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|Located||Republic of Indonesia|
|Sector founded by||Indokistan|
Los Bay Petros
|Nations in area||List of active micronations|
|Organisations in area||Association of Indonesian Micronations|
|Notable people in area||Nabil Ihsan|
Theodorus Diaz Praditya
Indonesian sector (Indonesian: Sektor Indonesia or Rumpun Indonesia) is a term used to categorise micronations bounded with and located within Indonesian territory. The term was first used by Los Bay Petros and Indokistan to begin creating a bond with other newly-born Indonesian micronations who rose in between 2011 until 2012. There are currently more than 10 micronations who defined as members of the Indonesian sector. The sector is the largest by area inside MicroWiki Community, as its boundaries are nationwide (as opposite with the usual regional sectors), which itself is the 16th largest in the world. Majority of Indonesian sector micronations are the member of the Association of Indonesian Micronations.
- 1 Terminology
- 2 History
- 3 Characteristics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Sectoral summits
- 6 Micronational organisations
- 7 Micronations inside Indonesian sector
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Besides the word "Indonesian sector" and its Indonesian counterpart, a synonym of "Indonesian micronational community" (Indonesian: Komunitas mikronasional Indonesia) also is frequently used to refer groups of micronations in Indonesia. The word "Rumpun Indonesia" was created in early 2020, and is promoted to those wishes to avoid usage of foreign loanwords (sektor is direct English loanwords of "sector", rumpun is native Indonesian word).
Besides its location, to be considered as a member of the Indonesian sector, a micronation also should have some form of binding with Indonesian national or one of its ethnic groups (Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Aceh, and/or others) culture, and associating themselves with it, instead of only lay claims over Indonesian territory.
Based on consensus, to be called as a member of the Indonesian sector, micronations should reside in Indonesia instead of only claim regions in Indonesia. Claiming regions without residing on it would not enable them recognition as a member of the sector unless diplomacy with Indonesian sector micronations are established. In the majority of "Indonesian micronation" that only claiming regions inside Indonesia without actually reside on it, its citizens also do not associating themselves with Indonesia, which removed a detrimental factor for recognition by other Indonesian micronation.
Indonesian micronations history is not known very much prior to 2010s decade. The first known entity conforming with characteristics of a micronation known to the public was the Democratic Empire of Sunda, which claimed to be the successor of the former pre-colonial Kingdom of Sunda in-exile in Switzerland. The Empire made media headlines when two of its princesses, were detained and charged by Malaysian authorities for entering the country without a valid pass after attempted entry to the country from Brunei Darussalam.
Indonesian micronationalism arrived in MicroWikia in 2009, when Adriansyah Yassin Sulaeman with his newborn micronation Federal Republic of Los Bay Petros appeared on the internet for the first time. Being the first Indonesian micronation in the MicroWikia gave the country great advantage. In 2010, Indokistan was established and became the second Indonesian micronation to appear on the present-day MicroWiki. In early 2011, new series of micronations, which includes Principality of Inesia, Federal Republic of Santos, Republic of Islamkistan, and the Republic of Shuffle, was established and emerged to the community.
The Republic of Fiharaya was "reprimanded" and forced to be disbanded immediately by Indonesian police on December 2010, after being misidentified as a separatist movement. Indonesian police action against Fiharaya was then condemned by micronationalists, most notably by Los Bay Petros and A1..
Sectoral relations consolidation
The first ever Indonesian micronation organisation, the Association of Indonesian Micronations was established by Adriansyah Yassin Sulaeman and Nabil Ihsan in 11 July 2011. Several other organisations were founded later, which includes Indonesian Micronational League in April 2012, and LIR Union in June 2012. The only successful intermicronational summit on the sector was organised by LIR Union and took place in August 2012, with Los Bay Petros as the host country.
The relationship formed inside the sector proved very strong because each micronation inside the sector felt that their neighbour also their family of their own. This strong feeling of friendship resulting in a stable and peaceful atmosphere inside the sector. The last notable major conflict inside the sector occurred in January 2014, and even this conflict strengthen more the feeling of unity, instead of ruining it.
Various official summits were planned by Indonesian micronationalists, motivated by the success of the August 2012 summit by LIR Union. Unfortunately, the planned always failed to took place, especially due to financial issues and great distance among each micronations. The latest attempt on the Indonesian micronational summit was planned to be held in June 2015, with Indokistani capital Suwarnakarta as the host, which also failed.
Indonesian sector receives its strongest blow in 2015-2016, when the most powerful micronations inside the community, Indokistan and Los Bay Petros dissolved on that year. While Los Bay Petros already abandoned by its citizens at the end of 2014, its collapse was only recognised by the community in February 2015, when its membership status on the AIM was reluctantly stripped by fellow member states. Following Los Bay Petros, Indokistan announced its disbandment in July 2016 after declining activities of its members.
The collapse of those micronations heavily affected the community and lamented by micronationalists, since both micronations had become an example of an established micronation for newly founded micronations, and its members were heavily influential in the sector. Suwarnakarta Institute founded by the only remaining active citizen of former Indokistan was the remnant of the two former powerful micronations on the sector.
The collapse of Los Bay Petros and Indokistan followed a trend on declining number of micronations dissolving itself because of inactivity or deliberate dissolution, for example Warung China and Democratic Kingdom of Love Mainland in 2016, and Sunda Raya in early 2018. The majority of remaining active micronations were confined to the members of the AIM that strives for efforts on the regeneration of the organisation despite of decreasing members.
Recovery and current activities
- See also: 2020 Indonesian micronations shock
A sign of recovery on the sector was appeared in early 2018, when a new group of micronations emerging from South Jakartan region, led by United Indonesian States of Sapu Lidi, the predecessor of the current Neuborrnia-Merientalia. When the UIS was first established, more micronations from the Stradan sector began appearing, and the term Strada sector was coined in mid-2018 as a grouping for those micronations. The sector was recognised by AIM as the first "sub-sector" of the Indonesian sector in early 2020.
A community with micronation-like characteristics aroused public reaction in early January 2020. Keraton Agung Sejagat and Sunda Empire were made known to the public after videos of its activities went viral in Indonesian social media. Despite the neutral response of the Indonesian public that making those movements as laughing stock and circulating memes related to it, Indonesian authority took stern actions by arresting founders of the Keraton and later Sunda Empire, after requesting assistance from the intelligence community to investigate possible criminal offence of both communities. The sudden public interest in those communities with micronation characteristics led Indonesian micronationalists to dub the phenomenon as a shock or mass hysteria. On separate trials held in May and June 2020, Indonesian prosecutors seek 10 years of prison term against founders of both Keraton Agung Sejagat and Sunda Empire.
Micronations inside Indonesian sectors bear many universally-identifiable characteristics. Indonesian micronations are generally simulationists. Indonesian micronationalists also significantly more tolerant to religious and ideological minorities, such as those belonging to unrecognised religious denominations and self-proclaimed communists.
Indonesian micronationalists have a high commitment and explicitly declared their micronation as a simulationist[note 1], despite showing a high level of physical activities. Despite Indonesian micronationalists claimed multiple purposes to establish their micronation (to preserve local culture, to serve as educational tool, as personal enjoyment, among others), there are no single known Indonesian micronations who intended to secede from Indonesia. For instance, Association of Indonesian Micronations explicitly declared their commitment to micronational simulationism on their charter.
Indonesian micronations commitment to simulationism could be explained by the strong influence of Indonesian national ideology Pancasila that emphasised in "a united Indonesia". On one case, Indonesian micronationalist Tian Abdurrahman took their commitment on Indonesia even further as he declared "Indonesianisation" as his proposed policy during his election campaign for Indokistani presidency in 2013.
Despite on influence of Indonesian ideology, most of Indonesian micronationalists justified their simulationist stance on a pragmatic sense: they wishes to not to be perceived as dangerous by Indonesian authority that would not hesitant to take action against Indonesian micronations. Indonesian police action against micronations had its precedent in December 2010, when Fiharaya was forced to be disbanded by Indonesian police after being misidentified as separatist movement. On January 2020, on an occurrence that was dubbed by Indonesian micronationalists as a "micronation shock", Indonesian communities with micronation-like characteristics, Keraton Agung Sejagat and Sunda Empire, was forcefully disbanded and had its founders arrested and charged on heavy sentences that could be punished by 10 years of prison term.
Stance on Indonesian minorities
Influenced by the strong anti-communist nature of Indonesian society, Indonesian micronations in their early days also followed the same suit. They discouraged communism from micronationalism, and attacks anyone they accused as communists. A successful rebellion toppling Communist Indokistani government in January 2011 and refusal of Indonesian micronations to recognise UMSSR (a communist breakaway from Los Bay Petros) from 2011 until the end of 2012 was examples of anti-communism in Indonesian micronational community. On 2013-2014 period, Indonesian micronationalists stance on anti-communism began to shift, as they no longer discouraged communism from the community, and began to tolerate communist Indonesian micronationalist. Sunda Raya, an Indonesian communist micronation founded by Lintang Matahari Hasan, was welcomed to the community in 2014, a move that was unimaginable in the previous years. Currently, Jomblonisme is one Indonesian micronation with official stance on communism, and was welcomed by AIM members when the country entered the organisation in early 2020.
Indonesian micronational community is one of the most religious-diverse communities in Indonesia. Considering conservative nature and hostility of Indonesian society - especially those of rural regions - towards religious minorities and those belonged to unrecognised religious denomination. Indonesian micronationalists tend to embrace and welcome those individuals, with no prejudice solely based on their religion. Inside Indonesian sector, there were several micronations and micronationalists belonged to the religious minorities of Shia Islam [note 2] and Baha'i Faith[note 3], that would be easily prejudiced and scrutinised by Indonesian society if they publicly declared their faith.
The scope of Indonesian sector are located within Indonesia's border. With total area at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesian sector formed one of the largest sector ever known to the community. Indonesian micronationalists generally claim places that they interact most with, such as their primary workplace, houses, community spaces, or land owned by their relatives. Indonesian micronations often claim a large regions encompassed regions beyond their primary place, but not necessarily large to cover the entire area of a particular Indonesian city, for instance.
Indonesian micronations are endowed with flora and fauna diversity, as Indonesia is known as one of the world's megadiverse country. An Indonesian micronation may recognise a plant or animal endemic to their landclaims as national symbol. For instance, former Arkapore declared domestic duck as national animal, as domestic duck is endemic in Arkaporean territory and duck industry significantly influenced the national economy.
On the distribution of micronations, majority of Indonesian micronations known to the outside world are based and claimed only regions on the island of Java, with only a fraction of micronations based outside Java. Several micronations based in Java, such as St. John, and the former Indokistan and Sunda Raya, successfully lay claims outside Java island. Jomblonisme and the former Al Rasyid Darussalam and Nauli is several micronations with its base located outside Java.
A successful micronational summit has become an everlasting goal of micronations inside the sector, especially because of its pride and joy on engaging in physical contact with fellow micronationalists after being separated by a far distance. Despite the long history of the sector, a successful micronational summit inside the sector is a rarity. Currently, interactions between Indonesian micronations have been confined to social media and online engagements, as efforts to replicate the success of the 2012 LIR Union summit still yet to be realised.
The main issues that prevented a successful summit on the sector are financial issues and difficulties in determining summit location, especially when a potential summit location must be located exactly in a central point between potential attendees that are scattered in Indonesia and separated by hundreds of miles among each other.
2012 LIR Union Summit was the first and only successful intermicronational summit inside the sector. It was took place on 10 August 2012 and was attended by 4 micronationalists from LIR Union countries: Los Bay Petros, Indokistan, and Raflesinesia. Ease of access and proximity between attending delegates greatly determined the success of the summit. It was a milestone in the Indonesian micronational community and has set a standard for potential intermicronational summits of the sector in the future.
In 2018 and early 2019, it was considered more reasonable to have physical interaction among micronationalists in the Strada Area. Multiple summits and state visits around micronations in the sub-sector took place in the area. Usually, these summits and state visits took place to sign treaties, discuss Stradan micronationalism, executing projects made by micronational organisations. However, Stradan Micronationalists have always struggled with proceeding the activities due to fear of judgement from the public.
As of 2020, physical interaction among Indonesian micronationalists has been limited to bilateral state visits, that was proven to be easier to achieve. Indokistan and Sunda Raya successfully arranged a state visit in 2015, when Suwarnakarta governor Nabil Ihsan was welcomed by Sunda Raya chairman Lintang Matahari Hasan in Cinere Commune of Parahyangan. The last known state visit among Indonesian micronations was performed in February 2020, when Harjakartan leader Tommy N. visited Excellent, and was welcomed by president Theodorus Diaz Praditya.
Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM), founded by Indokistan and Los Bay Petros in July 2011, is the largest intermicronational organisation that unites Indonesian micronations and significantly influences micronational activities on the sector. Besides AIM, Suwarnakarta Institute founded in July 2016 by former Indokistani citizens also plays role as the institute devoted itself for the development of micronationalism on the sector.
Besides the AIM and Suwarnakarta Institute, several former micronational organisations also once active and played a role inside the Indonesian sector and its micronational activities. Those organisations were TASPAC (2011), LIR Union (2012-2013), Indonesian Micronational League (2013), and Strada Area Alliance (2018).
Micronations inside Indonesian sector
|Al-Muqaddimah||2014||East Java||Al-Hijrah Darussalam||Federal constitutional monarchy|
|Alonia Berdikari||2014||East Java||Varnufi City||Presidential republic|
|Asassin||2006||West Java||Rangsedok||Parliamentary republic|
|Astanesia||2019||South Kalimantan||Muara Pulau||Unitary republic|
|Excellent||2008||Central Java||Mosswiss||Semi-monarchy presidential republic|
|Falalia||2017||West Java||Rikhlaant||Absolute monarchy|
|Kebon Belakang||Unitary presidential republic|
|Freenlandia||-||South Kalimantan||-||Unitary republic|
|Złotesburg||Semi-absolute parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Jomblonisme||2017||East Kalimantan||Bengkuring City||Islamic socialist republic|
|Litania||2018||West Java||Litanian City||Constitutional monarchy|
|Neuborrnia-Merientalia||2020||Jakarta||Strada||Federal direct democratic republic|
|St. John||2013[note 4]||Jakarta
|Vredesstad||Unitary presidential republic|
|Yourbenia||-||South Kalimantan||Bandar Karya||Unitary Republic|
|A1||2010||2012||Central Java||Astolbia||Dissolved in August 2012.|
|Al Rasyid Darussalam||2008||2014||North Sulawesi||Bandar Rasyidin||Dissolved after isolationist policy installed in early-2014.|
|Arkapura||2014||2019||West Java||Ciptahegar||Dissolved after death of Chairman Tian Abdurrahman.|
|Dissolved in 2018.|
|Berakistan||2018||2020||West Java||Gemparingrad||Dissolution declared on 24 July 2020.|
|Bobodolands||2011||2012||West Java||Tian Generations Place||Joined Indokistan in 16 September 2012.|
|Concordia||2018||2020||Jakarta||Altenbürg||Officially declared as "in hiatus period" since May 2020.|
|Drasthapura||Dissolved on March 2015 after internal conflict|
|Ekaslavia||2015||Banten||-||Dissolved in mid-2015 after joined AIM.|
|Green Nauli||2013||2015||West Sumatra||DT City||Dissolved after the collapse of Drastharaya in early 2015.|
|Harjakarta||2015||2020||East Java||Narisworo City||Dissolution declared on 3 July 2020.|
|Suwarnakarta||Dissolution declared on 5 July 2016.|
|Jumstraad||Collapsed on 11 April 2012.|
|Inesia||2011||2013||East Java||West Lidah||Dissolved in mid-2013.|
|Inmerado||2020||Banten||Kievta||Dissolution declared on 21 May 2020.|
|Islamkistan||2011||2013||Jakarta||Baitul Ilmi||Reabsorbed by Los Bay Petros in 2013.|
|Jaankecil||2012||Jakarta||Fidelgrad||Dissolved after internal unrest, succeeded by UMSSR.|
|Los Bay Petros||2009||2014||Jakarta||Bayrschtein
|Turned inactive in 2014, dissolution recognised on February 2015.|
|Love Mainland||2015||2016||Banten||Glowland||Dissolved on 23 July 2016.|
|Maloso||2012||West Java||-||Dissolved in May 2012 after accusations of plagiarism and sockpuppet.|
|Omahkulon||2011||2015||West Java||Narisworo City||Reformed as Harjakarta.|
|Pejaten||2018||2019||Jakarta||Strada||Dissolution declared on 4 April 2020.|
|Rethels||Rejoined Indokistan on 2 February 2013.|
|Sunda Raya||2014||2018||West Java
|Bandung Raya||Dissolution declared in 20 June 2018.|
|UMSSR||2012||2013||Jakarta||Fidelgrad||Rejoined Los Bay Petros on February 2013.|
|Warung China||2016||West Java||Kota Warung China||Dissolved in mid-2016 after joined AIM.|
|Wirasena||2012||2014||West Java||Kota Wirasena||Turned inactive in 2014|
|Tanagogo||2018||Jakarta||Nogo||Dissolved in 2018.|
|Uhud||2020||West Java||Vassati||Conquered by Asassin in May 2020.|
- Some Indonesian micronations could be characterised as light-to-medium secessionist.
- Al Rasyid Darussalam official religion was Shia Islam.
- Democratic Kingdom of Love Mainland official religion was Baha'ism.
- St. John previously known as three short-lived micronations, the first being the Federal Republic of Santos, which was established in 2011. In addition, St. John were disbanded from 2015 until 2017.
- Indonesia. The World Factbook. CIA.
- Kingdom of Sunda. 16 February 2011. Революция Государства
- Jaksa Jelaskan Alasan Sunda Empire Dibentuk: Anak Petinggi Dipenjara di Malaysia. ("Prosecutor Explained Why Sunda Empire is Declared: Daughters of Founders were Arrested in Malaysia", in Indonesian). Kumparan. 18 June 2020.
- We are not a Separatist. 13 December 2010. LBPNN.
- First Secretary Reassures Lichthalzen Citizens. 13 December 2010. A1NS.
- AIM Terbentuk, Negara Mikro se-Indonesia Bersatu! ("AIM Founded, Indonesian Micronations Unite!", in Indonesian). July 2011. KistanNews
- LIR Union Summit Held. 10 August 2012. The Indokistan Times
- Pemberitahuan Mengenai KTT Mikronasional Indonesia 2015 ("An Announcement on 2015 Indonesian Intermicronational Summit", in Indonesian). April 2015.
- Los Bay Petros Expelled from AIM. 30 January 2015. The Indokistan Times.
- Indokistan to be Dissolved on 5 July, 25 June 2016. The Indokistan Times.
- A Requiem for LBP. 19 February 2015. The Excellent Times.
- Love Mainland Bubar ("Love Mainland Dissolved", in Indonesian). 23 July 2016. Lentera of Suwarnakarta Institute
- Tian Abdurrahman, Chief of Arkapore and Indonesian Micronational Figure, Dies at 25, 11 September 2019. The Sirocco Times
- Chairman of Arkapore Passes Away. 9 September 2019. SJNC.
- Usai Keraton Sejagat, Kini Kekaisaran Sunda Empire Runtuh ("Sunda Empire follows the collapse of the Keraton Agung Sejagat", in Indonesian), 29 January 2020. detik.com
- Heboh Kemunculan Keraton Agung Sejagat di Purworejo, ini Kata Sosiolog ("Shock as Keraton Agung Sejagat emergence in Purworejo, this is what a sociologist commented"', in Indonesian), 16 January 2020. tribunnews.com
- Masuk Meja Hijau, Raja-Ratu Keraton Agung Sejagat Jalani Sidang Online ("Keraton Agung Sejagat Founders Began Online Court Hearing", in Indonesian). Detik.com. 5 May 2020.
- 3 Petinggi Sunda Empire Didakwa Sebar Hoaks, Terancam 10 Tahun Penjara ("Leaders of Sunda Empire Accused of Spreading Hoax, May be Imprisoned for 10 Years", in Indonesian). Kumparan. 18 June 2020.
- Kukuh Adi. Makna Sila Persatuan Indonesia ("Meaning of 'Unity of Indonesia' Principle", in Indonesian). Kompasiana. 31 May 2013.
- Indonesia's Dangerous Anti-Communist Paranoia. 18 September 2017. Human Rights Watch.
- Indonesia's Religious Minorities Under Threat. 2 February 2017. Human Rights Watch
- "Megadiverse Countries definition- Biodiversity A-Z".
- Harjakarta Prince in Excellent for a Working Visit. 11 March 2020. AIMNN.
- Drastharaya Collapsed, Constituent States' Independence Restored. 23 May 2020. The Indokistan Times
- Pernyataan Pembubaran Inmerado ("Declaration of Inmerado Dissolution", in Indonesian). 21 May 2020