Republic of Antica

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The Antican Republic
Noflag.png
Official language(s) English
Capital Nafticon City
Date founded 21st August, 2005
Number of citizens 18
Number of active citizens 15
Government Republic
Current leader Entropious
National animal Sheep


Founding

The Republic of Antica was founded 31 August 2005 as final phase of the Revolutions against the Dinarchy of Antica, as numerous active Anticans became fed up with the Dinarchy and chose to leave and form a new Antican government. The original Republican Anticans were Octavius Me, Foghorn, Olorix and Steven. More joined in after the initial framework was set down.

Government

The government is based on a single set of fundamental laws. Those laws are known as the "Articles of the Republic", and can be modified or expanded by Acts passed by the Assembly.

Articles of the Republic

Article 1. The name of the state is The Republic of Antica.

Article 2. An Assembly shall be established, within which each citizen shall have one vote, who may cast it as either "Aye", "Nay" or "Abstain".

Article 3. The Assembly shall have the power to pass Acts by a simple majority vote. An Act of the Assembly may not contradict these Articles.

Article 4. In order to maintain the everyday government, the Assembly shall elect a Speaker of the Assembly. The Speaker of the Assembly has a term limit of three months, within which he must declare a specific day as the start of the next voting period and the end of his term.

Article 5. The Assembly may hold a Vote of No Confidence, which requires a minimum two-thirds majority to pass, at any time during the term. If successful, the Speaker’s term ends immediately and a new election period begins.

Article 6. The Speaker of the Assembly's occupation is to regulate the activities of the Assembly.

Article 7. The Assembly is to guarantee the Antican people that: all citizens are legally equal, no matter their ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or religion; the freedoms of expression and worship are not to be infringed upon as long as they do not inflict undue damage upon other citizens; that the press is not to be censored.

Article 8. These Articles, together and approved, form a Fundamental Law. Additional Fundamental Laws may be drafted and approved. Newer Fundamental Laws supersede older Fundamental Laws where disagreement arises. In order for a Fundamental Law to be approved, the Antican citizenry must approve it with a two-thirds majority vote.

Offices

Thanks to the Office Creation Act, Offices were created in order to manage the daily grind. Republican Intelligence was later added as an office by the Intelligence Act.

Office of Administration

The presiding officer is titled "Chief Administrative Officer". This office is in charge of preserving and maintaining government records, processing citizenship and other government applications, and certifying document validity. Appointed assistants are titled "Administrative Officer". On the front desk are two stamps: a Green APPROVED stamp and a Red REJECTED stamp.

This Office has three sub-offices, the Treasury, Academy of Recent History, and the Simulation Bureau.

Office of Foreign Relations

The presiding officer is titled "Chief Relations Officer". This office is in charge of preserving and extending relations with other states, as well as maintaining a watch on foreign events. Appointed assistants are titled "Relations Officers" or "Ambassadors", depending on whether they specifically assist the CRO or specifically work as a bridge between the Republic of Antica and their assigned foreign state.

Office of Republican Defense

The presiding officer is titled "Chief Defense Officer". This office is in charge of organizing a military to provide defense for the Republic of Antica.

This office was dissolved with the passage of the Demilitarization Act of September 30, 2005.

Office of Republican Intelligence

The presiding officer is titled "Chief Intelligence Officer". This office is in charge of obtaining information of value to the Republic of Antica and processing it. Appointed assistants are titled "Intelligence Officer". Roving mercenaries, assassins and snipers inquire within. Positions now open.

Speakers of the Assembly

Here's a brief history of all Speakers of the Assembly

Chrimigules

A.K.A. Octavius Me

First Speaker of the Assembly

Term began: 6 September, 2005

Term ended: 25 October, 2005

Steven

Second Speaker of the Assembly

Term began: 25 October, 2005

Term ended: 9 January, 2006

Olorix

Third Speaker of the Assembly

Term began: 9 January, 2006

Term ended: 7 April, 2006

Entropious

Fourth Speaker of the Assembly

Term began: 7 April, 2006

Term ended: ongoing

Republican History

The original seven citizens, Foghorn, Chrimigules, Olorix, Steven, Entropious, Kimmy, and Oric, all came from the Dinarchy of Antica, a nation where they felt that one of the leaders, Delphi Augustus, was being intolerant to the desires of the people. After four failed "revolutions", the leaders of the previous revolutions, namely Foghorn, Octavius, and Steven, resigned their posts in the Dinarchy and set out on their own. After a long discussion, Foghorn and Octavius established the Republic of Antica on the island of Nafticon.

The first piece of legislation passed were the sparse Articles of the Republic reproduced above. These articles provided a basic framework around which the Republic is based. The next act created the basic offices, and then the Intelligence office.

The Chris Administration

Relations with The Dinarchy of Antica

From the beginning, the relations with the Dinarchy were strained to say the least. Delphi Augustus had previously stated "Personally, I hate them all, and think they're a bunch of bastards, and will use all available resources to take them down. It will be my mission until it is accomplished."

The response in the Republic was one of fear and suspicion. As a stopgap measure, the Republic briefly stopped accepting citizenship applications. However, with the formation of the Administration and Intelligence offices, the acceptance of citizens resumed.

The Jellodude Affair

Not too long after the borders were once again opened, a situation arose. The Republican Intelligence Office began recieving reports that Gemini-DC, then one of the Dinarchs of the Dinarchy, was about to infiltrate the Republic. On September 4, 2005, Gemini-DC contacted Foghorn and opened a dialogue about acting as a double agent for the Republic. Having had previous knowledge of the plot, Gemini-DC was accepted as "Jellodude", the 8th citizen of the Republic.

Not too long afterwards, both Foghorn and Chris began recieving false information through the "Double Agent". The information was debunked through the leaks emanating from the Dinarchial AMI. Even though Gemini wasn't aware of it, Steven knew of the operation and the transactions between Foghorn and Gemini as well as Gemini's true identity as a spy. He was the head of Republican Intelligence and, with the help of his advisers, coordinated the entire affair.

On September 11, 2005, Gemini-DC voluntarily exposed himself as a spy and resigned from the Dinarchy, leaving Micronationalism altogether. No information was gained or leaked by the Republic during the affair.

Did the skill of the Republican Intelligence actually prevent Gemini from inflicting further damage and his eventual voluntary exposure? The world may never know. Whatever the case might be, in the Jellodude affair, the Republic found the first challenge to its existence.

Foreign Relations in General in the Dinarchial Era

With the formal construction of the Republic, things stopped being so cut and dry in terms of foreign relations. Countries that had previously paid homage to the Dinarchy either remained neutral on recognizing either state, or recognized the Republic and welcomed it with open arms. The situation was best described by Foghorn as being analagous to the real world situation with Communist China and Republican Taiwan, neither of which recognized each other.

Despite the general feelings of ill will between the two nations, the Republic decided to pass a resolution recognizing the Dinarchy and offering a peace between the two nations. In reaction, the Dinarchy passed Resolution 21, threatening to sever all relations with any nation that recognizes the Republic. The resolution has backfired, leading many countries that had been previously neutral on the issue to officially recognize the Republic rather than the Dinarchy, and the consequences of the action led Benjamin Gray to dub Delphi Augustus "Commanding Officer of the Antican Foot-Shooting Corps".

However, this was only the beginning of the Delphic Era, a time where Delphi and his influence brought the new Republic and Shireroth to the brink of war time and again.

The Steven Administration

Steven was elected Speaker on October 25th, 2005, and lays claim to being the harbinger of the end of the Dinarchy. However true it may be that the Dinarchy ceased to be soverign under his watch, the credit belongs to a great many factors. During this first transition, many issues arose.

The end of the Dinarchial Era, and the beginning of the Delphic Era

On December first, 2005, the Dinarchy of Antica ceased to exist as a soverign entity, instead opting to be annexed by Shireroth, ending its two year existence in the same way as Hyperborea and Arminy.

Prior to the signing of the treaty, the existence of which was kept secret until it was actually signed by both nations, the Republic had entered into talks with the Dinarchy to attempt to secure a portion of the Dinarchial land for themselves. The talks appeared to be going well until a sudden and unexpected halt.

The Treaty of Nafticon

During the time between the end of the Dinarchy/Republic land talks and the signing of the Treaty of Aquilaria, Steven participated in a meeting between the Republic and several other nations. These talks resulted in the nefarious Treaty of Nafticon, which pooled the diplomatic power of a few nations in order to try and combat Shireroth.

The plan was abandoned after a few days, but the forums and treaty still existed. Various Shirerithians would bring this treaty to light later during the land dispute, destroying the semi-civil air of the talks. From there, the dispute would explode into a full-fledged flame war.

Anti-Shirerithian Sentiment

After Steven's election, the Republic began to adopt an Anti-Shirerithian policy. The policy was based on the Dinarchy's cession to Shireroth and the natural assumption that Shireroth was now "infected". Opposing this radical move was Foghorn, admittedly a dual citizen in both Antica and Shireroth, who argued that Shireroth was the Republic's first diplomatic friend. However, this did not sit well with most Republicans. The next event would confirm this Shirerithian fear.

Dinarchy/Shireroth/Republic Land Dispute

Before the signing of the Treaty of Aquilaria, the contract ceding the Dinarchy and its lands to Shireroth, the Republic of Antica had entered talks with the Dinarchy for a transfer of land, as well as the acquisition of more, previously unclaimed land. Until this point, the Republic had been based solely on the tiny island of Nafticon, and was feeling some growing pains.

The Treaty of Aquilaria did grant some land to the Republic, however this was not seen as nearly adequate. An intense debate erupted, involving accusations of Shireroth being too large for its own good. In the end, the Dinarchy lost one province, and the Republic gained four (the old province plus three new ones). However, the effects of this dispute would be felt for months to come, especially in the War of Mondesian Liberation that followed. Steven was the first speaker to use the role of Speaker to exercise strong control over foreign policy. Additionally, he is the first speaker to really develop Antican foreign policy in full.

Steven felt that the honor of the Antican nation had been insulted and that Shireroth was behaving in a high handed fashion by annexing the Dinarchy and felt that giving Kaikias to the republic was actually a diplomatic insult, a view supported by most Republicans.

Domestic Policies

Steven's career as speaker was generally a time of internal growth. Many significant laws were past, including the outlining of the judicial system and regulating voting. Additionally, now prominent citizen Maggern was recruited to Antica.

Summary

Steven's administration is considered the most volatile encountered by the Republic, involving the rehashing of anti-Dinarchial sentiments, as well as a new brewing Anti-Shirerithian sentiment. Steven, internationally, set a precedent for Olorix's term and defined the direction that he would go in.

Steven felt bitter about his term domestically. Although he was elected with a large margin, a vocal minority such as Chrimigules and Foghorn were vehemently against some of his actions, such as the deletion of posts, improper use of administrative functions, and other similar (yet minor) infractions against the policy of the Republic. Steven, after being berated about his misuse of the administrative rights granted him, started to believe that Foghorn, Careless Non-Sequitur and Chris were attempting a coup. The movement was in fact in response to Steven acting improperly when it came to moderator action, since he seemed to not care to learn how to handle the job of moderating the Assembly, not later on when actual problems arose. However, after a few long discussions, Foghorn, Chris and Careless Non-Sequitur agreed to put their differences aside and work towards bettering the Republic.

Within the Republic, many improvements took place. The first political parties, the NWP formed by Foghorn, the Federalist party formed by Careless Non-Sequitor, and The Juvenescent Echelon’s Socialistically Unified Sodality (JESUS), formed by Entropious. In addition, the first judicial system was created, but wouldn't be initialized until the middle of Olorix's administration. Additionally, the number of Stewards was cut in half, leaving only Foghorn to keep the forums running.

Steven's fiery temper and paranoia were definitely problems and caused situations that would normally be easy to handle to boil over. However, he was kept in check by his ministers and the Steward.

The Olorix Administration

The election of January 2006 was the first election where politics were more important than good looks or name recognition. Foghorn, then Steward, and Olorix, the "Strong Man of Antica", squared off over the issue of whether to expand the power of the executive, with Olorix in favor of an expansion and Foghorn dead-set against. The vote ended in a 9-5 win for Olorix after Foghorn admitted defeat on the 8th.

New Foreign Policy

Olorix initially clearly stated his will to bring the Republic into isolationism, as the world situation was increasingly confusing and the earlier firm ties with several nations started going wobbly. This goal was partly put in place, but did nothing to prevent the later terrorist attacks against the Republic on February 12, 2006.

The One Month Plans

Olorix' speakership began with the introduction of One Month Plans to outline the general focus of activity and attention for one month intervals. The First One Month Plan outlined that a large shift in foreign policy was to be implemented. A shift leading to the distancing of the superpowers and the founding of a new Non-Aligned Movement. In addition, the plan listed goals as legislative reform and employment programs. Some of the first steps here was to reopen the Governmental reform debates that had raged and died down during the end of Steven's speakership, and to start reworking the Articles of the Republic and Voting.

Cultural Development

Throughout Olorix' speakership, radical new improvements were done on culture. Lots of Antican art and design surfaced, the provinces were developed, cities were detailed and founded and colonization of the large, new lands on the continent was performed.

The Tgaoth Attacks

On the night of Thursday, February 9, 2006, Delphi Augustus was caught hacking into the forums of Lemuria. What followed would change history forever.

That same day, a mysterious figure that went simply by the monacer "Tgaoth" presented themselves on the Shirerithian forums claiming to have evidence that Foghorn, then Steward of Shireroth (second in line to the throne), was spying for the Anticans (where he was Steward as well, but with a different job description). The serious accusation led to a gigantic flame war between Delphi and Foghorn (both Shirerithian citizens at the time), and eventually Foghorn's resignation from Shireroth, fearing legal action against him by the Mango crown to cover up Delphi's misdeeds. Delphi was punished by the Shirerithian government by the revocation of his administration power over the Shirerithian forum, as well as other behind-the-scenes changes.

Tgaoth then proceeded to wipe the contents of both the Dinarchial and Republican forums. The actual posts still apparently were in tact, but the contents were completely gone.

At first Foghorn didn't worry much, believing that he had just made a complete backup of the forums. However, upon closer inspection, the backup was corrupted and could not be used to fix the forums. With some quick thinking, and a little inspiration from Jurrasic park, Foghorn managed to re-construct a complete backup using other, older backups. From attack to restoration, the Antican forums were down for about 2 days, during which Foghorn got about 1.5 hours of sleep.

For the next few days, Foghorn and Bill from Shireroth attempted to determine who the attacker was. Due to the nature of the attacks, the method was determined as an SQL injection, and the IP given for the injection point was traced back to an anonymous proxy. The IP from the Tgaoth posts was also traced to a proxy.

Tgaoth is believed by the Republican government to have been Delphi Augustus himself, having the means (MySQL and PHP knowledge), motive (recent punishment and deep-seated need to kill the Republic) and opportunity to commit the acts.

For his part in the restoration of the forums, Foghorn was awarded the Republican Star by the Assembly, and the Speaker's Award by Olorix.

Delphi on Trial: The End of the Delphic Era

Following the Tgaoth attacks, Delphi Augustus was brought before the Shirerithian courts to answer for the attacks. Delphi, in an attempt to counter the excellent case presented by Scott Alexander, only noted that the entire case was circumstantial. The trial ended in a "not guilty" decision by the presiding judge, Hypatia Agnesi, due to the lack of concrete evidence against him. The ruling caused a massive uproar in the Republic, and almost ceased relations with the nation.

The trial, while not particularly meaningful, signified the end of Delphi's power, and his influence as well, due much to the fact that he resigned from micronations completely after the ruling was handed down. This fact was a cause of much rejoice in the Republic.

The April Election

The April elections of the Republic turned out to be the most interesting election in Antican history.

The candidates at the beginning of the election season were Foghorn and Careless Non-Sequitur. Foghorn struck first, putting out his platform of increased activity and a plan for a working economy, accompanied by a fully-developed economic implementation act. Careless proposed his platform much later.

Two new candidates, Entropious and Nen De Mar, entered the race later, and were not expected to make any great wins during the election.

Not long after the polls opened, there was a 3-way-tie between Entropious, Foghorn and Careless. Much discussion on what to do ensued. However, shortly before the closing of the polls, Foghorn conceded and threw his support behind Entropious. Eventually, after nine pages of ranting and debate, the election finally ended in a decisive win for Entropious.

Summary

Olorix's administration saw the Tgaoth attacks, the largest amount of activity yet, and a large increase in population, as well as the beginnings of an economy. However, the next administration would put this framework to the test.

The Entropious Administration

Entropious was elected during the largest and most active election season on record, and so naturally the outcome left some citizens thuroughly confused. However, when the dust settled, everyone agreed that Ruth had indeed won the election, one way or another.

The First True Economy