Myrotanian verbs

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There are 130 verbs in Myrotanian and they follow a conjugation pattern derived from Dutch, with hints and influences from other languages and systems.

Regular Conjugation

Regular conjugations include adding the appropriate ending to the stem. The stem is formed by removing the -en from the end of the verb. Some verbs end in just -n (with a consonant or even a non-e vowel before the 'n'), in such cases, the stem is formed by just taking the 'n'.

Present (Indicative Mood)

  • 1st person singular: -e
  • 2nd person singular: -s (or -es if 's' doesn't flow or make a sound difference)
  • 3rd person singular: -t (or -et if 't' doesn't flow or make a sound difference)
  • 1st person plural: -em
  • 2nd person plural: -eT
  • 3rd person plural: -(e)n (i.e. the infinitive of the verb)

Present (Subjunctive Mood)

  • 1st person singular: -é
  • 2nd person singular: -yes
  • 3rd person singular: -et
  • 1st person plural: -yem
  • 2nd person plural: -yeT
  • 3rd person plural: -yen

Imperfect (Indicative Mood)

This uses the imperfect stem, which is the normal (or crude) stem with the addition of -t (or -et). The following conjugation involves the imperfect stem with the addition of these endings:

  • 1st person singular: -e
  • 2nd person singular: -ast
  • 3rd person singular: -a
  • 1st person plural: no ending (uses the imperfect stem)
  • 2nd person plural: -sa
  • 3rd person plural: -asy

Imperfect (Subjunctive Mood)

There are three irregulars to this: haten, zyn and benyrn.

  • 1st person singular: -er
  • 2nd person singular: -eré
  • 3rd person singular: -er
  • 1st person plural: -erm
  • 2nd person plural: -eror
  • 3rd person plural: -ern

Affirmative Imperative Mood

There are three irregulars: zyn, and'n and kumn

  • 2nd person singular: -'
  • 1st person plural: -amó
  • 2nd person plural: -eté

Negative Imperative Mood

The only irregular is zyn

  • 2nd person singular: nó ...-er
  • 1st person plural: nó ... -erm
  • 2nd person plural: nó ... -ert

Past participle

The past participle is formed by taking the stem and doing to things to it:

  • Add the prefix Gy-
  • Add the suffix -T

For example; spiln becomes Gyspilt

Irregulars

and'n (to go)

Present (Indicative Mood)

  • 1st person singular: wa
  • 2nd person singular: was
  • 3rd person singular: wah
  • 1st person plural: ăwam
  • 2nd person plural: andeT
  • 3rd person plural: anden

Affirmative Imperative Mood

  • 2nd person singular: bă
  • 1st person plural: 'nDjam
  • 2nd person plural: ăllej

benyrn (to become & auxiliary)

'benyrn' (to become) can also be used to form the future ('will' is translated with the present conjugation of benyrn) and the conditional ('would' is translated with the imperfect subjunctive conjugation of benyrn) and is conjugated irregularly in some tenses/moods:

Present (Indicative Mood)

  • 1st person singular: beny
  • 2nd person singular: benys
  • 3rd person singular: byrn
  • 1st person plural: benyr
  • 2nd person plural: benyreT
  • 3rd person plural: benyrn

Imperfect (Subjunctive Mood)

  • 1st person singular: bür
  • 2nd person singular: büré
  • 3rd person singular: bür
  • 1st person plural: bürm
  • 2nd person plural: bür
  • 3rd person plural: bür

haten (to have)

Imperfect (Subjunctive Mood)

  • 1st person singular: het
  • 2nd person singular: heté
  • 3rd person singular: het
  • 1st person plural: het'm
  • 2nd person plural: het
  • 3rd person plural: het

kumn (to come)

Affirmative Imperative Mood

  • 2nd person singular: kom
  • 1st person plural: komem
  • 2nd person plural: komT

zijn (to be & auxiliar)

'zijn' (to be) is also used as the auxiliary verb (along with the past participle) for forming the perfective aspect (in perfect tenses) and it is completely conjugated irregularly:

Present (Indicative Mood)

  • 1st person singular: ben
  • 2nd person singular: bes
  • 3rd person singular: iz
  • 1st person plural: zem
  • 2nd person plural: zeT
  • 3rd person plural: zyn

Present (Subjunctive Mood)

  • 1st person singular: zy
  • 2nd person singular: zys
  • 3rd person singular: zyt
  • 1st person plural: zym
  • 2nd person plural: zyT
  • 3rd person plural: zyn

Imperfect (Subjunctive Mood)

  • 1st person singular: wer
  • 2nd person singular: weré
  • 3rd person singular: wer
  • 1st person plural: werm
  • 2nd person plural: wer
  • 3rd person plural: wer

Affirmative Imperative Mood

  • 2nd person singular: bé
  • 1st person plural: zijm
  • 2nd person plural: zy

Negative Imperative Mood

  • 2nd person singular: nó esser
  • 1st person plural: nó essem
  • 2nd person plural: nó zijrT

Irregular Stems

  • dóben: Deb
  • konen: kan
  • lan: lés
  • tóten: tort
  • vatSen: văc

Irregular Imperfect Stems

  • and'n: ginG
  • avhorn: horav
  • Bekumn: Bekam
  • benyrn: bend
  • Bewégen: Bewag
  • braH: bruH
  • haten: hab
  • konen: kunt
  • kumn: kam
  • lan: las
  • naten: nóten
  • resten: rist
  • Sicen: Sac
  • SnayDen: Snit
  • tóten: tat
  • vatSen: vetS
  • woln: wólt
  • zyn: waz

Irregular Past Participles

  • and'n: ălé
  • avhorn: avGyhorn
  • Bekumn: Bekumn
  • Bewégen: Bewüg
  • benyrn: benür
  • braHn: GybruHen
  • dóben: Gydub
  • haten: Gyhat
  • konen: kunen
  • kumn: Gykumn
  • lan: Gylés
  • nahmen: Gynóm
  • naten: nüten
  • resten: resté
  • Sicen: GySic
  • SnayDen: GySnit
  • vatSen: vét
  • woln: woln
  • zyn: GywésT

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