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Republic of Petorio
|This article refers to a nation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
|This article contains out-of-date information or information about an entity that is currently undergoing major changes.|
| Republic of Petorio |
Libere del rey, Petorio es fuerte
Himno nacional de Petorio
Location of Petorio
|Capital city||South Pickering|
|Official language(s)||English, Spanish, Petorian|
|- President||Kalvin Koolidge|
|- Vice President||Misty Miller|
|- Supreme Justice||Peter Bauman|
|Legislature||Parliament of Petorio|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|Established||September 26, 2008|
|Area claimed||~281.8 square kilometers|
|Population||citizens: 12 |
|Time zone||UTC-5 |
|National animal||Siberian Husky|
|Petorio is a member of the Advancement council of the Grand Unified Micronational|
The Republic of Petorio (Spanish: República de Petorio, Petorian: Republico de Petorio) is a micronational federal republic located in North America. A delicate blend of executive and legislative powers, Its strong executive branch is ruled by the president, Kalvin Koolidge and comprised of seven provincial governments. Petorio's legislative branch is ruled by Parliament, divided into an unicameral system. Its judicial branch is overseen by a single Supreme Justice whose responsibility is to ensure the adherence of Petorian law in all levels of government. Petorio was founded on September 26, 2008 though it has had an unstable history dominated by sporadic lapses in activity and influence.
- 1 History
- 2 Land
- 3 Economy
- 4 Climate
- 5 Media
- 6 Culture
- 7 Government
- 8 See also
Main article: History of Petorio
The Republic of Petorio was founded on September 26th, 2008, by then 20-year-old Kalvin Koolidge and lifelong friend Barry Ortiz. Kalvin was financially deficient at the time, and thus was forced into adopting the flag of Trinidad and Tobago rather than purchasing an expensive custom flag to fly in his front yard and proclaimed territory of Petorio. That flag was used from September 26th, 2008 to March 4th, 2009. Even though 2008 is the "official year of founding", Petorio can date its roots further back to a prior micronational entity founded in 2006.
Petorio's constitution was written on 26 September, 2008 and it declared Petorio as a sovereign nation separate from the United States. On October 1st of that year, the 2 friends decided the permanent location of Petorio would be their homes and the surrounding areas. Two more territories joined the republic later on, seceding from Canada.
The constitution was officially ratified by the then 4 Provinces of Petorio on October 10th, 2008. These 4 provinces sworr to enforce the rules of the constitution which are simple civil rights and government settings. Kalvin Koolidge was elected president of Petorio on October 13th, 2008, and subsequently took office on October 15th of that year. In this inaugural federal election, Koolidge won 11 votes to 5 (11 votes for him, 5 for Barry Ortiz).
On June 2, 2009 it was announced that a constitutional reform would take place. The constitution was to be either rewritten or heavily amended. It was originally set to be rewritten by June 25th but several members of the government left the nation delaying the reforms to March 2010. The claimed territory was also expanded during this time.
The 2006 territorial claim was merely Kalvin's and his friend Barry Ortiz's houses, and the 2007 territorial claim was an enormous New England claim; however, in 2008, the 2 friends realized that the 2007 claim wasn't realistic, so they brought the claim back down to their homes and surrounding areas as they organized the new republic. Major territorial changes include The Charwood expansion of Janurary 6th, 2009, and the acquiring of Acadia on February 10th. Over time, Petorio has expanded their boarders tremendously.
On October 25th, 2008, Petorio claimed a new area of land claiming it as "Beachfront Territory". It was located in Ontario, Canada.
On February 10th, 2009, a new province called "Acadia" was added to Petorio. Acadia was acquired from the former nation of West Acadia which gave up its lands to Petorio following a two-week conflict. On February 15th, 2009, Petorio was elected to the chair of the GUM. On February 20th, the "twin cities" of Bendale and North Lawrence were recognized by the federal government and provincial government in Acadia. A seventh province, Nandor was admitted in the latter part of 2009.
As of April 1, 2010 the official estimate for the territory that the Republic of Petorio claims is 281.8 square kilometers. This was a result of a territorial reform.
On November 30th, 2008, Petorio joined CUNT (Countries United in National Trade.) From December 1st, 2008, to the present, Petorio has been trying to improve its foreign relations with other micronations on this website. So far, Petorio has formed alliances with Stigistan, Scientopia, Danburnia, the Land of Toz Boz, the Ohio Empire, the Federal Republic of St.Charlie, the Kingdom of Camuria, the Democratic Duchy of Francisville, the Imperial Republic of Murrayfield, Finismund, the Kingdom of Praugsia, Erusia, the Cheslovian Federation, the Empire of New Europe, Flandrensis, Slinky Empyre and the Republic of Ultamiya. Petorio, with 17 allies, would be considered a very peaceful micronation.
Petorio is also a founding member of GUM, the Grand Unified Micronational organization and can be credited as a leader and architect of the early MicroWiki community, laying the foundations for what exists today. The republic served as both the Chairman and Vice-Chair of the Quorum of Delegates during 2009 and on the Security and Advancment Councils of GUM over a two year period.
On March 4th, 2009, a new flag was adopted for Petorio. The original flag, Trinidad and Tobago's, is still flown across the nation as an alternative flag. The new flag is an altered version of the first that features 7 stars, one for each Province and Territory that makes up the Republic.
On March 28, 2009, the Republic of Petorio participated in Earth Hour. The electricity in all government buildings was off from 8:30pm to 9:30pm EST. On April 22nd the Republic celebrated Earth Day. The president announced that all government buildings will shut off electricity, unlike Earth Hour, for 3 hours.
On November 28th, 2008 President Kalvin Koolidge urged anyone who is interested in Petorio to become a citizen so there is a fair amount of people to vote in upcoming elections, which included February 2009's Palmyra Creek Mayoral election which Adam Allam won.
The president of Petorio delivers State of the Nation addresses (which can be found on the Microcommons) twice a year. On October 1st, 2009 Vice President Barry Ortiz resigned from office and was succeeded by the appointed Misty Miller who is the first Socialist Vice President. Former Vice President Ortiz is no longer participating in micronationalism.
Dissolution and return to activity
The Republic of Petorio was dissolved on March 9, 2010 after an internal conflict. The nation had gone inactive in the last quarter of 2009 and the first quarter of 2010 so President Koolidge could attend to these matters. During this time, Vice President Ortiz, disenfranchised with the state of affairs in Petorio chose to retire from micronationalism. By January almost all citizens decided to renounce their citizenship including President Koolidge because of the conflict. On March 9th Misty Miller, the only "leader" left decided that Petorio should go defunct and the 2 remaining members of Parliament agreed. On March 9, 2010 the Republic of Petorio had been dissolved.
The Republic of Petorio was reformed on April 1, 2010 after a change to the constitution made the government stronger. Less than half of the original citizens of Petorio rejoined the reformed nation. The Republic also greatly stretched its borders when it reformed.
Unfortunately, due to disorganization within the government, an inability to secure citizen participation, waning patriotism, and substantial changing life circumstances amongst leading officials, the Republic of Petorio fell into another state of inactivity within less than a year of its 2010 restructuring. It is presumed that Petorio, despite having little activity within the past several years, has never officially dissolved as no formal documents authorizing a cessation of government have been enacted, nor have territorial claims been withdrawn.
2010 Presidential election
In July 2010 incumbent President Kalvin Koolidge announced his candidacy for reelection. Just over a month later Cooper Governor Sebastian Russo announced his candidacy for President as a member of the Petorian Libertarians party, Socialist Party and Supreme Justice Bauman followed suit shortly thereafter. The election was scheduled to have taken place on October 13, 2010. The elections were cancelled prior to voting. Koolidge remains the de facto leader of Petorio
Petorio consists of four properties located within the continental United States and two properties located within continental Canada. They comprise of a total area of about 3.02 square kilometers.
The lands are located in the Northern United States and Southern Canada.
Provinces & Territories
- Charwood - An urban and suburban province located in the southeastern part of Petorio. The estimated population of Charwood is 65,000.
- Cooper - An urban province that borders Charwood and Nandor. The estimated population of Cooper is 53,000.
- Little Italy - The province currently claims no land. It will be renamed soon.
- Keystone - Keystone contains much natural beauty. The estimated population of Keystone is 47,000.
- Beachfront - A suburban province located on the shore of Lake Ontario. The estimated population of Beachfront is 78,000.
- Acadia - A province that borders Beachfront. It contains a zoo. The estimated population of Acadia is 66,000.
- Nandor - The most urban province that claims much of a city. The estimated population of Nandor is 169,000.
The current Petorian economy "crashed" on October 6th, 2008, and slowly recovered until November 7th, 2008, when the economy was declared "fixed" by the nation's official website. The cause of the crash was low circulation of the Petorian currency.
The currency used in Petorio is the Petorian Dollar (ie. $4.00 PED). Generally, $1 PED is equal to 25¢ USD. This was, however, brought up from $1.00 PED = 10¢ USD in September 2008. In May 2010 the Petorian banknotes were redesigned.
Petorio lies in the Humid continental climate zone, and has four distinct seasons, with often cold and snowy winters. Autumn features brilliant foliage colors, and summer sees generally comfortable temperatures that usually stay in the upper 20 degrees Celsius range accompanied by moderate to high humidity. Heatwaves are not uncommon during a typical summer. It can be noticeably cooler on many spring and early summer afternoons under the influence of a lake breeze in comparison to other regions.
Other low-scale maritime effects on the climate include lake effect snow, fog and delaying of spring- and fall-like conditions, known as seasonal lag. Petorio is located entirely in the Snowbelt region of North America. The mean temperature for the month of July is 21.8 degrees. The mean temperature for the month of February is -4.7 degrees. Precipitation is plentiful year round, but summer is usually the wettest season.
The Charwood Tribune was Petorio's national newspaper from December 2008 until May 2009. After production was suspended in May, it became obsolete until April 2010 when it returned as a news website. A short lived TV station, History PET was also broadcast in Petorio from May 2009 to September 2009.
Petorio is considered by some to be remarkable for its diverse culture. Within its 7 provinces, it has American, Canadian, Italian, Hispanic, African and even Egyptian groups as citizens. Petorio's national animal, which is used as a symbol on things such as currency, is the Siberian Husky, which is what the president owns. Petorio has named the Red Maple Tree as a national tree because it grows in several provinces and territories in Petorio and the surrounding area. Other national symbols of Petorio include the famous adopted flag of Trinidad and Tobago it claims as its own, its coat of arms, its national anthem and its national food. Some cultural figures include Joey Russo and Emperor Norton among many others, as he owns the Italian bakery located in Little Italy. The Owl is sometimes considered a second national animal as it appears on the official seal and the flag of the province of Nandor.
Petorio is headed by a President who comes to office via elections. The president acts as both Head of State and Head of Government. The 2008 election was the latest, and had Kalvin Koolidge run against Barry Ortiz. Kalvin won with 11 votes to 5, and passed the first law banning incandescent light bulbs on October 15th, 2008. This law went into effect on January 1st, 2009. Another law concerning Hanukkah was voted NO by the citizens (unofficial results) and by Parliament (official results). Petorio has three political parties: the Petorian Independent Party (which Barry Ortiz founded), the Socialist Party of Petorio and the Petorian Libertarians party. There are also several other positions in the Republic of Petorio, including Vice President, members of Parliament, Governors and the Supreme Justice who acts as the head of the Judicial branch.
Throughout its history, Petorio has seen a shift between centrist, leftist and libertarian influence in government. At one point there were three separate far-left political parties in operation, the Socialist Party of Petorio, the Communist Party of Petorio and the Petorian Democratic Micro-National Socialist Party, this reflected the immigrant demographics of the nation and the influence of Lethlerism.
The Petorian parliament consists of one house and one representative per province. The Parliament has historically met at least once a month to discuss the creation of new laws in Petorio.
Petorio has 11 holidays listed on its website currently. They are Independence Day, Constitution Day, Thanksgiving, Halloween, Christmas, New Year's, Lunar Festival, Anthem Day, Valentine's Day, Earth Day, President's Day and Erusia Day. On December 21st, 2008, it was voted on by Petorian citizens to decide if Hanukkah should become a national holiday, and they decided it shouldn't.
The republic has 3 official languages at a federal level. Though some other languages are spoken in Keystone Territory (as it is the most multicultural province) including Polish, French and German, the 3 official languages are English Spanish and Petorios own conlang, Petorian. The Spanish version of this article is located here. Only 2 citizens speak fluent Spanish. Other citizens speak it poorly or not at all.
- Become a citizen of Petorio!
- Constitution of Petorio
- History of Petorio
- Grand Unified Micronational
- Himno nacional de Petorio
- State of the Nation Address