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Principality of Lomellina
|This article refers to a micronation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
Principality of Lomellina (Italian: Principato di Lomellina) was an enclave and exclave micronation with self-proclaimed territories in Antarctica, Italy, Greenland, planet Mars and planet Venus. Its capital city, Castello di Valle is located in Valle Lomelina, a region of Lombary, Italy, making it the core of the principality, though the Prince lives in secrecy at the Lomellina Consolato. Its exact location is unkown by purpose. The principality was founded around the beginning of the 13th century, but only seceded in 6 August 2014 by SAR D. Guilherme da Lomellina e Berenguer after proving his direct descent from the House of Lomellini, the founders of Lomellina. Later on 1 December, Lomellina suffered a overthrow in wich D.Guilherme was dethroned by the High Chanceller Richard Abreo-Louis and his allies within the Lomellinian Aristocracy, creating the State of Lomellina.
The official languages were Italian (de jure) and Portuguese (de facto). The official religion (Deism) was in wide contrast with it's patron saint, Leonardo da Vinci. Despite da Vinci not being a saint, the prince shows great admiration for him. The national animal originates from the House of Lomellini family crest inherited by the prince himself.
Lomellina had also foreign territories such as Ross Archipelago in Antarctica which englobes Isola Beaufort, Isola Nera and Isola Bianca. Other territories were the Archipelago of Glaciem with 16 islands, 2 colonies on Mars, Scandia Colles and Acidalia Planitia and 3 colonies in Venus, Ovda Regio, Tethis Regio and Artemis Corona.
Lomellina had various memberships in the micronational organizations such as, Union for the Claims of Extra-Terrestrial Land (8 August 2014), European Community of Micronations (8 August 2014), Micronational Monarchies Organization (12 August 2014), European Micronational Culture Organisation (12 August 2014), Organization of Micronations (13 August 2014) and Intercontinental Micronational Alliance (1 September 2014) in wich Lomellina was the founding member state.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Military
- 5 Culture
- 6 Diplomacy
- 7 Geography
- 8 Economy
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Classification
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
The name Lomellina derives from the family name Lomellini, a powerful and mighty italian family that originated from the birth of Ansaldo I Lomellini. Lomellini originated from the city in which Vassalo da Lumello was founder. After him, his 5 sons were called The Lomellini and their name lasted many centuries.
Lomellina was founded around the beginning of the 13rd Century at the birth of Ansaldo I da Lomellini, first born son of Vassalo da Lumello which created the Lomellini Family. He began making good alliances with some of the most renowned family houses of Genoa and became merchants, shipowners and bankers. By the time of Ansaldo's death, Lomellina had control of all the Genoa Ships and Trading centers of Liguria making Lomellini, one of the most powerful families in all Italy.
As the family wealth grown, Lomellina founded various villas around Pavia, and founded the Lomellina Bank at Castello di Valle. Centuries past, and the Lomellini family disappeared after the emigration of Jorge I Lomelino and his uncle Urbano Lomelino to Madeira, a portuguese island. By the end of the 18th Century, all the Lomellini property were confiscated to the Kingdom of Italy ending their power.
Later in 2011, a young man, began a genealogical search for his ancestors that lasted 3 years until his discovery that he had Lomellini blood and started another search for his rights. And by the end of February, 2014, he inherited the Castello di Valle and started the Principality of Lomellina that was officially founded in August 6, 2014, following by the claiming of three islands in Antarctica and a martian colony. Self-proclaimed Prince SAR D. Guilherme da Lomellina e Berenguer, ruled along with his consort D. Tânya Correa D'Ornellas until it's dissolution.
Lomellina had various memberships in the micronational organizations such as, Union for the Claims of Extra-Terrestrial Land (08-08-2014), European Community of Micronations (08-08-2014), Micronational Monarchies Organization (12-08-2014), European Micronational Culture Organisation (12-08-2014) and Organization of Micronations (13-08-2014).
Recognition Era (16 August 2014 - 3 September 2014)
After the gained memberships in the first days of formation, the principality started mutual recognitions and alliances with other micronations in order to archive micronational recognition and expanding the foreign relations. Lomellina then signed two mutual recognition treaties with the Republic of USI and State of Beiwan in 16 August 2014. Later in 18 August 2014, Lomellina had yet another mutual recognition with the Republic of Koya and later the Commonwealth of Vyktory and the Orinto Empire. In 21 August 2014, Lomellina claims another martian colony, Acidalia Planitia followed by the claim of Archipelago of Glaciem, a group of 16 islands in Greenland.
Recent foreign relations include the Republic of Promesa and Empire of Myrotania both in 26 August 2014 and Abeldane Empire in 27 August 2014, establishing mutual recognitions and an alliances. On 1 September 2014, D. Guilherme I founded the Intercontinental Micronational Alliance with more 7 member states. The Alliance was dissolved the very next day on 2 September 2014 due to bad criticism and the Castello di Valle Treaty was created as a post-result of IMA. The next day on 3 September 2014, Lomellina established a treaty of mutual recognition, political trust and diplomatic alliance with the Empire of Austria-Hungary a great step for Lomellina's foreign power.
Improvement Era (3 September 2014 - 20 November 2014)
Following the diplomatic relations, the prince D. Guilherme I started to focus in the governmental, economic and cultural improvement of the nation. The Legislative Lomellinian Aristocracy was established in 3 September 2014 marking the beginning of the Improvement Era following the election of Richard Abreo-Louis as High Chancellor of Lomellina and the Aristocracy. In 4 September 2014, the prince was notified that Lomellina was officialy a support belligerent in the Shikaeshi War alongside with the Greater Beiwanese Empire and Koya against Imperial State of Shurigawa over an ilegal shirigawan claim over Pipa Island. The next day the mutual recognition and diplomatic friendship between the Principality of Lomellina and the Federal Republic of St.Charlie is officialized improving Lomellina's foreign freindship and recognition. Later on 11 September 2014 a diplomatic alliance was established with the Decracy of Yunivers an autonomous nation-like entity. Some events occured in the orient allies and the Greater Beiwanese Empire was dissolved and their power was transfered to Great Empire of Kangcho, automaticaly turning it into a Lomellina ally.
Downfall and Overthrow (20 November 2014 - 01 December 2014)
In the 20th November 2014, the Lomellinian Aristocracy proposed a government change in wich the High Chanceller Richard Abreo-Louis had complete ruling power over the aristocracy members and thus the government would change from an absolute monarchy to a constituional one. This decision didn't pleased D.Guilheme I and his family, since the prince was an open minded person and always agreed on aristocracy's decisions dispite being an absolute monarch.
This denial caused the aristocracy to protest and started an anti-absolutist campaign against the prince on the 26th November. The same day, the Lomellinian Revolt began, "crowning" Richard Abreo-Louis as the constitutional successor to the Lomellinian Throne. On the 1st December, D. Guilherme I was overthrowed by Richard Abreo-Louis after the capture of Castello di Valle, Lomellina's capital city.
After the end of the Lomellinian Revolt, Richard Abreo-Louis was crowned constitutional prince of Lomellina for 3 days. After 4 December, Richard turned the nation into a State in wich the only territorial posession was Castello di Valle, thus creating the State of Lomellina.
As for the dethroned D. Guilherme I, he exiled to the Autonomous Kingdom of the Savage Islands, wich was formed by his cousin Dom Francisco de Moniz II. After a week in exile, D.Guilherme, wich took the conclusion that he still held ruling power in Lomellina Consolato started the Duchy of Libertia within the city along with his royal family.
Government and politics
The principality was an absolute monarchy, a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among the people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people and are often hereditary but other means of transmission of power are attested. Every lomellinian archipelago and colony has it's own head of state being the "duke" the colony's ruler and the "count" the archipelago's ruler, altough they must always obey the prince's orders.
In theory, the monarch exercises total power over the land, yet in practice the monarchy is counterbalanced by political groups from among the social classes and castes of the realm, such as the aristocracy and bourgeoisie.
Royal Family and political domains
The Royal Family was the ruling family of the principality, it was constituted by the prince himself, his father, mother, brothers and his current consort the princess. All the members are addressed as SAR (Sua Alteza Real), a translated version of His Royal Highness. The royal family however was split into 5 political domains wich currently some can be appoited to aristocrats from the Lomellinian Aristocracy:
- Princedom - this was the major ruling power within Lomellina in which the prince controls all the territories.
- Earldom - this was the political domain which controls the archipelagos and territories with 2 or more pieces of land, the Count was the ruling title.
- Viscounty - this was the domain wich controls a piece of land within an Earldom, generaly they are the governors of islands and islets.
- Grand-Dukedom - this domain controls more than one pieces of land. It was the predominant domain wich englobes the Duchies into a sigularity.
- Dukedom - this domain controls the colonies and the territories within a Grand-Dukedom, normally assigned to the royal Infantes, their title was duke.
Lomellina was divided into 3 political groups in which they have a little of power within the principality apart from the monarchy.
- Monarchy - the major political group in which the prince was the head of state.
- Aristocracy - a political group with the highest and noble power, it was constituted by members from the most important lomellinian families and often advice the prince in cases of most important matter.
- Bourgeoisie - constituted by merchants and shop owners, this political branch was the economic power within the principality.
- Lomellinian Galactic Empire - The LGE was a political branch administrated by the Empress D. Tânya and it's consisted in the celestial possessions of Lomellina.
Chivalric Orders are groups or committees with various grades or decorations in wich the prince can award foreigners or citizens with good national status to the principality such as allies or national friends. Currenty there's 2 honorary orders in Lomellina:
Miltary orders are groups of military knights that participate as a fraternity in wars or conflicts. Most of the Lomellinian Ground Army branch of the Lomellinian Armed Forces are members of a military order of some sort:
The Lomellinian Armed Forces are charged with protecting the Principality and its overseas territories as well as supporting international peacekeeping efforts when mandated by the Castello di Valle Treaty, European Community of Micronations and/or Organization of Micronations. Recent operations include anti-piracy action in the Archipelago of Glaciem and the conflict Shikaeshi War in Shurigawa. Military units are maintained throughout the European Lomellina, both on the capital Castello di Valle and the Lomellina Consolato.
The Prince of Lomellina was the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces while their administration and the defense policy execution was done by the General Marchal of the Lomellinian Government.
The structure of the Armed Forces of Lomellina includes the Armed Forces themselves and also the bodies of State responsible for the National Defense.
The State bodies responsible for the Armed Forces are:
- Prince of Lomellina (Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces);
- High Chancellor of Lomellina (Minister of National Defense)
The Armed Forces themselves include:
- General Marshal (Armed Forces Administrator)
- Lomellinian Army, Lomellinian Navy and Lomellinian Royal Defense (Branches of the Armed Forces)
The lomellinian culture was largely influenced by the Italian culture, adopting most of the Italian traditions and customs as well as certain similarities with the Portuguese culture. These two great european influences makes the lomellinian culture a romantic and flattering influence in the micronational world. The official languages were the de jure Italian and de facto Portuguese, the italian presence comes from the beginning of the lomellinian history when the Lomellini family was founded in Italy, and the portuguese presence comes from the monarch's birthplace.
Although having an official religion (Deism), most of the citizens were Catholic Christians with only the exception of the prince, the prince's brother and the princess, this choice was made by the founder and prince of Lomellina bringing the genovese ideologies from the italian Renaissance wich many genious adopted during their lifetime. Following this, Leonardo da Vinci was made patron saint of Lomellina by the prince's great admiration for him and the citizens have the tradition of admiring his work.
The national food were the Lazanha de Peixe (English: Fish Lasagna) mixing again the Lasagna from the italian culture and the fish element from the portuguese culture. Other traditional dishes includes Bacalhau (Cod Fish), Canelones (Cannelloni) and all types of pasta and sauces.
Lomellinian nobility was often constituted by the families included in the Lomellinian Aristocracy, however a family can be considered important and noble if there's a citizen wich bears a historical name in the Lomellinian History.
- Berenguer - Ruling family of the Principality of Lomellina
- Abreo-Louis / Abreo - High nobility aristocrats and current high chancellary
- di Govea
- da Souza Mircoli
- da Texera
- di Nuna
- di Nuna
Flag and coat of arms
The Flag of Lomellina, sometimes refered as The Griffin is the national flag of the Principality of Lomellina. It is a rectangular bicolour with a field unevenly divided into red on the top, and gold below. The flag was created on 5 August 2014 by the Prince D. Guilherme I highly inspired in the Lomellini Family Crest in color and the Black Griffin's silhouette. It is considered by the Lomellinian Armed Forces as the highest respectful ranking among them.
The coat of arms or crest, was inspired by the coat of arms of Milan and was created in the same day as the flag (5 August 2014). It's constituted of two supportive group of leaves, a red/gold mantle with the Black Griffin's silhouetteon top and the official princes's crown of Lomellina.
- 20 February - The supposed day that Ansaldo I Lomellini, the first prince of Lomellina was born, major exhibitions of the Lomellini family and italian culture are shown for the citizens.
- 31 July - D. Guilherme's birthday, the prince trows a party with lots of food and drinks for all the citizens.
- 6 August - The re-foundation of the Principality of Lomellina, citizens normally feast with Lazanha de Peixe for dinner.
Lomellina has been since its foundation a friendly micronation towards the others, all the foreign affairs, including mutual recognitions, formal relations and alliances were represented in the Lomellinian Foreign Affairs Map being updated frequently. Mutual recognition treaties, formal relations, alliances and other matter that involves foreign relation with could be established or proposed with the prince's consent. The Castello di Valle Treaty was retified and signed on 2 September 2014 as a post-result of IMA's dissolution.
Lomellina was a "paper-free" micronation and doesn't like bureaucracy from it's part, however the monarchy and aristocracy accepts and signs any treaties from other nation's side if necessary. The participation in conflicts / wars only has the lomellinian participation if the prince finds the cause a good reason for their support or participation. Usually Lomellina never causes a conflict with other nations since the lomellinian policy makes it clear that Lomellina was a peaceful nation and will always be.
- UCETL - Union for the Claims of Extra-Terrestrial Land - 8 August 2014
- ECM - European Community of Micronations - 8 August 2014
- MMO - Micronational Monarchies Organization - 12 August 2014
- EMCO - European Micronational Culture Organisation - 12 August 2014
- OM - Organization of Micronations - 13 August 2014
- IMA - Intercontinental Micronational Alliance - 1 September 2014 to 2 September 2014
As Lomellina was a transcontinental micronation its climate varies from territory to territory. In the Archipelagos of Ross and Glaciem the climate is usually cold and icy, although Glaciem is sometimes mild specially in summer. As for the martian colonias Scandia Colles and Acidalia Planitia the weather is extremely cold and dry, tipical from the planet Mars. Castello di Valle and Lomellina Consolato are of mediterranean climate, cold winters and hot summers.
States and territories
The principality currently has 2 towns, 2 Archipelagos, 19 islands and 5 colonies in a total of ~2683.741 km² (1036.2 mi²).
|Towns / Cities|
|Archipelagos / Counties|
County of Ross
County of Glaciem
|Colonies / Duchies|
Grand-Duchy of Mars
(part of Lomellinian Galactic Empire)
(part of Lomellinian Galactic Empire)
Grand-Duchy of Venus
(part of Lomellinian Galactic Empire)
(part of Lomellinian Galactic Empire)
(part of Lomellinian Galactic Empire)
The economy in the Principality of Lomellina was summarized with tourism, trade (specially fish) and artistic services such as publicity, propaganda and marketing. The touristic economy was the biggest one in Lomellina since it had territories with a great touristic culture specially the capital Castello di Valle wich houses an italian culture museum. Winter destinations such as the Ross Archipelago and Archipelago of Glaciem gets arround 5 to 15 people per month, in Ross the main activity is mountain climbing and some countries try to break eachother's records with flags that were positioned on top of the mountains in the three islands. In the area, scientific studies can also take place in any of the 3 islands mainly geographic and climatic studies.
In Glaciem the reality is different, the touristic enconomy has a stronger value in camping and skiing since the climate is warmer than Ross, agriculture is too a great economic power in Glaciem because of it's curious soil since Southest areas are snow-free and have perfect fertile zones for the most difficult planting seeds, since those need an extreme moist soil to grow. Scientific studies take place here also. The other economic power is the fish trade controlled by the Lomellinian Bourgeoisie, specially in areas such as Ross and Glaciem the fish is abundant and many fishermen fishes arround 500 kg to 1ton of codfish and tuna, then that fish is shiped in cargo ships owned by members of the Lomellinian Bourgeoisie and sold in shops or street merchants in Castello di Valle or Lomellina Consolato. Other products such as all kings of vegetables and seeds are also sale targets in the trade centers of Lomellina.
Artistic services are provided by, painters, designers, artistic directors etc gathered arround the principality, this services are international for all the micro and macronations arround the globe. The currency that Lomellina uses is the European Euro(€) since the two major trade centers are located both in Europe, Castello di Valle and Lomellina Consolato. All the other currencies used to exchange fish or planting seeds are later exchanged in europe for the official lomellinian currency, the euro.
- Tourism - ~25€ per month
(in Ross Archipelago, Archipelago of Glaciem and Castello di Valle).
- Scientific studies - ~50€ per month
(in Ross Archipelago and Archipelago of Glaciem).
- General trade - ~55€ per month
(in Ross Archipelago and Archipelago of Glaciem).
- Artistic services - ~120€ per month
(in Lomellina Consolato).
- TOTAL - ~250€ per month
The Lomellinian Aristocracy organized a census every week due to the principality's young age. In the end of it's existence, Lomellina had a total of 17 citizens.
Portuguese was the most spoken language in Lomellina due to the citizen's nationality, English being the second most spoken, happens because the citizens adopt the english language as a universal language and thus practice between each other's, Italian is present only because of Lomellina's origins and traditions.
Religion in Lomellina was a very debated subject in the Lomellinian Aristocracy, altough being Catholicism the most predominant religion the official was Deism because of the Prince's wishes. Not every aristocrat agree with this decision but no violent debates occured when the matter was discussed privetly. Even being Deism the official relligion the Lomellinian Monarchy respects and let all the religions roam Lomellinian territories and even allow them to create churches.
The results from all the classification systems were published in 28 August 2014:
- Lomellinian Monarchy
- Lomellinian Royal Family
- Princesses of Lomellina
- Scandia Colles
- Castello di Valle
- Acidalia Planitia