Government of Suverska
Diagram of the political system of Suverska.
|Formation||2013; 8 years ago|
Suverska (2014, 2020)
|Website||Republic of Suverska|
|Main organ||Public Enterprises|
The Government of Suverska is the body responsible for the administration of the Republic of Suverska. While the Suverskan government can trace its origins back to the founding of the nation in 2013, the current construct of the government was established in the 2020 Constitution of Suverska. Beginning in October 2013, Suverska was governed by a provisional government until a formal system was created when the nation declared independence in March 2014. The nation, which was a federal parliamentary republic, elected members and parties to the National Assembly using first-past-the-post voting until it switched to mixed-member proportional representation in 2016. During this time, the government functioned as a multi-party political system in which the political scene was dominated by the left-wing Liberal Socialists, while the opposition included the centrist Family Party, anti-Suverskan Canada Party, and various smaller right-wing and single-issue parties.
In April 2020, the new constitution transitioned the nation into a unitary liquid democacy in which all citizens of voting age are a part of the National Assembly. As well, the constitution passed the executive control of government from the president to a nonpartisan council, who rules by consensus government and is elected using ranked voting. After the singing of the 2020 Constitution, most political groups disbanded their parties; however, the Liberal Socialists became the Progressive Union. Although the government is nonpartisan, the Progressive Union continues to operate, and it's leader, Arctic Skulk, served as the nation's second president until that office was disbanded.
The 2020 Constitution of Suverksa is the supreme law of the country. The constitution is a short, dynamic document that is regularly changed by the populace by mandatory biannual referendums. The laws that govern the country consist entirely of the 2020 Constitution and law-related acts made by the Federal Council (executive) and National Assembly (legislative). Laws are consistent and uniform across the nation, and the laws of Canada and Saskatchewan still apply in the country.
Civil law prevails in Suverska, and the nation's laws are interpreted by the People's Court, which, in each case, consists of a random selection of two Federal Council members plus three other citizens, in which the highest-ranking Federal Council member directs the session. Cases settled by the People's Court are non-binding outside of that specific case, meaning that they only apply on a case-by-case basis unless the decision is later adapted into an act or amended into the Constitution. As of June 2020, no court sessions have taken place during the New Republic.
In the case that the Constitution conflicts with an act made by the Federal Council or National Assembly, the words of the Constitution (which are written by the people, therefore giving the people the ultimate power) are supreme, which is decided at the discretion of the People's Court. In order for a constitutional amendment to be voted on by the people in a referendum, the idea must either collect at least 10 signatures in an official petition or be organised by the Federal Council or National Assembly in their regular meetings.
The National Assembly of Suverska, which is the legislative branch of government, creates laws known as Acts. Previous to the 2020 Constitution, the National Assembly consisted of twenty-one partisan members (elected to six-month terms using mixed-member proportional representation). Since the 2020 Constitution, the National Assembly has been a nonpartisan collective of all voting-age citizens of Suverska. As opposed to the Federal Council which meets regularly, the National Assembly meets irregularly and votes on laws using liquid democatic means.
The executive branch is comprised of the Federal Council, a five-member council that collectively leads the country, similar to the Swiss Bundesrat. Elections to the Federal Council take place no more than every six months, in which members are elected by the National Assembly using ranked voting, and individual members may be removed from the council at any time if a majority of the National Assembly votes for their removal.
The Federal Council governs as a nonpartisan consensus government, and each of its five members direct one of the government's Public Enterprises. The Public Enterprise of Domestic Affairs is responsible for the government's relationship with its citizens, as well as statistical matters such as the census. The Public Enterprises of Finance and Foreign Affairs are responsible for the government's finances and relationships with other nations and organisations, respectively. The Public Enterprise of Health and Safety is responsible for health policy and the well-being of the nation's citizens, and the Public Enterprise of Science and the Environment is responsible for environmental policy and programs, as well as preserving and enhancing the environment and its resources.
The 2020 Constitution dictates that no region may contribute more than two members to the Federal Council, thus avoiding a majority being held by any one of Suverska's nine regions. In the election of the 3rd Council in January 2021 when three members were elected from Veskrai, this rule resulted in Kassa M. of Norenkrai, who placed sixth overall, getting elected to the Council instead of a third Veskraian member.
The past and current composition of the Federal Council is as follows.
|1st||Apr. 2, 2020||Halija H.
|2nd||Jul. 17, 2020||Janina M.|
|Sep. 12, 2020||Ludmila C.|
|3rd||Jan. 3, 2021||Kassa M.|
|The next election must take place no later than July 3, 2021.|
Heads of state and government
Previous to the creation of the Federal Council in the 2020 Constitution, the President of the Republic was both the head of state and government, and the President and their cabinet were the executive branch of government. While the role of President is no longer official, the title is often given to the most senior member of the government, which has been Arctic Skulk since 2018. The list of heads of state and government of Suverska is as follows.
|No.||Name||Term of office
Duration in years and days
|Offices held as President||Party|
|4 years and 334 days|
|1 year and 185 days|
Senior member: A. Skulk
|1 year and 16 days|