People's Republic of Yongheng
This article contains information pertaining to a fictional micronation, micronationalist or other fictional element of micronational society or culture.
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|For Peace and Socialism|
|National Anthem of Yongheng|
|Official language(s)||English, Yonghengese Pinyin|
|Capital||houdo Shimin Zeng|
|Date founded||October 2007 (official)|
|Number of citizens||TBA|
|Number of active citizens||TBD|
|Government||Pengist Single Party Democracy|
|Current leader||Tong Zhi|
The People's Republic of Yongheng (Yonghengese Pinyin: Renmin Gongheguo di Yongheng), colloquially known as Yongheng and abbreviated PRY, is a micronational state established in October 2007 that seeks to losely emulate the political systems of the People's Republic of China within a serious micronational envrionment. Yongheng's foundations are deeply rooted in Chinese culture as a whole, with all citizens and institutions having official names in Yonghengese Pinyin (non-accented Pinyin). Originally founded by Peng Ming, Yongheng is a single-party democracy with all power invested in the Communist Party of Yongheng and it's officials. According to the Party, the official political ideology of the State and Party is Peng Ming Thought.
As part of cultural development iniatives launched by the Communist Party, Yongheng has it's own fictional history and backstory that losely emulates real events in other micronational states that it's founders were involved in prior to the establishment of the People's Republic. This fictional history is referred to as the "Official State History" by the Party to distinguish between it and the real history of the nation.
Official State History
See: Official Yonghengese History for detail
Originally known as the Kingdom of Yongheng, the State was ruled as an Absolute Monarchy for much of it's history with absolute power vested in the Guowang (King). Every aspect of Yonghengese society was subject to change at the Guowang's will - through the power of Royal Degree he could reform society in absolutely anyway and devolve as much (or as little) power as he wished to his advisors. This sytem was maintained in Yongheng for countless centuries until Er Han, the 49th Gouwang, began the process of reforming Yonghengese society to a much more open political system from the Yonghengese year 1976 onwards. Er Han established the need for feudal develution, establishing an official form of government for the first time in Yonghengese history.
Although the situation initially improved for the Yonghengese people under Er Han, his sudden death resulted in his only son Er Tian ascending to the throne and becoming Guowang in 1991. Er Tian believed that his power was unquestionable on Earth and thast the reforms of his father needed to be undone at once to preserve the traditional culture of the Kingdom. Around the same time as Tian began to reverse the feudal reforms to grant himself absolute power, a prolific Yonghengese philosopher and Socialist thinker known as Peng Ming began to organise publical demonstrations against the reverse of the reforms. Although these demonstrations were swiftly crushed, Peng continued to organise them in his native province of Shen-Xing.
By 1996 most political power had once again been vested in the Guowang and his immediate Court, although Er Tian was not successful in absolutely restoring all power to the throne. Once his reversal of Er Han's reforms were completed, Tian began to renew the oppression of the Yonghengese People in a way that no previous ruler had. Human rights in the Kingdom decline sharply and political freedoms became non-xistent. Although Er Tian felt confident these reforms would consolidate his power, they in fact worked against him. In late 3033 Peng Ming declared the establishment of the People's Movement for Reform, a Socialist political organisation that sought to seize power and drastically reform the state. What followed was known as the Great Crimson Revolution.
The revolution quickly sparked a full-scale civil war in Yongheng, with Communists fighting for the Movement and Royalists fighting for the Guowang. Although Peng Ming was the political leader of the Movement and the figurehead it's members looked to for inspiration, the Movement's chief military commander was Kang Qiao, a noted gureilla leader from Rongyao-Xing who had joined the Movement shortly after it's founding. A number of large-scale battles were fought across the country and countles smaller skirmishes occured. Initially neither side made significant gains in the conflict until the Battle of South Ziben, when a massive popular uprising supported by the Movement took place. The resulting battle granted the Communists a descive military victory and for the next several years the Movement enjoyed success after success. Eventually, the Royalists were defeated at the Battle of Shoudo and the People's Republic of Yongheng was established.
In 2007, after eleven years of revolutionary struggle, Peng Ming declared the foundation of the People's Republic of Yongheng and immediately established himself as Revolutionary Chairman of the People's Republic. The People's Movement for Reform became the Communist Party of Yongheng and massive political reforms were immediately implemented to ensure the smooth functioning of society. Under Peng's leadership, the Party began to work to correct the inequalities in Yonghengese society and carried out massive scale social reform to promote solidarity, equality and Socialism. Almost immediately after the People's Republic was founder in October 3044 Peng chaired the 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of Yongheng, declaring that every six months such a congress should be held.
For the first few months, the People's Republic progressed well. Peng's reforms were massively popular amongst the People and the Party, even winning over many former Royalists who agreed to reform their politics. Events took a turn for the worse however when Peng Meng was taken seriously ill on one of his Reform Tours to personally monitor the progress of the provinces in their reform. When it became clear that Peng would not swiftly recover, the Central Committee of the CPY found itself charged with designating a future successor and acting Revolutionary Chairman. The Premier of the People's State Council at the time, Da Tao, was selected to serve as Acting Revolutionary Chairman.
The appontment of Da Tao as the effective Paramount Leade of Yongheng was unpopular, the Premier having barely achieved a majority of support from the Central Committee. Although he was only acting as temporary leader whilst Peng was incapacitated, Da immediately proceeded to act as though he was the de facto leader of the Republic. Using his new-found political power, Da re-railed Peng's plans for reform and began to focus the efforts of the Party on "addressing certain counter-revolutionary elements of our society and Party". He ordered the wide-spread purging of a number of his political opponents and replaced several key government figures with his own supporters. Although the senior leadership of the Party was uneasy about this they did nothing until the 2nd National Congress of the Communist Party on April 27, 2008 when Da Tao announced that Kang Qiao - his most prominent political opponent - was to be purged and leadership of the People's Revolutionary Army was to fall under directly Political Bureau control.
The purging of Kang marked what is now known as the Party War, a period of political conflict - sometimes violent - between the supports of Kang and the supporters of Da. Many of Kang's supporters were purged whilst Da launched a brutal propaganda campaign against them, calling on the People to "challenge the counter-revolutionaries" and "crush these capitalist-roadsters without mercy". When news of this reached Peng, the Party leader ordered that Da be removed immediately and Kang be rehabilitated. The agencts of Da ensured this order never reached the Central Committee. In June 2008, when Peng was recovering, he found himself silenced by Da. Peng decided to act through Tong Zhi, a prominent member of the Central Committee.
Tong spent the next month rallying the Central Committee to Kang. He knew Da did not have the power to challenge the Central Committee but proceeded with caution regardless. In late July 2008 an emergency session of the Central Committee was convened and at the meeting a majority of members voted in favour of stripping Da of his power and suspending his Party membership. Da attempted to reverse the decision but found that even his supporters in the Politburo dared not go against the Central Committee's ruling. Tong Zhi assumed the role of temporary leadership and by August 2008 Peng Ming had returned to the role of leadership, resuming his reforms.
Peng was left weaker by his bout of illness and in September 2008 it was announced that he would stand down as Revolutionary Chairman and General Secretary of the CPY at the 3rd National Congress. The Congress was convened on October 7, 2008, twenty days earlier than had originally been intended. Peng Ming stood down during the final hours of the Congress. His final order was to dismiss the entire Political Bureau Standing Committee, Political Bureau and Central Committee, effectively ending the first generation of Communist leadership. The Party elected a new leadership body (although most old faces returned) and Tong Zhi was elected as General Secretary and subsequently the new Revolutionary Chairman. Peng was granted a new office as Eternal President of the Communist Party and elected to the Political Bureau Standing Committee on a permanent basis.
On December 4, 2008, the People's Republic of Yongheng signed a Treaty of Alliance with the Democratic People's Republic of Erusia after something of a hatius in activity. Yongheng and Erusia have committed themselves to furthering the proletariat revolution micronationally.
Politics and Government
The People's Republic of Yongheng is generally regarded as being a Communist State, adhering to the concept of Marxism known within the People's Republic as Peng Ming Thought. Although the State has been described as being somewhat oppressive under the rule of Peng Ming, Tong Zhi's regime has seen drastic changes and an increase in political and economic freedoms of citizens in accordance with his plans for a more capitalised - but still Socialist - Yongheng.
All real political power in Yongheng is vested in the Communist Party of Yongheng. Being a single-party democracy, no other political parties are permitted to participate in the government systems, although political organisations in themselves are fully permitted to be formed and be active as voices of the People. Party membership is open to anyone and grants them the right to vote, stand for various positions and possibly become senior leaders in government. For those wishing to pursue the latter path, it is common for them to receive a brief education at the Central Party School - run by Peng Ming himself - designed to familiarise them with the functions of government and give them practical experience in various offices. Although the State and Party are officially separate, the Party is almost synomynous with the State. As of October 2008 the Party has 8 Members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, 13 Members of the Politburo and 25 Central Committee Members including cross-level memberships.
The leader of the People's Republic is officially titled Revolutionary Chairman, although this office is commonly translated as "President" in international affairs. Although all major leadership roles are vested in the Chairman and they act as the Head of State, the Premier of the People's State Council is the Head of Government and is heavily involved in leadership decisions regarding the state of the nation.