Repubblica di Castaboro/it
| Republic of Castaboro |
|Demonym||Castaborense(it) / Castaborian (en)|
|Government||Presidential Republic / Democratic and semi-parliamental republic|
|- Council President||Vincenzo Iemma|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|- Number of seats||- 10|
|- Last election||- 18 November 2018|
The Republic of Castaboro is an Italian-speaking extraterritorial micronation, founded in January 2018.
It has had a democratic and republican order since its foundation.
The state was founded in January 2018 by three world leaders with previous micronational experience: Vincenzo Iemma and Davide Leone, who composed the Council of State and drew up the first draft of the Constitution. On 01 February 2018 he was elected by the Directory. Vincenzo Iemma, one of the founders of the state, as Consul, obtained legislative power and formed the first government, supported by the Iemma alliance which saw the third founder Davide Leone ousted from the majority of the government, relegating him to the opposition.
After the consulate of Iemma, the form of government was changed to presidential republic. After a vote among all the citizens, Vincenzo Iemma was re-elected as President, supported by the centre-right Liberal Party, which had himself as its leader. During the government the State Radio Television was created and what is important, the Bank of Castaboro with its money, the Castaborense Lira. This period is remembered as "Epoca Compromissoria" because it was the only time in which and Vincenzo Iemma first joined forces against the right-wing Rsdicals, the Social League, and then against the Communists (led latently by Davide Leone himself), forming the coalition "Lotta Anti-Communista".
From 12th April Iemma and Rubino began their clash, which started the Castaborean bipolarism: centre-right (led by Rubinians) and centre-left (led by Iemma). The elections of April 2018 brought as winner the Leader of the Castaborean Centre-Right , who rose to power and was immediately the object of harsh opposition from the socialists led by the former President Iemma. During the government, the Flat Tax was issued, a single rate (later transformed into a progressive rate by the Socialists during the Santucci I government), and the National Library of Castaboro was opened. Moreover, the Government was the first government to include members of the Social League, which would remain in power for many months.
On 12 May ended his mandate and retired to private life, focusing on the development of his companies and his career as a magistrate. With no more opposition from the centre-right, Iemma ruled unchallenged for months, beginning the period defined as "Iemmism". Although he was not always the head of the government, every President of the Republic and then of the Council until 21 August 2018 was an expression of the Socialist Party, that of Vincenzo Iemma. From 12 May to 12 June 2018, in fact, it was Alessandro Santucci who governed, and after him returned to the Iemma Government. Under him there was a constitutional reform that introduced the figure of the Prime Minister, head of government, limiting the President of the Republic to a representative function. From that moment Castaboro became a semi-parliamentary Republic. The first President of the Council was Vincenzo Iemma, under the Presidency of the Republic of the Socialist Peddis.
National solidarity government
After the fifth government of Vincenzo Iemma, in which PSC-FC bipolarism continued to be marked, managed to return to government, this time with the support of all political forces. This was the first government of national solidarity in the country, which led to an inter-micronational agreement with the Federal Republic of Leonense. After the February elections, Iemma returned to government for the sixth time, while Rubino obtained the seat of President of the Republic.