Parliament of Camuria and Althacia

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Parliament of the Kingdom of Camuria and Althacia and Her Empire beyond the Seas
Type
TypeBicameral
HousesHouse of Deputies
House of Peers
Leadership
Sovereign of ParliamentHM the King Emperor
Leader of the ChamberJohn O'Kane, Conservative Party
since January 2008
Lord of the PeersHM the King-Emperor
since July 2009
Structure
Members18
9 Peers
9 Member of Parliament
Upper House political groups     Conservatives(7)
     NDP(2)
     Independent (0)
Election
Upper House last electionMarch 2010
Meeting place
Chambers of Parliament
Website
None


The Parliament of the Kingdom of Camuria and Althacia and Her Empire beyond the Seas (or the Camurian Parliament, the Parliament in Godricsun, or simply Parliament within Camuria-Althacia) is the supreme legislative body in the Kingdom of Camuria and Althacia and all of Camurian-Althacian territories. The monarch retains the position as Sovereign of Parliament, with ultimate power over both legislative houses, retaining the power to overturn and abolish Acts of Parliament.

The parliament is bicameral, with the Upper House and the House of Peers. The House of Peers contains two types of members: the Lord's (members of the Peerage) who are not elected to the house, but rather appointed to the house by the Sovereign and the Governor-General's (leaders of the Camurian Empire's Provinces and Dominions representing them in parliament). The Upper House is a democratically elected chamber with elections that are held within at least three years of each other. The two houses meet at different intervals within the year, beginning the new government by the end of January. All Members of Parliament, including the First Minister and Peers are, technically answerable to the judicial branches of the Parliament. The Parliament of Camuria has evolved from more of an Advisory Committee to the monarch in early Camurian history into its modern position as a major component of Camurian-Althacian government.

Powers and Authorities

Royal Assent from the sovereign is required for any governmental bill to be put into effect and become law. The Crown and HM Government hold executive powers which do not require consent through Parliament, with the Crown retaining the authority to dissolve Parliament, form international treaties, declare a state of war, award royal honours and the ability to appoint members to the House of Peers, Governor-Generals or royal styles. The monarch also retains the power to rule without parliament, if the First Minister declares the present government unfit for their duties to govern.

The Upper House, formally styled as The Honourable Peoples of the Realm represented in Parliament Assembled currently consists of nine members, representing the nine constituencies within the Camurian Empire, who are elected by a first-past-the-post electoral system adopted from the United Kingdom. After a General Election the monarch appoints the First Minister, who then form a government from the Members of Parliament currently sitting, with the power to reform the government with consent of the sovereign.

The Lower House, formally styled as The Honourable Lords and Peers of the Realm in Parliament Assembled currently consists of all the four Great Barons, representing the Baronies of the Althacian and Camurian homelands and the four Governor-Generals of the Empires Provinces and Dominions. All are appointed to represent the peoples of those Baronies, Provinces or Dominions to the monarch directly, who holds the title as Lord of the Peers and exorcises the titles duties as leader of the House. All Governor-Generals hold their positions within the house until they are removed or voluntarily leave the post of Governor-General, while the Barons hold seats in the house for an infinite amount of time, except under considerable circumstances in which it is require to remove that person from the House and those who hold the titles also hold seats in the House.

Term

Following a General Election, a new parliamentary session begins lasting for a maximum period of three years. Parliament is summoned to the sovereign twenty days in advance, the sovereign being the source of all parliamentary authority. On the day that the sovereign declares the outcome of a General Election both Houses assemble in their respective Chambers. The Lord Chancellor, the sovereigns representative to the House of Deputies, then enters the House of Deputies and commands the new parliament to elect a Speaker which will occur the next day. The new Speaker will then lead the oath of allegiance to the sovereign and submit their loyalty to the Crown in a private session with sovereign that usually lasts for half an hour.

Once the First Minister and the Leader of the Loyal Opposition have submitted their loyalty to the sovereign in the name of their respective parliamentary parties the Royal Opening of Parliament may occur, usually within three days of the General Election and the Sovereign will then declare the approval of their government through the Royal Speech to Parliament and declare the powers of the new Parliament as official.

Privileges

Each House possesses various privileges granted by the Sovereign of Parliament. The House of Peers retains the right to over rule the judicial procedures of the High Court for up to 30 days, at which the Sovereign of Parliament shall evaluate the matter and conclude the over ruling. Both the Upper House and Lower House, respectively holds the right to block government legislature before a bill is forwarded to the sovereign to enact by Royal Accent for up to 100 days, in which time the bill must have been reformed and evaluated and passed by both Houses for the government to forward the bill.