Ministry of Law and Justice (Vishwamitra)

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Ministry of Law and Justice
विधि और न्याय मंत्रालय
Coat of arms of Vishwamitra (2021).svg
Central overview
Formed10 July 2016
Jurisdiction Vishwamitra
Minister responsible
Child agencies

The Ministry of Law and Justice (Hindi: कानून और न्याय मंत्रालय) is a ministry in the government of Vishwamitra which deals with the management of the legal affairs, constitutional activities and administration of justice in India through its three departments namely the Department of Constitutional Affairs, the Department of Legal Affairs and the Department of Justice respectively. The Department of Legal Affairs is concerned with advising the various ministries of the central government while the Constitutional Department is concerned with matters related to the Constitution of Vishwamitra.

The Ministry of Law and Justice is headed by the Minister of Law and Justice which is a cabinet rank minister and is occassionally assisted by a junior minister or the Minister of State for Law and Justice. The first minister was Bishnu Chetry who served between in 2016, while the current minister is Arthur Lacey-Scott who has been into office since 11 June 2022.

History

The Ministry of Law and Justice was formed on 10 July 2016 as the "Ministry of Legal Affairs" and was subsequently renamed to its current name on 13 November 2016. In 2020, the Ministry of Law and Justice was merged with the Ministries of Defence and Parliamentary Affairs to form the Ministry of Political, Legal and Security Affairs. However, the three ministries became independent back in 2021.

Departments

The Ministry of Law and Justice has the following departments which were created by the Gazette Notification issued on 10 June 2022.

Department of Constitutional Affairs

The Department of Constitutional Affairs is responsible for the administration of the constitutional laws and regarding the proper implementation of those laws.

  1. Advice to ministries on matters related interpretation of the Constitution and its laws.
  2. Constitution Orders; notifications for bringing into force Constitution (Amendment) Acts in consultation with the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.

Department of Legal Affairs

The Department of Legal Affairs has two main duties: advice and litigation.

  1. Advice to ministries on legal matters including conveyancing and engagement of counsel to appear on behalf of the Union of Vishwamitra in the Supreme Court and other courts of law is a party.
  2. Central Government law officers of the States excluding the Attorney General whose services are shared by the Ministries of the Government of India.
  3. Conduct of cases in the Supreme Court on behalf of the Central Government and on behalf of the States participating in the Central Agency Scheme.
  4. Reciprocal arrangements with foreign countries for the service of summons in civil suits, for the execution of decrees of Civil Courts, for the enforcement of maintenance orders, and for the administration of the estates of foreigners dying in Vishwamitra intestate.
  5. Treaties and agreements with foreign countries in matters of civil law.
  6. Enlargement of the jurisdiction of Supreme Court and the conferring thereon of further powers; persons entitled to practice before the Supreme Court; references to the Supreme Court.

Department of Justice

The Department of Justice performs the administrative functions in relation to the appointment of various judges at the Supreme Court, maintenance and revision of the conditions and rules of service of the judges and other related areas.

  1. Appointment, resignation and removal of the Chief Justice of India and Judges of the Supreme Court of India; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
  2. Constitution and organisation (excluding jurisdiction and powers) of the Supreme Court (but including contempt of such Court).
  3. Administration of justice.
  4. Appointment, resignation and removal of the Chief Justice of India and Judges of the Supreme Court of India; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence.

Ministers

Minister of Law and Justice
विधि और न्याय मंत्री
Coat of arms of Vishwamitra (2021).svg
Incumbent
Duke Arthur Lacey-Scott

since 11 June 2022
Ministry of Law and Justice
StyleThe Most Honourable
Member of
Reports toPrime Minister
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerRashtradhyaksh
on the recommendation of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt His Majesty's pleasure
Formation10 July 2016; 6 years, 6 months ago
First holderBishnu Chetry
DeputyMinister of State for Law and Justice

The Minister of Law and Justice is the head of the Ministry of Law and Justice who is responsible for the maintenance of the affairs of the ministry. The Minister often holds cabinet rank however in some occasions a minister of state with independent charge has also served as the minister of law and justice. The first minister was Bishnu Chetry while the current minister is Arthur Lacey-Scott who was appointed on 11 June 2022.

Cabinet ministers of law and justice are often assisted by a junior minister, or a Minister of State for Law and Justice.

Anirban Phatowali and Rajdeep Deka held the rank of a minister of state with independent charge while all other ministers held cabinet rank. The longest continuous tenure by any minister is that of the current office-holder Arthur Lacey-Scott who has been in office since 11 June 2022.

Cabinet ministers

Key
  • MoS, I/c means Minister of State (Independent charge)
Portrait Minister
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Political party Ministry Prime Minister
From To Period
Ministers of Legal Affairs (10 July – 13 November 2016)
Bishnu Chetry.png Bishnu Chetry
बिष्णु चेत्री
(born 2001)
10 July
2016
27 November
2016
140 days Secular Party Dhrubajyoti III Dhrubajyoti Roy
Ministers of Law and Justice (27 November 2016 – 17 June 2020)
Tanishkaa Patranabish (2010-2018).jpg Tanishkaa Patranabish
तनिष्का पत्रनबिश
(born 2004)
27 November
2016
30 December
2016
3 days Independent Party Dhrubajyoti III Dhrubajyoti Roy
Anirban Phatowali new photo.jpg Anirban Phatowali
अनिर्बान फतोवाली
(born 2009)
(MoS, I/c)
30 December
2016
17 February
2017
49 days Dhrubajyoti IV
Man without face.svg Rajdeep Deka
राजदीप डेका
(born 2002)
(MoS, I/c)
17 February
2017
12 April
2017
54 days Independent Party
Man without face.svg Bhargab Jyoti Medhi
भार्गब ज्योति मेधी
(born 2001)
12 April
2017
5 July
2017
148 days Sarala III Sarala Baishya
5 July
2017
7 September
2017
Tanishkaa II Tanishkaa Patranabish
Man without face.svg Kalyan Dey
कल्याण दे
(born 2001)
8 September
2017
3 November
2017
56 days
Anirban Phatowali new photo.jpg Anirban Phatowali
अनिर्बान फतोवाली
(born 2009)
3 November
2017
25 December
2017
52 days
Woman without face.svg Asmi Patranabis
अस्मी पत्रनबिस
(born 2007)
25 December
2017
21 March
2018
86 days Secular Party Dhrubajyoti V Dhrubajyoti Roy
Bishnu Chetry.png Bishnu Chetry
बिष्णु चेत्री
(born 2001)
21 March
2018
13 May
2018
53 days Congress Dhrubajyoti VI
Woman without face.svg Sampriti Paul
संप्रीति पॉल
(born 2004)
14 May
2018
12 October
2018
152 days Secular Party Tanishkaa III Tanishkaa Patranabish
Dhrubajyoti Roy
Manoj Chetry.PNG Manoj Chetry
मनोज छेत्री
(born 2005)
12 October
2018
6 January
2019
86 days Congress Dhrubajyoti VII
Sarala Baishya (2).jpg Sarala Baishya
सरला वैश्य
(born 2005)
7 January
2019
13 March
2019
65 days Tanishkaa IV Tanishkaa Patranabish
Official Portrait of Tanishkaa Patranabish (October 2018).jpg Tanishkaa Patranabish
तनिष्का पत्रनबिश
(born 2004)
(Prime Minister)
17 March
2019
30 March
2019
13 days Tanishkaa V
Photo of Abhiraj Kar.jpg Abhiraj Kar
अभिराज कर
(born 2006)
30 March
2019
16 July
2019
108 days
Portrait of Arnab Sil.png Arnab Sil
अर्नब सिल
(born 2004)
16 July
2019
6 August
2019
21 days
Bishnu Chetry.png Bishnu Chetry
बिष्णु चेत्री
(born 2001)
6 August
2019
17 August
2019
11 days
Man without face.svg Bhargab Jyoti Medhi
भार्गब ज्योति मेधी
(born 2001)
17 August
2019
2 September
2019
16 days
Arnab Deka in 2017.jpg Arnab Deka
अर्नब डेका
(born 2002)
2 September
2019
29 September
2019
27 days
Woman without face.svg Asmi Patranabis
अस्मी पत्रनबिस
(born 2007)
29 September
2019
5 October
2019
6 days
Anirban Phatowali new photo.jpg Anirban Phatowali
अनिर्बान फतोवाली
(born 2009)
5 October
2019
15 October
2019
10 days
Arnab Deka in 2017.jpg Arnab Deka
अर्नब डेका
(born 2002)
15 October
2019
8 November
2019
24 days
Woman without face.svg Asmi Patranabis
अस्मी पत्रनबिस
(born 2007)
8 November
2019
16 November
2019
8 days
Arnab Deka in 2017.jpg Arnab Deka
अर्नब डेका
(born 2002)
16 November
2019
9 December
2019
23 days
Man without face.svg Nishwan Baidantic
निस्वान बैदंतिक
(born 2001)
9 December
2019
12 December
2019
3 days
Bishnu Chetry.png Bishnu Chetry
बिष्णु चेत्री
(born 2001)
12 December
2019
10 January
2020
29 days
Arnab Deka in 2017.jpg Arnab Deka
अर्नब डेका
(born 2002)
10 January
2020
3 March
2020
53 days
Woman without face.svg Sampriti Paul
संप्रीति पॉल
(born 2004)
3 March
2020
19 March
2020
16 days Congress Anoushkaa I Anoushkaa Patranabish
Ankurjyoti Thakuria.jpg Ankurjyoti Thakuria
अंकुरज्योति ठाकुरिया
(born 2002)
19 March
2020
10 April
2020
19 days Tanishkaa VI Tanishkaa Patranabish
Man without face.svg Nishwan Baidantic
निस्वान बैदंतिक
(born 2001)
10 April
2020
30 April
2020
20 days
Man without face.svg Bhargab Jyoti Medhi
भार्गब ज्योति मेधी
(born 2001)
13 May
2020
8 June
2020
26 days Tanishkaa VII
Woman without face.svg Sampriti Paul
संप्रीति पॉल
(born 2004)
9 June
2020
17 June
2020
69 days Anoushkaa II Princess
Anoushkaa
Coordinating Ministers of Political, Legal and Security Affairs (17 June 2020 – 28 January 2021)
Photo of Abhiraj Kar.jpg Senior Prince
Abhiraj

वरिष्ठराजकुमार अभिराज
(born 2006)
17 June
2020
20 August
2020
64 days Congress Anoushkaa II Princess
Anoushkaa
Man without face.svg Nishwan Baidantic
निश्वान बैदांतिक
(born 2001)
20 August
2020
16 September
2020
27 days
Ankurjyoti Thakuria.jpg Ankurjyoti Thakuria
अंकुरज्योति ठाकुरिया
(born 2002)
16 September
2020
28 January
2021
134 days
Ministers of Law and Justice (28 January 2021 – present)
MunroePortrait2021.jpg Liam Alexander
लियाम अलेक्जेंडर
(born 2005)
28 January
2021
Less than a day (8 hours approx.) Royalist Party Ștefan I Duke
Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu
Portrait of Dhrubajyoti Roy (June 2020).jpg Rashtradhyaksh
Dhrubajyoti Roy
ध्रुबज्योति रॉय
(born 2002)
Advisor to the Prime Minister
28 January
2021
1 March
2021
32 days Independent
Cristian Dobrev.png Cristian Dobrev
क्रिस्टियन डोबरेव
(born 2004)
6 March
2021
18 June
2021
104 days Ștefan II
Portrait of Ned Voda.svg Baron
Ned Vodă

नेड वोडा
(born 2001)
18 June
2021
11 September
2021
85 days Congress
Charles Burgardt Official Portrait.jpg Charles Burgardt
चार्ल्स बर्गार्ड्ट
(born 2002)
11 September
2021
21 October
2021
40 days Farhaz I Duke
Farhaz Hazarika
Carson 2021.PNG Carson Snyder
कार्सन स्नाइडर
(born 2003)
21 October
2021
22 November
2021
32 days Independent Phillip Count
Phillip Joseph Pillin
Charles Burgardt Official Portrait.jpg Count
Charles Burgardt

चार्ल्स बर्गार्ड्ट
(born 2002)
22 November
2021
12 May
2022
171 days Congress Farhaz II Duke
Farhaz Hazarika
Man without face.svg Duke
Rory McPhail

रोरी मैकफैल
(born 2007)
12 May
2022
11 June
2022
30 days Independent Farhaz III
Man without face.svg Duke
Arthur Lacey-Scott

आर्थर लेसी-स्कॉट
(born 2002)
11 June
2022
11 November
2022
241 days
12 November
2022
Incumbent Congress Farhaz IV

See also