupation. In 1947 (the 36th year of the Republic of China), after the National Government took over Sasaki Island, it was renamed "海豐島 Haifeng Island", while Caisancho Island and Tongshan Island maintained their old names. In the 1960s, Haifeng Island disappeared due to the reconstruction of the outlying island industrial zone. In the 1980s, Tongshanzhou began to be renamed in the Republic of China economic construction map (one said that it was misplanted), and the place name of Tongshanzhou moved north and became independent of Huoziliaoshan.
外傘頂洲獨立 Republic of Caisancho(2021-)
2021年3月3日，外傘頂洲獨立，終止長達七十六年的華據時期，國號議定上在最初採用外傘頂洲與佐佐木島共和國，後因國號冗長且佐佐木島實質上已消失而改為外傘頂洲共和國，英譯採用二戰期間美軍繪製之地形圖譯名，為Republic of Caisancho。
On March 3, 2021, Caisancho Island became independent, ending the seventy-six-year-long Chinese occupation period. The country name agreement initially adopted Republic of Waisanding Island and Sasaki Island. Disappeared and changed to the Republic of Caisancho. The English translation adopts the topographic map drawn by the US military during World War II, and it is the Republic of Caisancho.
On the west side of Caisancho is the Penghu waterway, and the part of the water separated from Taiwan on the east side is called Dongshi Lagoon. In the lagoon, due to the northeast-southwest direction of the island of Caisancho, a barrier against ocean currents is formed, which provides an excellent breeding ground for oyster farming.
The sand source of Caisancho comes from the large amount of sediment carried by Beigang River and Xiluo River. For example, the sandbanks deposited in the estuary converged to form Caisancho by the long-term action of waves and ocean currents. The Zhuoshui River was renovated in 1911. When the project started, the important sand source that was originally injected into Beigang River from the Zhuoshui River tributary disappeared, and the amount of sand transported decreased by about 100,000 cubic meters year by year. Since then, Caisancho has been eroding and receding. According to research data from Taiwan's National Sun Yat-sen University, Caisancho is a unit of 20 years. Between 1962 and 1982, and between 1982 and 2002, 520 hectares and 547 hectares of sandbanks were eroded and lost respectively, and the existing ones are only more than 100 hectares; In addition, there were 52 million cubic meters of sand on the sandbar over 2 meters in 1982, but under the action of the strong northeast monsoon, it was almost wiped out after 2000, leaving only flat sandbars. Scholars study and judge, if they do not try to guarantee the warranty. It is estimated that in 2028, "moving land" may become "disappearing land"
Caisancho is located in the transitional zone between the tropical monsoon climate and the subtropical monsoon climate. The rainfall in each month from June to September is more than 200 mm. It is an important rainy season in Caisancho, and it is also the most frequent season of typhoons. From October to April of the following year, the rainfall during the winter is less than 50 mm, and there was even a historical record of zero rainfall. Therefore, Caisancho is a period of organic water shortage in winter. In terms of monthly average temperature changes, the average monthly temperature of Caisancho is above 17℃ throughout the year, and the average monthly temperature for a total of nine months is above 20℃. It is a climate with long summers and short winters. The monthly average temperature changes, the highest is 29.0 ℃, the lowest is 17.0 ℃.
|Climate data for Caisancho 外傘頂洲氣候資訊|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||17.0
|Average low °C (°F)||12.0
|Average Precipitation mm (inches)||27.5
|Source: 外傘頂洲氣象站 Caisancho Weather Observatory|
國家象徵 National Symbols
|象徵別 Symbol||名稱 Name||圖片 Image||註記 Description/Notes|
|藍底夕洲旗 The blue bottom with sun and island flag||藍底夕洲旗設計於2021年3月3日，國旗中白色代表絲絲白雲與和平，深藍底意味黑水溝環抱沙洲的景象，而黃褐色則是表示夕景意象以及外傘頂沙洲的代表色，同時也是光明與希望的象徵。
The blue bottom with sun and island flag was designed on March 3, 2021. The white of the flag represents the white clouds and peace, the dark blue bottom means the Taiwan Strait ditch surrounds the sandbank, and the yellow-brown is the sunset image and the representative of Caisancho. Color is also a symbol of light and hope.
|七芒州徽 Seal of seven-pointed star with island||國徽設計以同樣為環狀國徽的大洋洲國家國徽為發想，外層以國號"外傘頂洲共和國 Republic of Caisancho"包圍，內部則有外傘頂洲島徽與象徵島洲沉浮陽光、星辰之間的十六芒星以及七芒星。
The national emblem design is based on the national emblem of Oceania, which is also a ring-shaped national emblem. The outer layer is surrounded by the national name "Republic of Caisancho", and the inner is the emblem of the Caisancho and the sun and stars that symbolize the ups and downs of the island. And sixteen-pointed star and seven-pointed star.
"Undergoing great hardship and pioneering the wilderness"
|N/A||取自國旗、國徽代表色 Taken from the representative colors of the national flag and national emblem|
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The part of the waters shared with Taiwan on the east side of Caisancho is the Dongshi Lagoon. Due to its calm waters, it has become a vast oyster breeding area. The annual output is about 7,000 metric tons, which supplies 50% of Taiwan’s oyster production capacity, with an output value of about NT$910 million. However, the aquaculture industry in Caisancho is mostly controlled by Taiwan, and the country’s benefits are not high. In addition, another major industry in Caisancho is tourism. According to official Taiwanese statistics, about 100,000 people visit Caisancho every year.
外交關係 Foreign Relations
Since its independence, the Republic of Caisancho has not established formal diplomatic relations with any country, but has established an unofficial Taiwanese representative office for Caisancho in Taiwan.In terms of unilateral recognition, as of September 28, 2021, Republic of Caisancho has recognized 16 countries including Taiwan and all United Nations member states except the People’s Republic of China, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, and the Islamic State.
In addition, on the issue of Chinese representation, the Republic of Caisancho does not recognize the Republic of China established after the so-called Northern Expedition in 1927, nor the People’s Republic of China established after 1949, but the Republic of China from 1912 to 1928 (the Beiyang government). .
外傘頂洲單方面承認之國家 Nations unilaterally recognized by Caisancho
- 所有聯合國會員國 All 192 member states of the United Nations
- Taiwan 臺灣(福爾摩沙)
- 圖博(西藏) Tibet
- Kosovo 科索沃
- East Turkestan 東突厥斯坦流亡政府
- 香港流亡政府 Hong Kong Government in Exile
- 中華民國 Republic of China
- 滿洲國政府Manchukuo Government
- Somaliland 索馬利蘭共和國 Republic of Somaliland
- 西巴布亞共和國 Republic of West Papua
- 巴勒斯坦國 State of Palestine
- 加泰隆尼亞 Catalonia
- 德意志民主共和國-恩斯特·台爾曼島 GDR-Ernst Thälmann Island
- 塞波加公國 Principality of Seborga
- Dominion of Vancouver Island
- 波姫米亜聯省協和共和國 Republic of Porquemia
- 澎湖公國 Principality of Penghu
外傘頂洲拒絕承認之實體 Recognition refused
|國籍 Country||人數 Number of citizens|
- 外傘頂洲駐臺辦事處官方推特 Official Twitter of the Caisancho office in Taiwan
- 外傘頂洲共和國官方臉書 Official Facebook of the Caisancho Government
- 關於文獻所指最早出現的地理名稱為清代的「象苓汕」，但傘狀島廓的出現最早可以考究至荷蘭人於1640年所繪製的福爾摩沙地圖 Regarding the earliest geographical name mentioned in the literature is "象苓汕 Xianglingshan" in the Qing Dynasty, the emergence of the umbrella-shaped island profile can be traced to the map of Formosa drawn by the Dutch in 1640.
- 華視新聞網 (2018-05-21). ""移動國土"外傘頂洲 5年後恐消失" (in 中文). 華視CTS. Archived from the original on 2019-01-23. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- 外傘頂洲共和國承認其為正統中國 Caisancho recognizes it as orthodox China
- 外傘頂洲共和國承認民主德國依然存在 Caisancho recognizes that GDR still exists
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