Abdul Rasyid I, Sultan of Al Rasyid Darussalam
Abdul Rasyid I
|Sultan of Al Rasyid Darussalam
|Reign||10 July 2013 - 2014|
|Predecessor||Himself as King|
|Reign||1 November 2008 - 10 July 2013|
|Coronation||1 November 2008|
|Successor||Himself as Sultan|
|In office||3 October - 18 December 2012|
|Predecessor||Himself as member of Federal Council|
|In office||16 September - 3 October 2012|
|Predecessor||National Salvation Council|
|Successor||Himself as President|
|In office||13 April 2012 - 22 February 2013|
His Majesty Abdul Rasyid I (Indonesian: Yang Mulia Abdul Rasyid I), also known by his personal name Jendri Mamahit, was the first and only monarch of Al Rasyid Darussalam. He ascended the throne in 1 November 2008 and led the country until 2014. He was the founder of Rasyidin House, the ruling dynasty of Al Rasyid Darussalam.
After ascended throne in 2008, Abdul Rasyid joined Indonesian micronational community in 2011 and began to engage in diplomacy on the same year. Had his influence arose in the sector, he declared the establishment of Indonesian Micronational League in April 2012 to accommodate micronations not included inside the Association of Indonesian Micronations. He was the only secretary general of the organisation until its disbandment in 2013.
Abdul Rasyid led his country to unite with Indokistan and form the Federal Republic of Indokistan in 16 September 2012. He served as a member of the Indokistani Federal Council, before being appointed as President of Indokistan in October 2012. Despite the republican nature of Indokistan that he endorsed, he successfully perserved Rasyidin rule over his home state. Abdul Rasyid declared secession from Indokistan in 18 December 2012 after bowed to pressure from the Royal Council, and led Al Rasyid Darussalam as independent country once more.
Abdul Rasyid converted his country as a Sultanate in 10 July 2013. As a measure to focus on reform and maintain stability of his country, Abdul Rasyid then installed an isolationist regime in the end of 2013. After months with no contact with the community, his country was presumed to be defunct in 2014, while he was presumed to retire from micronationalism without declaring disbandment of his country.
Abdul Rasyid was born as Jendri Mamahit in Rataotok village in Minahassa, North Sulawesi province of Indonesia. On a very young age, his family converted to Shia Islam. His father name is Sulaiman, and his grandfather is Manan, which was a descendant of Bolaang Mongondow royalty. Manan taught his grandchild history of Bolaang Mongondow royalty, and hoped that Jendri will comprehend his royal lineage and continue the tradition.
After the passing of his grandfather, Jendri continued his education in Manado, and graduated in 2007.
Motivated by last words told by his grandfather to him to preserve Bolaang Mongondow tradition and heritage, Jendri decided to found the Kingdom of Al Rasyid Darussalam in 2008. He then crowned himself as "Abdul Rasyid I" and became the first member of the ruling Rasyidin House. He then claimed succession to the Bolaang Mongondow royalty.
He successfully led the country and cemented the economy and political system of the kingdom. He ratified the national constitution and royal charter in December 2011. As of mid-2012, development of his kingdom stagnated, and he complained that inactivity has began to plagued the country.
Abdul Rasyid sent a letter to the National Salvation Council of the Emergency Government of Indokistan in 31 August 2012, explaining his offer to unify with Indokistan in order to secure his rule and to support Indokistani reform. Indokistani government agreed to accept the Kingdom to the country, and together with Bobodolands Barakstan finally form the Federal Republic of Indokistan on 16 September 2012, with him as the Secretary of State inside the directorial Federal Council.
On 3 October 2012, he declared the restoration of unitary republic, and as result of consensus inside the former Federal Council, was appointed to become the third President of Indokistan. An enthusiast leader of the country, he submitted an extensive reform proposal to Chancellor Nabil Ihsan at that time. He also successfully defused demands to secede from Indokistan from his home state, as disillusionment began to influence his Rasyidin subject.
Abdul Rasyid faced his greatest challenge against his rule on December 2012, after an unauthorised referendum set by his own Royal Council saw the result overwhelmingly supportive of independence. Abdul Rasyid was forced to declare secession of Al Rasyid Darussalam from Indokistan and abandoned his presidential office on 18 December 2012, after his own Royal Council defected against him and demand immediate secession under threat of military takeover. Despite of his reluctance to secede, observers claimed that he held personal grudge against Head of Parliament Tian Abdurrahman, that may motivates him to finally secede.
Led the restored Al Rasyid Darussalam, Abdul Rasyid continued his leadership with ease as progress continued. He was defeated on a feud against his own Royal Council, and saw his power severely curtailed by the council in early 2013. A reform set by him saw the country converted into a Sultanate on 10 July 2013, as he crowned himself Sultan.
In the end of 2013, Abdul Rasyid unexpectedly ratified an emergency constitution and established an isolationist policy. He canceled all foreign policy and broke all diplomatic relations. After months without contact with the community, his country was presumed to be dissolved in early 2014, and he was presumed to retire from micronationalism as well.
Abdul Rasyid followed his family conversion to Shia Islam on his young age. While he made Shia Islam influence omnipresent on his country, he continue to be a devout Muslim after his retirement from micronationalism.
As of 2015, he was known to be chief editor of a local Manado newspaper.
As a devout Shia Muslim, he persists in ensuring his country to follow Shia Islamic guidelines. Furthermore, he was influenced with the politics and governance of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and attempted to imitate Iranian system on his country. On one instance, he brought this particular idea to the Indokistani Third Republic in the end of 2012, when he proposed the establishment of a supreme Guardian Council, mimicking the exact institution of Iran. The proposal received only marginal support, and was abandoned after his departure from Indokistan in December 2012.
Abdul Rasyid was economically conscience, and put a considerable amount of effort to develop micronational economy. His view on economy was superior among his peers inside Indonesian sector, as his fellow leaders only focused on national politics instead of economy as well. On his reform proposal submitted in the Indokistani Third Republic, his proposal to develop national economy was unprecedented and was praised for its details and clarity. In 2013, he also offer an economic loan package to Southeast Asian micronations joining Micronational Association of Southeast Asia.
- ↑ Royal Declaration (in Indonesian). 31 August 2012.
- ↑ Jendri Mamahit. Five-years Development Plan (in Indonesian). 2012
- ↑ Jendri Mamahit. ANMAT Economy Plan (in Indonesian). 2013.
Abdul Rasyid I, Sultan of Al Rasyid Darussalam
House of Rasyidin
| President of Indokistan
September - December 2012
| King of Al Rasyid Darussalam
1 November 2008 - 10 July 2013
| Sultan of Al Rasyid Darussalam
10 July 2013 - 2014