Parliament of Hashima

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Parliament of Hashima
端島国会 (Japanese)
端岛国会 (Chinese)
하시마국회 (Korean)
1st Parliament
Parliament of Hashima Logo.png
Type
Type unicameral
Leadership
Speaker of Parliament Ewan Hong
since 10 May 2016
Deputy Speaker Yutaka Abiko
since 10 May 2016
Deputy Speaker Samantha Chan
since 10 May 2016
Structure
Members 24
Composition of the 1st Parliament of Hashima.png
Political groups      National Party (15)
     Labour Party (9)
Voting system First-past-the-post


The Parliament of Hashima and the President jointly make up the legislature of Hashima. Parliament is unicameral and is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs) who are elected, as well as Non-constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) and Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) who are appointed.

The Speaker of Parliament has overall charge of the administration of Parliament and its secretariat, and presides over parliamentary sittings. Since 2017, the Speaker cannot be a member of any political party. The Leader of the House is an MP appointed by the Prime Minister to arrange government business and the legislative programme of Parliament, while the unofficial Leader of the Opposition is the MP who leads the largest opposition party able and prepared to assume office if the Government resigns. Standing Select Committees are permanently constituted to fulfil certain duties, and ad hoc Select Committees are established from time to time to deal with matters such studying the details of bills. In addition, selected NP backbenchers sit on Government Parliamentary Committees that examine the policies, programmes and proposed legislation of government ministries.

The main functions of Parliament are lawmaking, controlling the nation's finances, and ensuring ministerial accountability. Parliament convenes when it is in session. The first session of a particular Parliament commences when Parliament meets after being formed following a general election. A session ends when Parliament is prorogued (temporarily suspended) or dissolved. The maximum term of each Parliament is five years, after which Parliament automatically dissolves. A general election must then be held within three months. The quorum for a Parliamentary sitting is one quarter of the total number of MPs, not including the Speaker.

The quorum for a Parliamentary sitting is one quarter of the total number of MPs, not including the Speaker. An MP begins a debate by moving a motion and delivering an opening speech explaining the reasons for the motion. The Speaker (or chairman, if Parliament is in committee) then puts the motion in the form of a question, following which other MPs may debate the motion. After that, the mover may exercise a right of reply. When the debate is closed, the Speaker puts the question on the motion to the House and calls for a vote. Voting is generally done verbally, and whether the motion is carried depends on the Speaker's personal assessment of whether more MPs have voted for than against the motion. MPs' votes are only formally counted if an MP claims a division.

Parliament regulates its own privileges, immunities and powers. For instance, the freedom of speech and debate and proceedings in Parliament may not be impeached or questioned in any court or other place out of Parliament. Parliament may punish an MP for acting dishonourably, abusing a privilege or behaving contemptuously.


Coat of arms of Hashima.png

Hashima
Planning areas

Bunam | Nishihira | Weipei | Kōtō

Government

President | Prime Minister | Cabinet | Parliament | Judiciary

Political Parties

National Party | Labour Party

Culture

Languages | History | Arts | Literature | Music | Symbols | Holidays | Ceremonies | Dance

Media

Hashima Broadcasting Corporation | The Morning Post

Misc

Hashima Armed Forces | National Anthem of Hashima | Coat of arms of Hashima | Flag of Hashima