Repubblica Federale Leonense

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Leonensian Federal Republic
(it: Repubblica Federale Leonense)

Bandiera Leonense.jpg

Motto
"Long Live Federation, might it be imperishable!" (it: "Viva la Federazione, sia essa imperitura!") (de facto)
Official language(s)Italian (de facto)
DemonymLeonensians federated (it: Federati leonensi)
GovernmentDirect democracy
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Established4th November 2018
Area claimedNon-Territorial Micronation
Population50 (active population considered to be 30)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET) (de facto)
RIS 002 codeFL, RFL
Internet TLD.rfl (planned)

Site Official Gazette

The Leonensian Federal Republic, officially known as the Repubblica Federale Leonense (for short, RFL) or Federazione Leonense, is a non-territorial Italophone Leonensian micronation.

One of the biggest Italian micronations, the RFL is a Federation composed by the Federated State of Agepoli, the Federated State of Ghelda and the Federated State of Iridia.

History

The Federalist Movement

The Leonensian Federal Republic has its origin in the Federalist Movement, which stated that all the so-called Leonensians micronations, such as Agepoli, Castaboro and Ghelda had their common root in the old micronation of Leonia; therefore they should be considered a common nation. They also wanted to create a common state, a federation, that would have included all the Leonensians micronations.

The discussion about the "single state" started on 13 October 2018 on Leonardo, the official newspaper of the Agepoli's University, with articles from Cesare Orlando, Giovanni Zaccaria, Mario Castaldo and Giuseppe Verdi. The political discussion soon turned into a political movement, the Intermicronational Movement, which included associated from the Federation and Castaboro. Members of the Movement from Castaboro, in particular, wanted to reform the OIDMA (International Organization for Aterritorial Micronations), an international organization that included Agepoli, Castaboro and Ghelda. On the contrary, members from Agepoli and Ghelda were in favour of a single state solution. After the so-called Zaccaria reform, an attempt to reform the OIDMA, was rejected, mostly because of the Castaboro opposition, the federalist part of the Movement decided to carry out the single state solution without Castaboro, where there was pretty much no support to the federalist movement.

The foundation

The Leonensian Federation was founded on the 3rd November 2018 as the Union Act was signed by the heads of state of Agepoli and Ghelda. Soon after a Constituent Assembly was gathered. Leaders of the Federalist Movement, such as Cesare Orlando and Giovanni Zaccaria, had an important role during this phase. Nonetheless, the decisiveness of the two kings of Ghelda, Valerio Marocchi and Mario Castaldo, was important to assure the quickness of the process. The 4h November Cesare Orlando was appointed as the President of the Leonensian Federal Republic.

The Orlando Cabinet

Confirmed several times, the Orlando Cabinet was in charge for an unusual time. During this time, the Leonensian Federation experienced a renaissance that was considered at the time, by the commentators in the nation itself, the most prosperous period a Leonensian micronation had ever experienced.

After a period of transition, which led to the transformation of Agepoli and Ghelda into federated states, and set the base for the development of the RFL, the Cabinet became the protagonist of the national life. Among the most notable actions, the construction of the "librarian circuit", with the creation of the Leonensian Library, the Library of Vitla, the Library of Imperonet and the National Library of Agepoli. Not only this allowed the government to preserve all the cultural heritage of the nation, but also to acquire others' micronations cultural heritage. Along with several cultural events and the development of the "Academy", a cultural centre opened to everybody from every micronation, in a very short time approximately 100 unedited literary works were published, and much more were recovered and presented to the public.

The Institute for Documents and Archives of the State (IDEA), an open database that includes all the documents belonging to the state including parliamentary records and reports of the Council of State daily sessions, was created. Despite tensions with the Republic of Castaboro, the foreign affairs led to several treaties, and common activities were organized.

The failed revolution

On the 11th February 2019 the criminal Mario Castaldo and the influent politician Valerio Marocchi, who were kings of the pre-Federation Ghelda, tried a coup d'état that resulted in nothing. They wanted to destroy the Federation and re-establish the monarchy in Ghelda. No one from Ghelda decided to stand for the revolution, even because the "King" Castaldo hadn't so many followers, so the Federated Republic of Ghelda was not damaged. As the two rebels were exiled, decided to form a second Ghelda, despite not having the Ghelda population. Was so formed the Kingdom of Ghelda, that is currently not recognised by any nation, as the Federated Republic of Ghelda is still considered the only real Ghelda. There was a process, where the Leaders of the revolution and everyone who was colluded with the revolutionary government of Ghelda. The Kingdom of Ghelda has transformed into the Republic of Doria, so we can consider the Gheldinian situation solved.

The Zaccaria Cabinet

The 9th March 2019, Giovanni Zaccaria became President, with the support of all political parties, and the endorsement of the former President Orlando. The Zaccaria Cabinet is unanimously considered one of the most successful government in RFL's history. Among the several achievements, there is the first census of the nation, the establishing of the national newspaper library, a proposed national anthem, and the first law on conflict of interest for citizens who have offices in a foreign institution. This government was particularly successful in foreign relationships, as a treaty of friendship and cooperation with the |Iridia was signed, diplomatic relationship with the Kingdom of Elendor started and relationship with Castaboro were tightened.

War of Bordonia

During the Zaccaria Cabinet the "war of Bordonia" started, as the citizen Giovanni Bordignon tried to organize a revolution and founded a new state called "Kingdom of Bordonia". Bordignon tried to move as many citizens as he could from the Leonensian Federation to his Kingdom. When the federal government opposed to him, he declared a "war" against the Federation, that resulted in nothing but his arrest and expulsion. The Zaccaria Government defeated Bordonia by obtaining the support of Castaboro and Iridia and by a zero-tolerance policy within RFL borders. Finally, Zaccaria resigned as president for personal reasons on 1st May 2019.

The Iemma Cabinet

Right after Zaccaria resigned, the Federation experienced a crisis of leadership, especially for the influential political sphere of Aragonists, historically led by Giovanni Zaccaria and Cesare Orlando. In this situation, Vincenzo Iemma was elected president 5th May 2019. He was a historical enemy of the Aragonists, who viewed him as an enemy of the Federation. His government coincided with a period of political, cultural and economic crisis for the Federation. During this period, the only remarkable initiative was the proposed "Basic Law for the Leonensian Union", a political project that wanted to establish an EU-like union between Castaboro and the Federation itself. The law, despite being supported by the RFL's Senate, was never voted in local parliaments and therefore was never approved. As the government was absent during the Iemma Cabinet, the non-activity of the government resulted in a so severe crisis the Government itself tried to dissolve the state. Unable to resolve the crisis the government itself proposed, on 23rd July the first vote for dissolving the Federation, which approved. The second vote on 1st August, however, was rejected despite a large majority in Senato. As a result, the next day, on 2nd August 2019, Vincenzo Iemma resigned. For its dramatic results, the Iemma Cabinet is considered the worst in Federation history, and inevitably this experience destroyed Iemma's political reputation and reinforced the Aragonist party.

The Acquasanta Cabinet

Defined "a government of goodwill and nothing else", the Acquasanta Cabinet was elected on 10th August 2019. The Government was characterized by an initial intense activity, that led to the foundation of the Olympic Committee and the second census. However, the absence of responses to government stimulus resulted in a growing distrust, that led to a second dissolution vote on 26th September 2019. The vote, at first, resulted in success. The second lecture, that was required to make the propose effective, was never held. Indeed, the proposal generated a new concern for the crisis of the Republic. The day after the first vote, on 27th September 2019, the parliamentary commission V for the constitutional reforms" was established. Despite the new activity at a high political level prefigured a rebirth of the Federation, Acquasanta recognised the failures of his cabinet and decided to resign on 29th September.

The Marocchi Cabinet

The Marocchi Cabinet signed the beginning of a renaissance period for the Federal Republic. During his presidency, many things in the Federation changed. First of all, a new federate Republic finally joined the Federation (i.e. Iridia-Etruria), some old laws were abrogated, but the most important reform who took place in this period was the constitutional reform, which ended the 22nd of October. After the reform, which modified strongly the country so, that more power was given to the states, President Marocchi decided to resign leaving temporarily the Cabinet to Acquasanta (meanwhile he had become the Senate President), waiting for new elections. This period was marked also by the rebirth of many economical activities, and culture became again central in public debate.

Government and politics

An alternative flag for the Leonensian Federal Republic, and also the flag of Leonia. Often it is used by the governament or the judiciary.

The Republic is organized as a direct democracy. Every state has its assembly, the Directory in Agepoli, the Senate in Ghelda and the State Convention in Iridia-Etruria, in which every citizen can have a seat. The Federal Parliament consists of two branches: the Federal Senato, where every citizen can have a seat - if he isn't part of the other chamber - and the Chamber of Representatives, with two representatives per state.

Every parliament has is own president. In the case of the national assembly, the president is also the Governor of the State. The President of the Chamber of Representatives, instead, has the role of Vice President of the Republic. The President of the Republic is elected by the Senate of the Republic, and stay in charge until a vote of no confidence or resignation.

Political parties

Despite the fact that political parties are allowed, they do not have much influence on the country politics. Rather, every citizen works freely in the Federal Parliament, giving his ideas and discussing every proposal. Because most of the citizens openly consider themself as aragonist, and the legislature is not elected, there is no need for a political party to be created. There exist, however, more than one political movement, which works are concentrated on a single matter, like the "unionist movement" (which mission was to form a "Leonensian Union").

Moreover, there are political forces that are not organized in a political party, such as the political alliance between Raffaele Ferraro, Giovanni Zaccaria, Simone Acquasanta and Cesare Orlando.

President of the Republic

The President of the Republic is the head of the state and the federal government.

Term Name Day of inaguration End of term Notes
I Cesare Orlando 4 November 2018 9 March 2019 Reconfirmed 26 November, 31 December, 5 February
II Giovanni Zaccaria 9 March 2019 1 May 2019 Resigned
III Vincenzo Iemma 7 May 2019 2 August 2019 Resigned
IV Simone Acquasanta 10 August 2019 29 September 2019 Resigned
V Valerio Marocchi 30 September 2019 22 October 2019 Resigned after the approval of the new Constitution
VI Domenico Alcatraz 29 October 2019 4 February 2020 Resigned
VII Raffaele Ferraro 23 February 2020 in charge

President of the Senate of the Republic

Term Name Day of inaguration End of term Notes
I Valerio Marocchi 6 November 2018 22 January 2019 Resigned
II Samuele Leone 27 January 2019 11 February 2019 Was fired after a vote of no confidence by Simone Acquasanta
III Simone Acquasanta 11 February 2019 3 June 2019 Resigned
IV Simone Palladino 6 June 2019 22 September 2019 Resigned
V Simone Acquasanta 29 September 2019 26 November 2019 Resigned
VI Simone Irsuto 29 November 2019 11 Dicember 2019 Resigned
VII Simone Acquasanta 15 Dicember 2019 15 March 2020 Resigned
VIII Valerio Marocchi 19 March 2020 19 March 2020 He never took office
IX Francesco Andreani 25 March 2020 28 March 2020
X Nicolò Piccione 30 March 2020 11 Maggio 2020

Governor of Agepoli

Term Name Day of inaguration End of term Notes
I Samuele Leone 5 November 2018 30 December 2018 Last President of Agepoli
II Giovanni Zaccaria 1 January 2019 9 March 2019 Left the office to become the President of the Republic
III Stefano Martina 10 March 2019 8 June 2019 Was fired after a vote of no confidence by Domenico Alcatraz
IV Domenico Alcatraz 8 June 2019 29 October 2019 Resigned
V Giovanni Zaccaria 29 October 2019 20 February 2020 Was fired after a vote of no confidence by Simone Irsuto
VI Simone Irsuto 20 February 2020 13 March 2020 Resigned
VII Carlo Cesare Orlando 13 March 2020 30 April 2020 Was fired after a vote of no confidence by Giovanni Zaccaria
VIII Giovanni Zaccaria 30 April 2020 in charge

Governor of Ghelda

Term Name Day of inaguration End of term Notes
I Vincenzo Iemma 4 November 2018 12 November 2018 Resigned
II Simone Acquasanta 12 November 2018 26 November 2018 Resigned
III Silvia Iervolino 26 Novmber 2018 27 Novmber 2018 In one of the most controversial events of the RFL's history a vote of no confidence fired her after a day.
IV Valerio Marocchi 27 November 2018 11 January 2019 Resigned because of his work in the Federal Governament
V Silvia Iervolino 11 January 2019 4 May 2019 Was fired after a vote of no confidence by Simone Palladino
VI Simone Palladino 4 May 2019 ??? ???
VII Luigi Cristofaro ??? 22 October 2019 Was fired after a vore of no confidence by Valerio Marocchi
VIII Valerio Marocchi 22 October 2019 28 November 2019 Resigned
IX Alfrezzon Volgarnov 3 Dicember 2019 2 January 2020 Resigned
X Simone Acquasanta 2 January 2020 in charge

Governor of Iridia

Term Name Day of inaguration End of term Notes
I Raffaele Ferraro 25 October 2019 13 February 2020 Was fired after a vore of no confidence by Francesco Andreani
II Francesco Andreani 13 February 10 April Raga resigned
III Francesco Forlani 12 April In charge

Foreign relations

The main partners of the RFL are the leonensian republics of Romenzia and [Lumenaria]]. Eodus is considered an ally of the country. The nation also had a friendship link with the Democratic Republic of Vitla and Altannia. The Federation is member of the DANC.

The DANC alliance

Culture

From the beginning, the RFL has invested in the activity of the "Accademia delle Micronazioni" (Academy of Micronations). This has led to the production of many literary works. The main authors during the so-called cultural revolution were Carlo Cesare Orlando and Giovanni Zaccaria.

Essays

Many essays were published in the Academy, mostly by Cesare Orlando and Giovanni Zaccaria. These assays focus on the Leonensian history or politics.

Narrative

The narrative focus on short stories and serial. The first serial is usually considered to be "A rose of fire" by Guseppe Verdi. Short stories were published mostly by Raffaele Ferraro and Giovanni Zaccaria. Narrative can also be divided by theme. In fact, a number of works can be considered as "strictly Leonensian", as they have Leonensian as main characters, and the story is usually understandable by those who live in the RFL. Other works, on the contrary, can be published even outside of the micronation, like "Plutarco" by Raffaele Ferraro.

Satire

Raffaele Ferraro is universlly recognised as the best satire author of the micronation. He has published a lot of short theather-like stories, like "Then, Iemma and Leone are in a cafe".

Media

The freedom of the press is very strongly protected, and the media are not only a way to spread the news and to entertain, but also a privileged way to discuss and spread ideas. The main newspapers are the Micronazionale, the Il Regno, the Izequierda, the Giornale Leonense ad the Gazzetta Leonense. Many other journals were active in the past, but are now closed, such as the Istituto Culturale Zaccaria. The focus of each newspaper is different so that the Il Regno focuses on commenting the news, while the Gazzatta Leonense, for example, has the main aim of providing constant information through breaking-news. Two radio, the Radio Agepoli and the Micronatinal Radiotelevision are active in the country, with several specialized magazines about culture or satire.

Awards

Premio Micronazionale

Year Politics Culture Best work Best private enterprise
2018 Federalist Movement Giovanni Zaccaria S.G. (Giuseppe Verdi), Elogio al dualismo (Giovanni Zaccaria) and Sulla Federazione Cesare Orlando Intermicronational Radiotelevision

Premi Nasser

Formerly known as "Premi Izequierda".

Edition Prize for social commitment Prize for political commitment Prize for culture
January 2019 Raffaele Zaccaria Cesare Orlando Giovanni Zaccaria
August 2019 Luigi Cristofaro, Guy Fawkes, Giovanni Zaccaria Not assigned Not assigned

See also

External links