GUM/Charter

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This is the GUM Charter as heavily amended on 14 June 2015. For the previous version, see here.

Text

PREAMBLE

We, the nations of the Grand Unified Micronational;

Striving towards unity and cooperation between nations;

Desiring to create an environment where selfish individualistic political platforms are set aside for cooperation and the transfer of information and knowledge;

Desiring to create an environment where new and old micronations can benefit from each other’s knowledge and experience to improve the quality and output of all our micronations;
Deciding to adopt this present Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational to govern the way we communicate, govern and cooperate within this organisation, and to serve as the framework for our goal;

To this end we acknowledge that:

  • a) The Grand Unified Micronational is to be a force for peace;
  • b) The Grand Unified Micronational is to be a force for cooperation and mutual development;
  • c) The Grand Unified Micronational is to serve as a platform to disseminate and practise these principles;

Accordingly, our respective governments and their representatives have declared that they will abide by this document, adhere to its fundamentals and in doing so cement the position of the Grand Unified Micronational in the greater community;

TERMINOLOGY

In order to secure an optimum conduct within the Grand Unified Micronational, the following terms shall be clearly defined within the provisions of the Charter:

  • a) The terms of ‘Chair’, ‘Chairman’, ‘Chairwoman’, ‘Chairperson’, ‘Chair of the Quorum’ and equivalents, ‘Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational’ and equivalents and ‘Chair of the Quorum of the Grand Unified Micronational’ and equivalents shall be considered synonyms in the context of this Charter and their meaning shall be interpreted in accordance with Article 13 of this Charter;
  • b) The terms of ‘Vice-Chair’, ‘Vice-Chairman’, ‘Vice-Chairwoman’ and ‘Vice-Chairperson’ shall be considered synonyms in the context of this Charter and their meaning shall be interpreted in accordance with Article 22 of this Charter;
  • c) The terms of ‘GUM’, ‘institution’ and ‘organisation’ shall be considered synonyms in the context of this Charter and their meaning shall be ‘the Grand Unified Micronational’, as defined by Article 1 of this Charter;
  • d) The terms of ‘the Quorum’, ‘the Quorum of Delegates’, ‘the Quorum of the Grand Unified Micronational’ and ‘the Quorum of Delegates of the Grand Unified Micronational’ shall be considered synonyms in the context of this Charter and their meaning shall be interpreted in accordance with Article 7 of the Charter;
  • e) The terms of ‘President of the Justice Commission’, ‘Chair of the Justice Commission’ and ‘Supreme Judge’ shall be considered synonyms in the context of this Charter and their meaning shall be interpreted in accordance with Article 29 of the Charter;
  • f) The term of ‘ratification’ shall mean the formal declaration of a sovereign state that it agrees with and accepts the text of the Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational in accordance with their national procedures for such a process;
  • g) The term of ‘denunciation’ shall mean the formal declaration of a sovereign state that it terminates its adherence to the text of the Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational in accordance with their national procedures for such a process;
  • h) The term of ‘act of hostility’ shall be defined as any declaration of military aggression or political, economic or diplomatic embargo presented by a state to another state;
  • i) The term of ‘member state’ shall be defined as any entity whose ratification of the Charter has been recognised by the Quorum of Delegates;
  • j) The terms of ‘term’ in the context of ‘term of office’ and ‘term of office’ shall be defined, within the context of this present Charter, as a period of time served in office that usually lasts for three months. However, for the purposes of term limits, a term of office of minimum 30 days shall be counted as a full term, regardless of how one attained their office;

CHARTER

ARTICLE 1 – THE ORGANISATION

  • The Grand Unified Micronational is a free association of micronationalists, the successsor to the organisation of the same name.

ARTICLES 2-6

  • Suspended.

ARTICLE 7 – ROLE OF THE QUORUM

  • The Quorum of Delegates can meet to discuss matters of micronational importance. It may also amend this Charter.

ARTICLES 8-12

  • Suspended.

ARTICLE 13 – ROLE OF THE CHAIRMAN

  • The Chairman of the Grand Unified Micronational is the administrator of the GUM Lounge.

ARTICLE 14 – DUTIES OF THE CHAIRMAN

  • Suspended.

ARTICLE 15 – POWERS OF THE CHAIRMAN

  • The Chairman of the Grand Unified Micronational has the power to:
    • a) Add and remove people from the GUM Lounge;
    • b) Summon the Quorum of Delegates of the Grand Unified Micronational at their pleasure.

ARTICLE 16 – ELECTION OF THE CHAIRMAN

  • The Chairman of the Grand Unified Micronational serves indefinitely, but leaves office when either of these conditions are met:
    • a) The Chairman resigns;
    • b) At least three months after the Chairman takes office, at least two people formally challenge the Chairman's leadership.
  • When the Chairman leaves office, there is a one-week period during which members of the GUM Lounge can nominate themselves as a candidate, followed by a one-week voting period during which members of the GUM Lounge can vote for their preferred candidate. The candidate with the most votes at the end of the voting period becomes the new Chairman of the Grand Unified Micronational.

ARTICLES 17-38

  • Suspended.

DEFUNCT ARTICLES CONCERNING THE FORMER CHARTER

ARTICLE 39 – ENTRY INTO FORCE

  • (1) The present Charter is to enter into force on the Fifteenth of February 2014, providing that at least three fourths of the states who were full members of the Grand Unified Micronational on the First of February 2014 have signed and ratified it by that time;
  • (2) If the Charter is not ratified by at least three fourths of the full members by the Fifteenth of February, the Charter shall enter into force as soon as this condition is met;

ARTICLE 40 – ORGANISMS OF THE INSTITUTION

  • (1) At the time the Charter enters into force, the Chairman, the Vice Chairman and the Supreme Judge shall remain in office, and their term shall end according to the provisions of the old Constitution. For the purposes of continuity, any legal term limit imposed by this Charter shall be counted starting with the next term period;
  • (2) At the time the Charter enters into force, the Councils of Advancement and Security shall continue their duties until elections;
  • (3) The Secretariat of the Grand Unified Micronational shall be elected at the same time with the first elections for the Chair, and its first membership shall be inaugurated on the same day with the next Chair;

ARTICLE 41 – TRANSITION OF MEMBERSHIP

  • (1) On the day of the entry into force of this Charter, full member states shall be transitioned into full member states;
  • (2) On the day of the entry into force of this Charter, those nations that were provisional members before its entry into force shall be given, for 14 days, the option to either become full member states or observers;
  • (3) On the day of the entry into force of this Charter, those nations that were observers or permanent observers before its entry into force shall automatically become observer states;

ARTICLE 42 – SOURCES OF LAW

  • (1) The present Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational and the Code of Laws shall be deemed as the only sources of legislation in the Grand Unified Micronational;
  • (2) Widely-accepted international law and conventions may only be taken into account when there is no legal precedent in the GUM for a specific situation, and their application shall be done following Article 11 of this present Charter;

ARTICLE 43 – LEGAL SUPREMACY

  • (1) At the time this Charter enters into force, the Constitution of the Grand Unified Micronational as adopted on 19 February 2012 is and remains repealed in its entirety;
  • (2) All legislation passed by Quorum before the entry into force of this Charter shall be considered null and void. The Quorum of Delegates has the duty to check the old legislation for compatibility with the Charter, and re-adopt relevant legislation within a period of 30 days from the entry into force of this Charter;

ARTICLE 44 – REVISION

  • (1) This Charter serves as the fundamental law of the Grand Unified Micronational, and as such can only be amended under special guidelines, as presented in this Charter;
  • (2) The Quorum has the sole sovereign power to amend the Charter, and it can only amend it by summoning an Extraordinary Constituent Quorum;
  • (3) Every amended article of the Constitution must be adopted separately by a vote of three fourths in the Extraordinary Constituent Quorum;
  • (4) The Extraordinary Constituent Quorum can only be adjourned when it has finished its mission to amend the Constitution, or when it has decided by its own sovereign power that the amendment process should be abandoned;

ARTICLE 45 – DEFENCE OF CONSTITUTIONAL ORDER

  • (1) Titles IV and V of this present Charter cannot be the subject of any amendment;
  • (2) The Justice Commission of the Grand Unified Micronational has the duty to check on whether the proposed amendments are in full agreement with the provisions of the text of the Charter before the amendment process is completed. If the amendments are not in agreement with the Charter, they cannot be adopted by the Quorum.